Patents by Inventor John Lazenby

John Lazenby has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20080027321
    Abstract: Beamforming for N elements in performed in log(N) steps of complexity O(N). The signals measured at each element are treated as a receive beam formed by that element with a beam width equal to the element pattern or the width of the transmit illumination. In each of multiple stages, the number of elements is halved by effectively doubling the pitch. The number of beams formed by each element is doubled by narrowing the beam width by a factor of 2 in sin(?). Since steering and focusing are separated, a single set of delays are applied to each element signal individually prior to the multi-stage beam forming for each finite depth. The data is in a sector format, but by using two beamforming steps, data in a Vector® format is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2007
    Publication date: January 31, 2008
    Inventor: John Lazenby
  • Publication number: 20070083109
    Abstract: Adaptive line synthesis is provided. Line synthesis of collinear receive beams responsive to spatially distinct transmit beams is a function of many parameters, such as spatial or temporal frequency response of one or more of the receive beams, synthesis function, number of receive beams synthesized, or acquisition sequence. One or more of these parameters is set or adapts as a function of processor estimated or user provided information. By adapting the line synthesis, the performance and image quality is optimized as appropriate for the received data or desired imaging, such as detail resolution, contrast resolution, temporal resolution, shift-invariance and penetration.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 28, 2005
    Publication date: April 12, 2007
    Inventors: Kutay Ustuner, D-L Liu, Lewis Thomas, Charles Bradley, Anming Cai, Robert Phelps, John Lazenby
  • Publication number: 20070016023
    Abstract: A plurality of application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) chips with different functions is provided. Each of the ASICs performs one or more functions along an ultrasound data path. The chips include communications protocols or processes for allowing scaling. For example, ASICs for backend processing include data exchange ports for communicating between other ASICs of the same type. As another example, receive beamformer ASICs cascade for beamformation. By providing ASICs implementing many or most of the ultrasound data path functions, with scalability, the same ASICs may be used for different system designs. A family of systems from high end to low-end using the same types of ASICs, but in different configurations, is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2005
    Publication date: January 18, 2007
    Inventors: Robert Phelps, David Petersen, John Lazenby
  • Publication number: 20060241490
    Abstract: Beamforming for N elements in performed in log(N) steps of complexity O(N). The signals measured at each element are treated as a receive beam formed by that element with a beam width equal to the element pattern or the width of the transmit illumination. In each of multiple stages, the number of elements is halved by effectively doubling the pitch. The number of beams formed by each element is doubled by narrowing the beam width by a factor of 2 in sin(?). Since steering and focusing are separated, a single set of delays are applied to each element signal individually prior to the multi-stage beam forming for each finite depth. The data is in a sector format, but by using two beamforming steps, data in a Vector® format is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2005
    Publication date: October 26, 2006
    Inventor: John Lazenby
  • Publication number: 20060184036
    Abstract: Methods and systems are provided for controlling the transmit spectrum in medical imaging. A combination of different delays and/or sign changes are used control the spectrum. The different delays and/or sign changes are applied across the transmit aperture. For example, a repeating pattern of three different delays in addition to focusing delays is provided, such as no additional delay, a quarter cycle advance and a quarter cycle delay. As another example, a repeating pattern is applied where one waveform has an additional delay and a sign change. The use of three or more different amounts of delay in addition to focusing delays and/or the use of delay and sign change may be used in simple unipolar or bipolar transmitters or in more complex transmitters. For example, delay is implemented with a phase shift. The combinations of delays, phase shifts and sign changes is selected to cause acoustic summation along the transmit beam with desired spectral content.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 10, 2006
    Publication date: August 17, 2006
    Inventor: John Lazenby
  • Publication number: 20060173313
    Abstract: A set of N×M signals are acquired from an object, where N is the number of array elements and M corresponds to variations in data acquisition and/or processing parameters. The parameters include transmit aperture functions, transmit waveforms, receive aperture functions, and receive filtering functions in space and/or time. A coherence factor is computed as a ratio of the energy of the coherent sum to the energy of the at-least-partially incoherent sum of channel or image signals acquired with at least one different parameter. Partial beamformed data may be used for channel coherence calculation. For image domain coherence, a component image is formed for each different transmit beam or receive aperture function, and a coherence factor image is computed using the set of component images. The coherence factor image is displayed or used to modify or blend other images formed of the same region.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 27, 2005
    Publication date: August 3, 2006
    Inventors: D-L Liu, Lewis Thomas, Kutay Ustuner, Charles Bradley, John Lazenby
  • Publication number: 20060035481
    Abstract: Interconnection from a multidimensional transducer array to electronics is provided. Circuit board modules are used in combination with z-axis interconnections of a transducer array to provide active electronics within a volume adjacent to the multidimensional transducer array. By using multiple modules to connect to different regions of z-axis interconnects, conductor paths from the transducer to the electronics are more likely of similar lengths. By including a thin or thinner region on each of the modules for active electronics, a greater volume of the space adjacent to the transducer array may include active electronics. Thicker regions route conductors from the 2D array regions, and thinner regions provide space for active electronics. Using multiple modules with z-axis interconnects may reduce cross-talk and space requirements for implementing some or all of the transmit and/or receive beamformation adjacent to the multidimensional transducer array.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2004
    Publication date: February 16, 2006
    Inventors: David Petersen, John Lazenby
  • Publication number: 20050267364
    Abstract: A location within a volume is determined from medical images. A region of interest or other location is examined from two different viewing directions. The user or processor indicates the region or point of interest in each of the different images. The desired point or region within the three-dimensional volume is determined from the intersection of two lines, each line parallel to the viewing direction of a respective image and passing through the selected point or region of each image. The identified location within the volume is used for any of various purposes, such as for measurements associated with a distance between two points or selection of a region of interest including the selected point as part of a border or within the region.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 25, 2004
    Publication date: December 1, 2005
    Inventors: Wayne Gueck, John Lazenby
  • Publication number: 20050267369
    Abstract: Unipolar, bipolar or sinusoidal transmitters may leave the transmitter in any of various states at the end of one pulse. Undesired acoustic energy may be generated to change states prior to beginning another transmit sequence or pulse. For example, phase inversion for tissue harmonic imaging is performed where two sequential pulses are transmitted with different phases. The first waveform starts at a low state and ends at the low state of a unipolar transmitter. The next waveform starts at the high state. Transmit apodization or spectrum control techniques may require a pattern of waveform starting states different than a current state. Acoustic disruption due to a change of state of the transmitter between transmissions for imaging is minimized.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 26, 2004
    Publication date: December 1, 2005
    Inventors: John Lazenby, Robert Phelps
  • Publication number: 20050192499
    Abstract: Different subarray combinations are provided for ultrasound imaging. A basic building block component supports different subarray sizes. Rather than providing a switching network for all possible combinations, a transducer array is divided into super arrays. Each super array is associated with a plurality of possible subarrays. For example, a 3×12 block of elements is divisible into four 3×3 or three 3×4 subarrays. As another example, a 4×12 block of elements is divisible into four 4×3 and three 4×4 subarrays. For each super array, the block of elements is divided into slices, such as three slices along one dimension for 3×12 block or four slices along that dimension for the 4×12 block. The number of elements along one division in each slice represents a least common multiple of the varying extent of the subarray sizes. Twelve is the least common multiple of three and four. By using small building blocks, the slice inputs are combined into partial subarrays.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2004
    Publication date: September 1, 2005
    Inventors: John Lazenby, David Petersen
  • Publication number: 20050148878
    Abstract: Methods, systems and probes communicate signals from a transducer for imaging or connection with an imaging system. Beamforming-related electronics are positioned in the connector housing of the transducer probe assembly. For example, analog-to-digital converters are positioned in the connector housing. Power is provided through connection with the ultrasound imaging system. Fans or other heat-dissipating structures are also positioned within the connector housing. Other beamformer electronics, such as delays and sums, are positioned in the imaging system, partly in the connector housing or entirely in the connector housing. Since the analog-to-digital converters are provided in the connector housing, partial digital beam forming may be provided in the transducer probe assembly. The length of the transducer cables is held constant to avoid interference and transmission line effects due to line-length variation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2003
    Publication date: July 7, 2005
    Inventors: Robert Phelps, John Lazenby, David Petersen
  • Publication number: 20050148873
    Abstract: Methods and systems are provided for adapting signals from an ultrasound transducer for an ultrasound system. Where the signal processing in a transducer assembly outputs data incompatible with the ultrasound system, circuitry provided within the transducer assembly converts the data to be compatible with the ultrasound systems. For example, sub-array mixing is provided to partially beamform signals from a plurality of transducer elements. The resulting output signals from a plurality sub-arrays are provided through a cable to a connector housing of the transducer probe assembly. Since the mixers alter the data, such as shifting the data to an intermediate frequency, the output data may be at a frequency different than the frequencies for operation of the receive beamformer. Additional mixers are then provided to convert the intermediate frequency signals to radio frequency signals that may be processed by the ultrasound systems received beamformer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2003
    Publication date: July 7, 2005
    Inventors: David Petersen, Robert Phelps, John Lazenby
  • Publication number: 20050148840
    Abstract: Methods and systems are provided for controlling the transmit spectrum in medical imaging. A combination of different delays and/or sign changes are used control the spectrum. The different delays and/or sign changes are applied across the transmit aperture. For example, a repeating pattern of three different delays in addition to focusing delays is provided, such as no additional delay, a quarter cycle advance and a quarter cycle delay. As another example, a repeating pattern is applied where one waveform has an additional delay and a sign change. The use of three or more different amounts of delay in addition to focusing delays and/or the use of delay and sign change may be used in simple unipolar or bipolar transmitters or in more complex transmitters. For example, delay is implemented with a phase shift. The combinations of delays, phase shifts and sign changes is selected to cause acoustic summation along the transmit beam with desired spectral content.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 10, 2003
    Publication date: July 7, 2005
    Inventor: John Lazenby
  • Publication number: 20050043619
    Abstract: Spatial derivatives are computed. In one method, gradients are determined from data in an acoustic domain rather than a Cartesian or display coordinate domain. The gradients determined from data in the acoustic domain are then transformed to the Cartesian coordinate or display screen domain. For example, a matrix function representing the spatial relationship between the acoustic domain and the Cartesian coordinate domain transforms the coordinates. As a result, spatial gradients in the Cartesian system are provided where acoustic domain data is being processed. In another method for volume rendering or three-dimensional imaging, a gradient is calculated from data in the display or screen domain. Data from a reconstructed 3D Cartesian coordinate grid or data in an acoustic domain is resampled to ray lines. The ray lines correspond to the display domain as compared to an arbitrary Cartesian coordinate format. The gradients are calculated from the resampled data in the screen domain.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 20, 2003
    Publication date: February 24, 2005
    Inventors: Thilaka Sumanaweera, Robert Phelps, John Lazenby
  • Patent number: 6171245
    Abstract: A method of imaging blood with the use of contrast agents. A sequence or ensemble of imaging pulses is transmitted into a patient. Echo signals received in response to each of the imaging pulses are received and analyzed to determine if the echoes are produced by tissue or by the contrast agent. Echoes produced by the contrast agent are detected by an echo signal that changes in amplitude or a centroid frequency that changes with each imaging pulse. Once the location of the contrast agent has been determined, an image is created whereby the contrast agent is highlighted for view by a physician or sonographer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2001
    Assignee: Siemens Medical Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Wilko Wilkening, John Lazenby
  • Patent number: 6155981
    Abstract: In a diagnostic ultrasound imaging system, a sequence of more than two signals is transmitted into the interrogation of the patient's body. In one embodiment of the invention, the pulses are grouped as pairs that have an inverted phase, that is, one is time-domain negative of the other. In an alternative of this embodiment, the pulses need not be paired, but rather are generated with alternating phase characteristics. The return signals are then filtered to isolate (or suppress) return signal components corresponding to portions of the interrogation region with non-linear (or linear) response characteristics. In a second embodiment of the invention, three or more pulses are generated so that have non-equidistant relative phase distribution. By combining the return signals, linear return signal components are suppressed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2000
    Assignee: Siemens Medical Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Helmut Ermert, John Lazenby, Martin Krueger, Christopher Chapman, Wilko Wilkening