Patents by Inventor George M. Shaw

George M. Shaw has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10322141
    Abstract: In certain aspects the invention provides immunogenic compositions comprising CH848 HIV-1 envelopes and their use in methods to induce immune responses in subjects, e.g., human subjects.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignees: DUKE UNIVERSITY, TRIAD NATIONAL SECURITY, LLC, THE TRUSTEES OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA
    Inventors: Barton F. Haynes, Beatrice H. Hahn, George M. Shaw, Bette T. Korber, Peter T. Hraber
  • Publication number: 20180360948
    Abstract: The present invention relates, in general, to HIV-1 and, in particular, to broadly neutralizing HIV-1 antibodies, and to HIV-1 immunogens and to methods of using such immunogens to induce the production of broadly neutralizing HIV-1 antibodies in a subject (e.g., a human).
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 8, 2018
    Publication date: December 20, 2018
    Inventors: Barton F. HAYNES, Hua-Xin LIAO, Rebecca M. LYNCH, Tongqing ZHOU, Feng GAO, Scott BOYD, George M. SHAW, Beatrice H. HAHN, Thomas B. KEPLER, Bette T. KORBER, Peter KWONG, John R. MASCOLA
  • Publication number: 20180296665
    Abstract: The present invention relates, in general, to an immunogen and, in particular, to an immunogen for inducing antibodies that neutralizes a wide spectrum of HIV primary isolates and/or to an immunogen that induces a T cell immune response. The invention also relates to a method of inducing anti-HIV antibodies, and/or to a method of inducing a T cell immune response, using such an immunogen. The invention further relates to nucleic acid sequences encoding the present immunogens.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2017
    Publication date: October 18, 2018
    Inventors: Barton F. Haynes, Feng Gao, Bette T. Korber, Beatrice H. Hahn, George M. Shaw, Denise Kothe, Ying Ying Li, Julie Decker, Hua-Xin Liao
  • Patent number: 10004800
    Abstract: The present invention relates, in general, to HIV-1 and, in particular, to broadly neutralizing HIV-1 antibodies, and to HIV-1 immunogens and to methods of using such immunogens to induce the production of broadly neutralizing HIV-1 antibodies in a subject (e.g., a human).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2018
    Assignees: Duke University, Los Alamos National Security, LLC, The Trustees of The University of Pennsylvania, Trustees of Boston University, The United States of America as Represented by The Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health Office of Technology Transfer, The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University
    Inventors: Barton F. Haynes, Hua-Xin Liao, Rebecca M. Lynch, Tongqing Zhou, Feng Gao, Scott Boyd, George M. Shaw, Beatrice H. Hahn, Thomas B. Kepler, Bette T. Korber, Peter Kwong, John Mascola
  • Patent number: 9844589
    Abstract: The invention relates to HIV-1 envelope polypeptides comprising the consensus envelope of SEQ ID NO: 35, compositions comprising these envelopes and methods for using same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2017
    Assignees: DUKE UNIVERSITY, THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA BIRMINGHAM RESEARCH FOUNDATION, LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL SECURITY, LLC
    Inventors: Barton F. Haynes, Feng Gao, Bette T. Korber, Beatrice H. Hahn, George M. Shaw, Denise Kothe, Ying Ying Li, Julie Decker, Hua-Xin Liao
  • Publication number: 20170312303
    Abstract: In certain aspects the invention provides immonogenic compositions comprising CH848 HIV-1 envelopes and their use in methods to induce immune responses in subjects, e.g., human subjects.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 31, 2015
    Publication date: November 2, 2017
    Inventors: Barton F. HAYNES, Beatrice H. HAHN, George M. SHAW, Bette T. KORBER, Peter T. HRABER
  • Patent number: 9309574
    Abstract: Disclosed is the molecular cloning of HTLV-III, the adult leukemia and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) virus. Clone BH10 contains a 9.0 Kb viral insert constituting the entire HTLV-III genome. Clones BH8 and BH5 contain viral inserts of 5.5 Kb and 3.5 Kb, respectively. These clones are suitable for the development of diagnostic and therapeutic measures for AIDS, as well as use as probes for the detection of AIDS. By scientific convention, HTLV-III, referred to herein also as HIV, has been renamed as HIV-1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2016
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary, Department of Health and Human Services
    Inventors: Robert C. Gallo, Flossie Wong-Staal, Mikulas Popovic, Beatrice H. Hahn, George M. Shaw, Amanda G. Fisher
  • Publication number: 20150366961
    Abstract: The present invention relates, in general, to HIV-1 and, in particular, to broadly neutralizing HIV-1 antibodies, and to HIV-1 immunogens and to methods of using such immunogens to induce the production of broadly neutralizing HIV-1 antibodies in a subject (e.g., a human).
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2013
    Publication date: December 24, 2015
    Inventors: Barton F. HAYNES, Hua-Xin LIAO, Rebecca M. LYNCH, Tongqing ZHOU, Feng GAO, Scott BOYD, George M. SHAW, Beatrice H. HAHN, Thomas B. KEPLER, Bette T. KORBER, Peter KWONG, John MASCOLA
  • Publication number: 20140248301
    Abstract: The present invention relates, in general, to an immunogen for HIV vaccination and, in particular, to a method of inducing the production of protective anti-HIV antibodies by targeting B cell germline and clone intermediates using a combination of HIV envelope and non-HIV immunogens. The invention also relates to compositions suitable for use in such a method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 13, 2013
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Inventors: Barton F. Haynes, Hua-Xin Liao, Li-Hua Ping, Ronald Swanstrom, Beatrice H. Hahn, George M. Shaw
  • Patent number: 8647818
    Abstract: Methods and compositions are provided which employ chimeric polypeptides having at least one heterologous epitope for a human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) neutralizing antibody. These chimeric polypeptides behave as molecular scaffolds which are capable of presenting the various heterologous HIV-1 epitopes. The invention demonstrates that a heterologous epitope recognized by the HIV-1 neutralizing antibody can be more fully exposed to neutralizing antibodies when presented within the backbone of the chimeric polypeptide than when the epitope is presented within the context of an HIV-1 backbone. Polynucleotides encoding these chimeric polypeptides are also provided. Immunogenic compositions are provided which comprise a chimeric polypeptide having at least one heterologous epitope that interacts with an HIV-1 neutralizing antibody. Immuno genie compositions comprising chimeric polynucleotides encoding the chimeric polypeptides of the invention are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Assignees: UAB Research Foundation, University of Alabama—Birmingham, The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary, Department of Health and Human Services (Hereinafter the Government) Office of Technology Transfer, National Institutes of Health
    Inventors: George M. Shaw, Beatrice H. Hahn, Frederic Bibollet-Ruche, Peter D. Kwong
  • Patent number: 8637234
    Abstract: Methods and compositions are provided for the use of an envelope polypeptide or a functional variant thereof from a lentivirus that is not HIV-1 as a molecular scaffold for HIV-1 epitopes. The HIV-1 epitopes can be recognized by HIV-1 binding antibodies, HIV-1 neutralizing antibodies and/or CD4-induced antibodies. Thus, methods are provided for detecting HIV-1 binding antibodies in a subject infected with HTV-1. Further provided are methods to determine an epitope for an HIV-1 binding antibody; methods to assay for an HIV-1 binding antibody; methods to identify a soluble CD4 mimic; methods to neutralize an non-HIV-1 virus; diagnostic assays to monitor HIV disease in a subject or to monitor the subject's response to immunization by a HIV vaccine; and methods to alter the neutralization potential of an HIV-1 derived CD4-induced antibody. Chimeric polypeptides, chimeric polynucleotides, kits, cells and viruses are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignees: UAB Research Foundation, The Administrators of Tulane Educational Fund, The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary, Department of Health and Human Services
    Inventors: George M. Shaw, James E. Robinson, Frederic Bibollet-Ruche, Julie M. Decker, Beatrice H. Hahn, Peter D. Kwong
  • Publication number: 20140023683
    Abstract: This invention provides methods for identifying HCV genomes and more specifically, methods for identifying nucleotide sequence of viral structural proteins at the time of HCV viral transmission. The method of the invention utilizes single genome amplification and sequencing of circulating virus as well as phylogenetic analysis of the resulting nucleotide sequence for identifying transmitted HCV genomes. Also provided are HCV genomes and corresponding nucleotide sequence for transmitted and circulating HCV virus. The invention further provides methods of administering a vaccine comprising one or more identified transmitted HCV sequences.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 8, 2011
    Publication date: January 23, 2014
    Applicants: THE UAB RESEARCH FOUNDATION, DUKE UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: George M. Shaw, Hui Li, Beatrice H. Hahn, Barton F. Haynes
  • Publication number: 20130177583
    Abstract: The present invention relates, in general, to HIV-1 and, in particular, to a molecular clone of HIV-1. The invention further relates to methods of inducing an immune response to HIV-1 in a patient and to immunogens suitable for use in such methods. The invention also relates to anti-HIV-1 antibodies and to methods of using same to prevent or treat HIV-infection.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 3, 2011
    Publication date: July 11, 2013
    Applicants: Duke University, The UAB Research Foundation
    Inventors: George M. Shaw, Beatrice H. Hahn, Hui Li, Barton F. Haynes, Martin Markowitz
  • Publication number: 20120087938
    Abstract: The present invention relates, in general, to an immunogen and, in particular, to an immunogen for inducing antibodies that neutralizes a wide spectrum of HIV primary isolates and/or to an immunogen that induces a T cell immune response. The invention also relates to a method of inducing anti-HIV antibodies, and/or to a method of inducing a T cell immune response, using such an immunogen. The invention further relates to nucleic acid sequences encoding the present immunogens.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 23, 2011
    Publication date: April 12, 2012
    Applicants: DUKE UNIVERSITY, THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA AT BIRMINGHAM RESEARCH FOUNDATION, THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
    Inventors: Barton F. Haynes, Feng Gao, Bette T. Korber, Beatrice H. Hahn, George M. Shaw, Denise Kothe, Ying Ying Li, Julie Decker, Hua-Xin Liao
  • Patent number: 8071107
    Abstract: The present invention relates, in general, to an immunogen and, in particular, to an immunogen for inducing antibodies that neutralizes a wide spectrum of HIV primary isolates and/or to an immunogen that induces a T cell immune response. The invention also relates to a method of inducing anti-HIV antibodies, and/or to a method of inducing a T cell immune response, using such an immunogen. The invention further relates to nucleic acid sequences encoding the present immunogens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2011
    Assignees: Duke University, The Regents of the University of California, The University of Alabama at Birmingham Research Foundation
    Inventors: Barton F. Haynes, Feng Gao, Bette T. Korber, Beatrice H. Hahn, George M. Shaw, Denise Kothe, Ying Ying Li, Julie Decker, Hua-Xin Liao
  • Publication number: 20090162390
    Abstract: Methods and compositions are provided which employ chimeric polypeptides having at least one heterologous epitope for a human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) neutralizing antibody. These chimeric polypeptides behave as molecular scaffolds which are capable of presenting the various heterologous HIV-1 epitopes. The invention demonstrates that a heterologous epitope recognized by the HIV-1 neutralizing antibody can be more fully exposed to neutralizing antibodies when presented within the backbone of the chimeric polypeptide than when the epitope is presented within the context of an HIV-1 backbone. Polynucleotides encoding these chimeric polypeptides are also provided. Immunogenic compositions are provided which comprise a chimeric polypeptide having at least one heterologous epitope that interacts with an HIV-1 neutralizing antibody. Immuno genie compositions comprising chimeric polynucleotides encoding the chimeric polypeptides of the invention are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 16, 2006
    Publication date: June 25, 2009
    Applicants: The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary, Department of Health and Human Serv, UAB Research Foundation
    Inventors: George M. Shaw, Beatrice H. Hahn, Frederic Bibollet-Ruche, Peter D. Kwong
  • Publication number: 20080118494
    Abstract: Provided herein are compositions and methods that allow for the study of HIV latency and reactivation. Further provided are compositions and methods for in vitro screening of agents for their ability to reactivate, suppress reactivation or inhibit transcription of HIV. Compositions for and methods for activating a cell are also provided herein. Further provided herein are methods of treating a subject using agents that reactivate latent HIV infection or agents that inhibit HIV transcription. Also provided herein are methods of activating a latent microbiological entity in a subject. Further provided herein are methods for enhancing an immune response in a subject and compositions used as a vaccination adjuvant. Methods of making disclosed cells and compositions are also provided herein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 2, 2005
    Publication date: May 22, 2008
    Inventors: Olaf Kutsch, Jennifer Jones, George M. Shaw, David N. Levy
  • Patent number: 7169396
    Abstract: The nucleotide sequences of the genomes of eleven molecular clones for non-subtype B isolates of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 are disclosed. The invention relates to the nucleic acids and peptides encoded by and/or derived from these sequences and their use in diagnostic methods and as immunogens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2007
    Assignee: UAB Research Foundation
    Inventors: Beatrice H. Hahn, George M. Shaw, Feng Gao
  • Patent number: 6897301
    Abstract: The nucleotide sequences of the genomes of eleven molecular clones for non-subtype B isolates of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 are disclosed. The invention relates to the nucleic acids and peptides encoded by and/or derived from these sequences and their use in diagnostic methods and as immunogens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2005
    Assignee: The UAB Research Foundation
    Inventors: Beatrice H. Hahn, George M. Shaw, Feng Gao
  • Publication number: 20030215793
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to the determination of the complete genomic nucleic acid sequence of a new simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVcpzTAN1) isolated from a wild chimpanzee (Ch-06) from the Gombe National Park in Tanzania and to the nucleic acids derived therefrom. The disclosure also relates to the peptides encoded by and/or derived from the SIVcpzTAN1 nucleic acid sequence, to host cells containing the nucleic acids sequences and/or peptides, to diagnostic kits, immunogens and methods which employ the nucleic acids, peptides and/or host cells of the present disclosure, and to non-invasive methods for the detection of SIVcpz and related viruses from animal species in the wild.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 16, 2003
    Publication date: November 20, 2003
    Inventors: Beatrice H. Hahn, George M. Shaw, Mario L. Santiago, Cynthia M. Rodenburg, Shadrack Kamenya, Frederic Bibollet-Ruche, Martin N. Muller, Anthony Collins, Richard W. Wrangham, Jane Goodall, Paul M. Sharp