Patents by Inventor Mark C Hardy

Mark C Hardy has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10752978
    Abstract: The novel nickel-base superalloy useful in an additive manufacturing process or a powder-based manufacturing process includes the following composition in wt %: Cr 8.0-8.5; Co 9.0-9.5; Mo 0.4-0.6; W 9.3-9.7; Ta 2.9-3.6; Al 4.9-5.6; Ti 0.2-1.0; Hf 0-0.05; C 0.005-0.03; B 0.005-0.02; Zr 0.005-0.1; Nb 0.2-1; Mn 0-0.6; and S 0-0.002 (?20 ppm); the balance nickel and incidental elements and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2020
    Assignee: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventors: Mark C. Hardy, Grant J. Gibson, Gavin J. Baxter, Yogiraj Pardhi
  • Publication number: 20190360077
    Abstract: A polycrystalline nickel-base superalloy is disclosed. The alloy consists essentially of a gamma matrix phase including cobalt, and a gamma prime phase including aluminium, titanium, tantalum, and niobium. The overall concentration in the alloy of cobalt is from 15 to 26 atomic percent, and the overall concentration in the alloy of aluminium, titanium, tantalum, and niobium is from 13 to 14 atomic percent. Optionally, the alloy may include one or more constituents selected from the group consisting of: boron, carbon, chromium, iron, manganese, molybdenum, tungsten, silicon, zirconium. The balance is nickel and incidental impurities. The atomic ratio of aluminium to titanium is from 4.625:1 to 6.333:1.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 21, 2019
    Publication date: November 28, 2019
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE PLC
    Inventors: Mark C HARDY, Katerina CHRISTOFIDOU, Paul M MIGNANELLI, Howard J STONE, Nicholas G JONES, Christos ARGYRAKIS
  • Publication number: 20190360078
    Abstract: A nickel-base superalloy includes essentially, by weight: 14.75 to 26.5 percent cobalt, 4.1 to 4.65 percent aluminium, 1.1 to 1.9 percent titanium, 3.85 to 6.3 percent tantalum, 1.2 to 2.55 percent niobium, up to 0.07 percent boron, up to 0.06 percent carbon, up to 14.0 percent chromium, up to 1.0 percent iron, up to 1.0 percent manganese, up to 4.2 percent molybdenum, up to 0.5 percent silicon, up to 4.9 percent tungsten, and up to 0.1 percent zirconium, the balance being nickel and incidental impurities; wherein the overall concentration in the alloy of aluminium, titanium, tantalum, and niobium is from 13 to 14 atomic percent and the atomic ratio of aluminium to titanium is from 4.625:1 to 6.333:1.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 21, 2019
    Publication date: November 28, 2019
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE PLC
    Inventors: Mark C. HARDY, Katerina CHRISTOFIDOU, Paul M. MIGNANELLI, Howard J. STONE, Nicholas G. JONES, Christos ARGYRAKIS
  • Patent number: 10422024
    Abstract: A nickel-base superalloy consisting of, by weight: 14.6% to 15.9% cobalt; 11.5% to 13.0% chromium; 0.8% to 1.2% iron; 0.2% to 0.60% manganese; 2.00% to 2.40% molybdenum; 3.30% to 3.70% tungsten; 2.90% to 3.30% aluminum; 2.60% to 3.10% titanium; 3.50% to 5.10% tantalum; 1.20% to 1.80% niobium; 0.10% to 0.60% silicon; 0.02% to 0.06% carbon; 0.010% to 0.030% boron; 0.05% to 0.11% zirconium; up to 0.045% hafnium; and the balance being nickel and impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2019
    Assignee: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventors: Mark C Hardy, Roger C Reed, David Crudden
  • Patent number: 10287654
    Abstract: A nickel-base alloy of, in atomic percent unless otherwise stated, up to 8 percent Fe, up to 16 percent Co, between 15 and 25 percent Cr, up to 3 percent Mo, up to 2 percent W, between 3 and 5 percent Al, between 3 and 7.5 percent Nb, up to 3 percent Ta, up to 0.2 percent Ti, up to 0.5 percent C, up to 0.175 percent B, up to 0.07 percent Zr, up to 1 percent Mn, up to 1 percent Si, up to 0.2 percent Hf, the balance of Ni and incidental impurities, wherein the atomic ratio of Al to Nb is between 0.4 and 1.7, the atomic ratio of the sum of Al and Ti to Nb is between 0.4 and 1.8, and, the composition including at least 10 percent of elements from the group of Al, Nb, and Ti.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Assignee: ROLLS-ROYCE PLC
    Inventors: Mark C Hardy, Howard J Stone, Nicholas G Jones, Paul M Mignanelli
  • Patent number: 10266919
    Abstract: A nickel-base superalloy that includes 6.55% to 7.15% aluminum, 3.3% to 3.7% titanium, 1.2% to 1.7% tantalum, and 0.8% to 1.0% niobium, such that a combined atomic percentage of the aluminum, the titanium, the tantalum and the niobium is between 12.65% and 13.15% to provide substantially 51% to 53% by volume of gamma prime precipitates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2019
    Assignee: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventors: Mark C Hardy, Roger C Reed, David Crudden
  • Patent number: 10138534
    Abstract: A nickel-base alloy having the following composition (in atomic percent unless otherwise stated): between 12 and 15% of elements from the group consisting of Al, Ti, Ta and Nb, between 12.5% and 17.5% Cr, between 22 and 29% Co, between 0 and 1.5% W, between 0 and 3% Mo, between 0.1 and 0.3% C, between 0.05 and 0.2% B, between 0.02 and 0.07% Zr and, optionally, up to 2% Fe, up to 1% Mn, up to 1% Si, and up to 0.05 Mg; the balance being Ni and incidental impurities. The alloy has an improved combination of properties (principally improved resistance to high temperature deformation and surface environmental damage) compared with known alloys, and is intended to operate for prolonged periods of time above 700° C., and up to peak temperatures of 800° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2018
    Assignee: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventors: Mark C Hardy, Howard J Stone, Steffen Neumeier, Nicholas G Jones, Katerina Christofidou
  • Publication number: 20180282841
    Abstract: A nickel-base superalloy consisting of, by weight: 14.6% to 15.9% cobalt; 11.5% to 13.0% chromium; 0.8% to 1.2% iron; 0.2% to 0.60% manganese; 2.00% to 2.40% molybdenum; 3.30% to 3.70% tungsten; 2.90% to 3.30% aluminium; 2.60% to 3.10% titanium; 3.50% to 5.10% tantalum; 1.20% to 1.80% niobium; 0.10% to 0.60% silicon; 0.02% to 0.06% carbon; 0.010% to 0.030% boron; 0.05% to 0.11% zirconium; up to 0.045% hafnium; and the balance being nickel and impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 5, 2018
    Publication date: October 4, 2018
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE PLC
    Inventors: Mark C. HARDY, Roger C. REED, David CRUDDEN
  • Publication number: 20180073106
    Abstract: The novel nickel-base superalloy useful in an additive manufacturing process or a powder-based manufacturing process includes the following composition in wt %: Cr 8.0-8.5; Co 9.0-9.5; Mo 0.4-0.6; W 9.3-9.7; Ta 2.9-3.6; Al 4.9-5.6; Ti 0.2-1.0; Hf 0-0.05; C 0.005-0.03; B 0.005-0.02; Zr 0.005-0.1; Nb 0.2-1; Mn 0-0.6; and S 0-0.002 (?20 ppm); the balance nickel and incidental elements and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 6, 2017
    Publication date: March 15, 2018
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventors: Mark C. HARDY, Grant J. GIBSON, Gavin J. BAXTER, Yogiraj PARDHI
  • Publication number: 20170088919
    Abstract: A nickel-base superalloy consisting of, by weight: 14.6% to 15.9% cobalt; 11.5% to 13.0% chromium; 0.8% to 1.2% iron; 0.2% to 0.60% manganese; 2.00% to 2.40% molybdenum; 3.30% to 3.70% tungsten; 2.90% to 3.30% aluminium; 2.60% to 3.10% titanium; 3.50% to 5.10% tantalum; 1.20% to 1.80% niobium; 0.10% to 0.60% silicon; 0.02% to 0.06% carbon; 0.010% to 0.030% boron; 0.05% to 0.11% zirconium; up to 0.045% hafnium; and the balance being nickel and impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 1, 2016
    Publication date: March 30, 2017
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE PLC
    Inventors: Mark C. HARDY, Roger C. REED, David CRUDDEN
  • Publication number: 20170022586
    Abstract: A nickel-base alloy of, in atomic percent unless otherwise stated, up to 8 percent Fe, up to 16 percent Co, between 15 and 25 percent Cr, up to 3 percent Mo, up to 2 percent W, between 3 and 5 percent Al, between 3 and 7.5 percent Nb, up to 3 percent Ta, up to 0.2 percent Ti, up to 0.5 percent C, up to 0.175 percent B, up to 0.07 percent Zr, up to 1 percent Mn, up to 1 percent Si, up to 0.2 percent Hf, the balance of Ni and incidental impurities, wherein the atomic ratio of Al to Nb is between 0.4 and 1.7, the atomic ratio of the sum of Al and Ti to Nb is between 0.4 and 1.8, and, the composition including at least 10 percent of elements from the group of Al, Nb, and Ti.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 23, 2016
    Publication date: January 26, 2017
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventors: Mark C. HARDY, Howard J. STONE, Nicholas G. JONES, Paul M. MIGNANELLI
  • Publication number: 20160194736
    Abstract: A nickel-base alloy having the following composition (in atomic percent unless otherwise stated): between 12 and 15% of elements from the group consisting of Al, Ti, Ta and Nb, between 12.5% and 17.5% Cr, between 22 and 29% Co, between 0 and 1.5% W, between 0 and 3% Mo, between 0.1 and 0.3% C, between 0.05 and 0.2% B, between 0.02 and 0.07% Zr and, optionally, up to 2% Fe, up to 1% Mn, up to 1% Si, and up to 0.05 Mg; the balance being Ni and incidental impurities. The alloy has an improved combination of properties (principally improved resistance to high temperature deformation and surface environmental damage) compared with known alloys, and is intended to operate for prolonged periods of time above 700° C., and up to peak temperatures of 800° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 11, 2015
    Publication date: July 7, 2016
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE PLC
    Inventors: Mark C. HARDY, Howard J. STONE, Steffen NEUMEIER, Nicholas G. JONES, Katerina CHRISTOFIDOU
  • Patent number: 8703045
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of manufacturing a multiple composition component 10, comprising: arranging first, second and third constituent parts 40, 30, 42 having first, second and third compositions respectively A, B, C so that the first constituent part 40 shares a first boundary with the second constituent part 30 and the second constituent part 30 shares a second boundary with the third constituent part 40. The first, second and third constituent parts 40, 30, 42 are each either a powder or a solid so that the first and second boundaries are each a solid adjacent to a powder. The arrangement is then processed so as to form a single solid component having first, second and third regions 16, 18, 20 having first, second and third compositions A, B, C respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Rolls-Royce PLC
    Inventors: Robert J. Mitchell, Catherine M. F. Rae, Mark C. Hardy, Shaun R. Holmes
  • Publication number: 20130052077
    Abstract: A nickel-base alloy having the following composition (in weight percent unless otherwise stated): Cr 13/-17.5; Co 2.5-5.6; Fe 8.0-9.3; Si 0-0.6; Mn 0-0.95; Mo 0.5-2.3; W 2.7-3.0; Al 2.2-3.5; Nb 2.7-7.2; Ti 0-0.85; Ta 0-3.25; Hf 0.0-0.5; C 0.01-0.05; B 0.02-0.04; Zr 0.04-0.06; Mg 0.015-0.025; S<50 ppm; P<50 ppm; the balance being Ni and incidental impurities. The alloy has an improved combination of properties (principally resistance to surface environmental damage and dwell fatigue crack growth) compared with known alloys, and is intended to operate for prolonged periods of time above 700° C., and up to peak temperatures of 800° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 3, 2012
    Publication date: February 28, 2013
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE PLC
    Inventor: Mark C. HARDY
  • Patent number: 8323424
    Abstract: An alloy disc includes a hub portion, a rim portion and a web portion disposed between the hub portion and the rim portion. The disc includes a fine grain structure substantially in a first region of the disc and a coarse grain structure substantially in a second region of the disc. The fine grain structure may be in the hub portion of the disc, and the coarse grain structure may be in the rim portion of the disc. The coarse grain structure may extend a greater distance radially inwardly from the rim portion into the web portion on the first axial end of the disc than on the second axial end of the disc. The fine grain structure may extend a greater distance radially outwardly from the hub portion into the web portion on the second axial end of the disc than on the first axial end of the disc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: Rolls-Royce PLC
    Inventors: Robert J. Mitchell, David Ulrich Furrer, Joseph Andrew Lemsky, Mark C. Hardy
  • Publication number: 20120269646
    Abstract: A nickel base superalloy consisting of 20 to 40 wt % cobalt, 10 to 15 wt % chromium, 3 to 6 wt % molybdenum, 0 to 5 wt % tungsten, 2.5 to 4 wt % aluminium, 3.4 to 5 wt % titanium, 1.35 to 2.5 wt % tantalum, 0 to 2 wt % niobium, 0.5 to 1 wt % hafnium, 0 to 0.1 wt % zirconium, 0.01 to 0.05 wt % carbon, 0.01 to 0.05 wt % boron, 0 to 2 wt % silicon and the balance nickel plus incidental impurities. The gamma prime phase comprises (Ni/Co)3 (Al/Ti/Ta).
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 29, 2012
    Publication date: October 25, 2012
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE PLC
    Inventors: Robert J. MITCHELL, Mark C. HARDY
  • Publication number: 20120006452
    Abstract: A method (40) of improving the mechanical properties of a component, for example a gas turbine engine turbine disc, (24) comprises isothermally forging (42) a preform to produce a shaped preform with a predetermined shape at a first predetermined temperature, solution heat treating (44) the shaped preform, quenching (46) the shaped preform, forging (48) the shaped preform at a second predetermined temperature to impart a predetermined residual strain in the shaped preform, ageing (50) the shaped preform and finally machining (52) the shaped preform to a finished shape. The second predetermined temperature is less than the first predetermined temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 16, 2011
    Publication date: January 12, 2012
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE PLC
    Inventors: Robert J. MITCHELL, David U. FURRER, Mark C. HARDY
  • Patent number: 8083872
    Abstract: A method of heat treating a superalloy component includes solution heat treating the component at a temperature below the gamma prime solvus temperature to produce a fine grain structure. Insulation is placed over a first area to form an insulated assembly that is placed in a furnace at a temperature below the solvus temperature and maintained at that temperature for a predetermined time to achieve a uniform temperature. The temperature is increased at a predetermined rate to a temperature above the solvus temperature to maintain a fine grain structure in a first region, produce a coarse grain structure in a second region and produce a transitional structure in a third region between the first and second regions. The insulated assembly is removed from the furnace when the second region has been above the solvus temperature for a predetermined time and/or the first region has reached a predetermined temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2011
    Assignee: Rolls-Royce PLC
    Inventors: Robert J Mitchell, David U Furrer, Joseph A Lemsky, Mark C Hardy
  • Publication number: 20110198001
    Abstract: A method of heat treating a superalloy component includes solution heat treating the component at a temperature below the gamma prime solvus temperature to produce a fine grain structure. Insulation is placed over a first area to form an insulated assembly that is placed in a furnace at a temperature below the solvus temperature and maintained at that temperature for a predetermined time to achieve a uniform temperature. The temperature is increased at a predetermined rate to a temperature above the solvus temperature to maintain a fine grain structure in a first region, produce a coarse grain structure in a second region and produce a transitional structure in a third region between the first and second regions. The insulated assembly is removed from the furnace when the second region has been above the solvus temperature for a predetermined time and/or the first region has reached a predetermined temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2011
    Publication date: August 18, 2011
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE PLC
    Inventors: Robert J. MITCHELL, David U. FURRER, Joseph A. LEMSKY, Mark C. HARDY
  • Publication number: 20110123386
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of manufacturing a multiple composition component 10, comprising: arranging first, second and third constituent parts 40, 30, 42 having first, second and third compositions respectively A, B, C so that the first constituent part 40 shares a first boundary with the second constituent part 30 and the second constituent part 30 shares a second boundary with the third constituent part 40. The first, second and third constituent parts 40, 30, 42 are each either a powder or a solid so that the first and second boundaries are each a solid adjacent to a powder. The arrangement is then processed so as to form a single solid component having first, second and third regions 16, 18, 20 having first, second and third compositions A, B, C respectively.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2010
    Publication date: May 26, 2011
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE PLC
    Inventors: Robert J. MITCHELL, Catherine M.F. RAE, Mark C. HARDY, Shaun R. HOLMES