Patents by Inventor Jill P. Bingham

Jill P. Bingham has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 11287507
    Abstract: A method for testing a structure includes steps of: identifying a three-dimensional position of a surface of the structure relative to a reference frame; transmitting laser light from an output of a transmitter onto the surface of the structure to form ultrasonic waves in the structure and to detect a response to the ultrasonic waves; based on the three-dimensional position of the surface, moving the laser light over the structure along a scan path so that the output of the transmitter is located at a constant offset distance from the surface and that the laser light, transmitted from the output of the transmitter, is directed onto the surface at a constant angle of projection; and based on the response to the ultrasonic waves, determining whether an inconsistency is present in the structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2022
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: William P. Motzer, Gary E. Georgeson, Jill P. Bingham, James C. Kennedy, Jeffry J. Garvey
  • Patent number: 11255825
    Abstract: Methods that provide wrinkle characterization and performance prediction for wrinkled composite structures using automated structural analysis. In accordance with some embodiments, the method combines the use of B-scan ultrasound data, automated optical measurement of wrinkles and geometry of cross-sections, and finite element analysis of wrinkled composite structure to provide the ability to assess the actual significance of a detected wrinkle relative to the intended performance of the structure. The disclosed method uses an ultrasonic inspection system that has been calibrated by correlating ultrasonic B-scan data acquired from reference standards with measurements of optical cross sections (e.g., micrographs) of those reference standards.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2022
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Gary E. Georgeson, Jill P. Bingham, Hong Hue Tat, Yuan-Jye Wu, John M. Pryor, Sadie L. Fieni, Mark D. Winters, Kathryn T. Moore, James C. Kennedy, Clayton M. Little, John Z. Lin
  • Publication number: 20220018810
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides for characterizing internal structures via ultrasound by inducing an ultrasonic test wave in a component; developing a test signature based on measured propagation of the ultrasonic test wave through the component; characterizing an internal feature of the component based a comparison between the test signature and a baseline signature for the component; and providing an indication of the internal feature as characterized. In some aspects, the ultrasonic test wave is induced by a laser inducer and/or received by a laser interferometer. The test signature includes one or more of: frequency responses, amplitude responses, and times of flight. The test signature can be used to identify changes in a component over time, verify similarity between different components, monitor thermal processes, and verify an identify of a component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 1, 2021
    Publication date: January 20, 2022
    Inventors: Jill P. BINGHAM, Gary E. GEORGESON, Barry A. FETZER
  • Publication number: 20210262985
    Abstract: Multi-centric radius focusing is used to inspect a radiused surface of a radiused part having a varying radius without mechanically adjusting the array sensor. A plurality of focal laws are designed to electronically steer and focus ultrasound at respective focal points corresponding to centers of curvature of a simulated radiused surface having a varying radius. The mechanical probe that carries the array sensor is located to two physical places that are outside of the radiused area and have a spatial relationship that varies less than the radius of the radiused surface varies. As the probe is moved along the radiused part, the probe maintains the array sensor at a constant location relative to the radiused part. As the array sensor scans the radiused part, the array sensor is electronically adjusted to focus at the respective focal points in sequence.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 20, 2020
    Publication date: August 26, 2021
    Applicant: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Barry A. Fetzer, Jill P. Bingham
  • Patent number: 11073500
    Abstract: A method for testing a structure using laser ultrasound includes steps of: (1) directing positioning light on a surface of the structure; (2) determining a spatial location and a spatial orientation of the surface from an evaluation of the positioning light reflected back from the surface; (3) directing pump light onto the surface to generate ultrasonic waves in the structure; (4) selectively locating a probe-light focal point of probe light on the surface, based on the spatial location determined for the surface; (5) selectively angularly orienting the probe light normal to the surface, based on the spatial orientation determined for the surface; and (6) directing the probe light onto the surface to detect a response to the ultrasonic waves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2021
    Assignees: The Boeing Company, University of Washington
    Inventors: Jill P. Bingham, Gary E. Georgeson, William P. Motzer, Alan F. Stewart, Matthew O'Donnell, Ivan Pelivanov
  • Patent number: 10996162
    Abstract: Described herein is an apparatus, for shielding light generated by a laser during non-destructive inspection of an object. The apparatus includes a light shield at least partially enveloping the laser and defining a first opening through which light generated by the laser passes from the laser to the object. The light shield is opaque and includes at least one first biasing mechanism. The apparatus also includes at least one first light seal coupled to the light shield about the first opening of the light shield. The at least one first biasing mechanism is configured to urge resilient deformation of the at least one first light seal against the object. When the at least one first light seal is resiliently deformed against the object, light generated by the laser is constrained within a light containment space defined between the light shield, the at least one first light seal, and the object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2021
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Gary E. Georgeson, William P. Motzer, Jeffry J. Garvey, Scott W. Lea, James C. Kennedy, Steven K. Brady, Alan F. Stewart, Jill P. Bingham
  • Publication number: 20200191749
    Abstract: Described herein is a system for determining structural characteristics of an object, the system including a first laser, a second laser, one or more processors, and a computer readable medium storing instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the system to perform functions. The functions include illuminating, by the first laser, a surface region of an object with an incident light pulse, thereby causing the object to exhibit vibrations; illuminating, by the second laser, the surface region with an incident light beam, thereby generating responsive light that is indicative of the vibrations; detecting the responsive light and determining a difference between a characteristic of the responsive light and a reference characteristic that corresponds to the surface region; determining a position of the surface region within a three-dimensional space; and displaying the surface region such that the difference is indicated at the position of the surface region.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 17, 2018
    Publication date: June 18, 2020
    Inventors: Gary E. Georgeson, Jeong-Beom Ihn, William P. Motzer, Jill P. Bingham
  • Publication number: 20200141908
    Abstract: A method for testing a structure using laser ultrasound includes steps of: (1) directing positioning light on a surface of the structure; (2) determining a spatial location and a spatial orientation of the surface from an evaluation of the positioning light reflected back from the surface; (3) directing pump light onto the surface to generate ultrasonic waves in the structure; (4) selectively locating a probe-light focal point of probe light on the surface, based on the spatial location determined for the surface; (5) selectively angularly orienting the probe light normal to the surface, based on the spatial orientation determined for the surface; and (6) directing the probe light onto the surface to detect a response to the ultrasonic waves.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 7, 2018
    Publication date: May 7, 2020
    Applicants: The Boeing Company, University of Washington
    Inventors: Jill P. Bingham, Gary E. Georgeson, William P. Motzer, Alan F. Stewart, Matthew O'Donnell, Ivan Pelivanov
  • Patent number: 10605781
    Abstract: Methods for measuring out-of-plane wrinkles in composite laminates are described. An example method includes scanning a first side of a composite laminate with an ultrasonic transducer. The method further includes locating an out-of-plane wrinkle of the composite laminate on a B-scan ultrasound image generated in response to the scanning of the first side of the composite laminate. The method further includes associating a first marker with the B-scan ultrasound image, the first marker determined based on a location of a crest of the out-of-plane wrinkle on the B-scan ultrasound image. The method further includes associating a second marker with the B-scan ultrasound image, the second marker determined based on a location of a trough focal point of the out-of-plane wrinkle on the B-scan ultrasound image. The method further includes determining an amplitude of the out-of-plane wrinkle based on a distance between the first marker and the second marker.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2020
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Navpreet S. Grewal, Gary E. Georgeson, Jill P. Bingham, John D. Morris, Sabyasachi Basu
  • Publication number: 20190331757
    Abstract: A method for testing a structure includes steps of: identifying a three-dimensional position of a surface of the structure relative to a reference frame; transmitting laser light from an output of a transmitter onto the surface of the structure to form ultrasonic waves in the structure and to detect a response to the ultrasonic waves; based on the three-dimensional position of the surface, moving the laser light over the structure along a scan path so that the output of the transmitter is located at a constant offset distance from the surface and that the laser light, transmitted from the output of the transmitter, is directed onto the surface at a constant angle of projection; and based on the response to the ultrasonic waves, determining whether an inconsistency is present in the structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 30, 2018
    Publication date: October 31, 2019
    Applicant: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: William P. Motzer, Gary E. Georgeson, Jill P. Bingham, James C. Kennedy, Jeffry J. Garvey
  • Publication number: 20190277808
    Abstract: Methods for measuring out-of-plane wrinkles in composite laminates are described. An example method includes scanning a first side of a composite laminate with an ultrasonic transducer. The method further includes locating an out-of-plane wrinkle of the composite laminate on a B-scan ultrasound image generated in response to the scanning of the first side of the composite laminate. The method further includes associating a first marker with the B-scan ultrasound image, the first marker determined based on a location of a crest of the out-of-plane wrinkle on the B-scan ultrasound image. The method further includes associating a second marker with the B-scan ultrasound image, the second marker determined based on a location of a trough focal point of the out-of-plane wrinkle on the B-scan ultrasound image. The method further includes determining an amplitude of the out-of-plane wrinkle based on a distance between the first marker and the second marker.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 9, 2018
    Publication date: September 12, 2019
    Inventors: Navpreet S. Grewal, Gary E. Georgeson, Jill P. Bingham, John D. Morris, Sabyasachi Basu
  • Publication number: 20190064058
    Abstract: Described herein is an apparatus, for shielding light generated by a laser during non-destructive inspection of an object. The apparatus includes a light shield at least partially enveloping the laser and defining a first opening through which light generated by the laser passes from the laser to the object. The light shield is opaque and includes at least one first biasing mechanism. The apparatus also includes at least one first light seal coupled to the light shield about the first opening of the light shield. The at least one first biasing mechanism is configured to urge resilient deformation of the at least one first light seal against the object. When the at least one first light seal is resiliently deformed against the object, light generated by the laser is constrained within a light containment space defined between the light shield, the at least one first light seal, and the object.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2018
    Publication date: February 28, 2019
    Inventors: Gary E. Georgeson, William P. Motzer, Jeffry J. Garvey, Scott W. Lea, James C. Kennedy, Steven K. Brady, Alan F. Stewart, Jill P. Bingham
  • Patent number: 10119866
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for detecting defects in a composite is provided. After a ply of material for a workpiece is positioned, thermal energy is applied to a top surface of the ply of material, and a digital thermographic camera captures images of the top surface. A computer processor determines heat characteristics of the top surface to identify regions of the top surface with different heat characteristics. Such different areas are identified as regions that include a defect. The defect regions can be repaired prior to disposing additional plies of material over previously-applied plies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: THE BOEING COMPANY
    Inventors: Jeffrey G. Thompson, Gary E. Georgeson, Jill P. Bingham
  • Patent number: 10113951
    Abstract: Described herein is an apparatus, for shielding light generated by a laser during non-destructive inspection of an object. The apparatus includes a light shield at least partially enveloping the laser and defining a first opening through which light generated by the laser passes from the laser to the object. The light shield is opaque and includes at least one first biasing mechanism. The apparatus also includes at least one first light seal coupled to the light shield about the first opening of the light shield. The at least one first biasing mechanism is configured to urge resilient deformation of the at least one first light seal against the object. When the at least one first light seal is resiliently deformed against the object, light generated by the laser is constrained within a light containment space defined between the light shield, the at least one first light seal, and the object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Gary E. Georgeson, William P. Motzer, Jeffry J. Garvey, Scott W. Lea, James C. Kennedy, Steven K. Brady, Alan F. Stewart, Jill P. Bingham
  • Publication number: 20180120268
    Abstract: Methods that provide wrinkle characterization and performance prediction for wrinkled composite structures using automated structural analysis. In accordance with some embodiments, the method combines the use of B-scan ultrasound data, automated optical measurement of wrinkles and geometry of cross-sections, and finite element analysis of wrinkled composite structure to provide the ability to assess the actual significance of a detected wrinkle relative to the intended performance of the structure. The disclosed method uses an ultrasonic inspection system that has been calibrated by correlating ultrasonic B-scan data acquired from reference standards with measurements of optical cross sections (e.g., micrographs) of those reference standards.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2016
    Publication date: May 3, 2018
    Applicant: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Gary E. Georgeson, Jill P. Bingham, Hong Hue Tat, Yuan-Jye Wu, John M. Pryor, Sadie L. Fieni, Mark D. Winters, Kathryn T. Moore, James C. Kennedy, Clayton M. Little, John Z. Lin
  • Publication number: 20170307516
    Abstract: Described herein is an apparatus, for shielding light generated by a laser during non-destructive inspection of an object. The apparatus includes a light shield at least partially enveloping the laser and defining a first opening through which light generated by the laser passes from the laser to the object. The light shield is opaque and includes at least one first biasing mechanism. The apparatus also includes at least one first light seal coupled to the light shield about the first opening of the light shield. The at least one first biasing mechanism is configured to urge resilient deformation of the at least one first light seal against the object. When the at least one first light seal is resiliently deformed against the object, light generated by the laser is constrained within a light containment space defined between the light shield, the at least one first light seal, and the object.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 22, 2016
    Publication date: October 26, 2017
    Inventors: Gary E. Georgeson, William P. Motzer, Jeffry J. Garvey, Scott W. Lea, James C. Kennedy, Steven K. Brady, Alan F. Stewart, Jill P. Bingham
  • Patent number: 8578759
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for intrusion detection. The apparatus includes an acoustic source, a laser light source, a pressure-sensitive optical fiber including a first end and a second end. The second end is connected to the laser light source and oriented toward the acoustic source. The laser light source generates a laser pulse traveling through the pressure-sensitive optical fiber toward the acoustic source. The laser pulse includes a time-of-flight. The acoustic source generates an acoustic wave. The acoustic wave includes a plurality of evanescent wave fronts. The plurality of evanescent wave fronts, upon scattering from a non-uniform material region, radially contracts the pressure-sensitive optical fiber to alter the time-of-flight of the laser pulse along the pressure-sensitive optical fiber by increasing the fiber length.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: David C. Calvo, Jill P. Bingham, Michael Nicholas
  • Publication number: 20120180552
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for intrusion detection. The apparatus includes an acoustic source, a laser light source, a pressure-sensitive optical fiber including a first end and a second end. The second end is connected to the laser light source and oriented toward the acoustic source. The laser light source generates a laser pulse traveling through the pressure-sensitive optical fiber toward the acoustic source. The laser pulse includes a time-of-flight. The acoustic source generates an acoustic wave. The acoustic wave includes a plurality of evanescent wave fronts. The plurality of evanescent wave fronts, upon scattering from a non-uniform material region, radially contracts the pressure-sensitive optical fiber to alter the time-of-flight of the laser pulse along the pressure-sensitive optical fiber by increasing the fiber length.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 7, 2011
    Publication date: July 19, 2012
    Inventors: David C. Calvo, Jill P. Bingham, Michael Nicholas