Patents by Inventor Mahmoud Farhadiroushan

Mahmoud Farhadiroushan has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10704932
    Abstract: An optical fiber sensing system includes a sensing optical fiber and one or more optical amplifiers in series with the sensing fiber and arranged to increase the power of sensing pulses travelling along the fiber to thereby increase the range of the sensing system. The optical fiber sensing system is one selected from the group including an optical fiber distributed acoustic sensor (DAS), an optical fiber distributed temperature sensor (DTS), or an optical time domain reflectometry (OTDR) system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Assignees: Silixa Ltd., Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Tom Parker, Mahmoud Farhadiroushan, Arran Gillies
  • Patent number: 10677642
    Abstract: A prefabricated mat-like structure having lengths of fiber mounted thereon or therein in a predetermined deployment pattern that provides a high spatial density of fiber to give increased spatial sensing resolution is described. The prefabricated mat-like structures may be very easily deployed by being placed against and/or wrapped around an object to be monitored, typically being fastened in place by clamps or the like. In addition, easy removal from the object is also obtained, by simply unfastening the mat-like structure, which may then be redeployed elsewhere. The prefabricated mat-like structure having the fiber already mounted thereon or therein therefore provides a very convenient and easily installable and removable solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignee: Silixa Ltd.
    Inventors: Mahmoud Farhadiroushan, Veronique Mahue, Tom Parker, Sergey Shatalin
  • Publication number: 20190391291
    Abstract: A downhole device is provided that is intended to be co-located with an optical fiber cable to be found, for example by being fixed together in the same clamp. The device has an accelerometer or other suitable orientation determining means that is able to determine its positional orientation, with respect to gravity. A vibrator or other sounder is provided, that outputs the positional orientation information as a suitable encoded and modulated acoustic signal. A fiber optic distributed acoustic sensor deployed in the vicinity of the downhole device detects the acoustic signal and transmits it back to the surface, where it is demodulated and decoded to obtain the positional orientation information. Given that the device is co-located with the optical fiber the position of the fiber can then be inferred. As explained above, detecting the fiber position is important during perforation operations, so that the fiber is not inadvertently damaged.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 5, 2019
    Publication date: December 26, 2019
    Inventors: Craig Milne, Brian Frankey, Tom Parker, Mahmoud Farhadiroushan
  • Publication number: 20190331523
    Abstract: The present invention provides novel apparatus and methods for fast quantitative measurement of perturbation of optical fields transmitted, reflected and/or scattered along a length of an optical fibre. The present invention can be used for point sensors as well as distributed sensors or the combination of both. In particular this technique can be applied to distributed sensors while extending dramatically the speed and sensitivity to allow the detection of acoustic perturbations anywhere along a length of an optical fibre while achieving fine spatial resolution. The present invention offers unique advantages in a broad range of acoustic sensing and imaging applications. Typical uses are for monitoring oil and gas wells such as for distributed flow metering and/or imaging, seismic imaging, monitoring long cables and pipelines, imaging within large vessel as well as for security applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2019
    Publication date: October 31, 2019
    Applicant: Silixa Ltd.
    Inventors: Mahmoud Farhadiroushan, Tom Richard Parker, Sergey Shatalin
  • Publication number: 20190323863
    Abstract: An improved optical fiber distributed acoustic sensor system uses an optical fiber having reflector portions distributed along its length in at least a first portion. The reflector portions are positioned along the fiber separated by a distance that is equivalent to twice the distance an optical pulse travels along the fiber in a single sampling period of the data acquisition opto-electronics within the sensor system. No oversampling of the reflections of the optical pulses from the reflector portions is undertaken. The sampling points for data acquisition in the sensor system are aligned with the reflections that arrive at the sensor system from along the sensing fiber. Adaptive delay componentry adaptively aligns the reflected optical signals (or their electrical analogues) with the sampling points. Control over the sampling points can re-synchronise the sampling points with the returning reflections. Reflection equalisation componentry may reduce the dynamic range of the returning reflections.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 5, 2018
    Publication date: October 24, 2019
    Inventors: Sergey Shatalin, Julian Dajczgewand, Mahmoud Farhadiroushan, Tom Parker
  • Patent number: 10451462
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention provide a cable for optical fiber sensing applications formed from fiber wound around a cable core. A protective layer is then preferably placed over the top of the wound fiber, to protect the fiber, and to help keep it in place on the cable core. The cable core is preferably of a diameter to allow bend-insensitive fiber to be wound thereon with low bending losses. The effect of winding the fiber onto the cable core means that the longitudinal sensing resolution of the resulting cable is higher than simple straight fiber, when the cable is used with an optical fiber sensing system such as a DAS or DTS system. The achieved resolution for the resulting cable is a function of the fiber winding diameter and pitch, with a larger diameter and reduced winding pitch giving a higher longitudinal sensing resolution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignees: Silixa Ltd., Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Mahmoud Farhadiroushan, Daniel Finfer, Veronique Mahue, Tom Parker, Sergey Shatalin, Dmitry Strusevich
  • Patent number: 10444392
    Abstract: A downhole device is provided that is intended to be co-located with an optical fiber cable to be found, for example by being fixed together in the same clamp. The device has an accelerometer or other suitable orientation determining means that is able to determine its positional orientation, with respect to gravity. A vibrator or other sounder is provided, that outputs the positional orientation information as a suitable encoded and modulated acoustic signal. A fiber optic distributed acoustic sensor deployed in the vicinity of the downhole device detects the acoustic signal and transmits it back to the surface, where it is demodulated and decoded to obtain the positional orientation information. Given that the device is co-located with the optical fiber the position of the fiber can then be inferred. As explained above, detecting the fiber position is important during perforation operations, so that the fiber is not inadvertently damaged.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2019
    Assignee: SILIXA LTD.
    Inventors: Craig Milne, Brian Frankey, Tom Parker, Mahmoud Farhadiroushan
  • Patent number: 10415373
    Abstract: In order to address the above noted problems, embodiments of the present invention use distributed acoustic sensing to monitor the fluid level in an ESP activated well so as to monitor the condition and performance of the ESP. Embodiments of the invention use the ESP as an acoustic source in order to monitor the annulus fluid level within the well and to monitor the frequency of the ESP. Additionally, embodiments of the present invention may use distributed acoustic sensing to monitor the flow rates of the production fluid above and below the ESP to determine the pump's efficiency. In particular, some embodiments utilize one or more optical fibers to measure the acoustic waves generated by the ESP, wherein the fiber cabling has already been deployed along the length of the well. As such, the present invention is a non-invasive, in-situ method for monitoring the condition and performance of an ESP.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2019
    Assignee: Silixa Ltd.
    Inventors: Andrew Clarke, Daniel Finfer, Veronique Mahue, Tom Parker, Mahmoud Farhadiroushan
  • Patent number: 10393573
    Abstract: The present invention provides novel apparatus and methods for fast quantitative measurement of perturbation of optical fields transmitted, reflected and/or scattered along a length of an optical fiber. The present invention can be used for point sensors as well as distributed sensors or the combination of both. In particular this technique can be applied to distributed sensors while extending dramatically the speed and sensitivity to allow the detection of acoustic perturbations anywhere along a length of an optical fiber while achieving fine spatial resolution. The present invention offers unique advantages in a broad range of acoustic sensing and imaging applications. Typical uses are for monitoring oil and gas wells such as for distributed flow metering and/or imaging, seismic imaging, monitoring long cables and pipelines, imaging within large vessel as well as for security applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: Silixa Ltd.
    Inventors: Mahmoud Farhadiroushan, Tom Richard Parker, Sergey Shatalin
  • Patent number: 10393572
    Abstract: The present invention provides novel apparatus and methods for fast quantitative measurement of perturbation of optical fields transmitted, reflected and/or scattered along a length of an optical fiber. The present invention can be used for point sensors as well as distributed sensors or the combination of both. In particular this technique can be applied to distributed sensors while extending dramatically the speed and sensitivity to allow the detection of acoustic perturbations anywhere along a length of an optical fiber while achieving fine spatial resolution. The present invention offers unique advantages in a broad range of acoustic sensing and imaging applications. Typical uses are for monitoring oil and gas wells such as for distributed flow metering and/or imaging, seismic imaging, monitoring long cables and pipelines, imaging within large vessel as well as for security applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: Silixa Ltd.
    Inventors: Mahmoud Farhadiroushan, Tom Richard Parker, Sergey Shatalin
  • Patent number: 10393574
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods for fast quantitative measurement of perturbation of optical fields transmitted, reflected and/or scattered along a length of an optical fiber can be used for point sensors as well as distributed sensors or the combination of both. In particular, this technique can be applied to distributed sensors while extending dramatically the speed and sensitivity to allow the detection of acoustic perturbations anywhere along a length of an optical fiber while achieving fine spatial resolution. Advantages of this technique include a broad range of acoustic sensing and imaging applications. Typical uses are for monitoring oil and gas wells such as for distributed flow metering and/or imaging, seismic imaging, monitoring long cables and pipelines, imaging within large vessel as well as for security applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: Silixa Ltd.
    Inventors: Mahmoud Farhadiroushan, Tom Richard Parker, Sergey Shatalin
  • Patent number: 10345139
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention address aliasing problems by providing a plurality of discrete acoustic sensors along a cable whereby acoustic signals may be measured in situations where the fiber optic cable has not been secured to a structure or area by a series of clamps. Acoustic sampling points are achieved by selectively enhancing the acoustic coupling between the outer layer and the at least one optical fiber arrangement, such that acoustic energy may be transmitted selectively from the outer layer to the at least one optical fiber arrangement. The resulting regions of acoustic coupling along the cable allow the optical fiber to detect acoustic signals. Regions between the outer layer and the at least one optical fiber arrangement that contain material which is acoustically insulating further this enhancement since acoustic waves are unable to travel through such mediums, or at least travel through such mediums at a reduced rate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: Silixa Ltd.
    Inventors: Mahmoud Farhadiroushan, Daniel Finfer, Dmitry Strusevich, Sergey Shatalin, Tom Parker
  • Patent number: 10274417
    Abstract: The invention relates to installations for fiber optic monitoring of articles, and apparatus and methods for forming such installations, including a modular system and components for forming a fiber optic monitoring installation. Applications of the invention include the monitoring of vessels, chambers, and fluid conduits in industrial processing plants, and the invention has particular application to monitoring large vessels, for example temperature monitoring of vessels used in catalytic reforming processes. Convenient installation on or removal from the article being monitored is achieved by providing a support structure for the fiber optic length, which presents the fiber optic length in a preconfigured orientation suitable for monitoring the article. In a particular embodiment of the invention, the fiber optic length is disposed on a panel in a plurality of dense spiral patterns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2019
    Assignees: Silixa Ltd., Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Mahmoud Farhadiroushan, Mladen Todorov
  • Patent number: 10175384
    Abstract: A probe is provided that contacts the inner surface of the casing or other production tubing and imparts energy to the surface at the contact point, for example as heat energy or mechanical energy. Energy is imparted around the circumference of the casing, and a fiber optic distributed sensor located on the outer surface of the casing is used to measure and record the energy that it receives while the probe is moved to impart energy around the circumference. A record of energy versus position of the probe around the circumference can be obtained, from which maxima in the detected energy measurements can then be found. The position around the circumference which gave the maximum measurement should be the position at which the optical fiber of the fiber optic distributed sensor is located. In addition, an ultrasonic arrangement is also described, that relies on ultrasonic sound to provide detection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: Silixa, LTD.
    Inventors: Mahmoud Farhadiroushan, Tom Parker
  • Patent number: 10145821
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for monitoring a structure using an optical fiber based distributed acoustic sensor (DAS) extending along the length of the structure. The DAS is able to resolve a separate acoustic signal with a spatial resolution of 1 m along the length of the fibre, and hence is able to operate with an acoustic positioning system to determine the position of the riser with the same spatial resolution. In addition, the fiber can at the same time also detect much lower frequency mechanical vibrations in the riser, for example such as resonant mode vibrations induced by movement in the surrounding medium. By using vibration detection in combination with acoustic positioning then overall structure shape monitoring can be undertaken, which is useful for vortex induced vibration (VIV) visualisation, fatigue analysis, and a variety of other advanced purposes. The structure may be a sub-sea riser.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignees: Silixa Ltd., Chevron USA Inc.
    Inventors: Mahmoud Farhadiroushan, Daniel Finfer, Yousif Kamil, Roy Lester Kutlik
  • Publication number: 20180245957
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention provide a cable for optical fiber sensing applications formed from fiber wound around a cable core. A protective layer is then preferably placed over the top of the wound fiber, to protect the fiber, and to help keep it in place on the cable core. The cable core is preferably of a diameter to allow bend-insensitive fiber to be wound thereon with low bending losses. The effect of winding the fiber onto the cable core means that the longitudinal sensing resolution of the resulting cable is higher than simple straight fiber, when the cable is used with an optical fiber sensing system such as a DAS or DTS system. The achieved resolution for the resulting cable is a function of the fiber winding diameter and pitch, with a larger diameter and reduced winding pitch giving a higher longitudinal sensing resolution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 25, 2018
    Publication date: August 30, 2018
    Inventors: Mahmoud Farhadiroushan, Daniel Finfer, Veronique Mahue, Tom Parker, Sergey Shatalin, Dmitry Strusevich
  • Publication number: 20180231498
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide a “tool-kit” of processing techniques which can be employed in different combinations depending on the circumstances. For example, flow speed can be found using eddy tracking techniques, or by using speed of sound measurements. Moreover, composition can be found by using speed of sound measurements and also by looking for turning points in the k-? curves, particularly in stratified multi-phase flows. Different combinations of the embodiments can therefore be put together to provide further embodiments, to meet particular flow sensing requirements, both on the surface and downhole. Once the flow speed is known, then at least in the case of a single phase flow, the flow speed can be multiplied by the interior cross-sectional area of the pipe to obtain the flow rate. The mass flow rate can then be obtained if the density of the fluid is known, once the composition has been determined.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 5, 2016
    Publication date: August 16, 2018
    Inventors: Mohammad Amir, Mahmoud Farhadiroushan, Daniel Finfer, Veronique Mahue, Tom Parker
  • Patent number: 10048115
    Abstract: An interferometer apparatus for an optical fiber system and method of use is described. The interferometer comprises an optical coupler and optical fibers which define first and second optical paths. Light propagating in the first and second optical paths is reflected back to the optical coupler to generate an interference signal. First, second and third interference signal components are directed towards respective first, second and third photodetectors. The third photodetector is connected to the coupler via a non-reciprocal optical device and is configured to measure the intensity of the third interference signal component directed back towards the input fiber. Methods of use in applications to monitoring acoustic perturbations and a calibration method are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Siiixa Ltd
    Inventors: Mahmoud Farhadiroushan, Tom Richard Parker, Sergey Shatalin
  • Publication number: 20180224572
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention help in the processing and interpretation of seismic survey data, by correlating or otherwise comparing or associating seismic data obtained from a seismic survey with flow information obtained from a well or borehole in the surveyed area. In particular, embodiments of the present invention allow for flow data representing a flow profile along a well that is being monitored by a distributed acoustic sensor to be determined, such that regions of higher flow in the well can be determined. For example, in the production zone the well will be perforated to allow oil to enter the well, but it has not previously been possible to determine accurately where in the production zone the oil is entering the well. However, by determining a flow rate profile along the well using the DAS then this provides information as to where in the perforated production zone oil is entering the well, and hence the location of oil bearing sands.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2018
    Publication date: August 9, 2018
    Applicants: Silixa Ltd., Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Mahmoud Farhadiroushan, Tom Parker, Daniel Finfer
  • Patent number: 9989388
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention provide a cable for optical fiber sensing applications formed from fiber wound around a cable core. A protective layer is then preferably placed over the top of the wound fiber, to protect the fiber, and to help keep it in place on the cable core. The cable core is preferably of a diameter to allow bend-insensitive fiber to be wound thereon with low bending losses. The effect of winding the fiber onto the cable core means that the longitudinal sensing resolution of the resulting cable is higher than simple straight fiber, when the cable is used with an optical fiber sensing system such as a DAS or DTS system. The achieved resolution for the resulting cable is a function of the fiber winding diameter and pitch, with a larger diameter and reduced winding pitch giving a higher longitudinal sensing resolution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2018
    Assignees: Silixa Ltd., Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Mahmoud Farhadiroushan, Daniel Finfer, Veronique Mahue, Tom Parker, Sergey Shatalin, Dmitry Strusevich