Patents by Inventor Marc Scott Hodes

Marc Scott Hodes has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 9681552
    Abstract: A device comprising a substrate having a surface that comprises a conductive base layer. The device also comprises fluid-support-structures on the conductive base layer. Each of the fluid-support-structures has at least one dimension of about 1 millimeter or less. Each of the fluid-support-structures is coated with an electrical insulator. The device is configured to oscillate a fluid locatable between tops of the fluid-support-structures and the conductive base layer when a voltage is applied between the conductive base layer and the fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: Alcatel Lucent
    Inventors: Joanna Aizenberg, Marc Scott Hodes, Paul Robert Kolodner, Thomas Nikita Krupenkin, Joseph Ashley Taylor
  • Publication number: 20140197131
    Abstract: A device comprising a substrate having a surface that comprises a conductive base layer. The device also comprises fluid-support-structures on the conductive base layer. Each of the fluid-support-structures has at least one dimension of about 1 millimeter or less. Each of the fluid-support-structures is coated with an electrical insulator. The device is configured to oscillate a fluid locatable between tops of the fluid-support-structures and the conductive base layer when a voltage is applied between the conductive base layer and the fluid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Publication date: July 17, 2014
    Applicant: Alcatel Lucent
    Inventors: Joanna Aizenberg, Marc Scott Hodes, Paul Robert Kolodner, Thomas Nikita Krupenkin, Joseph Ashley Taylor
  • Patent number: 8721161
    Abstract: A device comprising a substrate having a surface that comprises a conductive base layer. The device also comprises fluid-support-structures on the conductive base layer. Each of the fluid-support-structures has at least one dimension of about 1 millimeter or less. Each of the fluid-support-structures is coated with an electrical insulator. The device is configured to oscillate a fluid locatable between tops of the fluid-support-structures and the conductive base layer when a voltage is applied between the conductive base layer and the fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Alcatel Lucent
    Inventors: Joanna Aizenberg, Marc Scott Hodes, Paul Robert Kolodner, Thomas Nikita Krupenkin, Joseph Ashley Taylor
  • Patent number: 8541052
    Abstract: A method of manufacture comprising forming a plurality of cells on a substrate, wherein each of the cells has at least one dimension that is less than about 1 millimeter and is configured to hold a medium therein, and wherein each of the cells has walls that laterally enclose an area of a surface of the substrate and has a top opening. The method also comprises contacting the cells with a fluid and introducing a surfactant and a medium into the fluid to thereby form a foam layer contacting the walls of cells. Bubbles of the foam layer have fluid walls that include the surfactant, the bubbles are filled with the medium, and the bubbles remain substantially stationary on the top openings of the cells for a period on average of at least about 1 minute.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Alcatel Lucent
    Inventors: Marc Scott Hodes, Paul Robert Kolodner, Thomas Nikita Krupenkin, Todd Richard Salamon, Joseph Ashley Taylor
  • Patent number: 8414833
    Abstract: Apparatus and method for increasing the concentration of a chemical substance in a fluid comprise a micro-fluidic elongated channel formed in a substrate, with the channel being in fluid-flow communication with an ambient region along its elongated dimension. In general, the fluid includes first and second chemical substances having different vapor pressures. The apparatus includes an evaporation controller for increasing the evaporation rate of the fluid from the channel into the ambient region, thereby increasing the concentration of the lower vapor pressure (LVP) substance in the portion of the fluid remaining in the channel and increasing the concentration of the higher vapor pressure (HVP) substance in the portion of the fluid evaporated into the ambient region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2013
    Assignee: Alcatel Lucent
    Inventors: David John Bishop, John VanAtta Gates, Marc Scott Hodes, Avinoam Komblit, Stanley Pau, Brijesh Vyas
  • Publication number: 20120227243
    Abstract: An apparatus, comprising a plurality of closed cells disposed on a surface of a substrate. Each of the closed cells has at least one dimension that is less than about 1 millimeter and are configured to hold a medium therein. The apparatus also comprises a foam that contacts the closed cells. The foam has fluid walls that include a surfactant, and bubbles of the foam layer are filled with the medium.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 21, 2012
    Publication date: September 13, 2012
    Inventors: Marc Scott Hodes, Paul Robert Kolodner, Thomas Nikita Krupenkin, Todd Richard Salamon, Joseph Ashley Taylor
  • Patent number: 8247028
    Abstract: A method of controlling the flow resistance of a fluid disposed on a surface of a substrate. The method comprises contacting a fluid with a plurality of cells on a substrate and adjusting amounts of a surfactant and a medium in the fluid to thereby form a foam layer contacting the walls of the cells. Each of the cells has at least one dimension that is less than about 1 millimeter and is configured to hold the medium therein. Each of the cells has walls that laterally enclose an area of a surface of the substrate and has a top opening. Bubbles of the foam layer have fluid walls that include a surfactant, are filled with the medium, and remain substantially stationary on the top openings of the cells for a period on average of at least about 1 minute.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2012
    Assignee: Alcatel Lucent
    Inventors: Marc Scott Hodes, Paul Robert Kolodner, Thomas Nikita Krupenkin, Todd Richard Salamon, Joseph Ashley Taylor
  • Patent number: 8187894
    Abstract: A method and apparatus is disclosed wherein the flow resistance of a droplet disposed on a nanostructured or microstructured surface is controlled. A closed-cell feature is used in a way such that, when the pressure of at least a first fluid within one or more of the cells of said surface is decreased to or below a desired level, a droplet disposed on that surface is caused to at least partially penetrate the surface. In another illustrative embodiment, the pressure within one or more of the cells is increased to or above a desired level in a way such that the droplet of liquid is returned at least partially to its original, unpenetrated position. In yet another embodiment, a closed-cell structure feature pattern is used to prevent penetration of the nanostructured or microstructured surface, even when the pressure of the fluid disposed on the surface is relatively high.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2012
    Assignee: Alcatel Lucent
    Inventors: Marc Scott Hodes, Paul Robert Kolodner, Timofei Nikita Kroupenkine, Alan Michael Lyons, Mary Louise Mandich, Joseph Ashley Taylor
  • Publication number: 20120128546
    Abstract: Apparatus and method for increasing the concentration of a chemical substance in a fluid comprise a micro-fluidic elongated channel formed in a substrate, with the channel being in fluid-flow communication with an ambient region along its elongated dimension. In general, the fluid includes first and second chemical substances having different vapor pressures. The apparatus includes an evaporation controller for increasing the evaporation rate of the fluid from the channel into the ambient region, thereby increasing the concentration of the lower vapor pressure (LVP) substance in the portion of the fluid remaining in the channel and increasing the concentration of the higher vapor pressure (HVP) substance in the portion of the fluid evaporated into the ambient region.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2012
    Publication date: May 24, 2012
    Inventors: David John Bishop, John VanAtta Gates, Marc Scott Hodes, Avinoam Komblit, Stanley Pau, Brijesh Vyas
  • Publication number: 20120060937
    Abstract: A method and apparatus is disclosed wherein the flow resistance of a droplet disposed on a nanostructured or microstructured surface is controlled. A closed-cell feature is used in a way such that, when the pressure of at least a first fluid within one or more of the cells of said surface is decreased to or below a desired level, a droplet disposed on that surface is caused to at least partially penetrate the surface. In another illustrative embodiment, the pressure within one or more of the cells is increased to or above a desired level in a way such that the droplet of liquid is returned at least partially to its original, unpenetrated position. In yet another embodiment, a closed-cell structure feature pattern is used to prevent penetration of the nanostructured or microstructured surface, even when the pressure of the fluid disposed on the surface is relatively high.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2011
    Publication date: March 15, 2012
    Inventors: Marc Scott Hodes, Paul Robert Kolodner, Timofei Nikita Kroupenkine, Alan Michael Lyons, Mary Louise Mandich, Joseph Ashley Taylor
  • Patent number: 8124423
    Abstract: A method and apparatus is disclosed wherein the flow resistance of a droplet disposed on a nanostructured or microstructured surface is controlled. A closed-cell feature is used in a way such that, when the pressure of at least a first fluid within one or more of the cells of said surface is decreased to or below a desired level, a droplet disposed on that surface is caused to at least partially penetrate the surface. In another illustrative embodiment, the pressure within one or more of the cells is increased to or above a desired level in a way such that the droplet of liquid is returned at least partially to its original, unpenetrated position. In yet another embodiment, a closed-cell structure feature pattern is used to prevent penetration of the nanostructured or microstructured surface, even when the pressure of the fluid disposed on the surface is relatively high.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2012
    Assignee: Alcatel Lucent
    Inventors: Marc Scott Hodes, Paul Robert Kolodner, Timofei Nikita Kroupenkine, Alan Michael Lyons, Mary Louise Mandich, Joseph Ashley Taylor
  • Patent number: 7935437
    Abstract: A battery includes a plurality of closed cells disposed in a predetermined feature pattern on at least a first surface of an electrode. Each of the closed cells has an inner surface. The battery also includes a plurality of cell electrodes. Each of the cell electrodes is disposed along a portion of the inner surface of a respective one of the closed cells in the plurality of closed cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2011
    Assignee: Alcatel-Lucent USA Inc.
    Inventors: Marc Scott Hodes, Paul Robert Kolodner, Timofei Nikita Kroupenkine, Alan Michael Lyons, Mary Louise Mandich, Joseph Ashley Taylor, Donald Weiss
  • Patent number: 7905105
    Abstract: An apparatus, method and system are provided for a modular in-frame pumped refrigerant distribution system. Specifically, a micro-channel heat exchanger is positioned in an equipment cabinet close to equipment that generates heat. More specifically, the micro-channel heat exchanger may be positioned on a) a shelf above the equipment, b) the back side of the equipment, or c) a shelf below the equipment. The micro-channel heat exchanger is operable to receive a refrigerant supplied by an external heat exchanger along a primary flow path, transfer heat from air above and/or near the equipment to a coil of the micro-channel heat exchanger, circulate the refrigerant to extract the heat, and return the refrigerant with an extracted portion of generated heat to the external heat exchanger along a secondary flow path. The external heat exchanger may remove extracted heat from a building via a building chilled water system or an outdoor condenser unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2011
    Assignee: Alcatel-Lucent USA Inc.
    Inventors: Philip Chappelle Fair, Marc Scott Hodes, Wei Ling, Alan Michael Lyons, Salvatore Joseph Messana, Paul Mark Rominski, Majid Safavi, William Harold Scofield
  • Patent number: 7833653
    Abstract: A battery having an electrode with at least one nanostructured surface is disclosed wherein the nanostructured surface is divided into cells and is disposed in a way such that an electrolyte fluid of the battery is prevented from contacting the portion of electrode associated with each cell. When a voltage is passed over the nanostructured surface associated with a particular cell, the electrolyte fluid is caused to penetrate the nanostructured surface of that cell and to contact the electrode, thus activating the portion of the battery associated with that cell. The current/voltage generated by the battery is controlled by selectively activating only a portion of the cells. Multiple cells can be active simultaneously to produce the desired voltage. The more cells that are active, the higher the current/voltage and the lower the overall life of the battery. The life of the battery can be extended by activating fewer cells simultaneously.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2010
    Assignee: Alcatel-Lucent USA Inc.
    Inventors: Marc Scott Hodes, Paul Robert Kolodner, Thomas Nikita Krupenkin, Alan Michael Lyons, Mary Louise Mandich, Joseph Ashley Taylor, Donald Weiss
  • Patent number: 7832462
    Abstract: Device having first wick evaporator including first membrane and plurality of first thermally-conductive supports. First membrane has upper and lower surfaces. First membrane also has plurality of pores with upper pore ends at upper surface of first membrane and with lower pore ends at lower surface of first membrane. Each of first thermally-conductive supports has upper and lower support ends. Upper support ends of first thermally-conductive supports are in contact with first membrane. Each of first thermally-conductive supports has longitudinal axis extending between the upper and lower support ends, average cross-sectional area along axis, and membrane support cross-sectional area at upper support end, the membrane support cross-sectional area effectively being smaller than average cross-sectional area. First thermally-conductive supports are configured to conduct thermal energy from lower support ends of first thermally-conductive supports to first membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2010
    Assignee: Alcatel-Lucent USA Inc.
    Inventors: Nagesh R. Basavanhally, Marc Scott Hodes, Paul Robert Kolodner, Avinoam Kornblit, Thomas Nikita Krupenkin, Wonsuck Lee, Alan Michael Lyons, Todd Richard Salamon, Brijesh Vyas
  • Patent number: 7825324
    Abstract: An apparatus includes a thermoelectric cooler having a first set of one or more metal electrodes, a second set of one or more metal electrodes, and one or more doped semiconductor members. Each member physically joins a corresponding one electrode of the first set to a corresponding one electrode of the second set. Each member has a cross-sectional area that increases along a path from the one metal electrode of the first set to the one metal electrode of the second set.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2010
    Assignee: Alcatel-Lucent USA Inc.
    Inventors: Marc Scott Hodes, Christopher D. W. Jones, Shankar Krishnan, Oana Malis
  • Publication number: 20100247982
    Abstract: A battery having an electrode with at least one nanostructured surface is disclosed wherein the nanostructured surface is divided into cells and is disposed in a way such that an electrolyte fluid of the battery is prevented from contacting the portion of electrode associated with each cell. When a voltage is passed over the nanostructured surface associated with a particular cell, the electrolyte fluid is caused to penetrate the nanostructured surface of that cell and to contact the electrode, thus activating the portion of the battery associated with that cell. The current/voltage generated by the battery is controlled by selectively activating only a portion of the cells. Multiple cells can be active simultaneously to produce the desired voltage. The more cells that are active, the higher the current/voltage and the lower the overall life of the battery. The life of the battery can be extended by activating fewer cells simultaneously.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 11, 2010
    Publication date: September 30, 2010
    Applicant: Lucent Technologies Inc.
    Inventors: Marc Scott Hodes, Paul Robert Kolodner, Thomas Nikita Krupenkln, Alan Michael Lyons, Mary Louise Mandich, Joseph Ashley Taylor, Donald Weiss
  • Publication number: 20100221597
    Abstract: A battery having a nanostructured battery electrode is disclosed wherein it is possible to reverse the contact of the electrolyte with the battery electrode and, thus, to return a battery to a reserve state after it has been used to generate current. In order to achieve this reversibility, the nanostructures on the battery electrode comprise a plurality of closed cells and the pressure within the enclosed cells is varied. In a first embodiment, the pressure is varied by varying the temperature of a fluid within the cells by, for example, applying a voltage to electrodes disposed within said cells. In a second illustrative embodiment, once the battery has been fully discharged, the battery is recharged and then the electrolyte fluid is expelled from the cells in a way such that it is no longer in contact with the battery electrode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 6, 2010
    Publication date: September 2, 2010
    Applicant: Lucent Technologies Inc.
    Inventors: Marc Scott Hodes, Paul Robert Kolodner, Timofei Nikita Kroupenkine, Alan Michael Lyons, Mary Louise Mandich, Joseph Ashley Taylor, Donald Weiss
  • Patent number: 7785733
    Abstract: A battery having an electrode with at least one nanostructured surface is disclosed wherein the nanostructured surface is divided into cells and is disposed in a way such that an electrolyte fluid of the battery is prevented from contacting the portion of electrode associated with each cell. When a voltage is passed over the nanostructured surface associated with a particular cell, the electrolyte fluid is caused to penetrate the nanostructured surface of that cell and to contact the electrode, thus activating the portion of the battery associated with that cell. The current/voltage generated by the battery is controlled by selectively activating only a portion of the cells. Multiple cells can be active simultaneously to produce the desired voltage. The more cells that are active, the higher the current/voltage and the lower the overall life of the battery. The life of the battery can be extended by activating fewer cells simultaneously.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2010
    Assignee: Alcatel-Lucent USA Inc.
    Inventors: Marc Scott Hodes, Paul Robert Kolodner, Thomas Nikita Krupenkin, Alan Michael Lyons, Mary Louise Mandich, Joseph Ashley Taylor, Donald Weiss
  • Publication number: 20100183906
    Abstract: A battery having an electrode with at least one nanostructured surface is disclosed wherein the nanostructured surface is divided into cells and is disposed in a way such that an electrolyte fluid of the battery is prevented from contacting the portion of electrode associated with each cell. When a voltage is passed over the nanostructured surface associated with a particular cell, the electrolyte fluid is caused to penetrate the nanostructured surface of that cell and to contact the electrode, thus activating the portion of the battery associated with that cell. The current/voltage generated by the battery is controlled by selectively activating only a portion of the cells. Multiple cells can be active simultaneously to produce the desired voltage. The more cells that are active, the higher the current/voltage and the lower the overall life of the battery. The life of the battery can be extended by activating fewer cells simultaneously.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 18, 2004
    Publication date: July 22, 2010
    Inventors: Marc Scott Hodes, Paul Robert Kolodner, Timofei Nikita Kroupenkine, Alan Michael Lyons, Mary Louise Mandich, Joseph Ashley Taylor, Donald Weiss