Patents by Inventor J. Salisbury

J. Salisbury has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20190049552
    Abstract: A network system uses Wi-Fi signals or other types of short-range transmissions to determine pickup locations for users receiving services provided via the network system. The network system builds a database of search records mapping pickup locations to signatures of short-range transmission detected by users' client devices when they searched for the pickup locations. By comparing a signature detected by a given user's client device to the signatures in the database, the network system can check for similarities between the short-range transmissions. Responsive to finding a match, the network system predicts that the given user is likely to select a similar pickup location as other users whose client devices detected the signatures corresponding to the match. Accordingly, by leveraging the database, the network system can predict pickup locations without requiring the given user to input a search for a pickup location.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 8, 2017
    Publication date: February 14, 2019
    Inventors: Anson Chu, Brandon Iles, Dinesh Ramasamy, Juthika Kiran Dabholkar, Upamanyu Madhow, William J. Salisbury, Brent Hamby
  • Publication number: 20190038262
    Abstract: Provided herein are an apparatus, system, and method for a medical diagnostic and imaging forceps for determining the pathology of tissue in vivo during surgery, endoscopy, laparoscopy, or other medical procedure, the forceps comprising a platform for analyzing tissue pathology inside the body by way of sensors including without limitation conductivity, optical, tracking, and x-ray sensors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2018
    Publication date: February 7, 2019
    Inventors: Timothy E. Doyle, D. Clark Turner, Douglas P. Hansen, Michael J. Salisbury, Michael J. Bennett
  • Publication number: 20180087912
    Abstract: A service arrangement system coordinates service providers who provide geographical location-based services to users. The location-based services may include transportation of users. For example, a service provider operates a vehicle to transport a user from an origin location to a destination location. To provide an engaging user experience and encourage users to continue using the services, the service arrangement system accurately and expediently determines the origin location and the destination location based on querying available data sources. The service arrangement system can use selection rules for multiplexing, fallback logic, or load-balancing to select a high quality data source from the available data sources.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 28, 2016
    Publication date: March 29, 2018
    Inventors: Jennie Nguyen, William J. Salisbury, Aditya Sarawgi, Brent Hamby
  • Publication number: 20160100900
    Abstract: A robotic apparatus has eight actuators (M0-M7) and a linkage (LINK 0-LINK 5) that actuates an end effector. Three serial macro freedoms have large ranges of motion and inertias. Four serial micro freedoms have small ranges of motion and inertias. Translation of the end effector in an y direction is actuated by at least one micro joint and at least one macro joint. The apparatus can be part of a master and slave combination, providing force feedback without any explicit force sensors. The slave is controlled with an Inverse Jacobian controller, and the mater with a Jacobian Transpose controller. A slave having more degrees of freedom (DOFs) than the master can be controlled. A removable effector unit actuates its DOFs with cables. Beating heart surgery can be accomplished by commanding the slave to move with a beating heart and cancelling out any such motion in the motions perceived by the master.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2015
    Publication date: April 14, 2016
    Inventors: AKHIL J. MADHANI, KENNETH J. SALISBURY
  • Publication number: 20080077159
    Abstract: An articulated surgical instrument for enhancing the performance of minimally invasive surgical procedures. The instrument has a high degree of dexterity, low friction, low inertia and good force reflection. A unique cable and pulley drive system operates to reduce friction and enhance force reflection. A unique wrist mechanism operates to enhance surgical dexterity compared to standard laparoscopic instruments. The system is optimized to reduce the number of actuators required and thus produce a fully functional articulated surgical instrument of minimum size.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 27, 2007
    Publication date: March 27, 2008
    Applicant: Intuitive Surgical INC.
    Inventors: Akhil Madhani, J. Salisbury
  • Publication number: 20080046226
    Abstract: The invention is an apparatus for physically exchanging a force with a user in an environment local to the user. A connection element connects to a user's body member and a linkage between the connection element and ground. The linkage includes means for powering at least three independent freedoms of the connection element relative to ground and means for maintaining at least one independent freedom of the connection element relative to ground free of power. Up to three independent freedoms of the connection element may be maintained free of power, and up to five independent freedoms may be powered. Other aspects of the invention include a two actuator counter-balance for controlling a point on a link. The invention also includes apparatus for establishing a virtual, switch, which presents to the user the force and displacement relationship of a spring switch.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 22, 2007
    Publication date: February 21, 2008
    Applicant: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Thomas Massie, J. Salisbury
  • Publication number: 20070268248
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for determining forces to be applied to a user through a haptic interface. The method includes the steps of generating a representation of an object in graphic space, sensing the position of the user in real space and calculating a force to be applied to a user in response to the user's haptic interface and the user's fiducial object. The user's fiducial object represents the location in graphic space at which the user's haptic interface would be located if the haptic interface could not penetrate the surfaces of virtual objects. In one embodiment, the method calculates a stiffness force to be applied to the user. In other embodiments, the method calculates damping and friction forces to be applied to the user. In one embodiment the step of generating a representation of an object in graphic space includes defining the object as a mesh of planar surfaces and associating surface condition values to each of the nodes defining the planar surfaces.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 23, 2007
    Publication date: November 22, 2007
    Applicant: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Craig Zilles, J. Salisbury, Thomas Massie, David Brock, Mandayam Srinivasan, Hugh Morgenbesser
  • Publication number: 20070144263
    Abstract: A workpiece internal flaw test apparatus has a frame that includes a workpiece support and a pair of transducer supports, a pair of transducers positioned on the transducer supports, a force generator, a signal generating and receiving device in communication with the pair of transducers, and a uniform contact apparatus. The pair of transducers are in alignment with one another and are adjacent opposite sides of the workpiece support. Each transducer has a contact face. The force generator is connected to the frame and is operable to push the pair of transducers toward each other with a predetermined force such that the contact faces of the transducers engage a test face of the workpiece.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 20, 2006
    Publication date: June 28, 2007
    Inventors: Dong Fei, Jade M. Katinas, Leonard G. Wheat, Todd M. Swanson, Douglas A. Rebinsky, Cliff J. Salisbury, Jesus Guadalupe Chapa Cabrera, James J. Streicher
  • Publication number: 20070038080
    Abstract: A method of performing a surgical procedure on a patient is provided. The method typically comprises positioning a surgical work station of a robotically controlled surgical system and a patient on which a surgical procedure is to be performed in close proximity relative to each other, directing a field of view of an image capture device of the surgical work station at a surgical site on the patient, at which site the surgical procedure is to be performed, and introducing at least one robotically controlled surgical instrument on the surgical work station to the surgical site so that an end effector of the surgical instrument is within the field of view of the image capture device. The method typically further comprises displaying an image of the surgical site and the end effector on a display area of an image display at an operator control station of the surgical system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 1, 2006
    Publication date: February 15, 2007
    Applicant: Intuitive Surgical INC.
    Inventors: J. Salisbury, Gunter Niemeyer, Robert Younge, Gary Guthart, David Mintz, Thomas Cooper
  • Publication number: 20060241414
    Abstract: The invention provides robotic surgical systems which allow selectable independent repositioning of an input handle of a master controller and/or a surgical end effector without corresponding movement of the other. In some embodiments, independent repositioning is limited to translational degrees of freedom. In other embodiments, the system provides an input device adjacent a manipulator supporting the surgical instrument so that an assistant can reposition the instrument at the patient's side.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2006
    Publication date: October 26, 2006
    Applicant: Intuitive Surgical INC.
    Inventors: William Nowlin, Gary Guthart, J. Salisbury, Gunter Niemeyer
  • Publication number: 20060178559
    Abstract: A multi-user medical robotic system for collaboration or training in minimally invasive surgical procedures includes first and second master input devices, a first slave robotic mechanism, and at least one processor configured to generate a first slave command for the first slave robotic mechanism by switchably using one or both of a first command indicative of manipulation of the first master input device by a first user and a second command indicative of manipulation of the second master input device by a second user. To facilitate the collaboration or training, both first and second users communicate with each other through an audio system and see the minimally invasive surgery site on first and second displays respectively viewable by the first and second users.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2005
    Publication date: August 10, 2006
    Applicant: Intuitive Surgical INC.
    Inventors: Rajesh Kumar, Brian Hoffman, Giuseppe Prisco, David Larkin, William Nowlin, Frederic Moll, Stephen Blumenkranz, Gunter Niemeyer, J. Salisbury, Yulun Wang, Modjtaba Ghodoussi, Darrin Uecker, James Wright, Amante Mangaser, Ranjan Mukherjee
  • Publication number: 20060012197
    Abstract: A robotic hand comprises a base having fingers and a palm. The fingers define a working volume. The hand is able to grasp objects between the fingers and the palm by varying a distance from the palm to the working volume. Varying this distance can be achieved by either moving the palm towards the working volume or by moving the working volume towards the palm. Robotic hands that move the palm comprise an actuator that extends the palm from the base towards the working volume. Robotic hands that move the working volume relative to the palm have the fingers mounted to a common finger support unit that is configured to translate relative to the base.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2004
    Publication date: January 19, 2006
    Inventors: Perry Anderson, J. Alcorta, Scott DeWinter, Joel Jensen, J. Salisbury, Eliot Wegbreit
  • Publication number: 20050222830
    Abstract: The invention is an apparatus for physically exchanging a force with a user in an environment local to the user. A connection element connects to a user's body member and a linkage between the connection element and ground. The linkage includes means for powering at least three independent freedoms of the connection element relative to ground and means for maintaining at least one independent freedom of the connection element relative to ground free of power. Up to three independent freedoms of the connection element may be maintained free of power, and up to five independent freedoms may be powered. Other aspects of the invention include a two actuator counter-balance for controlling a point on a link. The invention also includes apparatus for establishing a virtual, switch, which presents to the user the force and displacement relationship of a spring switch.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 16, 2004
    Publication date: October 6, 2005
    Applicant: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Thomas Massie, J. Salisbury
  • Patent number: 6951617
    Abstract: A system for treating a fluid comprising a treatment chamber; a light source for emitting light, such that at least a portion of the light travels within the treatment chamber; and a treatment area within the treatment chamber; wherein a flow profile of the fluid in the treatment area matches the fluence profile of the light that travels within the treatment area. An apparatus for providing a substantially uniform light treatment of a flowing fluid by providing a light source or sources and establishing (or controlling) the flow such that the combination of light intensity and flow velocity provides substantially uniform treatment (i.e. the faster moving fluid streams are treated at higher intensity and the slower moving fluid streams are treated at lower intensity).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2005
    Assignee: PurePise Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: William M. Fries, John S. Thompson, Benjamin H. Holko, Kenton J. Salisbury
  • Publication number: 20050043718
    Abstract: A robotic apparatus has eight actuators (M0-M7) and a linkage (LINK 0-LINK 5) that actuates an end effector. Three serial macro freedoms have large ranges of motion and inertias. Four serial micro freedoms have small ranges of motion and inertias. Translation of the end effector in an y direction is actuated by at least one micro joint and at least one macro joint. The apparatus can be part of a master and slave combination, providing force feedback without any explicit force sensors. The slave is controlled with an Inverse Jacobian controller, and the mater with a Jacobian Transpose controller. A slave having more degrees of freedom (DOFs) than the master can be controlled. A removable effector unit actuates its DOFs with cables. Beating heart surgery can be accomplished by commanding the slave to move with a beating heart and cancelling out any such motion in the motions perceived by the master.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 15, 2004
    Publication date: February 24, 2005
    Applicant: INTUITIVE SURGICAL, INC.
    Inventors: Akhil Madhani, J. Salisbury, Gunter Niemeyer
  • Publication number: 20030147770
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for precisely monitoring and collecting data relating to the light treatment of a product in a treatment system. In one implementation, a method for use with a treatment system using light comprises the steps of: illuminating a product with a light treatment comprising light having a spectrum of wavelengths within a range of 170 to 2600 nm, the light treatment for treating the product; and measuring a fluence of a portion of the light treatment for each of a plurality of wavelengths of the spectrum of wavelengths simultaneously. In preferred implementations, the light treatment is a pulsed light treatment and the product is a biological fluid product flowed through a treatment chamber. Furthermore, in preferred implementations, the light treatment is for the deactivation of microorganisms, such as viruses, bacteria, fungus, and other pathogenic and non-pathogenic microorganisms.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 17, 2002
    Publication date: August 7, 2003
    Applicant: PurePulse Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Eddie Lee Brown, Edward Domanico, William M. Fries, Jeffrey M. Holloway, Richard E. May, Kenton J. Salisbury, John S. Thompson
  • Publication number: 20030064001
    Abstract: A fluid treatment system consists of a light source for providing light and a flexible treatment chamber having an input port and an output port, at least a portion of the flexible treatment chamber positioned to receive the light. The at least the portion of the flexible treatment chamber is transmissive to at least 1% of the light having at least one wavelength within a range of 170 to 2600 nm and the flexible treatment chamber is adapted to allow a fluid to be treated to be flowed via the input port therethrough at a specified rate and out the output port. The light source illuminates the fluid as it flows through the flexible treatment chamber in order to deactivate pathogens within the fluid. In some embodiments, the light source is a pulsed light source for emitting short duration, pulses of polychromatic light.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2001
    Publication date: April 3, 2003
    Inventors: William M. Fries, Eddie Lee Brown, Benjamin H. Holko, Kenton J. Salisbury, Richard E. May, John S. Thompson, Jeffrey M. Holloway
  • Publication number: 20030060747
    Abstract: A fluid treatment system, and methods of use, the system includes a sealed fluid flow path including a treatment chamber portion and containing a fluid to be passed therethrough and treated with light. The treatment zone is transmissive to at least 1% of the light having at least one wavelength within a range of 170 to 2600 nm. In some variations, the sealed fluid flow path is removable from a light treatment system. In some variations, the flow path includes a first fluid container portion for containing the fluid to be treated and coupled to the treatment chamber portion and a second fluid container portion coupled to an output of the treatment chamber portion. The fluid flow path is designed to be disposable and easily replaceable.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2001
    Publication date: March 27, 2003
    Inventors: William M. Fries, Benjamin H. Holko, Kenton J. Salisbury, Richard E. May, John S. Thompson
  • Publication number: 20030030011
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for precisely controlling a light treatment of a treatment system for treating a product. In one implementation, a method for use with a fluid treatment system using light comprises the steps of: estimating a particular velocity of moving particles within a fluid flowing through a treatment chamber of the fluid treatment system using pulses of light as a light treatment, the fluid flowing at a mass flow velocity, the treatment chamber and the fluid being transmissive to at least 1% of light having at least one wavelength within a range of 170 to 2600 nm; and setting a flash rate of the pulses of light based on the particular velocity in order to optimize the light treatment. Furthermore, in preferred implementations, the light treatment is for the deactivation of microorganisms, including viruses, bacteria, fungus and other pathogenic and non-pathogenic microorganisms.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 17, 2002
    Publication date: February 13, 2003
    Applicant: PurePulse Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Eddie Lee Brown, Edward Domanico, William M. Fries, Richard E. May, Kenton J. Salisbury, John S. Thompson
  • Patent number: 6433344
    Abstract: An approach for sterilizing microorganisms at a drinking water container employs a flashlamp system including means for generating pulses of light, and for deactivating microorganisms within the drinking water container by illuminating the drinking water container with the pulses of light having been generated; a photo-sensitive detector positioned so as to receive a portion of each of the pulses of light as a measure of an amount of light illuminating the drinking water container, for generating an output signal in response thereto; and a control system, coupled to the flashlamp system and the photo-sensitive detector, for determining, in response to the output signal, whether the pulses of light are sufficient to effect a prescribed level of deactivation of microorganisms in the drinking water container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2002
    Assignee: Purepulse Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Kenton J. Salisbury, Ted H. Toch