Patents by Inventor Jonathan Gerlitz

Jonathan Gerlitz has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 8401604
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present system and methods measure a concentration of a substance, such as glucose, in a body. The present embodiments measure a first amount of infrared (IR) radiation absorbed or emitted from the body in a first wavelength band, and a second amount of IR radiation absorbed or emitted from the body in a second wavelength band. The present embodiments also measure a temperature at a surface of the body and an ambient temperature. A normalized ratio parameter is calculated from the four measurements, and the concentration of the substance in the body is calculated by correlating the normalized ratio parameter with the body surface temperature and the ambient temperature using an empirically derived lookup table. Also disclosed are methods for creating the empirically derived lookup table.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2013
    Assignee: Glucovista, LLC
    Inventor: Jonathan Gerlitz
  • Patent number: 8364218
    Abstract: A method determines the concentration of a substance in a subject's blood. The method includes measuring an interaction of at least one light beam with a portion of the subject's body. The method further includes calculating a value of an optically-measured parameter indicative of the interaction of the at least one light beam with the substance in the portion of the subject's body. The method further includes measuring values of one or more temperature-indicative parameters corresponding to a temperature of the portion of the subject's body. The method further includes accessing an empirical correlation of the optically-measured parameter and the one or more temperature-indicative parameters to concentrations of the substance in blood. The method further includes obtaining a concentration of the substance in the subject's blood using the empirical correlation. The concentration corresponds to the value of the optically-measured parameter and the values of the one or more temperature-indicative parameters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: GlucoVista, Inc.
    Inventor: Jonathan Gerlitz
  • Patent number: 8364219
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for measuring a concentration of a substance in an eye using a retro-reflected measurement light beam having a first wavelength at which the substance has a non-zero first absorption coefficient and a retro-reflected reference light beam having a second wavelength at which the substance has a second absorption coefficient which is substantially equal to zero. The apparatus further includes a detector positionable to receive the retro-reflected measurement light beam and the retro-reflected reference light beam. The detector is responsive to light having the first wavelength by generating a measurement signal and responsive to light having the second wavelength by generating a reference signal. The apparatus further includes an electrical circuit coupled to the detector. The electrical circuit is responsive to the measurement signal and the reference signal to measure the concentration of the substance in the eye.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Gluco Vista, Inc.
    Inventor: Jonathan Gerlitz
  • Patent number: 8219169
    Abstract: A method determines the concentration of a substance in a subject's blood. The method includes noninvasively irradiating an eye with a measurement light beam having a first wavelength and a first power and with a reference light beam having a second wavelength and a second power. The second wavelength is different from the first wavelength. The method further includes measuring at least one of a body temperature of the subject and an ambient temperature of the subject. The method further includes detecting a power of the measurement retro-reflected light beam and detecting a power of the reference retro-reflected light beam. The method further includes calculating a measurement ratio of the detected power of the measurement retro-reflected light beam and the first power and calculating a reference ratio of the detected power of the reference retro-reflected light beam and the second power.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Assignee: GlucoVista Inc.
    Inventor: Jonathan Gerlitz
  • Publication number: 20100152558
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for measuring a concentration of a substance in an eye using a retro-reflected measurement light beam having a first wavelength at which the substance has a non-zero first absorption coefficient and a retro-reflected reference light beam having a second wavelength at which the substance has a second absorption coefficient which is substantially equal to zero. The apparatus further includes a detector positionable to receive the retro-reflected measurement light beam and the retro-reflected reference light beam. The detector is responsive to light having the first wavelength by generating a measurement signal and responsive to light having the second wavelength by generating a reference signal. The apparatus further includes an electrical circuit coupled to the detector. The electrical circuit is responsive to the measurement signal and the reference signal to measure the concentration of the substance in the eye.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 2, 2009
    Publication date: June 17, 2010
    Applicant: GlucoVista, LLC
    Inventor: Jonathan Gerlitz
  • Patent number: 7643859
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for measuring a concentration of a substance in an eye using a retro-reflected measurement light beam having a first wavelength at which the substance has a non-zero first absorption coefficient and a retro-reflected reference light beam having a second wavelength at which the substance has a second absorption coefficient which is substantially equal to zero. The apparatus further includes a detector positionable to receive the retro-reflected measurement light beam and the retro-reflected reference light beam. The detector is responsive to light having the first wavelength by generating a measurement signal and responsive to light having the second wavelength by generating a reference signal. The apparatus further includes an electrical circuit coupled to the detector. The electrical circuit is responsive to the measurement signal and the reference signal to measure the concentration of the substance in the eye.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2010
    Assignee: GlucoVista, LLC
    Inventor: Jonathan Gerlitz
  • Publication number: 20090259407
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present system and methods measure a concentration of a substance, such as glucose, in a body. The present embodiments measure a first amount of infrared (IR) radiation absorbed or emitted from the body in a first wavelength band, and a second amount of IR radiation absorbed or emitted from the body in a second wavelength band. The present embodiments also measure a temperature at a surface of the body and an ambient temperature. A normalized ratio parameter is calculated from the four measurements, and the concentration of the substance in the body is calculated by correlating the normalized ratio parameter with the body surface temperature and the ambient temperature using an empirically derived lookup table. Also disclosed are methods for creating the empirically derived lookup table.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2008
    Publication date: October 15, 2009
    Inventor: Jonathan Gerlitz
  • Publication number: 20090204366
    Abstract: A method determines the concentration of a substance in a subject's blood. The method includes measuring an interaction of at least one light beam with a portion of the subject's body. The method further includes calculating a value of an optically-measured parameter indicative of the interaction of the at least one light beam with the substance in the portion of the subject's body. The method further includes measuring values of one or more temperature-indicative parameters corresponding to a temperature of the portion of the subject's body. The method further includes accessing an empirical correlation of the optically-measured parameter and the one or more temperature-indicative parameters to concentrations of the substance in blood. The method further includes obtaining a concentration of the substance in the subject's blood using the empirical correlation. The concentration corresponds to the value of the optically-measured parameter and the values of the one or more temperature-indicative parameters.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 11, 2008
    Publication date: August 13, 2009
    Inventor: Jonathan Gerlitz
  • Publication number: 20090201490
    Abstract: A method determines the concentration of a substance in a subject's blood. The method includes noninvasively irradiating an eye with a measurement light beam having a first wavelength and a first power and with a reference light beam having a second wavelength and a second power. The second wavelength is different from the first wavelength. The method further includes measuring at least one of a body temperature of the subject and an ambient temperature of the subject. The method further includes detecting a power of the measurement retro-reflected light beam and detecting a power of the reference retro-reflected light beam. The method further includes calculating a measurement ratio of the detected power of the measurement retro-reflected light beam and the first power and calculating a reference ratio of the detected power of the reference retro-reflected light beam and the second power.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 11, 2008
    Publication date: August 13, 2009
    Inventor: Jonathan Gerlitz
  • Publication number: 20080111971
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for measuring a concentration of a substance in an eye using a retro-reflected measurement light beam having a first wavelength at which the substance has a non-zero first absorption coefficient and a retro-reflected reference light beam having a second wavelength at which the substance has a second absorption coefficient which is substantially equal to zero. The apparatus further includes a detector positionable to receive the retro-reflected measurement light beam and the retro-reflected reference light beam. The detector is responsive to light having the first wavelength by generating a measurement signal and responsive to light having the second wavelength by generating a reference signal. The apparatus further includes an electrical circuit coupled to the detector. The electrical circuit is responsive to the measurement signal and the reference signal to measure the concentration of the substance in the eye.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 11, 2007
    Publication date: May 15, 2008
    Inventor: Jonathan Gerlitz
  • Patent number: 7308293
    Abstract: An apparatus for measuring a concentration of a substance in an eye (13) includes a measurement light source (4) producing a measurement light beam having a first wavelength at which the substance has a non-zero first absorption coefficient. The apparatus further includes a reference light source (6) producing a reference light beam having a second wavelength at which the substance has a second absorption coefficient which is substantially equal to zero. At least a portion of the measurement light beam retro-reflects from the retina (17) and at least a portion of the reference light beam retro-reflects from the retina (17). The apparatus further includes a detector (9) responsive to light having the first wavelength by generating a measurement signal and responsive to light having the second wavelength by generating a reference signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2007
    Assignee: GlucoVista, LLC
    Inventor: Jonathan Gerlitz
  • Patent number: 6991368
    Abstract: An infrared ear thermometer includes a detector head housing, a heat sink, a recess formed in the heat sink, a thermopile sensor mounted within the recess, a thermistor, and temperature determination circuitry. The recess defines an aperture that limits the field of view of the thermopile sensor. The thermal capacities and conductivities of the heat sink and the thermopile sensor are selected so that the output signal of the thermopile sensor stabilizes during a temperature measurement. A method of determining temperature using the ear thermometer takes successive measurements, stores the measurements in a moving time window, averages the measurements in the moving window, determines whether the average has stabilized, and outputs an average temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2006
    Inventor: Jonathan Gerlitz
  • Publication number: 20040260159
    Abstract: An apparatus for measuring a concentration of a substance in an eye (13) having a retina (17) includes a measurement light source (4) producing a measurement light beam having a first wavelength at which the substance has a non-zero first absorption coefficient. The apparatus further includes a reference light source (6) producing a reference light beam having a second wavelength at which the substance has a second absorption coefficient which is substantially equal to zero. The apparatus further includes an optical combiner (1) which is positionable so that at least a portion of the measurement light beam retro-reflects from the retina (17) and so that at least a portion of the reference light beam retro-reflects from the retina (17). The apparatus further includes a detector (9) positionable to receive the retro-reflected measurement light beam and the retro-reflected reference light beam.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 12, 2004
    Publication date: December 23, 2004
    Inventor: Jonathan Gerlitz
  • Patent number: 6811306
    Abstract: An infrared ear thermometer includes a detector head housing, a heat sink, a recess formed in the heat sink, a thermopile sensor mounted within the recess, a thermistor, and temperature determination circuitry. The recess defines an aperture that limits the field of view of the thermopile sensor. The thermal capacities and conductivities of the heat sink and the thermopile sensor are selected so that the output signal of the thermopile sensor stabilizes during a temperature measurement. A method of determining temperature using the ear thermometer takes successive measurements, stores the measurements in a moving time window, averages the measurements in the moving window, determines whether the average has stabilized, and outputs an average temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2004
    Inventor: Jonathan Gerlitz
  • Publication number: 20030016728
    Abstract: An infrared ear thermometer includes a detector head housing, a heat sink, a recess formed in the heat sink, a thermopile sensor mounted within the recess, a thermistor, and temperature determination circuitry. The recess defines an aperture that limits the field of view of the thermopile sensor. The thermal capacities and conductivities of the heat sink and the thermopile sensor are selected so that the output signal of the thermopile sensor stabilizes during a temperature measurement. A method of determining temperature using the ear thermometer takes successive measurements, stores the measurements in a moving time window, averages the measurements in the moving window, determines whether the average has stabilized, and outputs an average temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 17, 2002
    Publication date: January 23, 2003
    Inventor: Jonathan Gerlitz
  • Publication number: 20020181540
    Abstract: An infrared ear thermometer includes a detector head housing, a heat sink, a recess formed in the heat sink, a thermopile sensor mounted within the recess, a thermistor, and temperature determination circuitry. The recess defines an aperture that limits the field of view of the thermopile sensor. The thermal capacities and conductivities of the heat sink and the thermopile sensor are selected so that the output signal of the thermopile sensor stabilizes during a temperature measurement. A method of determining temperature using the ear thermometer takes successive measurements, stores the measurements in a moving time window, averages the measurements in the moving window, determines whether the average has stabilized, and outputs an average temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2002
    Publication date: December 5, 2002
    Inventor: Jonathan Gerlitz
  • Patent number: 6435711
    Abstract: An infrared ear thermometer includes a detector head housing, a heat sink, a recess formed in the heat sink, a thermopile sensor mounted within the recess, a thermistor, and temperature determination circuitry. The recess defines an aperture that limits the field of view of the thermopile sensor. The thermal capacities and conductivities of the heat sink and the thermopile sensor are selected so that the output signal of the thermopile sensor stabilizes during a temperature measurement. A method of determining temperature using the ear thermometer takes successive measurements, stores the measurements in a moving time window, averages the measurements in the moving window, determines whether the average has stabilized, and outputs an average temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2002
    Inventor: Jonathan Gerlitz
  • Patent number: 4930868
    Abstract: A beam splitter combining the optical apertures of at least three optical (or electro-optical) devices to one optical aperture with respect to a beam of electromagnetic radiation passing therethrough, comprises a dichroic member effective to reflect part of the spectral range of the electromagnetic radiation and to transmit the remainder therethrough; and a grid effective to refract a narrow bandwidth of the electromagnetic radiation and to transmit the remaining electromagnetic radiation therethrough.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 1988
    Date of Patent: June 5, 1990
    Assignee: Sofin Ltd.
    Inventor: Jonathan Gerlitz