Patents by Inventor George G. Merkl

George G. Merkl has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 4317487
    Abstract: A method of recovering crude oil and other hydrocarbon values from a subterranean formation which comprises generating "bottom hole pressure" within the formation by introducing an aqueous solution of a polymeric complex capable of releasing active hydrogen under the temperature and pressure conditions of the formation. Preferably, the polymeric complex is an inorganic multimetal polymeric complex in which the active hydrogen is at least partially in the form of a group selected from --NH, --PH, and --SH.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 1979
    Date of Patent: March 2, 1982
    Assignee: Molecular Energy Research Company, Inc.
    Inventor: George G. Merkl
  • Patent number: 4182685
    Abstract: Metal-containing soaps are prepared by reaction of at least one fatty acid with a water-soluble, multi-metal, inorganic, amide group-containing monomeric or polymeric complex. Such monomeric or polymeric complex is obtained by reacting, in the presence of aqueous ammonia, at least one non-alkaline metal with an alkali metal hydroxide in accordance with a reaction sequence which produces reactive NH.sub.2 groups. Variation of the reaction parameters, particularly pH, will determine whether the soap has detergent or non-detergent properties. To produce a detergent soap also containing effective bleach properties, hydrogen peroxide can be added to the fatty acid and complex reactants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 1977
    Date of Patent: January 8, 1980
    Inventor: George G. Merkl
  • Patent number: 4180444
    Abstract: Low voltage, low amperage electrolytic processes employing graphitic carbon as the cathode are disclosed. Unique inorganic water soluble complexes are produced when electrolytes are employed containing non-metallic compounds which may be reduced or hydrogenated to provide hydrogen-containing, electrically charged radicals, specifically hydrides, such as NH.sub.x, SH.sub.x and PH.sub.x. The complexes appear to be polymeric in nature, and contain graphitic carbon and/or any non-alkaline metal selected from Groups I-VIII of the Periodic Table as a backbone, depending upon the nature of the anode and the electrolytic process employed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 1978
    Date of Patent: December 25, 1979
    Assignee: Merkl Technology, Inc.
    Inventor: George G. Merkl
  • Patent number: 4117088
    Abstract: Novel water-soluble inorganic multi-metal polymeric complexes are obtained by reacting, in the presence of water, at least one non-alkaline metal selected from Groups I to VIII of the Periodic Table with an alkali metal hydroxide and a phosphorus-containing compound which is capable of providing active hydrophosphide groups to the reaction under the conditions prevailing in the aqueous reaction medium. In one embodiment, an excess of the non-alkaline metal or metals is introduced into a reaction vessel, already containing an aqueous solution of a phosphorus-containing acid, and the alkali metal hydroxide is thereafter incrementally added. In another embodiment, carried out under high pH conditions, the alkali metal hydroxide and phosphorus-containing compound are each incrementally added to the reaction medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 1977
    Date of Patent: September 26, 1978
    Inventor: George G. Merkl
  • Patent number: 4116859
    Abstract: Oxygen-containing bleach products are prepared by reaction of a source of hydroperoxy groups, such as hydrogen peroxide or ozone, with a water-soluble multi-metal, inorganic, amide group-containing monomeric complex. Such complex is obtained by reacting, in the presence of aqueous ammonia, at least one non-alkaline metal with an alkali metal hydroxide in accordance with a reaction sequence which produces reactive NH.sub.2 groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 1977
    Date of Patent: September 26, 1978
    Inventor: George G. Merkl
  • Patent number: 4117099
    Abstract: Novel water soluble inorganic multi-metal polymeric complexes are obtained by reacting, in the presence of a sulfur containing compound convertable to hydrosulfide groups under the conditions prevailing in the aqueous reaction medium, at least one non-alkaline metal selected from Groups I to VIII of the Periodic Table with an alkali metal hydroxide. In one embodiment, an excess of the non-alkaline metal or metals is introduced into a reaction vessel, already containing an aqueous solution of the alkali metal hydroxide, and the sulfur containing compound is thereafter incrementally added. In another embodiment, the alkali metal hydroxide and sulfur containing compound are each incrementally added to the reaction medium. The inorganic multi-metal polymeric complexes produced by this reaction have valuable utility in the plating of metals and in the removal of sulfur dioxide and other pollutants from effluent gas streams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 1976
    Date of Patent: September 26, 1978
    Inventor: George G. Merkl
  • Patent number: 4108969
    Abstract: A stack gas, generally from a sulfuric acid plant, containing SO.sub.2, is contacted with an absorptive medium prepared by wetting at least the surface of a first metal selected from aluminum, magnesium and manganese with a second metal selected from mercury, indium, gallium and alloys of indium/gallium and contacting the wetted first metal with SO.sub.2, in a solvent medium in the presence of an excess of hydrogen ions until the first metal erodes and is taken up by the solution as a result of the reaction which takes place. The absorptive medium thus formed has the ability to absorb SO.sub.2 at lower temperatures and thereafter desorb SO.sub.2 at increased temperature and/or with inert gas stripping. The SO.sub.2 enriched gas stream obtained as a result of the desorption process can be recycled to the sulfuric acid plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 1976
    Date of Patent: August 22, 1978
    Inventor: George G. Merkl
  • Patent number: 4093707
    Abstract: A peroxide group containing complex of aluminum, oxygen and hydrogen is obtained having an aluminum/oxygen atomic ratio of about 1:3.The complex is prepared by reacting, at a temperature below 150.degree. F, aluminum metal of a purity of at least 99.98% by weight with a source of hydrogen ions, such as an aqueous inorganic halogen acid, in the presence of mercury and an oxygen gas-containing atmosphere, the aluminum being partially immersed in the mercury and the source of hydrogen ions, comprising a thin film over the mercury. The thickness of this film is insufficient to cover the aluminum not immersed in the mercury, whereby a portion of the aluminum is exposed to the oxygen gas-containing atmosphere. The complex grows from the exposed surface of the aluminum in the form of an easily frangible self-supporting sheet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 1975
    Date of Patent: June 6, 1978
    Inventor: George G. Merkl
  • Patent number: 4093702
    Abstract: Pollutants such as NO.sub.x, SO.sub.x, and/or halogen gases are removed from gas streams containing such pollutants by contacting and reacting the gas stream with an aqueous medium containing an activated form of aluminum, i.e., high purity aluminum which has been activated by permeation with a second metal selected from mercury, gallium, and indium/gallium alloys. After passing the gas stream rich in the pollutant through the aqueous medium, a gas stream is removed which is leaner in the pollutant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 1977
    Date of Patent: June 6, 1978
    Inventor: George G. Merkl
  • Patent number: 4072699
    Abstract: An aluminum iodide is prepared by contacting a reactive aluminum with iodine and a liquid organic compound. The reactive aluminum is formed by permeating, in the presence of hydrogen ions, highly pure aluminum with a metal having an atomic volume close to that of hydrogen. Aluminum organoiodides are useful for detergents, catalysts, surgical scrubs, and other diverse applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1974
    Date of Patent: February 7, 1978
    Inventor: George G. Merkl
  • Patent number: 4071668
    Abstract: Aluminum-containing resins are produced by reactively contacting resin-forming monomers in the presence of aluminum metal which has been activated by permeation of high purity aluminum with mercury, gallium or an alloy of indium and gallium. In certain cases a co-catalyst, such as a halogen, is utilized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1976
    Date of Patent: January 31, 1978
    Inventor: George G. Merkl
  • Patent number: 4053570
    Abstract: An aluminum halohydrate is formed by first preparing a reactive aluminum by permeating highly pure aluminum with mercury in the presence of a hydrogen ion source and then contacting the reactive aluminum with a source of iodine, chlorine, bromine or fluorine in the presence of water. The products obtained show high stability, uniformity from batch to batch, and a pH of about 4.3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 1977
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1977
    Inventor: George G. Merkl
  • Patent number: 4038373
    Abstract: An aluminum halohydrate is formed by first preparing a reactive aluminum by permeating highly pure aluminum with mercury in the presence of a hydrogen ion source and then contacting the reactive aluminum with a source of iodine, chlorine bromine or fluorine in the presence of water. The products obtained show high stability, uniformity from batch to batch, and a pH of about 4.3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 1974
    Date of Patent: July 26, 1977
    Inventor: George G. Merkl
  • Patent number: 4032623
    Abstract: A hydroperoxy-group-containing aluminum compound is prepared by a process which comprises:Contacting and reacting, at room temperature or below, and in the substantial absence of water, (a) a reactive metal comprising aluminum of a purity of at least 99.9% by weight permeated with a liquid metal selected from mercury, gallium and indium/gallium alloys with (b) a liquid reactant comprising (i) hydrogen peroxide in (ii) a liquid organic compound having no multiple carbon-to-carbon bonds.The aluminum compounds produced can be used, for example, as substrates for electronics, in the preparation of synthetic gems, ceramics and paint pigments. The aluminum compound is prepared in sheet for plate form, resembling mica in physical appearance.In an alternative embodiment, a metal or metal salt is added to the reactive system to yield a hydroperoxy-group-containing aluminum compound with the desired metal deposited thereon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 1976
    Date of Patent: June 28, 1977
    Inventor: George G. Merkl
  • Patent number: 4029747
    Abstract: Novel water soluble, inorganic complexes are obtained by reacting, in the presence of aqueous ammonia, at least one non-alkaline metal selected from Groups I-VIII of the Periodic Table with an alkali metal hydroxide. An excess of the non-alkaline metal or metals is introduced into a reaction vessel, preferably already containing the aqueous ammonia, and the alkali metal hydroxide is thereafter incrementally added in such manner as to create localized areas of high concentration and pH approaching a value of 14. The hydrooxide in these areas of high concentration, in combination with reactive NH.sub.2 groups provided by the aqueous ammonia, causes erosion of the non-alkaline metal, the formation of non-alkaline metal ions and the production of a monomeric, metal amide complex.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 1975
    Date of Patent: June 14, 1977
    Assignee: Molecular Energy Research Co., Inc.
    Inventor: George G. Merkl
  • Patent number: 4017527
    Abstract: Peroxy compounds are prepared by contacting and reactingA. a reactive aluminum comprising highly pure aluminum permeated with a metal having an atomic volume close to hydrogen, e.g., a liquid metal selected from mercury, gallium and indium/gallium alloys withB. a liquid mixture ofI. hydrogen peroxide, andIi. a member selected from alcohols, ketones, aldehydes and carboxylic acid esters.The peroxy compounds formed are useful in detergents, cosmetics, food products and as catalysts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 1974
    Date of Patent: April 12, 1977
    Inventor: George G. Merkl
  • Patent number: 4017591
    Abstract: Complex aluminum-containing reaction products are produced by a process which comprises:Reactively contacting in an aqueous mediumA. activated aluminum comprising aluminum metal, at least 99.9% by weight pure, which has been permeated with a second metal or alloy selected from mercury, gallium and indium/gallium allows; andB. a source of NO.sub.x, e.g., NO and/or NO.sub.2 gas, or nitric acid.The product of the above reaction, useful as a fertilizer and/or a bleach or soap precursor contains aluinum, nitrogen in the form of NH, NH.sub.2, and/or NH.sub.3 groups, a minimum of nitrate groups, hydroperoxy groups, and possible minor amounts of nitrite and hydroxy groups. The product is formed as an aqueous solution and appears polymeric in nature.The aluminum containing reaction product can be further reacted with ammonia to increase the nitrogen content and increase the pH of the reaction product toward neutral and/or with hydrogen peroxide to produce a product which is further enriched with hydroperoxy groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 1976
    Date of Patent: April 12, 1977
    Inventor: George G. Merkl
  • Patent number: 4012487
    Abstract: A stack gas, generally from a sulfuric acid plant, containing SO.sub.2, is contacted with an absorptive medium prepared by wetting at least the surface of a first metal selected from aluminum, magnesium and manganese with a second metal selected from mercury, indium, gallium and alloys of indium/gallium and contacting the wetted first metal with SO.sub.2, in a solvent medium in the presence of an excess of hydrogen ions until the first metal erodes and is taken up by the solution as a result of the reaction which takes place. The absorptive medium thus formed has the ability to absorb SO.sub.2 at lower temperatures and thereafter desorb SO.sub.2 at increased temperature and/or with inert gas stripping. The SO.sub.2 enriched gas stream obtained as a result of the desorption process can be recycled to the sulfuric acid plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 1975
    Date of Patent: March 15, 1977
    Inventor: George G. Merkl
  • Patent number: 3993595
    Abstract: Reactive aluminum consisting essentially of aluminum having a purity by weight of at least about 99.99% permeated by a liquid metal selected from mercury, gallium and gallium/indium alloys. The permeation can be accomplished at room temperature and atmospheric conditions. The reactive aluminum exhibits greatly altered physical and chemical properties as compared to the aluminum before permeation. These new properties include a uniform alignment of atomic grain boundaries and domains and a multitude of channels defined in the reactive aluminum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 1974
    Date of Patent: November 23, 1976
    Inventor: George G. Merkl
  • Patent number: RE29389
    Abstract: An aluminum .[.iodide.]. .Iadd.organoiodide .Iaddend.is prepared by .[.first forming a reactive aluminum and then.]. contacting .[.the.]. .Iadd.a .Iaddend.reactive aluminum with iodine and a liquid organic compound. The reactive aluminum is formed by permeating in the presence of hydrogen ions highly pure aluminum with a metal having an atomic volume close to that of hydrogen. Aluminum organoiodides are useful for detergents, catalysts, surgical scrubs, and other diverse applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 1975
    Date of Patent: September 6, 1977
    Inventor: George G. Merkl