Patents by Inventor Kirk E. Davis

Kirk E. Davis has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20040184982
    Abstract: A process for functionalizing a carbon surface and the product thereof is disclosed. The first reactant used contains one or more electron withdrawing groups that thereafter can be reacted with other compounds. The reaction product has enhanced dispersability, interaction with other media, or other utilitarian uses, e.g. a reactive surface. The reaction product is then incorporated into an elastomeric or thermoplastic composition; it can be dispersed in a liquid media such as an ink, coating, or lubricant; or it can be used as a solid in applications such as a filtering media.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 8, 2004
    Publication date: September 23, 2004
    Inventors: James D. Burrington, Kirk E Davis, Scott T Jolley, Ralph E Kronbrekke, Joseph W Pialet, Philip W Pike, Roger L Sowerby
  • Patent number: 6794428
    Abstract: A coupler is described for use in carbon black filled rubber compositions. The coupler includes an amine group and a thiol group or a polysulfidic linkage. The coupler improves the interaction of the carbon black with the rubber as measured by a decrease in the tan delta at 60° C. while substantially maintaining the tan delta at 0° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2004
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: James D. Burrington, Benny R. Richardson, Joseph W. Pialet, Ann E. Wykoff, Roger L. Sowerby, Kenneth W. Lee, Ralph E. Kornbrekke, Ghebrehiwet N. Ghebremeskel, Kirk E. Davis
  • Publication number: 20040171725
    Abstract: A process for functionalizing a carbon surface and the product thereof is disclosed. The first reactant used contains one or more electron withdrawing groups that thereafter can be reacted with other compounds. The reaction product has enhanced dispersability, interaction with other media, or other utilitarian uses, e.g. a reactive surface. The reaction product is then incorporated into an elastomeric or thermoplastic composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 19, 2004
    Publication date: September 2, 2004
    Inventors: Benny R. Richardson, James D. Burrington, Ghebrehiwet N. Ghebremeskel, Kirk E. Davis, Scott T. Jolley, Ralph E. Korbbrekke, Joseph W. Pialet, Philip W. Pike, Roger L. Sowerby
  • Publication number: 20030212189
    Abstract: A coupler is described for use in carbon black filled rubber compositions. The coupler includes an amine group and a thiol group or a polysulfidic linkage. The coupler improves the interaction of the carbon black with the rubber as measured by a decrease in the tan delta at 60° C. while substantially maintaining the tan delta at 0° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2002
    Publication date: November 13, 2003
    Inventors: James D Burrington, Benny R Richardson, Joseph W Pialet, Ann E Wykoff, Roger L Sowerby, Kenneth W Lee, Ralph E Kornbrekke, Gheberhiwet N Ghebremeskel, Kirk E Davis
  • Patent number: 5614480
    Abstract: A lubricating oil composition is described which comprises a major amount of an oil of lubricating viscosity and(A) at least about 1% by weight of at least one carboxylic derivative composition produced by reacting(A-1) at least one substituted succinic acylating agent containing at least about 50 carbon atoms in the substituent with(A-2) from about 0.5 equivalent up to about 2 moles, per equivalent of acylating agent (A-1), of at least one amine compound characterized by the presence within its structure of at least one HN<group; and(B) at least one alkali metal overbased salt of a hydrocarbyl-substituted carboxylic acid or a mixture of a hydrocarbyl carboxylic acid and a hydrocarbyl-substituted sulfonic acid having a metal ratio of greater than 2 in an amount sufficient to provide at least about 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 25, 1997
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Mary F. Salomon, Kirk E. Davis, Jack L. Karn, John Cahoon
  • Patent number: 5562864
    Abstract: A lubricating oil composition is described which comprises a major amount of an oil of lubricating viscosity and(A) at least about 1% by weight of at least one carboxylic derivative composition produced by reacting(A-1) at least one substituted succinic acylating agent containing at least about 50 carbon atoms in the substituent with(A-2) from about 0.5 equivalent up to about 2 moles, per equivalent of acylating agent (A-1), of at least one amine compound characterized by the presence within its structure of at least one HN<group; and(B) an amount of at least one alkali metal overbased salt of a carboxylic acid or a mixture of a carboxylic acid and an organic sulfonic acid sufficient to provide at least about 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 8, 1996
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Mary F. Salomon, Kirk E. Davis, Jack L. Karn, John M. Cahoon
  • Patent number: 5490945
    Abstract: A lubricating oil composition is described which comprises a major amount of an oil of lubricating viscosity and(A) at least about 1% by weight of at least one carboxylic derivative composition produced by reacting(A-1) at least one substituted succinic acylating agent containing at least about 50 carbon atoms in the substituent with(A-2) from about 0.5 equivalent up to about 2 moles, per equivalent of acylating agent (A-1), of at least one amine compound characterized by the presence within its structure of at least one HN< group; and(B) an amount of at least one alkali metal overbased salt of a carboxylic acid or a mixture of a carboxylic acid and an organic sulfonic acid sufficient to provide at least about 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 13, 1996
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas R. Smith, Mary F. Salomon, Kirk E. Davis, Jack L. Karn, John M. Cahoon
  • Patent number: 5486300
    Abstract: This invention relates to a lubricating oil composition, comprising:a major amount of an oil of lubricating viscosity; and(A) an amount of at least one alkali metal overbased salt of an acidic organic compound sufficient to provide at least about 0.005 equivalents of alkali metal per 100 grams of the lubricating composition;(B) at least about 1.13% by weight of at least one dispersant;(C) at least one metal dihydrocarbyl dithiophosphate; and(D) at least one antioxidant, provided that the lubricating oil composition is free of calcium overbased sulfonate; provided that the composition contains less than about 0.08% by weight calcium; and provided that (C) and (D) are not the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 23, 1996
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Mary F. Salomon, Kirk E. Davis, Jack L. Karn, John M. Cahoon
  • Patent number: 5171461
    Abstract: Copper and sulfur containing compositions, and additive concentrates and lubricating compositions containing the copper and sulfur containing compositions are described. The sulfur compounds have the formula:Y--R.sub.1 (S).sub.n --R.sub.2 Y.sup.1 (I)wherein one member of the group Y and Y.sup.1 is an electron withdrawing group and the other member is hydrocarbyl or an electron withdrawing group; R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are the same or different open chain aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbyl groups; and n is a number from 1 to about 8. The copper is present as an oil soluble or dispersible source of copper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 1989
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1992
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Stephen A. Di Biase, Kirk E. Davis
  • Patent number: 5000034
    Abstract: A short-term test procedure for comparing the engine sludge performance of different engine oils to a reference oil. The test procedure involves establishing a base line by operating one or more engines on the reference oil while maintaining a substantially constant volume of the reference oil in the engines without changing the oil until a Coordinating Research Council (CRC) sludge rating within a preferred range of 8.5 to 9.0 is achieved. In like manner, a series of engine tests are performed on one or more test oils using engines substantially identical to the reference oil engines for substantially the same number of miles as the average test miles of all of the reference oil engines under substantially the same test conditions as the reference oil engines while maintaining substantially the same volume of the test oil in the engines as the reference oil without changing the test oil in the engines throughout the tests.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 19, 1991
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Scot E. Jaynes, Kirk E. Davis
  • Patent number: 4952328
    Abstract: A lubricating oil formulation is described which is useful in internal combustion engines. More particularly, lubricating oil compositions for internal combustion engines are described with comprises (A) at least about 60% by weight of oil of lubricating viscosity, (B) at least about 2.0% by weight of at least one carboxylic derivative composition produced by reacting (B-1) at least one substituted succinic acylating agent with (B-2) from about 0.70 equivalent up to less than one equivalent, per equivalent of acylating agent, of at least one amine compound characterized by the presence within its structure of at least one HN< group, and wherein said substituted succinic acylating agent consists of substituent groups and succinic groups wherein the substituent groups are derived from a polyalkene, said polyalkene being characterized by an Mn value of abotu 1300 to about 5000 and an Mw/Mn value of about 1.5 to about 4.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 1988
    Date of Patent: August 28, 1990
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Kirk E. Davis, Calvin W. Schroeck
  • Patent number: 4744920
    Abstract: The present invention describes carbonated overbased products which have been borated. The products have a very small particle size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 17, 1988
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Joseph P. Fischer, Kirk E. Davis, Jack L. Karn, John M. Cahoon
  • Patent number: 4740321
    Abstract: Lubricating oils are described which are useful in two-cycle engines. These oils contain a minor amount of at least one phenolic compound of the general formula:(R).sub.a --AR--(OH).sub.b, or salts thereof,wherein R is a substantially saturated, hydrocarbon-based group of an average of at least 10 aliphatic carbon atoms; a and b are each independently an integer of one up to three times the number of aromatic nuclei present in Ar with the proviso that the sum of a and b does not exceed the unsatisfied valences of Ar; and Ar is a linked polynuclear moiety wherein the bridging linkages are sulfur-containing moieties, having 0 to 3 optional substituents consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkoxyl, methylol or lower hydrocarbon-based substituted methylol, halo and combinations of two or more of said optional substituents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 1986
    Date of Patent: April 26, 1988
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Kirk E. Davis, William C. Ward, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4724091
    Abstract: Additive combinations useful in lubricating compositions containing a major amount of an oil of lubricating viscosity are described. The additive compositions comprise a mixture of at least one alkyl phenol and at least one amino phenol, each having at least one hydrocarbon-based group of at least about 10 aliphatic carbon atoms. The additive compositions also are useful in fuel-lubricant mixtures for use in two-cycle internal combustion engines. Generally, the additive combinations also will contain a detergent/dispersant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 1983
    Date of Patent: February 9, 1988
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventor: Kirk E. Davis
  • Patent number: 4708809
    Abstract: Lubricating oils are described which are useful in two-cycle engines. These oils contain a minor amount of at least one phenolic compound of the general formula(R).sub.a --Ar--(OH).sub.bwherein R is a substantially saturated, hydrocarbon-based group of an average of at least 10 aliphatic carbon atoms; a and b are each independently an integer of one up to three times the number of aromatic nuclei present in Ar with the proviso that the sum of a and b does not exceed the unsatisfied valences of Ar; and Ar is a single ring, a fused ring or a linked polynuclear moiety having 0 to 3 optional substituents consisting of lower alkyl, lower alkoxyl, methylol or lower hydrocarbon-based substituted methylol, halo and combinations of two or more of said optional substituents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1982
    Date of Patent: November 24, 1987
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventor: Kirk E. Davis
  • Patent number: 4663063
    Abstract: This invention relates to a composition comprising the combination of(A) at least one alkyl phenol of the formula(R).sub.a --AR--(OH).sub.b (I)wherein each R is independently a substantially saturated hydrocarbon-based group of an average of at least about 10 aliphatic carbon atoms; a, and b are each independently an integer of one up to three times the number of aromatic nuclei present in Ar with the proviso that the sum of a, b and c does not exceed the unsatisfied valences of Ar; and Ar is an aromatic moiety which is a single ring, a fused ring or a linked polynuclear ring having 0 to 3 optional substituents selected from the group consisting essentially of lower alkyl, lower alkoxyl, carboalkoxy methylol or lower hydrocarbon-based substituted methylol, nitro, nitroso, halo and combinations of said optional substituents, and(B) at least one amino compound with the proviso that the amino compound is not an amino phenol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 5, 1987
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventor: Kirk E. Davis
  • Patent number: 4623473
    Abstract: Sulfur-containing, oil-soluble compositions are described which are useful as lubricating oil additives, particularly in lubricants containing little or no phosphorus. In one embodiment, the compositions of the invention comprise (A) at least one metal salt of at least one dithiocarbamic acid of the formulaR.sub.1 (R.sub.2)N--CSSH (I)wherein R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are each independently hydrocarbyl groups in which the total number of carbon atoms in R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 is sufficient to render the metal salt oil-soluble, and (B) at least one oil-soluble sulfurized Diels-Alder adduct. Lubricating oil compositions containing the compositions of the invention exhibit improved oxidation-corrosion-inhibiting properties, anti-wear properties, and/or extreme pressure properties. Such lubricating compositions containing less than about 0.1% by weight of phosphorus also exhibit good compatability with nitrile seals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1985
    Date of Patent: November 18, 1986
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Kirk E. Davis, Stephen A. DiBiase
  • Patent number: 4612129
    Abstract: Sulfur-containing, oil-soluble compositions are described which are useful as lubricating oil additives, particularly in lubricants containing little or no phosphorus. In one embodiment, the compositions of the invention comprise (A) at least one metal salt of at least one dithiocarbamic acid of the formulaR.sub.1 (R.sub.2)N--CSSH (I)wherein R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are each independently hydrocarbyl groups in which the total number of carbon atoms in R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 is sufficient to render the metal salt oil-soluble, (B) at least one oil-soluble sulfurized organic compound, and (C) at least one auxiliary corrosion-inhibitor. In other embodiments, the compositions also contain (D) at least one detergent/dispersant. Lubricating oil compositions containing the compositions of the invention exhibit improved oxidation-corrosion-inhibiting properties, anti-wear properties, and/or extreme pressure properties. Such lubricating compositions containing less than about 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1985
    Date of Patent: September 16, 1986
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Stephen A. DiBiase, Kirk E. Davis, Thomas A. Tagliamonte
  • Patent number: 4584115
    Abstract: Reaction products of boric acid or boron trioxide with an epoxide having at least 8 carbon atoms (especially a straight-chain aliphatic epoxide) are useful anti-wear, friction modifying and rust inhibiting additives for lubricants. They are particularly useful in lubricants containing relatively large amounts of basic alkaline earth metal phenates or salicylates and/or free hydroxy group-containing alkenylsuccinic acid ester dispersants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1982
    Date of Patent: April 22, 1986
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventor: Kirk E. Davis
  • Patent number: 4582618
    Abstract: Lubricating oil compositions containing less than about 0.1% by weight of phosphorus are described, and these lubricating compositions comprise a major amount of an oil of lubricating viscosity, and a minor amount of at least one oil-soluble sulfur-containing material which comprises the reaction product of sulfur and a Diels-Alder adduct in a molar ratio less than 1.7:1 wherein the adduct is an adduct of at least one dienophile with at least one aliphatic conjugated diene. Such lubricating oil compositions exhibit improved oxidation-corrosion-inhibiting properties, anti-wear properties, and/or extreme pressure properties. Such lubricating compositions also exhibit improved compatibility with nitrile seals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1984
    Date of Patent: April 15, 1986
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventor: Kirk E. Davis