Patents by Inventor Gordon I. Gregory

Gordon I. Gregory has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 4385177
    Abstract: Antibiotic compounds of the general formula ##STR1## [wherein R is a phenyl, thienyl or furyl group; R.sup.a and R.sup.b, which may be the same or different, are each selected from hydrogen, C.sub.1-4 alkyl, C.sub.2-4 alkenyl C.sub.3-7 cycloalkyl, phenyl, naphthyl, thienyl, furyl, carboxy, C.sub.2-5 alkoxycarbonyl and cyano, or R.sup.a and R.sup.b together with the carbon atom to which they are attached from a C.sub.3-7 cycloalkylidene or cycloalkenylidene group; R.sup.c is hydrogen or lower alkyl; R.sup.d is hydroxy, lower alkoxy, aralkoxy or aryloxy; m and n are each 0 or 1 such that the sum of m and n is 0 or 1; and P is selected from a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom and various organic groups] and non-toxic derivatives thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 1980
    Date of Patent: May 24, 1983
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories, Ltd.
    Inventors: Michael W. Foxton, Gordon I. Gregory, David M. Rogers
  • Patent number: 4290949
    Abstract: 2-Vinylclavem compounds are disclosed which have been found of value in the synthesis of thio-derivatives of clavulanic acid which possess antibiotic and .beta.-lactamase inhibitory activity. Methods for preparing the vinylclavem compounds are disclosed and processes for preparing the thio-derivatives are given.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 1977
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1981
    Assignee: Glaxo Operations UK Limited
    Inventors: Peter C. Cherry, Christopher E. Newall, Nigel S. Watson, Gordon I. Gregory, Peter Ward
  • Patent number: 4230622
    Abstract: Novel halogen derivatives of clavulanic acid are described which are of value in the preparation of a range of clavulins which either inhibit .beta.-lactamases or show activity against strains of both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Processes for preparing the halogen derivatives are described and methods for converting them into the active clavulins are given.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 1976
    Date of Patent: October 28, 1980
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Peter C. Cherry, Gordon I. Gregory, Peter Ward
  • Patent number: 4209616
    Abstract: The invention provides novel antibiotic compounds which are 7.beta.-acylamidoceph-3-em-4-carboxylic acids, and non-toxic derivatives thereof, and 6.beta.-acylamidopenam-3-carboxylic acids, and non-toxic derivatives thereof, characterized in that the acylamido group has the structure ##STR1## where R is a hydrogen atom or an organic group and R.sup.a is a hydrogen atom or an acyl group. The compounds are syn isomers or exist as mixtures containing at least 75% of the syn isomer. These antibiotic compounds possess high antibacterial activity against a range of gram positive and gram negative organisms coupled with particularly high stability to .beta.-lactamases produced by various gram negative organisms. The invention is also concerned with the administration of the compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 1978
    Date of Patent: June 24, 1980
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Michael Gregson, Martin C. Cook, Gordon I. Gregory
  • Patent number: 4208517
    Abstract: Antibiotic compounds of the general formula ##STR1## [wherein R is a phenyl, thienyl or furyl group; R.sup.a and R.sup.b, which may be the same or different, are each selected from hydrogen, C.sub.1-4 alkyl, C.sub.2-4 alkenyl, C.sub.3-7 cycloalkyl, phenyl, naphthyl, thienyl, furyl, carboxy, C.sub.2-5 alkoxycarbonyl and cyano, or R.sup.a and R.sup.b together wth the carbon atom to which they are attached form a C.sub.3-7 cycloalkylidene or cycloalkenylidene group; R.sup.c and R.sup.d, which may be the same or different, each represents a hydrogen atom or a substituting group e.g. an alkyl group or substituted alkyl group; or R.sup.c and R.sup.d together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a saturated or unsaturated heterocyclic ring which contains 5-7 ring members and which may contain additional hetero atoms, and may be substituted by lower alkyl; R.sup.e represents hydrogen or C.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 1977
    Date of Patent: June 17, 1980
    Assignee: Glaxo Operations UK Limited
    Inventors: Michael W. Foxton, Gordon I. Gregory, David M. Rogers
  • Patent number: 4200746
    Abstract: Cephalosporin antibiotics in which the 7.beta.-acylamido group has the formula ##STR1## (where R.sup.1 is furyl or thienyl and R.sup.2 is C.sub.1-4 alkyl, C.sub.3-7 cycloalkyl, furylmethyl or thienylmethyl) and in which the 3-position substituent is a pyridiniummethyl group wherein the pyridine ring is optionally substituted by carbamoyl, carboxy, carboxymethyl, sulpho or methyl exhibit high antibacterial activity against a broad range of gram-positive and gram-negative organisms, coupled with particularly high stability to .beta.-lactamases produced by various gram-negative organisms and good stability in vivo, particularly to esterases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 1978
    Date of Patent: April 29, 1980
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories, Ltd.
    Inventors: Martin C. Cook, Gordon I. Gregory, Janice Bradshaw
  • Patent number: 4165430
    Abstract: Cephalosporin antibiotics having the formula: ##STR1## (where R is thienyl, furyl or phenyl; R.sup.a is hydrogen, C.sub.1-4 alkyl, C.sub.2-4 alkenyl, C.sub.3-7 cycloalkyl or phenyl, and R.sup.b is hydrogen, C.sub.1-4 alkyl, C.sub.2-4 alkenyl, C.sub.3-7 cycloalkyl, phenyl, carboxy or C.sub.2-5 alkoxycarbonyl, or R.sup.a and R.sup.b together with the carbon atom to which they are attached form a C.sub.3-7 cycloalkylidene or cycloalkenylidene group: and Y is the residue of a nitrogen nucleophile and their physiologically acceptable derivatives exhibit broad spectrum antibiotic activity characterized by particularly high activity against gram negative microorganisms, including those which produce .beta.-lactamases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 1976
    Date of Patent: August 21, 1979
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Janice Bradshaw, Martin C. Cook, Gordon I. Gregory
  • Patent number: 4162360
    Abstract: 3-Carbamoyloxymethyl and 3-N-methylcarbamoyloxymethyl cephalosporin antibiotics in which the 7.beta.-acylamido group has the structure ##STR1## where R is thienyl, furyl or phenyl; R.sup.a is C.sub.1-4 alkyl, C.sub.2-4 alkenyl, C.sub.3-7 cycloalkyl or phenyl, and R.sup.b is hydrogen, carboxy, C.sub.2 -C.sub.5 carbalkoxy or any of the groups designated for R.sup.a, or R.sup.a and R.sup.b together with the carbon atom to which they are attached form a C.sub.3-7 cycloalkylidene or cycloalkenylidene group; exhibit broad spectrum antibiotic activity characterized by particularly high activity against gram negative microorganisms, including those which produce .beta.-lactamases. The compounds, which are syn isomers or exist as mixtures of syn and anti isomers containing at least 90% of the syn isomer, have particularly high in vitro activity against strains of Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae and Proteus organisms; and also shown unusually high activity against Pseudomonas organisms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 1977
    Date of Patent: July 24, 1979
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Janice Bradshaw, Martin C. Cook, Gordon I. Gregory
  • Patent number: 4144392
    Abstract: Cephalosporin antibiotics having the formula: ##STR1## (where R is thienyl, furyl or phenyl; R.sup.a is hydrogen, C.sub.1-4 alkyl, C.sub.2-4 alkenyl, C.sub.3-7 cycloalkyl or phenyl, and R.sup.b is hydrogen, C.sub.1-4 alkyl, C.sub.2-4 alkenyl, C.sub.3-7 cycloalkyl, phenyl, carboxy or C.sub.2-5 alkoxycarbonyl, or R.sup.a and R.sup.b together with the carbon atom to which they are attached form a C.sub.3-7 cycloalkylidene or cycloalkenylidene group; R.sup.13 is C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 alkyl, C.sub.3-7 cycloalkyl, phenylalkyl, phenyl or naphthyl, thiadiazolyl, diazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiazolyl, thiatriazolyl, oxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, pyridyl, pyrimidyl, benzimidazolyl, benzoxazolyl, benzothiazolyl, triazolopyridyl or purinyl, and n is 0, 1 or 2 and their physiologically acceptable derivatives exhibit broad spectrum antibiotic activity characterized by particularly high activity against gram negative microorganisms, including those which produce .beta.-lactamases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 1976
    Date of Patent: March 13, 1979
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Janice Bradshaw, Martin C. Cook, Gordon I. Gregory
  • Patent number: 4144393
    Abstract: 3-Acetoxymethyl cephalosporin antibiotics in which the 7.beta.-acylamido group has the structure ##STR1## where R is thienyl, furyl or phenyl; R.sup.a is C.sub.1-4 alkyl, C.sub.2-4 alkenyl, C.sub.3-7 cycloalkyl or phenyl, and R.sup.b is hydrogen, carboxy, C.sub.2 -C.sub.5 carbalkoxy or any of the groups designated for R.sup.a, or R.sup.a and R.sup.b together with the carbon atom to which they are attached form a C.sub.3-7 cycloalkylidene or cycloalkenylidene group; exhibit broad spectrum antibiotic activity characterized by particularly high activity against gram negative microorganisms, including those which produce .beta.-lactamases. The compounds, which are syn isomers or exist as mixtures of syn and anti isomers containing at least 90% of the syn isomer, have particularly high in vitro activity against strains of Escherichia coli. Haemophilus influenzae and Proteus organisms; and also shown unusually high activity against Pseudomonas organisms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 1976
    Date of Patent: March 13, 1979
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Janice Bradshaw, Martin C. Cook, Gordon I. Gregory
  • Patent number: 4138555
    Abstract: Cephalosporin antibiotics in which the 7.beta.-acylamido group has the structure ##STR1## where R.sup.1 is a furyl, thienyl or phenyl group and R.sup.2 is a C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl, C.sub.3 -C.sub.7 cycloalkyl or phenyl group and in which the 3-position substituent is a carbamoyloxymethyl group possess a particularly valuable combination of properties, exhibiting high antibacterial activity against a broad range of gram positive and gram negative organisms, paticularly high stablity to .beta.-lactamases produced by various organisms, and stability in vivo. The compounds are syn isomers or exist as mixtures of syn and anti isomers containing at least 90% of the syn isomer. Particularly important compounds of this type are (6R,7R)-3-carbamoyloxymethyl-7-[2-(fur-2-yl)-2-methoxyiminoacetamido]ceph- 3-em-4-carboxylic acid (syn isomer) and its non-toxic derivatives, e.g. the sodium salt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 1977
    Date of Patent: February 6, 1979
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories, Limited
    Inventors: Martin C. Cook, Gordon I. Gregory, Janice Bradshaw
  • Patent number: 4074047
    Abstract: Cephalosporin antibiotics in which the 7.beta.-acylamido group has the structure ##STR1## (WHERE R is phenyl, thienyl or furyl; R.sup.a and R.sup.b are each selected from hydrogen, C.sub.1-4 alkyl, C.sub.2-4 alkenyl, C.sub.3-7 cycloalkyl, phenyl, naphthyl, thienyl, furyl, carboxy, C.sub.2-5 alkoxycarbonyl, aminocarbonyl, N-substituted aminocarbonyl and cyano, or R.sup.a and R.sup.b together with the carbon atom to which they are attached form a C.sub.3-7 cycloalkylidene or cycloalkenylidene group; R.sup.c is hydrogen or C.sub.1-4 alkyl; and m and n are each 0 or 1 such that the sum of m and n is 0 or 1) exhibit broad spectrum antibiotic activity characterized by particularly high activity against gram negative microorganisms, including those which produce .beta.-lactamases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 1976
    Date of Patent: February 14, 1978
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Michael W. Foxton, Gordon I. Gregory, David M. Rogers
  • Patent number: 4017515
    Abstract: .alpha.-(Etherified oximino)carboxylic acids, represented by the formula:- ##STR1## where R is hydrogen or an organic group having 1-20 carbon atoms and R.sup.a is an etherifying monovalent organic group having 1-16 carbon atoms linked to the oxygen atom through a carbon atom, and the corresponding acid chlorides, are useful intermediates in the preparation of highly active, highly .beta.-lactamase-stable 7.beta.-[.alpha.-(etherified oximino)acylamido]-ceph-3-em-4-carboxylic acid antibiotics. The compounds are syn isomers or exist as mixtures of syn and anti isomers containing at least 75% of the syn isomer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1975
    Date of Patent: April 12, 1977
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Martin C. Cook, Gordon I. Gregory, Janice Bradshaw
  • Patent number: 4011215
    Abstract: Cephalosporin antibiotics in which the 7.beta.-acylamido group is syn 2-furyl-2-methoxyiminoacetamido and in which the 3-position substituent is a chloroalkylcarbamoyloxymethyl group exhibit high antibacterial activity against a broad range of gram positive and gram negative organisms, particularly high stability to .beta.-lactamases produced by various organisms, and stability in vivo. The compounds are syn isomers or exist as mixtures of syn and anti isomers containing at least 90% of the syn isomer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 1975
    Date of Patent: March 8, 1977
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Martin C. Cook, Gordon I. Gregory, Janice Bradshaw