Patents by Inventor Igor Sokolik

Igor Sokolik has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 8733288
    Abstract: Animal litters and methods of making and using such litters are disclosed herein. The animal litters comprise (a) a plurality of absorbent particles comprising (i) a non-swelling particle and (ii) a clumping material coated on the non-swelling particle and (b) a plurality of one or more filler particles that are not associated with the absorbent particles. The filler particles provide additional functionality to the litters, e.g., controlling odor, absorbing moisture, releasing fragrance, controlling microorganisms, controlling dust, reducing density, reducing weight, and combinations thereof. The litters are made by producing the absorbent particles using conventional means and combining the absorbent particles with one or more filler particles that impart the desired characteristic to the litters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Nestec S.A.
    Inventors: Adam Winkleman, Igor Sokolik, Ying Tang, Wendell Ray Guffey, Yimin Zhang, Regina Pratt, Seth Johnson, Brian Mayers, Patrick Reust, Eric Keller
  • Patent number: 8574947
    Abstract: Methods of preparing photovoltaic modules, as well as related components, systems, and devices, are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Inventors: Christoph Josef Brabec, Robert D. Eckert, Robert L. Graves, Jr., Jens Hauch, Karl Pichler, Igor Sokolik, Lian Wang
  • Publication number: 20130153514
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to apparatuses and methods for treating fluids with ultraviolet light, including fluid streams, utilizing elliptical chambers. Suitably, water or other fluids can be disinfected using the chambers. Methods for optimizing irradiation of the fluid in the apparatuses are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 17, 2010
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Applicant: Nano Terra Inc.
    Inventors: Eric Stern, Graciela B. Blanchet, Shih-Chi Chen, Werner Menzi, Igor Sokolik, David J. Averbeck, John Henry Burban, Phil Rol Chigo, Boyko Tchavdarov
  • Publication number: 20120090679
    Abstract: Solid state dye sensitized photovoltaic cells, as well as related components, systems, and methods, are disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 16, 2010
    Publication date: April 19, 2012
    Applicant: Konarka Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Kethinni G. Chittibabu, Michael Graetzel, David P. Waller, Srini Balasubramanian, Kevin Coakley, Jin-An He, Jean Francois Penneau, Igor Sokolik
  • Publication number: 20110253055
    Abstract: The invention provides animal litters and methods of making and using such litters. The animal litters comprise (a) a plurality of absorbent particles comprising (i) a non-swelling particle and (ii) a clumping material coated on the non-swelling particle and (b) a plurality of one or more filler particles that are not associated with the absorbent particles. The filler particles provide additional functionality to the litters, e.g., controlling odor, absorbing moisture, releasing fragrance, controlling microorganisms, controlling dust, reducing density, reducing weight, and combinations thereof. The litters are made by producing the absorbent particles using conventional means and combining the absorbent particles with one or more filler particles that impart the desired characteristic to the litters.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 10, 2009
    Publication date: October 20, 2011
    Inventors: Ying Tang, Igor Sokolik, Adam Winkleman, Seth Johnson, Brian Mayers, Patrick Reust, Wendell Ray Guffey, Yimin Zhang, Regina Pratt
  • Publication number: 20110189812
    Abstract: Methods of preparing photovoltaic modules, as well as related components, systems, and devices, are disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 8, 2011
    Publication date: August 4, 2011
    Applicant: Konarka Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Christoph Brabec, Robert D. Eckert, Robert L. Graves, JR., Jens Hauch, Karl Pichler, Igor Sokolik, Lian Wang
  • Patent number: 7932124
    Abstract: Methods of preparing photovoltaic modules, as well as related components, systems, and devices, are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2011
    Assignee: Konarka Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Christoph Brabec, Robert D. Eckert, Robert L. Graves, Jr., Jens Hauch, Karl Pichler, Igor Sokolik, Lian Wang
  • Patent number: 7776682
    Abstract: Disclosed are methods and systems for improving cell-to-cell repeatability of electrical performance in memory cells. The methods involve forming an electrically non-conducting material having ordered porosity over a passive layer. The ordered porosity can facilitate formation of conductive channels through which charge carriers can migrate across the otherwise non-conductive layer to facilitate changing a state of a memory cell. A barrier layer can optionally be formed over the non-conductive layer, and can have ordered porosity oriented in a manner substantially perpendicular to the conductive channels such that charge carries migrating across the non-conductive layer cannot permeate the barrier layer. The methods provide for the manufacture of microelectronic devices with cost-effective and electrically reliable memory cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2010
    Assignees: Spansion LLC, GlobalFoundries Inc.
    Inventors: Alexander Nickel, Suzette K. Pangrle, Steven C. Avanzino, Jeffrey Shields, Fei Wang, Minh Tran, Juri H. Krieger, Igor Sokolik
  • Patent number: 7777218
    Abstract: An organic memory cell containing an organic semiconductor layer containing a copolymer is disclosed. The copolymer contains a diarylacetylene portion and at least one of an arylacetylene portion and a heterocyclic acetylene portion. The copolymer may be a random copolymer, an alternating copolymer, a random block copolymer, or a block copolymer. Methods of making an organic memory devices/cells containing the copolymer, methods of using the organic memory devices/cells, and devices such as computers containing the organic memory devices/cells are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2010
    Assignee: Spansion LLC
    Inventors: William G. Leonard, Richard P. Kingsborough, Igor Sokolik
  • Publication number: 20100015752
    Abstract: Methods of preparing photovoltaic modules, as well as related components, systems, and devices, are disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 15, 2009
    Publication date: January 21, 2010
    Applicant: Konarka Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Christoph Brabec, Robert D. Eckert, Robert L. Graves, JR., Jens Hauch, Karl Pichler, Igor Sokolik, Lian Wang
  • Patent number: 7632706
    Abstract: A system and method are disclosed for processing an organic memory cell. An exemplary system can employ an enclosed processing chamber, a passive layer formation component operative to form a passive layer on a first electrode, and an organic semiconductor layer formation component operative to form an organic semiconductor layer on the passive layer. A wafer substrate is not needed to transfer from a passive layer formation system to an organic semiconductor layer formation system. The passive layer is not exposed to air after formation of the passive layer and before formation of the organic semiconductor layer. As a result, conductive impurities caused by the exposure to air do not occur in the thin film layer, thus improving productivity, quality, and reliability of organic memory devices. The system can further employ a second electrode formation component operative to form a second electrode on the organic semiconductor layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2009
    Assignee: Spansion LLC
    Inventors: Nicolay F. Yudanov, Igor Sokolik, Richard P. Kingsborough, William G. Leonard, Suzette K. Pangrle, Nicholas H. Tripsas, Minh Van Ngo
  • Patent number: 7582893
    Abstract: The subject invention provides systems and methods that facilitate formation of semiconductor memory devices comprising memory cells with one or more injecting bilayer electrodes. Memory arrays generally comprise bit cells that have two discrete components; a memory element and a selection element, such as, for example, a diode. The invention increases the efficiency of a memory device by forming memory cells with selection diodes comprising a bilayer electrode. Memory cells are provided comprising bilayer cathodes and/or bilayer anodes that facilitate a significant improvement in charge injection into the diode layers of memory cells. The increased charge (e.g. electrons or holes) density in the diode layers of the selected memory cells results in improved memory cell switching times and lowers the voltage required for the memory cell to operate, thereby, creating a more efficient memory cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2009
    Assignee: Spansion LLC
    Inventors: Igor Sokolik, Richard P. Kingsborough, Aaron Mandell
  • Patent number: 7449742
    Abstract: The present memory device includes first and second electrodes, a passive layer between the first and second electrodes; and an active layer between the first and second electrodes, the active layer being of dendrimeric material which provides passages through the active layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2008
    Assignee: Spansion LLC
    Inventors: Igor Sokolik, Juri Krieger, Xiaobo Shi, Richard Kingsborough, William Leonard
  • Patent number: 7450416
    Abstract: The present invention is a method of undertaking a procedure on a memory-diode, wherein a memory-diode is provided which is programmable so as to have each of a plurality of different threshold voltages. A reading of the state of the memory-diode indicates the so determined threshold voltage of the memory-diode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2008
    Assignee: Spansion LLC
    Inventors: Swaroop Kaza, Juri Krieger, David Gaun, Stuart Spitzer, Richard Kingsborough, Zhida Lan, Colin S. Bill, Wei Daisy Cai, Igor Sokolik
  • Publication number: 20080152934
    Abstract: The present memory device includes first and second electrodes, a passive layer between the first and second electrodes; and an active layer between the first and second electrodes, the active layer being of dendrimeric material which provides passages through the active layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2006
    Publication date: June 26, 2008
    Inventors: Igor Sokolik, Juri Krieger, Xiaobo Shi, Richard Kingsborough, William Leonard
  • Patent number: 7344913
    Abstract: A method of making organic memory cells made of two electrodes with a controllably conductive media between the two electrodes is disclosed. The controllably conductive media contains an active layer and passive layer. The active layer is formed using spin on techniques and contains an organic semiconductor doped with a metal salt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2008
    Assignee: Spansion LLC
    Inventors: Richard P. Kingsborough, William Leonard, Igor Sokolik, Stuart Spitzer, Zhida Lan
  • Patent number: 7307338
    Abstract: Systems and methodologies are provided for forming three dimensional memory structures that are fabricated from blocks of individual polymer memory cells stacked on top of each other. Such a polymer memory structure can be formed on top of control component circuitries employed for programming a plurality of memory cells that form the stacked three dimensional structure. Such an arrangement provides for an efficient placement of polymer memory cell on a wafer surface, and increases amount of die space available for circuit design.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2007
    Assignee: Spansion LLC
    Inventors: Aaron Mandell, Juri H Krieger, Igor Sokolik, Richard P Kingsborough, Stuart Spitzer
  • Patent number: 7220642
    Abstract: A method of fabricating an electronic structure by providing a conductive layer, providing a dielectric layer over the conductive layer, providing first and second openings through the dielectric layer, providing first and second conductive bodies in the first and second openings respectively and in contact with the conductive layer, providing a memory structure over the first conductive body, providing a protective element over the memory structure, and undertaking processing on the second conductive body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2007
    Assignee: Spansion LLC
    Inventors: Steven Avanzino, Igor Sokolik, Suzette Pangrle, Nicholas H. Tripsas, Jeffrey Shields
  • Publication number: 20070090343
    Abstract: A system and method are disclosed for processing an organic memory cell. An exemplary system can employ an enclosed processing chamber, a passive layer formation component operative to form a passive layer on a first electrode, and an organic semiconductor layer formation component operative to form an organic semiconductor layer on the passive layer. A wafer substrate is not needed to transfer from a passive layer formation system to an organic semiconductor layer formation system. The passive layer is not exposed to air after formation of the passive layer and before formation of the organic semiconductor layer. As a result, conductive impurities caused by the exposure to air do not occur in the thin film layer, thus improving productivity, quality, and reliability of organic memory devices. The system can further employ a second electrode formation component operative to form a second electrode on the organic semiconductor layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 21, 2005
    Publication date: April 26, 2007
    Applicants: SPANSION LLC, Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
    Inventors: Nicolay Yudanov, Igor Sokolik, Richard Kingsborough, William Leonard, Suzette Pangrle, Nicholas Tripsas, Minh Ngo
  • Patent number: 7208757
    Abstract: The present memory structure includes first and second electrodes, a passive layer, and an active layer containing nitrogen, the passive and active layers being between the first and second electrodes. Metal ions in the active layer bind to the nitrogen thereof, enhancing retention of the metal ions in the active layer for improved, stable data retention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2007
    Assignee: Spansion LLC
    Inventors: Richard Kingsborough, Xiaobo Shi, Igor Sokolik, David Gaun, Swaroop Kaza