Patents by Inventor Graham Finlayson

Graham Finlayson has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10594903
    Abstract: A method and system for determining parameters of an image processing pipeline of a digital camera is disclosed. The image processing pipeline transforms captured image data on a scene into rendered image data. Rendered image data produced by the image processing pipeline of the camera is obtained from the captured image data on the scene. At least a subset of the captured image data on the scene is determined and a ranking order for pixels of the rendered image data is obtained. A set of constraints from the captured image data and the ranked rendered image data is determined, each constraint of the set being determined in dependence on selected pair combinations of pixel values when taken in said ranking order of the rendered image data and corresponding pair combinations of the captured image data. Parameters of the image processing pipeline are determined that satisfy the sets of constraints.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: SPECTRAL EDGE LIMITED
    Inventor: Graham Finlayson
  • Patent number: 10269102
    Abstract: An image processing method, system and device are disclosed. In the method, sensor responses for an input image are estimated, the sensor responses including sensor responses for cone sensors including a first cone sensor set and a second, different, cone sensor set. In dependence on the sensor responses, a transform mapping for application to a source image is determined to generate a modified image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2019
    Assignee: SPECTRAL EDGE LIMITED
    Inventors: Graham Finlayson, Roberto Montagna
  • Publication number: 20180350050
    Abstract: A method and system for generating an output image from a plurality, N, of corresponding input image channels is described. A Jacobian matrix of the plurality of corresponding input image channels is determined. The principal characteristic vector of the outer product of the Jacobian matrix is calculated. The sign associated with the principal characteristic vector is set whereby an input image channel pixel projected by the principal characteristic vector results in a positive scalar value. The output image as a per-pixel projection of the input channels in the direction of the principal characteristic vector is generated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 28, 2016
    Publication date: December 6, 2018
    Inventors: Graham FINLAYSON, Alex HAYES
  • Publication number: 20170272619
    Abstract: A method and system for determining parameters of an image processing pipeline of a digital camera is disclosed. The image processing pipeline transforms captured image data on a scene into rendered image data. Rendered image data produced by the image processing pipeline of the camera is obtained from the captured image data on the scene. At least a subset of the captured image data on the scene is determined and a ranking order for pixels of the rendered image data is obtained. A set of constraints from the captured image data and the ranked rendered image data is determined, each constraint of the set being determined in dependence on selected pair combinations of pixel values when taken in said ranking order of the rendered image data and corresponding pair combinations of the captured image data. Parameters of the image processing pipeline are determined that satisfy the sets of constraints.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 24, 2015
    Publication date: September 21, 2017
    Inventor: Graham FINLAYSON
  • Patent number: 9741099
    Abstract: Systems and methods for local tone mapping are provided. In one example, an electronic device includes an electronic display, an imaging device, and an image signal processor. The electronic display may display images of a first bit depth, and the imaging device may include an image sensor that obtains image data of a higher bit depth than the first bit depth. The image signal processor may process the image data, and may include local tone mapping logic that may apply a spatially varying local tone curve to a pixel of the image data to preserve local contrast when displayed on the display. The local tone mapping logic may smooth the local tone curve applied to the intensity difference between the pixel and another nearby pixel exceeds a threshold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Suk Hwan Lim, D. Amnon Silverstein, Guy Cote, Steven David Hordley, Graham Finlayson, Weichun Ku, Joseph P. Bratt
  • Patent number: 9424231
    Abstract: A method and system for producing a scalar image from a derivative field and a vector image is disclosed. A function class c is selected, where all members of the class c are functions which map each vector of the vector image to a unique scalar value. A function f is selected from the class c which maps the vector image to a scalar image, the derivative of which is closest to the derivative field. The scalar image is generated from the vector image by using f to calculate each scalar value in the scalar image from a corresponding vector in the vector image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2016
    Inventors: Graham Finlayson, Mark Drew, David Connah
  • Publication number: 20160148354
    Abstract: An image processing method, system and device are disclosed. In the method, sensor responses for an input image are estimated, the sensor responses including sensor responses for cone sensors including a first cone sensor set and a second, different, cone sensor set. In dependence on the sensor responses, a transform mapping for application to a source image is determined to generate a modified image.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 8, 2014
    Publication date: May 26, 2016
    Applicant: SPECTRAL EDGE LIMITED
    Inventors: Graham FINLAYSON, Roberto MONTAGNA
  • Publication number: 20150348246
    Abstract: Systems and methods for local tone mapping are provided. In one example, an electronic device includes an electronic display, an imaging device, and an image signal processor. The electronic display may display images of a first bit depth, and the imaging device may include an image sensor that obtains image data of a higher bit depth than the first bit depth. The image signal processor may process the image data, and may include local tone mapping logic that may apply a spatially varying local tone curve to a pixel of the image data to preserve local contrast when displayed on the display. The local tone mapping logic may smooth the local tone curve applied to the intensity difference between the pixel and another nearby pixel exceeds a threshold.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 10, 2015
    Publication date: December 3, 2015
    Inventors: Suk Hwan Lim, D. Amnon Silverstein, Guy Cote, Steven David Hordley, Graham Finlayson, Weichun Ku, Joseph P. Bratt
  • Patent number: 9113089
    Abstract: Methods to generate, and devices to use, an adaptive tone curve generation operation are disclosed. Tone curves so generated have been found to produce stable tone mapping in a wide range of operational environments, including during multi-exposure fused images (e.g., during high dynamic range image fusion). In general, techniques are disclosed that use a content-load histogram in combination with image capture device noise information to adaptively bound a tone curve's slope and, therefore, the resulting tone curve. As used here, a content-load histogram is a histogram that captures spatial, color or other information carried by an image's pixels at various gray levels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2015
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Xuemei Zhang, Steven D. Hordley, Graham Finlayson
  • Patent number: 9105078
    Abstract: Systems and methods for local tone mapping are provided. In one example, an electronic device includes an electronic display, an imaging device, and an image signal processor. The electronic display may display images of a first bit depth, and the imaging device may include an image sensor that obtains image data of a higher bit depth than the first bit depth. The image signal processor may process the image data, and may include local tone mapping logic that may apply a spatially varying local tone curve to a pixel of the image data to preserve local contrast when displayed on the display. The local tone mapping logic may smooth the local tone curve applied to the intensity difference between the pixel and another nearby pixel exceeds a threshold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2015
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Suk Hwan Lim, D. Amnon Silverstein, Guy Cote, Steven David Hordley, Graham Finlayson, Weichun Ku, Joseph P. Bratt
  • Patent number: 9077943
    Abstract: Systems and methods for generating local image statistics are provided. In one example, an image signal processing system may include a statistics pipeline with image processing logic and local image statistics collection logic. The image processing logic may receive and process pixels of raw image data. The local image statistics collection logic may generate a local histogram associated with a luminance of the pixels of a first block of pixels of the raw image data or a thumbnail in which a pixel of the thumbnail represents a downscaled version of the luminance of the pixels of the first block of the pixel. The raw image data may include many other blocks of pixels of the same size as the first block of pixels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2015
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Suk Hwan Lim, D. Amnon Silverstein, Guy Cote, Steven David Hordley, Graham Finlayson, Weichun Ku, Joseph P. Bratt
  • Patent number: 9001214
    Abstract: A method, system and reference target for estimating spectral data on a selected one of three spectral information types is disclosed. Spectral information types comprise illumination of a scene, spectral sensitivity of an imager imaging the scene and reflectance of a surface in the scene. The method comprises obtaining a ranking order for plural sensor responses produced by the imager, each sensor responses being produced from a reference target in the scene, obtaining, from an alternate source, data on the other two spectral information types, determining a set of constraints, the set including, for each sequential pair combination of sensor responses when taken in said ranking order, a constraint determined in dependence on the ranking and on the other two spectral information types for the respective sensor responses and, in dependence on the ranking order and on the set of constraints, determining said spectral data that optimally satisfies said constraints.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: University of East Anglia
    Inventor: Graham Finlayson
  • Publication number: 20140307104
    Abstract: A method, system and reference target for estimating spectral data on a selected one of three spectral information types is disclosed. Spectral information types comprise illumination of a scene, spectral sensitivity of an imager imaging the scene and reflectance of a surface in the scene. The method comprises obtaining a ranking order for plural sensor responses produced by the imager, each sensor responses being produced from a reference target in the scene, obtaining, from an alternate source, data on the other two spectral information types, determining a set of constraints, the set including, for each sequential pair combination of sensor responses when taken in said ranking order, a constraint determined in dependence on the ranking and on the other two spectral information types for the respective sensor responses and, in dependence on the ranking order and on the set of constraints, determining said spectral data that optimally satisfies said constraints.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 9, 2012
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Applicant: University of East Aglia
    Inventor: Graham Finlayson
  • Patent number: 8682093
    Abstract: A method and system for producing accented image data for an accented image is disclosed. The method includes decomposing each of a first and a second image into a gradient representation which comprises spectral and edge components. The first image comprises more spectral dimensions than the second image. The edge component from the first image is combined with the spectral component from the second image to form a combined gradient representation. Accented image data for the accented image is then generated from data including the combined gradient representation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: University of East Anglia
    Inventors: David Connah, Mark S. Drew, Graham Finlayson
  • Publication number: 20130329093
    Abstract: Methods to generate, and devices to use, an adaptive tone curve generation operation are disclosed. Tone curves so generated have been found to produce stable tone mapping in a wide range of operational environments, including during multi-exposure fused images (e.g., during high dynamic range image fusion). In general, techniques are disclosed that use a content-load histogram in combination with image capture device noise information to adaptively bound a tone curve's slope and, therefore, the resulting tone curve. As used here, a content-load histogram is a histogram that captures spatial, color or other information carried by an image's pixels at various gray levels.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 6, 2012
    Publication date: December 12, 2013
    Applicant: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Xuemei Zhang, Steven D. Hordley, Graham Finlayson
  • Publication number: 20130322753
    Abstract: Systems and methods for local tone mapping are provided. In one example, an electronic device includes an electronic display, an imaging device, and an image signal processor. The electronic display may display images of a first bit depth, and the imaging device may include an image sensor that obtains image data of a higher bit depth than the first bit depth. The image signal processor may process the image data, and may include local tone mapping logic that may apply a spatially varying local tone curve to a pixel of the image data to preserve local contrast when displayed on the display. The local tone mapping logic may smooth the local tone curve applied to the intensity difference between the pixel and another nearby pixel exceeds a threshold.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 31, 2012
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Applicant: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Suk Hwan Lim, D. Amnon Silverstein, Guy Cote, Steven David Hordley, Graham Finlayson, Weichun Ku, Joseph P. Bratt
  • Publication number: 20130322745
    Abstract: Systems and methods for generating local image statistics are provided. In one example, an image signal processing system may include a statistics pipeline with image processing logic and local image statistics collection logic. The image processing logic may receive and process pixels of raw image data. The local image statistics collection logic may generate a local histogram associated with a luminance of the pixels of a first block of pixels of the raw image data or a thumbnail in which a pixel of the thumbnail represents a downscaled version of the luminance of the pixels of the first block of the pixel. The raw image data may include many other blocks of pixels of the same size as the first block of pixels.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 31, 2012
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Applicant: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Suk Hwan Lim, D. Amnon Silverstein, Guy Cote, Steven David Hordley, Graham Finlayson, Weichun Ku, Joseph P. Bratt
  • Patent number: 8538145
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and apparatus, including computer programs encoded on computer storage media, are described for transforming an image at least in part by using a gamma transformation that maximizes information in the transformed image. In one aspect, a digital image is received and brightness of the digital image is determined. The brightness of the digital image can include luminance or color. Maximum available detail in the digital image is brought out at least in part by applying to the brightness of the digital image a first gamma exponent that is equal to one divided by a negative of an average logarithm of the brightness of the digital image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Graham Finlayson, Ruixia Xu
  • Patent number: 8467605
    Abstract: A color image comprises color values in each of one or more color channels for each of a plurality of points, or pixels, within the image. The image is represented by rank ordering the values in each color channel. The image representation generated in this way is usable for automated-vision or computer-vision tasks, for example.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Graham Finlayson
  • Publication number: 20120263377
    Abstract: A method and system for producing a scalar image from a derivative field and a vector image is disclosed. A function class c is selected, where all members of the class c are functions which map each vector of the vector image to a unique scalar value. A function f is selected from the class c which maps the vector image to a scalar image, the derivative of which is closest to the derivative field. The scalar image is generated from the vector image by using f to calculate each scalar value in the scalar image from a corresponding vector in the vector image.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 20, 2010
    Publication date: October 18, 2012
    Inventors: Graham Finlayson, Mark Drew, David Connah