Patents by Inventor Joshua Migdal

Joshua Migdal has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10796305
    Abstract: A computer system monitors a private network for presence of data traffic. In one embodiment, the private network is a retail environment in which a customer purchases an item scanned at a point-of-sale terminal. The data traffic can be point-of-sale transaction information generated in response to purchase of the item at the point-of-sale terminal. Subsequent to detecting presence of the data traffic in the network, the computer system analyzes the data traffic to identify private information in the data traffic. To protect the private information from improper disclosure to unauthorized entities, the computer system modifies the data traffic. Thus, techniques herein can include detecting occurrence of one or more point-of-sale events in a private network, anonymizing the event information (e.g., data traffic), and forwarding the anonymized event information associated with the point-of-sale events out of the private network to a remote resource.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2020
    Assignee: NCR Corporation
    Inventors: Matthew Farrow, Malay Kundu, Joshua Migdal, Vikram Srinivasan
  • Publication number: 20200279310
    Abstract: Embodiments herein include novel ways of alerting store personnel when various activities, events, conditions, etc., occur at the checkout in retail establishments. For example, in accordance with one embodiment, the alerting can take place in substantially real-time, when the event occurs, allowing personnel to take appropriate measures, corrective or otherwise, to deal with the detected event. Examples of such events may include situations such as when a person of interest is detected as shopping at the store, when a cashier has missed scanning an item at the checkout, or to alert store personnel if a non-empty shopping cart has exited the store without payment (a.k.a., a cart push-out). Although the discussion below uses a grocery store as an example retail environment, embodiments herein can be used in any type of retail environment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2020
    Publication date: September 3, 2020
    Inventors: Malay Kundu, Joshua Migdal
  • Patent number: 10719716
    Abstract: A system detects a transaction outcome by obtaining video data associated with a transaction area and analyzing the video data to obtain at least one video transaction parameter concerning transactions associated with the transaction area. The transaction area can be a video count of items indicated in the video data as detected by an automated item detection algorithm applied to the video data. The system obtains at least one expected transaction parameter concerning an expected transaction that occurs in the transaction area, such as a scan count of items scanned at a point of sale terminal. The system automatically compares the video transaction parameter(s) to the expected transaction parameter(s) to identify a transaction outcome that may indicate fraudulent activity such as sweethearting in a retail environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 21, 2020
    Assignee: NCR Corporation
    Inventors: Malay Kundu, Vikram Srinivasan, Joshua Migdal, Xiaowei Chen
  • Patent number: 10592944
    Abstract: Embodiments herein include novel ways of alerting store personnel when various activities, events, conditions, etc., occur at the checkout in retail establishments. For example, in accordance with one embodiment, the alerting can take place in substantially real-time, when the event occurs, allowing personnel to take appropriate measures, corrective or otherwise, to deal with the detected event. Examples of such events may include situations such as when a person of interest is detected as shopping at the store, when a cashier has missed scanning an item at the checkout, or to alert store personnel if a non-empty shopping cart has exited the store without payment (a.k.a., a cart push-out). Although the discussion below uses a grocery store as an example retail environment, embodiments herein can be used in any type of retail environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: NCR Corporation
    Inventors: Malay Kundu, Joshua Migdal
  • Publication number: 20190258870
    Abstract: A system detects a transaction outcome by obtaining video data associated with a transaction area and analyzing the video data to obtain at least one video transaction parameter concerning transactions associated with the transaction area. The transaction area can be a video count of items indicated in the video data as detected by an automated item detection algorithm applied to the video data. The system obtains at least one expected transaction parameter concerning an expected transaction that occurs in the transaction area, such as a scan count of items scanned at a point of sale terminal. The system automatically compares the video transaction parameter(s) to the expected transaction parameter(s) to identify a transaction outcome that may indicate fraudulent activity such as sweethearting in a retail environment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 3, 2019
    Publication date: August 22, 2019
    Inventors: Malay Kundu, Vikram Srinivasan, Joshua Migdal, Xiaowei Chen
  • Publication number: 20190197560
    Abstract: System and method for detecting a fraudulent activity at a barcode scanner is disclosed. The method issues an alert when the fraudulent activity is confirmed by comparing the visual signature of the item being transacted over the checkout terminal to the model visual signature. The model visual signature is obtained by averaging the collection of visual signature of the item gathered over a period of time. A human validation via a remote processor is employed to confirm the fraudulent activity verified by a computer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 6, 2019
    Publication date: June 27, 2019
    Inventors: Joshua Migdal, Malay Kundu
  • Patent number: 10318818
    Abstract: A system detects a transaction outcome by obtaining video data associated with a transaction area and analyzing the video data to obtain at least one video transaction parameter concerning transactions associated with the transaction area. The transaction area can be a video count of items indicated in the video data as detected by an automated item detection algorithm applied to the video data. The system obtains at least one expected transaction parameter concerning an expected transaction that occurs in the transaction area, such as a scan count of items scanned at a point of sale terminal. The system automatically compares the video transaction parameter(s) to the expected transaction parameter(s) to identify a transaction outcome that may indicate fraudulent activity such as sweethearting in a retail environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: Stoplift
    Inventors: Malay Kundu, Vikram Srinivasan, Joshua Migdal, Xiaowei Chen
  • Patent number: 10255605
    Abstract: System and method for detecting a fraudulent activity at a barcode scanner is disclosed. The method issues an alert when the fraudulent activity is confirmed by comparing the visual signature of the item being transacted over the checkout terminal to the model visual signature. The model visual signature is obtained by averaging the collection of visual signature of the item gathered over a period of time. A human validation via a remote processor is employed to confirm the fraudulent activity verified by a computer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Inventors: Joshua Migdal, Malay Kundu
  • Publication number: 20190005475
    Abstract: A system and method for converting an environmental signal surrounding the checkout terminal to a transmission signal is disclosed. The system verifies the accuracy of the transaction at the checkout terminal by analyzing the transmission signal produced by a signal transmission device, which activates upon a detection of a predetermined environmental signal caused around the vicinity of the checkout terminal. The detection of the predetermined environmental signal is performed by a sensor apparatus placed at the checkout terminal which monitors and senses environmental signals during the transaction of an item being purchased at a store.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2018
    Publication date: January 3, 2019
    Inventors: Vikram Srinivasan, Joshua Migdal, Malay Kundu
  • Patent number: 10115023
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus provide for a Cart Inspector to create a suspicion level for a transaction when a video image of the transaction portrays an item(s) left in a shopping cart. Specifically, the Cart Inspector obtains video data associated with a time(s) of interest. The video data originates from a video camera that monitors a transaction area. The Cart Inspector analyzes the video data with respect to target image(s) associated with a transaction in the transaction area during the time(s) of interest. The Cart Inspector creates an indication of a suspicion level for the transaction based on analysis of the target image(s). Creation of a high suspicion level for the transaction indicates that the transaction's corresponding video images most likely portray occurrences where the purchase price of an item transported through the transaction area was not included in the total amount paid by the customer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: Stoplift, Inc.
    Inventors: Malay Kundu, Brian Frank O'Donnell, Matthew K. Farrow, Vikram Srinivasan, Joshua Migdal
  • Patent number: 10074016
    Abstract: A verification method of a fraudulent activity taking place at a self-checkout terminal is disclosed. The method verifies the fraudulent activity by confirming an incident of the fraudulent activity with multiple data generated by monitoring the transaction area and the bagging area of the self-checkout terminal. A human validation is optionally performed to verify machine-identified incidents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2018
    Inventors: Joshua Migdal, Matthew Farrow, Malay Kundu
  • Publication number: 20180165733
    Abstract: A scan avoidance monitoring system detects instances in which a respective customer in a retail environment fails to properly scan or tally one or more retail items for purchase. To avoid generating false positives, such as flagging of events as scan avoidances when they really are not or likely are not scan avoidances, the scan avoidance system can be configured to require a level of confirmation by one or more other analyzers to flag a particular circumstance as a scan avoidance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 12, 2018
    Publication date: June 14, 2018
    Inventors: Malay Kundu, Joshua Migdal
  • Publication number: 20180137517
    Abstract: System and method for detecting a fraudulent activity at a barcode scanner is disclosed. The method issues an alert when the fraudulent activity is confirmed by comparing the visual signature of the item being transacted over the checkout terminal to the model visual signature. The model visual signature is obtained by averaging the collection of visual signature of the item gathered over a period of time. A human validation via a remote processor is employed to confirm the fraudulent activity verified by a computer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 14, 2018
    Publication date: May 17, 2018
    Inventors: Joshua Migdal, Malay Kundu
  • Publication number: 20180096567
    Abstract: A system and method for verifying a non-scan item at a self-checkout point-of-sale terminal is provided. A merchandise item that isn't scanned at the self-checkout terminal is identified by a detection system. Further, a user helper device is provided to verify the incident by prompting the shopper for an input. The user helper device is operably connected to the self-checkout point-of-sale terminal and the detection system to determine and verify a fraudulent incident occurring during a transaction activity by the shoppers. Further, a store attendant device is provided for human intervention when necessary.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 18, 2017
    Publication date: April 5, 2018
    Inventors: Matthew Farrow, Christopher Wible, Jr., Malay Kundu, Joshua Migdal
  • Publication number: 20180084227
    Abstract: A system and method for replaying a security video at the time of a fraudulent incident at a point-of-sale checkout terminal is presented. The video playback takes place in real-time, when the event occurs, allowing personnel to take appropriate measures, corrective or otherwise, to deal with the event. Examples of such events may include when a weight-based security alert is triggered at a self-checkout, when a cashier or customer has missed scanning an item at the checkout, or other possible events where rapid replay of relevant video is required.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 18, 2017
    Publication date: March 22, 2018
    Inventors: Joshua Migdal, Christopher Wible, JR., Malay Kundu
  • Patent number: 9892438
    Abstract: A scan avoidance monitoring system detects instances in which a respective customer in a retail environment fails to properly scan or tally one or more retail items for purchase. To avoid generating false positives, such as flagging of events as scan avoidances when they really are not or likely are not scan avoidances, the scan avoidance system can be configured to require a level of confirmation by one or more other analyzers to flag a particular circumstance as a scan avoidance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2018
    Assignee: Stoplift, Inc.
    Inventors: Malay Kundu, Joshua Migdal
  • Patent number: 9870565
    Abstract: System and method for detecting a fraudulent activity at a barcode scanner is disclosed. The method issues an alert when the fraudulent activity is confirmed by comparing the visual signature of the item being transacted over the checkout terminal to the model visual signature. The model visual signature is obtained by averaging the collection of visual signature of the item gathered over a period of time. A human validation via a remote processor is employed to confirm the fraudulent activity verified by a computer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2018
    Inventors: Joshua Migdal, Malay Kundu
  • Publication number: 20170103266
    Abstract: A verification method of a fraudulent activity taking place at a self-checkout terminal is disclosed. The method verifies the fraudulent activity by confirming an incident of the fraudulent activity with multiple data generated by monitoring the transaction area and the bagging area of the self-checkout terminal. A human validation is optionally performed to verify machine-identified incidents.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2016
    Publication date: April 13, 2017
    Inventors: Joshua Migdal, Matthew Farrow, Malay Kundu
  • Patent number: 9600727
    Abstract: A processing resource receives original image data by a surveillance system. The original image data captures at least private information and occurrence of activity in a monitored region. The processing resource applies one or more transforms to the original image data to produce transformed image data. Application of the one or more transforms sufficiently distorts portions of the original image data to remove the private information. The transformed image data includes the distorted portions to prevent access to the private information. However, the distorted portions of the video include sufficient image detail to discern occurrence of the activity in the retail environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2017
    Assignee: Stoplift, Inc.
    Inventors: Joshua Migdal, Malay Kundu
  • Patent number: 9564031
    Abstract: A verification method of a fraudulent activity taking place at a self-checkout terminal is disclosed. The method verifies the fraudulent activity by confirming an incident of the fraudulent activity with multiple data generated by monitoring the transaction area and the bagging area of the self-checkout terminal. A human validation is optionally performed to verify machine-identified incidents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2017
    Inventors: Joshua Migdal, Matthew Farrow, Malay Kundu