Patents by Inventor Kyle Brookes

Kyle Brookes has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20190190439
    Abstract: A stratospheric balloon may include an upper structure having a pulley, a lower structure, at least one solar panel suspended between the upper structure and the lower structure, and a first orientation control member connected, at a first end thereof, to a first transverse edge of the at least one solar panel and, at a second end thereof, to a second transverse edge of the at least one solar panel. The first orientation control member is wound about the pulley such that rotating the pulley changes the orientation of the at least one solar panel relative to the upper structure and the lower structure. In another example, the pulley may be replaced by first and second support mechanisms and the system may include a second orientation control member. The first and second orientation control members are connected to the first and second support mechanisms, respectively, and to the solar panel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2017
    Publication date: June 20, 2019
    Inventors: John Cromie, Kyle Brookes
  • Patent number: 10322789
    Abstract: High-altitude balloons and apparatuses for filling such high-altitude balloons are provided. As an example, an apparatus for filling a high-altitude balloon includes a tube extending through envelope material of the balloon is provided. The apparatus also includes a flange connected to a first end of the tube. The flange is connected to an interior surface of the balloon. A fitting is connected to a second end of the tube. The fitting is configured for attachment with an apparatus for filling the balloon with lift gas. In addition, methods of filling high-altitude balloons with lift gas and methods of manufacturing balloons are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: Loon LLC
    Inventor: Kyle Brookes
  • Patent number: 10320644
    Abstract: A traffic analyzer of a provider network identifies endpoint categories into which traffic directed to or from a first isolated virtual network of the provider network is to be classified. A first endpoint category includes an endpoint configured in a second isolated virtual network. Using packet-level metrics collected at virtualization management components of virtualization hosts, the traffic analyzer determines the amount of data transmitted between the first isolated virtual network and the various endpoint categories during selected time intervals. The traffic analyzer provides the categorized traffic amounts as input to a predictive model, and stores expected future traffic trends generated by the model.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Po-Chun Chen, Kyle Tailor Akers, Kevin Christopher Miller, Michael Brooke Furr, Christopher Ian Hendrie
  • Patent number: 10279884
    Abstract: A high altitude or stratospheric balloon system may include a balloon envelope including envelope film, at least one tendon, and a suspender. The suspender may have a first end attached to the envelope film. The suspender is arranged to stretch such that the first end moves towards an equator of the balloon envelope as the balloon envelope pressurizes in order to control movement of the envelope film relative to the tendon and towards the equator as the balloon pressurizes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: Loon LLC
    Inventors: Kyle Brookes, Kevin Roach
  • Publication number: 20190127037
    Abstract: A high altitude or stratospheric balloon system may include a balloon envelope including envelope film, at least one tendon, and a suspender. The suspender may have a first end attached to the envelope film. The suspender is arranged to stretch such that the first end moves towards an equator of the balloon envelope as the balloon envelope pressurizes in order to control movement of the envelope film relative to the tendon and towards the equator as the balloon pressurizes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 2, 2017
    Publication date: May 2, 2019
    Inventors: Kyle Brookes, Kevin Roach
  • Patent number: 10220929
    Abstract: Aspects of the disclosure provide a fill port apparatus for filling high altitude balloons, such as those used in communications networks, with lighter than air lift gasses. For instance, the fill port apparatus includes a tubular body portion having a passageway extending between a first end and a second end of the tubular body portion. The fill port apparatus also includes an attachment structure arranged at the first end of the tubular body portion. This structure is configured to attach to a top plate of a balloon envelope. The fill port apparatus also includes a plurality of energy directing structures arranged on an interior surface of the tubular body portion. These energy directing structures extend into the passageway from the interior surface and are each configured to contact at least one other of the plurality of energy directing structures when the tubular body portion is welded to itself.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2019
    Assignee: LOON LLC
    Inventors: Daniel Henry Fourie, Kyle Brookes
  • Patent number: 10059420
    Abstract: Aspects of the disclosure relate to terminating flight of a balloon that may include separating a connection between a balloon envelope and a payload of the balloon. In one example, a payload separation apparatus includes a first shaft configured to attach to the envelope, a second shaft configured to attach to the payload, a pair of arms, and a bracket arranged to secure the pair of arms to the first shaft. In another example, a system includes a flight termination assembly having a cutting edge configured to cut an opening in the envelope and a payload separation apparatus. The apparatus includes a first shaft configured to attach to the envelope, a second shaft configured to attach to the payload, a pair of arms, and a bracket configured to secure the pair of arms to the first shaft. The system also includes a controller configured to activate the cutting edge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Assignee: X Development LLC
    Inventors: Michael Hall-Snyder, Kyle Brookes
  • Patent number: 10059422
    Abstract: Aspects of the disclosure provide a fill port apparatus for filling high altitude balloons, such as those used in communications networks, with lighter than air lift gasses. For instance, the fill port apparatus includes a tubular body portion having a passageway extending between a first end and a second end of the tubular body portion. The fill port apparatus also includes an attachment structure arranged at the first end of the tubular body portion. This structure is configured to attach to a top plate of a balloon envelope. The fill port apparatus also includes a plurality of energy directing structures arranged on an interior surface of the tubular body portion. These energy directing structures extend into the passageway from the interior surface and are each configured to contact at least one other of the plurality of energy directing structures when the tubular body portion is welded to itself.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Assignee: X Development LLC
    Inventors: Daniel Henry Fourie, Kyle Brookes
  • Patent number: 10035576
    Abstract: Aspects of the disclosure provide a flex connection for high altitude balloon applications. During operation flex connection allows a payload of a high-altitude balloon to remain level when an envelope of the balloon is tilted, in order to change the direction of the balloon. As an example, a system may include a balloon envelope, a payload, a cable between the balloon envelope and the payload, and a flex connection on the cable. The flex connection enables the payload to remain level relative to the ground when the balloon is in flight and the balloon envelope is tilted relative to the payload. The flex connection includes a top portion, a plurality of discs, and a bottom portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: X Development LLC
    Inventors: Kyle Brookes, John Cromie, Raymond Louis Gradwohl
  • Patent number: 9963216
    Abstract: Aspects of the disclosure provide a fill port apparatus for filling high altitude balloons, such as those used in communications networks, with lighter than air lift gasses. For instance, the fill port apparatus includes a tubular body portion having a passageway extending between a first end and a second end of the tubular body portion. The fill port apparatus also includes an attachment structure arranged at the first end of the tubular body portion. This structure is configured to attach to a top plate of a balloon envelope. The fill port apparatus also includes a plurality of energy directing structures arranged on an interior surface of the tubular body portion. These energy directing structures extend into the passageway from the interior surface and are each configured to contact at least one other of the plurality of energy directing structures when the tubular body portion is welded to itself.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2018
    Assignee: X Development LLC
    Inventors: Daniel Henry Fourie, Kyle Brookes
  • Publication number: 20180118321
    Abstract: High-altitude balloons and apparatuses for filling such high-altitude balloons are provided. As an example, an apparatus for filling a high-altitude balloon includes a tube extending through envelope material of the balloon is provided. The apparatus also includes a flange connected to a first end of the tube. The flange is connected to an interior surface of the balloon. A fitting is connected to a second end of the tube. The fitting is configured for attachment with an apparatus for filling the balloon with lift gas. In addition, methods of filling high-altitude balloons with lift gas and methods of manufacturing balloons are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2017
    Publication date: May 3, 2018
    Inventor: Kyle Brookes
  • Patent number: 9834297
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus are disclosed for an apex fitting for securing to a high altitude balloon. An example apparatus involves: (a) a base plate defining an opening, where the base plate is configured to be securable to an exterior of a balloon envelope, (b) at least one stud coupled to the base plate and configured to be securable to a tendon, (c) a retention ring defining at least one opening configured to receive the at least one stud, (d) a fill-port body defining a cavity, wherein a flange is coupled to the fill-port body, wherein the fill-port body is arranged coaxially with and extends through the opening of the base plate such that the flange lies adjacent to the bottom surface of the base plate, and (e) a locking body coupled to the fill-port body, wherein the locking body defines an opening arranged coaxially with the fill-port body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2017
    Assignee: X Development LLC
    Inventor: Kyle Brookes
  • Patent number: 9821900
    Abstract: High-altitude balloons and apparatuses for filling such high-altitude balloons are provided. As an example, an apparatus for filling a high-altitude balloon includes a tube extending through envelope material of the balloon is provided. The apparatus also includes a flange connected to a first end of the tube. The flange is connected to an interior surface of the balloon. A fitting is connected to a second end of the tube. The fitting is configured for attachment with an apparatus for filling the balloon with lift gas. In addition, methods of filling high-altitude balloons with lift gas and methods of manufacturing balloons are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2017
    Assignee: X Development LLC
    Inventor: Kyle Brookes
  • Patent number: 9719731
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a thermal control apparatus for controlling temperatures in a payload of a balloon. The thermal control apparatus includes a plurality of heat pipes. A first heat pipe from the plurality of heat pipes has a first end and a second end and contains working fluid. A heat source is in thermal communication with the first heat pipe. The heat source is configured to heat the working fluid in the first heat pipe. A second heat pipe from the plurality of heat pipes contains working fluid and a portion of the second heat pipe is positioned a predetermined distance from the first heat pipe. The predetermined distance allows for a heat exchange from the first heat pipe to the second heat pipe. This heat exchange includes heat drawn away from the heat source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2017
    Assignee: X Development LLC
    Inventors: Richard Chad Bruns, Kyle Brookes
  • Patent number: 9463862
    Abstract: An apparatus including a balloon envelope, a cutting blade secured to a blade block; a cutter guide rail secured above the balloon envelope, and an arm rotatable about a pivot point having an end secured to the blade block, wherein the end of the arm extends past the blade block, wherein the arm is releasably secured by a release member, and wherein release of the arm from the release member allows for a rotation of the arm, wherein the rotation of the end of the arm is guided by the cutter guide rail such that the cutting blade maintains contact with and cuts the balloon envelope during the rotation of the arm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2016
    Assignee: Google Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel Ratner, Kyle Brookes
  • Publication number: 20160288895
    Abstract: High-altitude balloons and apparatuses for filling such high-altitude balloons are provided. As an example, an apparatus for filling a high-altitude balloon includes a tube extending through envelope material of the balloon is provided. The apparatus also includes a flange connected to a first end of the tube. The flange is connected to an interior surface of the balloon. A fitting is connected to a second end of the tube. The fitting is configured for attachment with an apparatus for filling the balloon with lift gas. In addition, methods of filling high-altitude balloons with lift gas and methods of manufacturing balloons are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 23, 2016
    Publication date: October 6, 2016
    Inventor: Kyle Brookes
  • Patent number: 9422048
    Abstract: An apparatus for securing a plurality of tendons to a balloon includes a first and second plate and a cable long enough to extend around a circumference of the first plate. The first plate has a plurality of slots and one more mating ports. Each slot is configured to allow a given tendon from the plurality of tendons to extend through the first plate by inserting a tendon within the slot. The second plate has a surface with one or more mating members attached. Each mating member is configured to connect the first and second plates together by mating with at least one of the one or more mating ports. The cable is configured to pass between the first and second plates so as to couple with each tendon within the plurality of slots in order to secure the tendons to a balloon structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2016
    Assignee: Google Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin Roach, Peter Isaac Capraro, Jeffrey Neri, Kyle Brookes
  • Patent number: 9371124
    Abstract: High-altitude balloons and apparatuses for filling such high-altitude balloons are provided. As an example, an apparatus for filling a high-altitude balloon includes a tube extending through envelope material of the balloon is provided. The apparatus also includes a flange connected to a first end of the tube. The flange is connected to an interior surface of the balloon. A fitting is connected to a second end of the tube. The fitting is configured for attachment with an apparatus for filling the balloon with lift gas. In addition, methods of filling high-altitude balloons with lift gas and methods of manufacturing balloons are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2016
    Assignee: Google Inc.
    Inventor: Kyle Brookes
  • Patent number: 9296462
    Abstract: A system for terminating flight of a balloon having a balloon envelope is provided. The system includes an apparatus attached to the balloon. The apparatus includes a flexible tube that has first and second ends with a hollow tube portion disposed there between and a device attached to the flexible tube. The first end of the tube is sealed around a preconfigured opening in a balloon envelope and the second end is sealed shut. The device includes a main body that has an opening holding an actuating member that has a cavity and a cutting element. The cavity is arranged to hold at least a portion of the flexible tube. When activated, the device causes contact between the actuating member and the cutting element so as to cut open the partial portion of the flexible tube for allowing lift gas to escape the balloon envelope through the hollow tube portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2016
    Assignee: Google Inc.
    Inventors: Kyle Brookes, Ytai Ben-tsvi
  • Publication number: 20160059951
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus are disclosed for an apex fitting for securing to a high altitude balloon. An example apparatus involves: (a) a base plate defining an opening, where the base plate is configured to be securable to an exterior of a balloon envelope, (b) at least one stud coupled to the base plate and configured to be securable to a tendon, (c) a retention ring defining at least one opening configured to receive the at least one stud, (d) a fill-port body defining a cavity, wherein a flange is coupled to the fill-port body, wherein the fill-port body is arranged coaxially with and extends through the opening of the base plate such that the flange lies adjacent to the bottom surface of the base plate, and (e) a locking body coupled to the fill-port body, wherein the locking body defines an opening arranged coaxially with the fill-port body.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 10, 2015
    Publication date: March 3, 2016
    Inventor: Kyle Brookes