Patents by Inventor Jasbir Sra

Jasbir Sra has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10881316
    Abstract: A method for automatically determining the 3D position and orientation of a radio-opaque medical object in a living body using single-plane fluoroscopy comprising: (a) capturing a stream of digitized 2D images from a single-plane fluoroscope; (b) detecting an image of the medical object in a subset of the digital 2D images; (c) applying to the digital 2D images calculations which preserve original pixel intensity values and permit statistical calculations thereon, using (i) multiple sequential determinations of a midline of the medical object image, (ii) a plurality of unfiltered raw-data cross-sectional intensity profiles perpendicular to each sequentially-determined midline, (iii) removal of outlier profiles from each plurality of profiles, and (iv) statistically combining each plurality of profiles to estimate image dimensions; (d) applying conical projection and radial elongation corrections to the image measurements; and (e) calculating the 3D position and orientation of the medical object from the corre
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2021
    Assignee: APN Health, LLC
    Inventors: Jasbir Sra, Barry Belanger, Mark Palma, Donald Brodnick, Bruce Langenbach
  • Publication number: 20200222006
    Abstract: An automatic method of categorizing the contact force of a catheter tip against a portion of a patient's heart based on motion of the catheter tip, the method comprising (a) capturing a series of 3D-coordinate data points of the catheter tip as a function of discrete times with a 3D medical imaging system, the 3D coordinates corresponding to an orthogonal 3-axis spatial coordinate system, (b) using a programmable computing system, computing a set of measures based on the series of 3D-coordinate data points, (c) categorizing each measure by a respective set of predetermined threshold values; and (d) combining the categorized measures to yield a relative quality of the contact force.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 15, 2020
    Publication date: July 16, 2020
    Applicant: APN Health, LLC
    Inventors: Xuyong Yu, Stephen J. Merrill, Jasbir Sra
  • Publication number: 20200155086
    Abstract: The present invention is a method for generating and displaying a 3D visualization of a cardiac-ablation balloon in a region of a living heart within a predefined 3D space. The method comprises: placing, inflating and positioning the balloon into the region; generating a 3D image of the region using a 3D medical imaging system; determining 3D location and orientation of the balloon in the region; based on the determined location and orientation, inserting a 3D balloon model into the predefined space to generate the 3D visualization; and displaying the 3D visualization on a display device. The method enables a user to visualize where cardiac ablation was applied within the region after the balloon has been moved from where the ablation occurred.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 23, 2020
    Publication date: May 21, 2020
    Applicant: APN Health, LLC
    Inventors: Jasbir Sra, Shivani Kohut
  • Publication number: 20200093397
    Abstract: A method for determining the 3D location of a catheter distal end portion in a patient's body, the distal end portion including an electrode, the method comprising: (a) placing first and second body-surface patches on the patient in positions such that body region of interest is therebetween; (b) driving an alternating current between the patches; (c) measuring the voltage at the electrode and substantially contemporaneously capturing a 2D fluoroscopic image of the region of interest; and (d) determining the 3D location of the catheter distal end portion from the image and the measured voltage. A primary application of this method is 3D navigation during cardiac interventional procedures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2018
    Publication date: March 26, 2020
    Applicant: APN Health, LLC
    Inventors: Jasbir Sra, James Baker, Jeffrey Burrell, Mark Palma, Barry Belanger
  • Patent number: 10561380
    Abstract: A method for generating and displaying a 3D visualization of a cardiac-ablation balloon with a location marker and central catheter portion in a heart, the method using single-plane fluoroscopic images and comprising: placing, inflating and positioning the balloon; capturing a first burst of images from a first angle; capturing a burst of images from a second (different) angle; selecting an image from each burst to minimize cardio-respiratory phase differences therebetween; identifying the location marker in each image; placing first and second orientation markers in two images where the central catheter portion intersects a projected balloon image farthest from the location marker; associating the second-view location and orientation markers in the selected second-view image with the first-view location orientation markers; determining balloon 3D location and orientation of the balloon using the selected images and associated orientation markers; and inserting a balloon model into the 3D visualization for di
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2020
    Assignee: APN Health, LLC
    Inventors: Jasbir Sra, Shivani Kohut
  • Patent number: 10357168
    Abstract: An automatic method of determining local activation time (LAT) from at least three multi-channel cardiac electrogram signals including a mapping channel and a plurality of reference channels. The method comprises (a) storing the cardiac channel signals, (b) using the mapping-channel signal and a first reference-channel signal to compute LAT values at a plurality of mapping-channel locations, (c) monitoring the timing stability of the first reference-channel signal, and (d) if the timing stability of the monitored signal falls below a stability standard, using the signal of a second reference channel to determine LAT values. Substantial loss of LAT values is avoided in spite of loss of timing stability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: APN Health, LLC
    Inventors: Donald Brodnick, Jasbir Sra
  • Patent number: 10258302
    Abstract: A method for generating a 3D map of a cardiac parameter in a region of a living heart, the method using single-plane fluoroscopic images and comprising: (a) placing a plurality of catheters each having one or more radio-opaque sensors into the region such that the locations of the sensors geometrically span the region; (b) capturing a first-view digitized 2D image of the region from a first fluoroscope positioned at a first angle; (c) identifying each of the plurality of sensors in the first-view image; (d) capturing a second-view digitized 2D image of the region from a second fluoroscope positioned at a second angle which is different from the first angle; (e) identifying each of the plurality of sensors in the second-view image; (f) associating each of the plurality of identified sensors in the second-view image with its corresponding identified sensor in the first-view image; (g) sensing and storing values of the cardiac parameter with each of the plurality of sensors; (h) determining the 3D location of ea
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2019
    Assignee: APN Health, LLC
    Inventors: Jasbir Sra, Shivani Kohut, Donald Brodnick
  • Publication number: 20180317864
    Abstract: A method for generating and displaying a 3D visualization of a cardiac-ablation balloon in a region of a living heart within a predefined 3D space, the method using single-plane fluoroscopic images and comprising: (1) placing, inflating and positioning the balloon into the region, the balloon having a radio-opaque location marker and central catheter portion; (2) capturing a burst of first-view digitized 2D images of the region from a fluoroscope positioned at a first angle; (3) capturing a burst of second-view digitized 2D images of the region from the fluoroscope positioned at a second angle different from the first angle; (4) selecting first-view and second-view images from the bursts such that the difference between measures of the cardio-respiratory phases of the selected first-view and second-view images is minimized; (5) identifying the location marker in each of the two selected images; (6) placing first and second orientation markers in the selected first-view and second view images, respectively, wh
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 2, 2017
    Publication date: November 8, 2018
    Applicant: APN Health, LLC
    Inventors: Jasbir Sra, Shivani Kohut
  • Publication number: 20180296117
    Abstract: A method for automatically determining the 3D position and orientation of a radio-opaque medical object in a living body using single-plane fluoroscopy comprising: (a) capturing a stream of digitized 2D images from a single-plane fluoroscope; (b) detecting an image of the medical object in a subset of the digital 2D images; (c) applying to the digital 2D images calculations which preserve original pixel intensity values and permit statistical calculations thereon, using (i) multiple sequential determinations of a midline of the medical object image, (ii) a plurality of unfiltered raw-data cross-sectional intensity profiles perpendicular to each sequentially-determined midline, (iii) removal of outlier profiles from each plurality of profiles, and (iv) statistically combining each plurality of profiles to estimate image dimensions, thereby to measure the medical-object image from a final estimation of image dimensions; (d) applying conical projection and radial elongation corrections to the image measurements;
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 19, 2018
    Publication date: October 18, 2018
    Applicant: APN Health, LLC
    Inventors: Jasbir Sra, Barry Belanger, Mark Paulma, Donald Brodnick, Bruce Langenbach
  • Publication number: 20180296176
    Abstract: A method for generating a 3D map of a cardiac parameter in a region of a living heart, the method using single-plane fluoroscopic images and comprising: (a) placing a plurality of catheters each having one or more radio-opaque sensors into the region such that the locations of the sensors geometrically span the region; (b) capturing a first-view digitized 2D image of the region from a first fluoroscope positioned at a first angle; (c) identifying each of the plurality of sensors in the first-view image; (d) capturing a second-view digitized 2D image of the region from a second fluoroscope positioned at a second angle which is different from the first angle; (e) identifying each of the plurality of sensors in the second-view image; (f) associating each of the plurality of identified sensors in the second-view image with its corresponding identified sensor in the first-view image; (g) sensing and storing values of the cardiac parameter with each of the plurality of sensors; (h) determining the 3D location of ea
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 13, 2017
    Publication date: October 18, 2018
    Applicant: APN Health, LLC
    Inventors: Jasbir Sra, Shivani Kohut, Donald Brodnick
  • Patent number: 9986931
    Abstract: A method for automatically determining the 3D position and orientation of a radio-opaque medical object in a living body using single-plane fluoroscopy comprising capturing a stream of digitized 2D images from a single-plane fluoroscope (10), detecting the image of the medical object in a subset of the digital 2D images, applying pixel-level geometric calculations to measure the medical-object image, applying conical projection and radial elongation corrections (31) to the image measurements, and calculating the 3D position and orientation of the medical object from the corrected 2D image measurements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2018
    Assignee: APN Health, LLC
    Inventors: Jasbir Sra, Barry Belanger, Mark Palma, Donald Brodnick, Bruce Langenbach
  • Publication number: 20170251942
    Abstract: An automatic method of determining local activation time (LAT) from at least three multi-channel cardiac electrogram signals including a mapping channel and a plurality of reference channels. The method comprises (a) storing the cardiac channel signals, (b) using the mapping-channel signal and a first reference-channel signal to compute LAT values at a plurality of mapping-channel locations, (c) monitoring the timing stability of the first reference-channel signal, and (d) if the timing stability of the monitored signal falls below a stability standard, using the signal of a second reference channel to determine LAT values. Substantial loss of LAT values is avoided in spite of loss of timing stability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2016
    Publication date: September 7, 2017
    Applicant: APN Health, LLC
    Inventors: Donald Brodnick, Jasbir Sra
  • Patent number: 9314179
    Abstract: An automatic method of determining local activation time (LAT) from at least four multi-channel cardiac electrogram signals including a ventricular channel, a mapping channel and a plurality of reference channels. The method comprises (a) storing the cardiac channel signals, (b) using the ventricular and mapping channel signals and a first reference channel signal to compute LAT values at a plurality of mapping-channel locations, (c) monitoring the timing stability of the first reference channel signal, and (d) if the timing stability of the monitored signal falls below a stability standard, using the signal of a second reference channel to determine LAT values. Substantial loss of LAT values is avoided in spite of loss of timing stability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2016
    Assignee: APN HEALTH, LLC
    Inventors: Donald Brodnick, Jasbir Sra
  • Publication number: 20160089048
    Abstract: An automatic method of determining local activation time (LAT) from at least four multi-channel cardiac electrogram signals including a ventricular channel, a mapping channel and a plurality of reference channels. The method comprises (a) storing the cardiac channel signals, (b) using the ventricular and mapping channel signals and a first reference channel signal to compute LAT values at a plurality of mapping-channel locations, (c) monitoring the timing stability of the first reference channel signal, and (d) if the timing stability of the monitored signal falls below a stability standard, using the signal of a second reference channel to determine LAT values. Substantial loss of LAT values is avoided in spite of loss of timing stability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2014
    Publication date: March 31, 2016
    Applicant: APN HEALTH, LLC
    Inventors: Donald Brodnick, Jasbir Sra
  • Patent number: 8948856
    Abstract: An automatic method of determining local activation time (LAT) in multi-channel cardiac electrogram signals including a ventricular channel, a reference channel and a mapping channel wherein selection of at least one of a reference-channel activation and a mapping-channel activation is based on one or more activation times in the ventricular channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: APN Health, LLC
    Inventors: Donald Brodnick, Jasbir Sra
  • Publication number: 20140288451
    Abstract: An automatic method of determining local activation time (LAT) in multi-channel cardiac electrogram signals including a ventricular channel, a reference channel and a mapping channel wherein selection of at least one of a reference-channel activation and a mapping-channel activation is based on one or more activation times in the ventricular channel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 5, 2014
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Inventors: Donald Brodnick, Jasbir Sra
  • Patent number: 8788024
    Abstract: An automatic method of measuring parameters of multi-channel cardiac electrogram signals including at least one ventricular channel and at least two other cardiac channels, the method comprising: (a) digitizing and filtering a ventricular-channel signal and a first other cardiac signal over a first preset time window to generate corresponding absolute-value velocity signals; (b) estimating a pulse interval in the ventricular absolute-value velocity signal; (c) autocorrelating the first other cardiac absolute-value velocity signal; (d) selecting a peak value of the autocorrelation based on ventricular pulse-interval estimates; and (e) setting the cycle length of the first other cardiac signal to the lag value of the selected peak in the autocorrelation. Local activation times are measured, and several multiple-channel configurations decrease measurement time, decrease the impact of signal degradation, and increase the amount of data generated during a procedure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: APN Health, LLC
    Inventors: Donald Brodnick, Jasbir Sra
  • Patent number: 8768440
    Abstract: An automatic method of determining local activation time (LAT) in multi-channel cardiac electrogram signals including at least two cardiac channels, one of the cardiac channels being a mapping channel and another cardiac channel being a reference channel, the method comprising: (a) estimating a cycle length CL in the reference channel; (b) determining a mapping-channel fiducial time tM in the mapping channel signal; (c) determining a plurality of reference-channel fiducial times tR; (d) computing adjusted reference-channel fiducial times tRA by adding or subtracting multiples of cycle length CL to each time tR such that each time tRA is within a time window of length CL surrounding mapping-channel fiducial time tM; (e) computing a single final reference-channel fiducial time tRF from the plurality of adjusted reference-channel fiducial times tRA; and (f) computing the LAT as tM minus tRF.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: APN Health, LLC
    Inventors: Donald Brodnick, Jasbir Sra
  • Patent number: 8634896
    Abstract: A method for 3D reconstruction of the positions of a catheter as it is moved within a human body, comprising: (a) ascertaining the 3D position of a point on a catheter for insertion into the body; (b) acquiring fixed-angle, single-plane fluoroscopic image data of the body and catheter; (c) transferring the image data and catheter-point position to a computer; (d) determining 2D image coordinates of the point on the catheter; (e) changing the insertion length of catheter by a measured amount; (f) acquiring additional single-plane fluoroscopic image data of the body and catheter from the same angle, transferring the length change and image data to the computer, and determining image coordinates of the point on the catheter; (g) computing the 3D position of the catheter point; and (h) repeating steps e-g. A 3D model is constructed by assembling the plural 3D positions of the catheter point.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Assignee: APN Health, LLC
    Inventors: Jasbir Sra, Stephen J. Merrill
  • Publication number: 20130243153
    Abstract: A method for automatically determining the 3D position and orientation of a radio-opaque medical object in a living body using single-plane fluoroscopy comprising capturing a stream of digitized 2D images from a single-plane fluoroscope (10), detecting the image of the medical object in a subset of the digital 2D images, applying pixel-level geometric calculations to measure the medical-object image, applying conical projection and radial elongation corrections (31) to the image measurements, and calculating the 3D position and orientation of the medical object from the corrected 2D image measurements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 7, 2012
    Publication date: September 19, 2013
    Applicant: APN HEALTH, LLC
    Inventors: Jasbir Sra, Barry Belanger, Mark Paulma, Donald Brodnick, Bruce Langenbach, David G. Jansson