Patents by Inventor James E. Garbe

James E. Garbe has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10344133
    Abstract: The inventors of the present disclosure discovered that use of a urea-modified polyurethane coating as the topcoat in a pavement marking tape has numerous advantages. The urea-modified polyurethane topcoat is the reaction product of an aspartic ester polyamine, a polyisocynate, and a polyol. The urea-modified topcoat is adjacent to a base layer. The base layer and topcoat form a pavement marking tape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: 3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES COMPANY
    Inventors: James E. Garbe, Thomas P. Hedblom
  • Patent number: 10059781
    Abstract: A dual part polymerizable composition is provided including a first part containing at least one triorganoborane-amine complex having the structure Z—NHR1—B(R2)3 wherein: Z is an organic group; R1 is H or an organic group; and each R2 is independently an organic group bound to the boron atom through a carbon atom. The composition also includes a second part containing a polymerizable component and acidified nanoparticles including acid groups, where each acidified nanoparticle includes an inorganic core and acid groups. The acid groups include acid stabilizers and/or acid groups covalently bound to the inorganic core through an organic group. Each inorganic core is typically an inorganic oxide core, e.g., silica, zirconia, or alumina.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Jimmie R. Baran, Jr., James E. Garbe
  • Patent number: 9908904
    Abstract: Surface-modified nanoparticles wherein each nanoparticle includes an inorganic core and surface modifying groups, wherein the surface modifying groups include at least one triorganoborane-amine complex having the structure —Z—NHR1—B(R2)3 wherein: Z is a divalent organic group; R1 is H or an organic group; and each R2 is independently an organic group bound to the boron atom through a carbon atom. The inorganic core is typically an inorganic oxide core, e.g., silica, zirconia, or alumina.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2018
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: James E. Garbe, Jimmie R. Baran, Jr.
  • Publication number: 20170363783
    Abstract: The present disclosure generally relates to retroreflective elements having a mono-layer forming compound, articles (including, for example, retroreflective roadway paints) including these retroreflective elements, and methods of making and using these retroreflective elements. Some embodiments relate to a retroreflective element, comprising: a core; a plurality of glass beads adjacent to the core; and a monolayer-forming organic compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2015
    Publication date: December 21, 2017
    Inventor: James E. GARBE
  • Publication number: 20170242165
    Abstract: The present disclosure generally relates to retroreflective elements including a core and a plurality of glass or glass-ceramic beads adjacent to the core. The retroreflective elements further include a plurality of particles having a diameter that is less than the diameter of the glass or glass ceramic beads in the retroreflective elements. The present disclosure also generally relates to articles (including, for example, retroreflective roadway liquid pavement markings) including these retroreflective elements and methods of making and using these retroreflective elements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2015
    Publication date: August 24, 2017
    Applicant: 3MINNOVATIVE PROPERTIES COMPANY
    Inventors: Ryan A. Bachman, Jimmie R. Baran, JR., Joseph D. Engebretson, James E. Garbe
  • Publication number: 20160208063
    Abstract: The inventors of the present disclosure discovered that use of a urea-modified polyurethane coating as the topcoat in a pavement marking tape has numerous advantages. The urea-modified polyurethane topcoat is the reaction product of an aspartic ester polyamine, a polyisocynate, and a polyol. The urea-modified topcoat is adjacent to a base layer. The base layer and topcoat form a pavement marking tape.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 27, 2014
    Publication date: July 21, 2016
    Inventors: James E. Garbe, Thomas P. Hedblom
  • Publication number: 20160108143
    Abstract: A dual part polymerizable composition is provided including a first part containing at least one triorganoborane-amine complex having the structure Z—NHR1—B(R2)3 wherein: Z is an organic group; R1 is H or an organic group; and each R2 is independently an organic group bound to the boron atom through a carbon atom. The composition also includes a second part containing a polymerizable component and acidified nanoparticles including acid groups, where each acidified nanoparticle includes an inorganic core and acid groups. The acid groups include acid stabilizers and/or acid groups covalently bound to the inorganic core through an organic group. Each inorganic core is typically an inorganic oxide core, e.g., silica, zirconia, or alumina.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 17, 2014
    Publication date: April 21, 2016
    Inventors: Jimmie R. Baran, JR., James E. Garbe
  • Publication number: 20150353587
    Abstract: Surface-modified nanoparticles wherein each nanoparticle includes an inorganic core and surface modifying groups, wherein the surface modifying groups include at least one triorganoborane-amine complex having the structure —Z—NHR1—B(R2)3 wherein: Z is a divalent organic group; R1 is H or an organic group; and each R2 is independently an organic group bound to the boron atom through a carbon atom. The inorganic core is typically an inorganic oxide core, e.g., silica, zirconia, or alumina.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 11, 2013
    Publication date: December 10, 2015
    Inventors: James E. Garbe, Jimmie R. Baran, Jr.
  • Publication number: 20140094566
    Abstract: A composition system includes a first portion having an isocyanate monomer and an acrylate monomer and a second portion includes a secondary amine monomer having at least two carbon atoms bonded to a nitrogen atom of the secondary amine monomer and at least one of the carbon atoms has two carbon atoms bonded to the carbon atom. The second portion includes a thermal acrylate polymerization initiator. The composition system can be utilized as pavement marking.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 21, 2012
    Publication date: April 3, 2014
    Inventors: James E. Garbe, Craig A. Kapfer
  • Patent number: 7097853
    Abstract: A transdermal drug delivery device involving a macromonomer-containing acrylate or methacrylate copolymer, a softener, and a drug. Also a pressure sensitive skin adhesive involving a macromonomer containing acrylate or methacrylate copolymer and a softener.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2006
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: James E. Garbe, Daniel C. Duan, Cheryl L. Moore, Jamieson C. Keister, Chan U. Ko
  • Patent number: 6534220
    Abstract: Novel carbonate compounds and novel carbamate compounds comprise at least one carbonate or carbamate moiety that is directly bonded only to groups selected from the group consisting of alkyl groups, cycloalkyl groups, alkenyl groups, cycloalkenyl groups, alkynyl groups, cycloalkynyl groups, and combinations thereof, the groups optionally containing one or more catenary heteroatoms. At least one of the directly-bonded groups comprises at least one sulfonyl moiety. The compounds are useful as solvents for the electrolyte salts used in electrochemical devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2003
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventor: James E. Garbe
  • Publication number: 20020084445
    Abstract: Novel carbonate compounds and novel carbamate compounds comprise at least one carbonate or carbamate moiety that is directly bonded only to groups selected from the group consisting of alkyl groups, cycloalkyl groups, alkenyl groups, cycloalkenyl groups, alkynyl groups, cycloalkynyl groups, and combinations thereof, the groups optionally containing one or more catenary heteroatoms. At least one of the directly-bonded groups comprises at least one sulfonyl moiety. The compounds are useful as solvents for the electrolyte salts used in electrochemical devices.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2000
    Publication date: July 4, 2002
    Applicant: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventor: James E. Garbe
  • Patent number: 6316149
    Abstract: An electrolyte composition is featured that includes a solid, ionically conductive polymer, organically modified oxide particles that include organic groups covalently bonded to the oxide particles, and an alkali metal salt. The electrolyte composition is free of lithiated zeolite. The invention also features cells that incorporate the electrolyte composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2001
    Assignees: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing, Hydro-Quebec Corporation
    Inventors: James E. Garbe, Radoslav Atanasoski, Steven J. Hamrock, Dinh Ba Le
  • Patent number: 5824748
    Abstract: Composite pressure sensitive adhesive microspheres are provided comprising two or more water insoluble polymers that are mixed wholly within the boundaries of polymeric microspheres. The range of monomers and polymers are chosen to tailor the properties of the composite pressure sensitive adhesive microspheres for specific performance and/or application requirements. Any polymer that can be dissolved into a solvent monomer or mixture of solvent monomers can be used to prepare the composite pressure sensitive adhesive microspheres. Pressure sensitive adhesive microspheres according to this invention can be prepared using free radical suspension polymerization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1998
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Michael R. Kesti, James E. Garbe, Joaquin Delgado, Spencer F. Silver, Richard J. Goetz
  • Patent number: 5714237
    Abstract: An adhesive composition is provided comprising:(a) a plurality of polymeric, elastomeric microspheres wherein the microspheres are the reaction product of reactants comprising polymerizable starting materials comprising at least one C.sub.4 -C.sub.14 alkyl (meth)acrylate monomer and optionally at least one comonomer and have a solvent soluble portion that is 30-98% of the microsphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 1996
    Date of Patent: February 3, 1998
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Terrence E. Cooprider, Michael D. Crandall, James E. Garbe, Richard J. Goetz, Michael R. Kesti
  • Patent number: 5688523
    Abstract: A method of making a pressure sensitive skin adhesive sheet material whereby a coating medium involving a liquid and a polymer is applied to a base layer of a polymer, and the liquid is allowed to diffuse into the base layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 18, 1997
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: James E. Garbe, Paul J. Northey, Timothy A. Peterson
  • Patent number: 5209924
    Abstract: A novel topical medicinal composition is described which comprises a copolymer which has both pendant fluorochemical groups and pendant polysiloxane grafts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 1991
    Date of Patent: May 11, 1993
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: James E. Garbe, Steven S. Kantner, Kanta Kumar, Smarajit Mitra
  • Patent number: RE37563
    Abstract: An adhesive composition is provided comprising: (a) a plurality of polymeric, elastomeric microspheres wherein the microspheres are the reaction product of reactants comprising polymerizable starting materials comprising at least one C4-C14 alkyl (meth)acrylate monomer and optionally at least one comonomer and have a solvent soluble portion that is 30-98% of the microsphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 1999
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2002
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Terrence E. Cooprider, Michael D. Crandall, James E. Garbe, Richard J. Goetz, Michael R. Kesti
  • Patent number: RE34902
    Abstract: This invention relates to non-pressure sensitive topical binder compositions comprising a copolymer having a vinyl polymerica backbone with grafted pendant siloxane polymeric moieties and to a method of topically coating animals therewith.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 11, 1995
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Smarajit Mitra, James E. Garbe
  • Patent number: RE34958
    Abstract: This invention relates to adhesives, surface modifying compositions, sealing compositions, and topical binder compositions comprising a copolymer having a vinyl polymeric backbone with grafted pendant siloxane polymeric moieties and especially to a method of topically applying such coating to animals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 30, 1995
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: James E. Garbe, Smarajit Mitra