Patents by Inventor Gerard R. Williams, III

Gerard R. Williams, III has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10621100
    Abstract: In an embodiment, a processor may implement an access map-pattern match (AMPM)-based prefetch circuit for a multi-level cache system. The access patterns that are matched to the access maps may include prefetches for different cache levels. Centralizing the generation of prefetches into one prefetch circuit may provide better observability and controllability of prefetching at various levels of the cache hierarchy, in an embodiment. Prefetches at different levels may be controlled individually based on the accuracy of those prefetches, in an embodiment. Additionally, in an embodiment, access patterns that are longer that a given threshold may have the granularity of the prefetches change so that more data is prefetched and the prefetches occur farther in advance, in some embodiments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2020
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Stephan G. Meier, Tyler J. Huberty, Gerard R. Williams, III, Pradeep Kanapathipillai
  • Publication number: 20200034145
    Abstract: In an embodiment, a computation engine is configured to perform vector multiplications, producing either vector results or outer product (matrix) results. The instructions provided to the computation engine specify a matrix mode or a vector mode for the instructions. The computation engine performs the specified operation. The computation engine may perform numerous computations in parallel, in an embodiment. In an embodiment, the instructions may also specify an offset with the input memories, providing additional flexibility in the location of operands. More particularly, the computation engine may be configured to perform numerous multiplication operations in parallel and to accumulate results in a result memory, performing multiply-accumulate operations for each matrix/vector element in the targeted locations of the output memory.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 24, 2018
    Publication date: January 30, 2020
    Inventors: Eric Bainville, Jeffry E. Gonion, Ali Sazegari, Gerard R. Williams, III
  • Publication number: 20190346903
    Abstract: In an embodiment, a system includes multiple power management mechanism operating in different time domains (e.g. with different bandwidths) and control circuitry that is configured to coordinate operation of the mechanisms. If one mechanism is adding energy to the system, for example, the control circuitry may inform another mechanism that the energy is coming so that the other mechanism may not take as drastic an action as it would if no energy were coming. If a light workload is detected by circuitry near the load, and there is plenty of energy in the system, the control circuitry may cause the power management unit (PMU) to generate less energy or even temporarily turn off. A variety of mechanisms for the coordinated, coherent use of power are described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 23, 2019
    Publication date: November 14, 2019
    Inventors: Joseph T. DiBene, II, Inder M. Sodhi, Keith Cox, Gerard R. Williams, III
  • Patent number: 10437595
    Abstract: Systems, apparatuses, and methods for optimizing a load-store dependency predictor (LSDP). When a younger load instruction is issued before an older store instruction and the younger load is dependent on the older store, the LSDP is trained on this ordering violation. A replay/flush indicator is stored in a corresponding entry in the LSDP to indicate whether the ordering violation resulted in a flush or replay. On subsequent executions, a dependency may be enforced for the load-store pair if a confidence counter is above a threshold, with the threshold varying based on the status of the replay/flush indicator. If a given load matches on multiple entries in the LSDP, and if at least one of the entries has a flush indicator, then the given load may be marked as a multimatch case and forced to wait to issue until all older stores have issued.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2019
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Pradeep Kanapathipillai, Stephan G. Meier, Gerard R. Williams, III, Mridul Agarwal, Kulin N. Kothari
  • Publication number: 20190294541
    Abstract: Systems, apparatuses, and methods for efficiently moving data for storage and processing are described. In various embodiments, a compression unit within a processor includes multiple hardware lanes, selects two or more input words to compress, and for assigns them to two or more of the multiple hardware lanes. As each assigned input word is processed, each word is compared to an entry of a plurality of entries of a table. If it is determined that each of the assigned input words indexes the same entry of the table, the hardware lane with the oldest input word generates a single read request for the table entry and the hardware lane with the youngest input word generates a single write request for updating the table entry upon completing compression. Each hardware lane generates a compressed packet based on its assigned input word.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 10, 2019
    Publication date: September 26, 2019
    Inventors: Ali Sazegari, Charles E. Tucker, Jeffry E. Gonion, Gerard R. Williams, III, Chris Cheng-Chieh Lee
  • Patent number: 10423209
    Abstract: In an embodiment, a system includes multiple power management mechanism operating in different time domains (e.g. with different bandwidths) and control circuitry that is configured to coordinate operation of the mechanisms. If one mechanism is adding energy to the system, for example, the control circuitry may inform another mechanism that the energy is coming so that the other mechanism may not take as drastic an action as it would if no energy were coming. If a light workload is detected by circuitry near the load, and there is plenty of energy in the system, the control circuitry may cause the power management unit (PMU) to generate less energy or even temporarily turn off. A variety of mechanisms for the coordinated, coherent use of power are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2019
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph T. DiBene, II, Inder M. Sodhi, Keith Cox, Gerard R. Williams, III
  • Patent number: 10401945
    Abstract: In an embodiment, an integrated circuit may include one or more processors. Each processor may include multiple processor cores, and each core has a different design/implementation and performance level. For example, a core may be implemented for high performance, and another core may be implemented at a lower maximum performance, but may be optimized for efficiency. Additionally, in some embodiments, some features of the instruction set architecture implemented by the processor may be implemented in only one of the cores that make up the processor. If such a feature is invoked by a code sequence while a different core is active, the processor may swap cores to the core the implements the feature. Alternatively, an exception may be taken and an exception handler may be executed to identify the feature and activate the corresponding core.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: David J. Williamson, Gerard R. Williams, III, James N. Hardage, Jr., Richard F. Russo
  • Publication number: 20190212796
    Abstract: In an embodiment, a system may support a “coast mode” in which the power management unit (PMU) that supplies the supply voltage to an integrated circuit is disabled temporarily for certain modes of the integrated circuit. The integrated circuit may continue to operate, consuming the energy stored in capacitance in and/or around the integrated circuit. When coast mode is initiated, a time interval for coasting may be determined. When the time interval expires, the PMU may re-enable the power supply voltage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 21, 2019
    Publication date: July 11, 2019
    Inventors: Joseph T. DiBene, II, Inder M. Sodhi, Gerard R. Williams, III
  • Patent number: 10331558
    Abstract: Systems, apparatuses, and methods for efficiently moving data for storage and processing. A compression unit within a processor includes multiple hardware lanes, selects two or more input words to compress, and for assigns them to two or more of the multiple hardware lanes. As each assigned input word is processed, each word is compared to an entry of a plurality of entries of a table. If it is determined that each of the assigned input words indexes the same entry of the table, the hardware lane with the oldest input word generates a single read request for the table entry and the hardware lane with the youngest input word generates a single write request for updating the table entry upon completing compression. Each hardware lane generates a compressed packet based on its assigned input word.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Ali Sazegari, Charles E. Tucker, Jeffry E. Gonion, Gerard R. Williams, III, Chris Cheng-Chieh Lee
  • Patent number: 10289191
    Abstract: In an embodiment, an integrated circuit may include one or more processors. Each processor may include multiple processor cores, and each core has a different design/implementation and performance level. For example, a core may be implemented for high performance, but may have higher minimum voltage at which it operates correctly. Another core may be implemented at a lower maximum performance, but may be optimized for efficiency and may operate correctly at a lower minimum voltage. The processor may support multiple processor states (PStates). Each PState may specify an operating point and may be mapped to one of the processor cores. During operation, one of the cores is active: the core to which the current PState is mapped. If a new PState is selected and is mapped to a different core, the processor may automatically context switch the processor state to the newly-selected core and may begin execution on that core.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: David J. Williamson, Gerard R. Williams, III
  • Patent number: 10281965
    Abstract: In an embodiment, a system may support a “coast mode” in which the power management unit (PMU) that supplies the supply voltage to an integrated circuit is disabled temporarily for certain modes of the integrated circuit. The integrated circuit may continue to operate, consuming the energy stored in capacitance in and/or around the integrated circuit. When coast mode is initiated, a time interval for coasting may be determined. When the time interval expires, the PMU may re-enable the power supply voltage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph T. DiBene, II, Inder M. Sodhi, Gerard R. Williams, III
  • Publication number: 20190034333
    Abstract: Systems, apparatuses, and methods for efficiently moving data for storage and processing are described. In various embodiments, a compression unit within a processor includes multiple hardware lanes, selects two or more input words to compress, and for assigns them to two or more of the multiple hardware lanes. As each assigned input word is processed, each word is compared to an entry of a plurality of entries of a table. If it is determined that each of the assigned input words indexes the same entry of the table, the hardware lane with the oldest input word generates a single read request for the table entry and the hardware lane with the youngest input word generates a single write request for updating the table entry upon completing compression. Each hardware lane generates a compressed packet based on its assigned input word.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 28, 2017
    Publication date: January 31, 2019
    Inventors: Ali Sazegari, Charles E. Tucker, Jeffry E. Gonion, Gerard R. Williams, III, Chris Cheng-Chieh Lee
  • Patent number: 10180905
    Abstract: In an embodiment, a processor may implement an access map-pattern match (AMPM)-based prefetch circuit for a multi-level cache system. The access patterns that are matched to the access maps may include prefetches for different cache levels. Centralizing the generation of prefetches into one prefetch circuit may provide better observability and controllability of prefetching at various levels of the cache hierarchy, in an embodiment. Prefetches at different levels may be controlled individually based on the accuracy of those prefetches, in an embodiment. Additionally, in an embodiment, access patterns that are longer that a given threshold may have the granularity of the prefetches change so that more data is prefetched and the prefetches occur farther in advance, in some embodiments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2019
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Stephan G. Meier, Tyler J. Huberty, Gerard R. Williams, III, Pradeep Kanapathipillai
  • Publication number: 20180232043
    Abstract: In an embodiment, a system may support a “coast mode” in which the power management unit (PMU) that supplies the supply voltage to an integrated circuit is disabled temporarily for certain modes of the integrated circuit. The integrated circuit may continue to operate, consuming the energy stored in capacitance in and/or around the integrated circuit. When coast mode is initiated, a time interval for coasting may be determined. When the time interval expires, the PMU may re-enable the power supply voltage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 13, 2017
    Publication date: August 16, 2018
    Inventors: Joseph T. DiBene, II, Inder M. Sodhi, Gerard R. Williams, III
  • Publication number: 20180232034
    Abstract: In an embodiment, a system includes multiple power management mechanism operating in different time domains (e.g. with different bandwidths) and control circuitry that is configured to coordinate operation of the mechanisms. If one mechanism is adding energy to the system, for example, the control circuitry may inform another mechanism that the energy is coming so that the other mechanism may not take as drastic an action as it would if no energy were coming. If a light workload is detected by circuitry near the load, and there is plenty of energy in the system, the control circuitry may cause the power management unit (PMU) to generate less energy or even temporarily turn off. A variety of mechanisms for the coordinated, coherent use of power are described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 13, 2017
    Publication date: August 16, 2018
    Inventors: Joseph T. DiBene, II, Inder M. Sodhi, Keith Cox, Gerard R. Williams, III
  • Publication number: 20180217659
    Abstract: In an embodiment, an integrated circuit may include one or more processors. Each processor may include multiple processor cores, and each core has a different design/implementation and performance level. For example, a core may be implemented for high performance, and another core may be implemented at a lower maximum performance, but may be optimized for efficiency. Additionally, in some embodiments, some features of the instruction set architecture implemented by the processor may be implemented in only one of the cores that make up the processor. If such a feature is invoked by a code sequence while a different core is active, the processor may swap cores to the core the implements the feature. Alternatively, an exception may be taken and an exception handler may be executed to identify the feature and activate the corresponding core.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 2018
    Publication date: August 2, 2018
    Inventors: David J. Williamson, Gerard R. Williams, III, James N. Hardage, JR., Richard F. Russo
  • Patent number: 9996348
    Abstract: A system and method for reducing the latency of load operations. A register rename unit within a processor determines whether a decoded load instruction is eligible for conversion to a zero-cycle load operation. If so, control logic assigns a physical register identifier associated with a source operand of an older dependent store instruction to the destination operand of the load instruction. Additionally, the register rename unit marks the load instruction to prevent it from reading data associated with the source operand of the store instruction from memory. Due to the duplicate renaming, this data may be forwarded from a physical register file to instructions that are younger and dependent on the load instruction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Gerard R. Williams, III, John H. Mylius, Conrade Blasco-Allue
  • Publication number: 20180129271
    Abstract: In an embodiment, an integrated circuit may include one or more processors. Each processor may include multiple processor cores, and each core has a different design/implementation and performance level. For example, a core may be implemented for high performance, but may have higher minimum voltage at which it operates correctly. Another core may be implemented at a lower maximum performance, but may be optimized for efficiency and may operate correctly at a lower minimum voltage. The processor may support multiple processor states (PStates). Each PState may specify an operating point and may be mapped to one of the processor cores. During operation, one of the cores is active: the core to which the current PState is mapped. If a new PState is selected and is mapped to a different core, the processor may automatically context switch the processor state to the newly-selected core and may begin execution on that core.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 9, 2018
    Publication date: May 10, 2018
    Inventors: David J. Williamson, Gerard R. Williams, III
  • Patent number: 9958932
    Abstract: In an embodiment, an integrated circuit may include one or more processors. Each processor may include multiple processor cores, and each core has a different design/implementation and performance level. For example, a core may be implemented for high performance, and another core may be implemented at a lower maximum performance, but may be optimized for efficiency. Additionally, in some embodiments, some features of the instruction set architecture implemented by the processor may be implemented in only one of the cores that make up the processor. If such a feature is invoked by a code sequence while a different core is active, the processor may swap cores to the core the implements the feature. Alternatively, an exception may be taken and an exception handler may be executed to identify the feature and activate the corresponding core.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: David J. Williamson, Gerard R. Williams, III, James N. Hardage, Jr., Richard F. Russo
  • Patent number: 9959120
    Abstract: In an embodiment, an integrated circuit includes at least one processor. The processor may include a reset vector base address register configured to store a reset vector address for the processor. Responsive to a reset, the processor may be configured to capture a reset vector address on an input, updating the reset vector base address register. Upon release from reset, the processor may initiate instruction execution at the reset vector address. The integrated circuit may further include a logic circuit that is coupled to provide the reset vector address. The logic circuit may include a register that is programmable with the reset vector address. More particularly, in an embodiment, the register may be programmable via a write operation issued by the processor (e.g. a memory-mapped write operation). Accordingly, the reset vector address may be programmable in the integrated circuit, and may be changed from time to time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Josh P. de Cesare, Gerard R. Williams, III, Michael J. Smith, Wei-Han Lien