Patents by Inventor Gordon Ian Gregory

Gordon Ian Gregory has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 4103084
    Abstract: Cephalosporin antibiotics in which the 7.beta.-acylamido group has the structure ##STR1## (where R is thienyl or furyl; R.sup.a and R.sup.b are each selected from hydrogen, C.sub.1-4 alkyl, C.sub.2-4 alkenyl, C.sub.3-7 cycloalkyl, phenyl, naphthyl, thienyl, furyl, carboxy, C.sub.2-5 alkoxycarbonyl and cyano, or R.sup.a and R.sup.b together with the carbon atom to which they are attached form a C.sub.3-7 cycloalkylidene or cycloalkenylidene group; and m and n are each 0 or 1 such that the sum of m and n is 0 or 1) exhibit broad spectrum antibiotic activity characterized by particularly high activity against gram negative microorganisms, including those which produce .beta.-lactamases. The compounds, which are syn isomers or exist as mixtures of syn and anti isomers containing at least 90% of the syn isomer, have particularly high in vitro activity against strains of Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae and Proteus organisms; compounds wherein at least one of R.sup.a and R.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 1976
    Date of Patent: July 25, 1978
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Janice Bradshaw, Martin Christopher Cook, Gordon Ian Gregory
  • Patent number: 4095021
    Abstract: Cephalosporin antibiotics in which the 7.beta.-acylamido group has the structure ##STR1## (where R is thienyl or furyl; R.sup.a and R.sup.b are each selected from hydrogen, C.sub.1-4 alkyl, C.sub.2-4 alkenyl, C.sub.3-7 cycloalkyl, phenyl, naphthyl, thienyl, furyl, carboxy, C.sub.2-5 alkoxycarbonyl and cyano, or R.sup.a and R.sup.b together with the carbon atom to which they are attached form a C.sub.3-7 cycloalkylidene or cycloalkenylidene group; and m and n are each 0 or 1 such that the sum of m and n is 0 or 1) exhibit broad spectrum antibiotic activity characterized by particularly high activity against gram negative microorganisms, including those which produce .beta.-lactamases. The compounds, which are syn isomers or exist as mixtures of syn and anti isomers containing at least 90% of the syn isomer, have particularly high in vitro activity against strains of Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae and Proteus organisms; compounds wherein at least one of R.sup.a and R.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 1976
    Date of Patent: June 13, 1978
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Janice Bradshaw, Martin Christopher Cook, Gordon Ian Gregory
  • Patent number: 4093803
    Abstract: The invention provides novel antibiotic compounds which are 7.beta.-acylamidoceph-3-em-4-carboxylic acids, and non-toxic derivatives thereof characterized in that the acylamido group has the structure ##STR1## where R is a hydrogen atom or an organic group and R.sup.a is an etherifying monovalent organic group linked to the oxygen atom through a carbon atom. The compounds are syn isomers or exist as mixtures containing at least 75% of the syn isomer. These antibiotic compounds possess high antibacterial activity against a range of gram positive and gram negative organisms coupled with particularly high stability to .beta.-lactamases produced by various gram negative organisms. The invention is also concerned with the administration of the compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 1977
    Date of Patent: June 6, 1978
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Martin Christopher Cook, Gordon Ian Gregory, Janice Bradshaw
  • Patent number: 4092477
    Abstract: The invention provides novel antibiotic compounds which are 7.beta.-acylamidoceph-3-em-4-carboxylic acids, and non-toxic derivatives thereof characterized in that the acylamido group has the structure ##STR1## where R is a hydrogen atom or an organic group and R.sup.a is an etherifying monovalent organic group linked to the oxygen atom through a carbon atom. The compounds are syn isomers or exist as mixtures containing at least 75% of the syn isomer. These antibiotic compounds possess high antibacterial activity against a range of gram positive and gram negative organisms coupled with particularly high stability to .beta.-lactamases produced by various gram negative organisms. The invention is also concerned with the administration of the compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 1977
    Date of Patent: May 30, 1978
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Martin Christopher Cook, Gordon Ian Gregory, Janice Bradshaw
  • Patent number: 4079178
    Abstract: The invention provides novel antibiotic compounds which are 7.beta.-acylamidoceph-3-em-4-carboxylic acids, and non-toxic derivatives thereof characterized in that the acylamido group has the structure ##STR1## WHERE R is a hydrogen atom or an organic group and R.sup.a is an etherifying monovalent organic group linked to the oxygen atom through a carbon atom. The compounds are syn isomers or exist as mixtures containing at least 75% of the syn isomer. These antibiotic compounds possess high antibacterial activity against a range or gram positive and gram negative organisms coupled with particularly high stability to .beta.-lactamases produced by various gram negative organisms. The invention is also concerned with the administration of the compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 1975
    Date of Patent: March 14, 1978
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Martin Christopher Cook, Gordon Ian Gregory, Janice Bradshaw
  • Patent number: 4064346
    Abstract: The invention provides novel antibiotic compounds which are 7.beta.-acylamidoceph-3-em-4-carboxylic acids, and non-toxic derivatives thereof characterized in that the acylamido group has the structure ##STR1## where R is a hydrogen atom or an organic group and R.sup.a is an etherifying monovalent organic group linked to the oxygen atom through a carbon atom. The compounds are syn isomers or exist as mixtures containing at least 75% of the syn isomer. These antibiotic compounds possess high antibacterial activity against a range of gram positive and gram negative organisms coupled with particularly high stability to .beta.-lactamases produced by various gram negative organisms. The invention is also concerned with the administration of the compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 1976
    Date of Patent: December 20, 1977
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Martin Christopher Cook, Gordon Ian Gregory, Janice Bradshaw
  • Patent number: 4060686
    Abstract: 3-Carbamoyloxymethyl and 3-N-methylcarbamoyloxymethyl cephalosporin antibiotics in which the 7.beta.-acylamido group has the structure ##STR1## where R is thienyl, furyl or phenyl; R.sup.a is C.sub.1-4 alkyl, C.sub.2-4 alkenyl, C.sub.3-7 cycloalkyl or phenyl, and R.sup.b is hydrogen, carboxy, C.sub.2 -C.sub.5 carbalkoxy or any of the groups designated for R.sup.a, or R.sup.a and R.sup.b together with the carbon atom to which they are attached form a C.sub.3-7 cycloalkylidene or cycloalkenylidene group; exhibit broad spectrum antibiotic activity charcterized by particularly high activity against gram negative microorganisms, including those which produce .beta.-lactamases. The compounds, which are syn isomers or exist as mixtures of syn and anti isomers containing at least 90% of the syn isomer, have particularly high in vitro activity against strains of Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae and Proteus organisms; and also shown unusually high activity against Pseudomonas organisms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 1976
    Date of Patent: November 29, 1977
    Inventors: Janice Bradshaw, Martin Christopher Cook, Gordon Ian Gregory
  • Patent number: 4033950
    Abstract: The invention provides novel antibiotic compounds which are 7.beta.-acylamidoceph-3-em-4-carboxylic acids, and non-toxic derivatives thereof characterized in that the acylamido group has the structure ##STR1## where R is a hydrogen atom or an organic group and R.sup.a is an etherifying monovalent organic group linked to the oxygen atom through a carbon atom. The compounds are syn isomers or exist as mixtures containing at least 75% of the syn isomer. These antibiotic compounds possess high antibacterial activity against a range of gram positive and gram negative organisms coupled with particularly high stability to .beta.-lactamases produced by various gram negative organisms. The invention is also concerned with the administration of the compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 1976
    Date of Patent: July 5, 1977
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Martin Christopher Cook, Gordon Ian Gregory, Janice Bradshaw
  • Patent number: 4024134
    Abstract: The invention provides novel antibiotic compounds which are 7.beta.-acylamidoceph-3-em-4-carboxylic acids, and non-toxic derivatives thereof, and 6.beta.-acylamidopenam-3-carboxylic acids, and non-toxic derivatives thereof, characterized in that the acylamido group has the structure ##STR1## where R is a hydrogen atom or an organic group and R.sup.a is a hydrogen atom or an acyl group. The compounds are syn isomers or exist as mixtures containing at least 75% of the syn isomer. These antibiotic compounds possess high antibacterial activity against a range of gram positive and gram negative organisms coupled with particularly high stability to .beta.-lactamases produced by various gram negative organisms. The invention is also concerned with the administration of the compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 1975
    Date of Patent: May 17, 1977
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Michael Gregson, Martin Christopher Cook, Gordon Ian Gregory
  • Patent number: 4024133
    Abstract: The invention provides novel antibiotic compounds which are 7.beta.-acylamidoceph-3-em-4-carboxylic acids, and non-toxic derivatives thereof characterized in that the acylamido group has the structure ##STR1## WHERE R is a hydrogen atom or an organic group and R.sup.a is an etherifying monovalent organic group linked to the oxygen atom through a carbon atom. The compounds are syn isomers or exist as mixtures containing at least 75% of the syn isomer. These antibiotic compounds possess high antibacterial activity against a range of gram positive and gram negative organisms coupled with particularly high stability to .beta.-lactamases produced by various gram negative organisms. The invention is also concerned with the administration of the compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 1975
    Date of Patent: May 17, 1977
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Martin Christopher Cook, Gordon Ian Gregory, Janice Bradshaw
  • Patent number: 4024137
    Abstract: The invention provides novel antibiotic compounds which are 7.beta.-acylamidoceph-3-em-4-carboxylic acids, and non-toxic derivatives thereof characterized in that the acylamido group has the structure ##STR1## WHERE R is a hydrogen atom or an organic group and R.sup.a is an etherifying monovalent organic group linked to the oxygen atom through a carbon atom. The compounds are syn isomers or exist as mixtures containing at least 75% of the syn isomer. These antibiotic compounds possess high antibacterial activity against a range of gram positive and gram negative organisms coupled with particularly high stability to .beta.-lactamases produced by various gram negative organisms. The invention is also concerned with the administration of the compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 1975
    Date of Patent: May 17, 1977
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Martin Christopher Cook, Gordon Ian Gregory, Janice Bradshaw
  • Patent number: 4014869
    Abstract: Novel antibiotic compounds which are 7.beta.-acrylamidoceph-3-em-4-carboxylic acids, and 6.beta.-acrylamidopenam-3-carboxylic acids and non-toxic derivatives thereof wherein the acrylamido group has the structure ##STR1## wherein A is aryl group and B is a substituted or unsubstituted lower alkyl, lower alkenyl or lower alkynyl group; or an aryl, cycloalkyl or cycloalkenyl group. These compounds possess antibacterial activity against gram-positive and gram-negative organisms coupled with stability to .beta.-lactamases. The invention further relates to the administration of the compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 1974
    Date of Patent: March 29, 1977
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Gordon Ian Gregory, Michael Gregson, Godfrey Basil Webb
  • Patent number: 4012377
    Abstract: There are described new compounds of formula ##STR1## in which E is selected from the group consisting of residues of formula ##STR2## in which R" is selected from the group consisting of amino, vinyl, allyl, ethynyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.5 alkyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.5 alkoxy, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.5 alkylthio or a C.sub.1 -C.sub.5 alkyl group susbstituted by at least one halogen atom; and hydrogen; in which R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are each selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, methyl and ethyl; and R' is selected from substituted phenyl when R" is other than hydrogen, and phenyl, thienyl and substituted phenyl and thienyl when R" is hydrogen.The compounds are useful in the control of parasites.Certain of the compounds have antimicrobial properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1975
    Date of Patent: March 15, 1977
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: John Anthony Claisse, Gordon Ian Gregory, William Kingston Warburton
  • Patent number: 3991046
    Abstract: The invention provides novel antibiotic compounds which are 6.beta.-acylamidopenam-3-carboxylic acids and non-toxic derivatives thereof, characterized in that the acylamido group has the structure ##EQU1## WHERE R is a hydrogen atom or an organic group and R.sup.a is a hydrogen atom or an acyl group. The compounds are syn isomers or exist as mixtures containing at least 75% of the syn isomer. These antibiotic compounds possess high antibacterial activity against a range of gram positive and gram negative organisms coupled with particularly high stability to .beta.-lactamases produced by various gram negative organisms. The invention is also concerned with the administration of the compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 1975
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1976
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Michael Gregson, Martin Christopher Cook, Gordon Ian Gregory
  • Patent number: 3991067
    Abstract: 1,2,4-Oxadiazoles having as 3- and 5-substituents a hydrogen atom, an aliphatic, cycloaliphatic, araliphatic, aryl or heterocyclic group, or a carbamoyl group of the formula -- CONR.sup.1 R.sup.2 where R.sup.1 & R.sup.2 which can be the same or different, are hydrogen atoms or aliphatic, cycloaliphatic, araliphatic or aryl groups or, taken with the N atom, a heterocvolic ring; provided that at least one of the 3- or 5-substituents is an N-substituted carbamoyl group. Antimicrobial activity, and particularly antiviral, antiparasitic and antibacterial activity is shown in this group. The corresponding oxadiazolins are also described and are useful intermediates in the preparation of the oxadiazoles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 1973
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1976
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Gordon Ian Gregory, William Kingston Warburton, Peter William Seale
  • Patent number: 3975376
    Abstract: The invention provides novel antibiotic compounds which are 6.beta.-acylamidopenam-3-carboxylic acids, and nontoxic derivatives thereof, characterized in that the acylamido group has the structure ##EQU1## WHERE R is a hydrogen atom or an organic group and R.sup.a is an etherifying monovalent organic group linked to the oxygen atom through a carbon atom. The compounds may be either syn or anti isomers or may exist as mixtures e.g. containing at least 75% of one isomer. These antibiotic compounds possess high antibacterial activity against a range of gram positive organisms including penicillinase - producing staphylococci coupled with high activity against strains of the gram-negative organism Haemophilus influenzae. The invention is also concerned with the administration of the compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 1975
    Date of Patent: August 17, 1976
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Martin Christopher Cook, Gordon Ian Gregory, Janice Bradshaw
  • Patent number: 3974153
    Abstract: Cephalosporin antibiotics in which the 7.beta.-acylamido group has the structure ##EQU1## where R.sup.1 is a furyl, thienyl or phenyl group and R.sup.2 is a C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl, C.sub.3 C.sub.7 cycloalkyl or phenyl group and in which the 3-position substituent is a carbamoyloxymethyl group possess a particularly valuable combination of properties, exhibiting high antibacterial activity against a broad range of gram positive and gram negative organisms, particularly high stability to .beta.-lactamases produced by various organisms, and stability in vivo. The compounds are syn isomers or exist as mixtures of syn and anti isomers containing at least 90% of the syn isomer. Particularly important compounds of this type are (6R,7R)-3-carbamoyloxymethyl -7-[2-(fur-2-yl)-2-methoxyiminoacetamido]ceph-3-em-4-carboxylic acid (syn isomer) and its non-toxic derivatives, e.g. the sodium salt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 1974
    Date of Patent: August 10, 1976
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Martin Christopher Cook, Gordon Ian Gregory, Janice Bradshaw
  • Patent number: 3971778
    Abstract: The invention provides novel antibiotic compounds which are 7.beta.-acylamidoceph-3-em-4-carboxylic acids, and non-toxic derivatives thereof characterized in that the acylamido group has the structure ##EQU1## where R is a hydrogen atom or an organic group and R.sup.a is an etherifying monovalent organic group linked to the oxygen atom through a carbon atom. The compounds are syn isomers or exist as mixtures containing at least 75% of the syn isomer. These antibiotic compounds possess high antibacterial activity against a range or gram positive and gram negative organisms coupled with particularly high stability to .beta.-lactamases produced by various gram negative organisms. The invention is also concerned with the administration of the compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 1972
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1976
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Martin Christopher Cook, Gordon Ian Gregory, Janice Bradshaw
  • Patent number: 3966717
    Abstract: The invention provides novel antibiotic compounds comprising 7.beta.-acylamido-3-carbamoyloxymethylceph-3-em-4-carboxylic acids and non-toxic derivatives thereof wherein the acylamido group has the structure ##EQU1## IN WHICH R is a carbocyclic or heterocyclic aryl group and R.sup.a is a lower alkyl, cycloalkyl or phenyl group. The compounds are syn isomers or exist as mixtures containing at least 75% of the syn isomer. These antibiotic compounds possess high antibacterial activity against a range of gram positive and gram negative organisms coupled with particularly high stability to .beta.-lactamases produced by various organisms and stability in the presence of human serum. The invention is also concerned with the administration of the compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 1973
    Date of Patent: June 29, 1976
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Martin Christopher Cook, Gordon Ian Gregory, Janice Bradshaw
  • Patent number: 3959314
    Abstract: 2-Aryl-2-hydroxyiminoacetic acids rich in the syn isomer are prepared by reaction of an arylglyoxylic acid with hydroxylamine in an aqueous reaction medium, e.g. water, in the presence of a source of magnesium, calcium or zinc ions, e.g. magnesium hydroxide. The acids so obtained are of value as synthetic intermediates in the preparation of penicillin and cephalosporin antibiotics containing syn-2-aryl-2-hydroxyiminoacetamido side chains.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 1974
    Date of Patent: May 25, 1976
    Assignee: Glaxo Laboratories Limited
    Inventors: Victor Malcolm Clark, Gordon Ian Gregory, Godfrey Basil Webb