Patents by Inventor Martin Prager

Martin Prager has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 11188613
    Abstract: A method modifies a social media post in response to determining that a hashtag for the social media post diverges from how the hashtag is used by other social media posts. A computing device receives a social media post, which contains a hashtag, and analyzes the social media post using natural language processing and a sentiment analysis to determine a sense and sentiment of the social media post. The computing device receives a plurality of reference social media posts, where each of the reference social media posts contains the hashtag, and utilizes the natural language processing and the sentiment analysis to determine a sense and sentiment of the reference social media posts. In response to determining that the sense and sentiment of the social media post do not match the sense and sentiment of the reference social media posts, the computing device causes the social media post to be altered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2021
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Benjamin P. Segal, James William Murdock, IV, John Martin Prager, Radha Mohan De, Sujoy Roy
  • Publication number: 20210256681
    Abstract: A method for determining an application error from a screenshot includes receiving, by a computing device, a computer application screenshot image indicating a computer error has occurred. The computing device analyzes the computer application screenshot image using a machine learning image analysis to determine one or more error regions in the computer application screenshot image. The computing device further processes the analyzed computer application screenshot to extract text from the one or more error regions in the computer application screenshot image. The computing device determines the application error based upon the extracted text. The computing device further automatically applies an automated error fix based upon the determined application error.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 19, 2020
    Publication date: August 19, 2021
    Inventors: Benjamin P. Segal, James William Murdock, IV, Radha Mohan De, Sujoy Roy, John Martin Prager
  • Publication number: 20210165842
    Abstract: A method modifies a social media post in response to determining that a hashtag for the social media post diverges from how the hashtag is used by other social media posts. A computing device receives a social media post, which contains a hashtag, and analyzes the social media post using natural language processing and a sentiment analysis to determine a sense and sentiment of the social media post. The computing device receives a plurality of reference social media posts, where each of the reference social media posts contains the hashtag, and utilizes the natural language processing and the sentiment analysis to determine a sense and sentiment of the reference social media posts. In response to determining that the sense and sentiment of the social media post do not match the sense and sentiment of the reference social media posts, the computing device causes the social media post to be altered.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 3, 2019
    Publication date: June 3, 2021
    Inventors: BENJAMIN P. SEGAL, JAMES WILLIAM MURDOCK, IV, JOHN MARTIN PRAGER, RADHA MOHAN DE, SUJOY ROY
  • Patent number: 9940354
    Abstract: Providing answers to questions. A LAT, a rankable criterion, and a probabilistic criterion are identified in a received query. A set of candidate answers to the question that are instances of the LAT identified in a first data source is generated. Based on the rankable criterion, the candidate answers are ranked. Each candidate answer is assigned a likelihood that the candidate answer satisfies the probabilistic criterion, based on a statistic of occurrences of terms related to the candidate answer and the probabilistic criterion in text passages from a second data source. One or more candidate answers are selected based on the rank and the likelihood of the candidate answers. In another aspect of the invention, a Boolean criterion is also identified in the query and the set of candidate answers is reduced by applying the Boolean criterion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: John Martin Prager
  • Patent number: 9940355
    Abstract: Providing answers to questions. A LAT, a rankable criterion, and a probabilistic criterion are identified in a received query. A set of candidate answers to the question that are instances of the LAT identified in a first data source is generated. Based on the rankable criterion, the candidate answers are ranked. Each candidate answer is assigned a likelihood that the candidate answer satisfies the probabilistic criterion, based on a statistic of occurrences of terms related to the candidate answer and the probabilistic criterion in text passages from a second data source. One or more candidate answers are selected based on the rank and the likelihood of the candidate answers. In another aspect of the invention, a Boolean criterion is also identified in the query and the set of candidate answers is reduced by applying the Boolean criterion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: John Martin Prager
  • Patent number: 9816278
    Abstract: A panel, in particular a floor panel, has a core of a wooden material, in particular MDF or HDF, or a wooden material/plastic mixture. A pattern is arranged on a visible side. The visible side is provided on at least one side edge (I, II) with a chamfer running at an angle ? hereto and a length (L). The angle ? of at least one of the chamfers varies over the length (L).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: FLOORING TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
    Inventors: Carsten Groeke, Martin Prager
  • Publication number: 20160267392
    Abstract: Providing answers to questions. A LAT, a rankable criterion, and a probabilistic criterion are identified in a received query. A set of candidate answers to the question that are instances of the LAT identified in a first data source is generated. Based on the rankable criterion, the candidate answers are ranked. Each candidate answer is assigned a likelihood that the candidate answer satisfies the probabilistic criterion, based on a statistic of occurrences of terms related to the candidate answer and the probabilistic criterion in text passages from a second data source. One or more candidate answers are selected based on the rank and the likelihood of the candidate answers. In another aspect of the invention, a Boolean criterion is also identified in the query and the set of candidate answers is reduced by applying the Boolean criterion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 23, 2015
    Publication date: September 15, 2016
    Inventor: John Martin Prager
  • Publication number: 20160267085
    Abstract: Providing answers to questions. A LAT, a rankable criterion, and a probabilistic criterion are identified in a received query. A set of candidate answers to the question that are instances of the LAT identified in a first data source is generated. Based on the rankable criterion, the candidate answers are ranked. Each candidate answer is assigned a likelihood that the candidate answer satisfies the probabilistic criterion, based on a statistic of occurrences of terms related to the candidate answer and the probabilistic criterion in text passages from a second data source. One or more candidate answers are selected based on the rank and the likelihood of the candidate answers. In another aspect of the invention, a Boolean criterion is also identified in the query and the set of candidate answers is reduced by applying the Boolean criterion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 9, 2015
    Publication date: September 15, 2016
    Inventor: John Martin Prager
  • Patent number: 8336272
    Abstract: A device for locking two building boards connected to one another in a direction (V) perpendicular to a visible side. The device includes a first building board with a lateral edge (I) and a first groove and running parallel to the visible side. The device further includes at least one second building board with a lateral edge (II) and with a second groove and running parallel to the visible side, and a locking element that is placed in the first groove of the first building board to engage in the second groove of the second building board, when both grooves have reached an overlapping position after the connection of the building boards by a vertical lowering movement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Assignee: Flooring Technologies Ltd.
    Inventors: Martin Prager, Ingo Lehnhoff
  • Patent number: 8340955
    Abstract: Automated question answering is disclosed that relates to the selection of an answer to a question from a pool of potential answers which are manually or automatically extracted from a large collection of textual documents. The a feature extraction component, a feature combination component, an answer selection component, and an answer presentation component, among others, are included. The input to the system is a set of one or more natural language questions and a collection of textual document The output is a (possibly ranked) set of factual answers to the questions, these answers being extracted from the document collection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Eric W. Brown, Anni R. Coden, John Martin Prager, Dragomir Radkov Radev, Valerie Samn
  • Publication number: 20120189988
    Abstract: Automated question answering is disclosed that relates to the selection of an answer to a question from a pool of potential answers which are manually or automatically extracted from a large collection of textual documents. The a feature extraction component, a feature combination component, an answer selection component, and an answer presentation component, among others, are included. The input to the system is a set of one or more natural language questions and a collection of textual document. The output is a (possibly ranked) set of factual answers to the questions, these answers being extracted from the document collection.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 4, 2012
    Publication date: July 26, 2012
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Eric W. Brown, Anni R. Coden, John Martin Prager, Dragomir Radkov Radev, Valerie Samn
  • Publication number: 20100314368
    Abstract: A panel, in particular a floor panel, has a core of a wooden material, in particular MDF or HDF, or a wooden material/plastic mixture. A pattern is arranged on a visible side. The visible side is provided on at least one side edge (I, II) with a chamfer running at an angle ? hereto and a length (L). The angle ? of at least one of the chamfers varies over the length (L).
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 18, 2010
    Publication date: December 16, 2010
    Inventors: Carsten GROEKE, Martin PRAGER
  • Patent number: 7827749
    Abstract: A panel, in particular a floor panel, has a core of a wooden material, in particular MDF or HDF, or a wooden material/plastic mixture. A pattern is arranged on a visible side. The visible side is provided on at least one side edge (I, II) with a chamfer running at an angle ? hereto and a length (L). The angle ? of at least one of the chamfers varies over the length (L).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2010
    Assignee: Flooring Technologies Ltd.
    Inventors: Carsten Groeke, Martin Prager
  • Publication number: 20090173032
    Abstract: A device for locking two building boards connected to one another, in particular flooring panels with a core of wood material or wood material/plastic mixture, in a direction (V) perpendicular to a visible side. The device includes a first building board with a lateral edge (I) and a first groove provided in the core of the building board and running parallel to the visible side. The device further includes at least one second building board with a lateral edge (II) and with a second groove provided in the core of the building board and running parallel to the visible side, and a locking element that is placed in the first groove of the first building board in order to engage in the second groove of the second building board, when both grooves have reached an overlapping position after the connection of the building boards by a vertical lowering movement.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 8, 2009
    Publication date: July 9, 2009
    Applicant: FLOORING TECHNOLOGIES Ltd.
    Inventors: Martin PRAGER, Ingo Lehnhoff
  • Publication number: 20080201132
    Abstract: Automated question answering is disclosed that relates to the selection of an answer to a question from a pool of potential answers which awe manually or automatically extracted from a large collection of textual documents. The a feature extraction component, a feature combination component, an answer selection component, and an answer presentation component, among others, are included. The input to the system is a set of one or more natural language questions and a collection of textual document The output is a (possibly ranked) set of factual answers to the questions, these answers being extracted from the document collection.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 28, 2008
    Publication date: August 21, 2008
    Applicant: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Eric W. Brown, Anni R. Coden, John Martin Prager, Dragomir Radkov Radev, Valerie Samn
  • Publication number: 20080011167
    Abstract: A device for finishing the surface of a building board of a pressed wood material, in particular MDF or HDF, or a wood material/plastic mixture, by embossing a structure or printing a pattern, with a pressing plate engraved according to the structure or the pattern and a tool carrier supported in a press device. The tool carrier is embodied as a hollow body and the pressing plate is releasably attached to the tool carrier directly and over the entire surface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 16, 2007
    Publication date: January 17, 2008
    Applicant: FLOORING TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
    Inventors: Martin PRAGER, Frank OLDORFF
  • Publication number: 20070175160
    Abstract: A panel, in particular a floor panel, has a core of a wooden material, in particular MDF or HDF, or a wooden material/plastic mixture. A pattern is arranged on a visible side. The visible side is provided on at least one side edge (I, II) with a chamfer running at an angle a hereto and a length (L). The angle a of at least one of the chamfers varies over the length (L).
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2006
    Publication date: August 2, 2007
    Applicant: FLOORING TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
    Inventors: Carsten Groeke, Martin Prager
  • Patent number: 6665666
    Abstract: The present invention is a system, method, and program product that comprises a computer with a collection of documents to be searched. The documents contain free form (natural language) text. We define a set of labels called QA-Tokens, which function as abstractions of phrases or question-types. We define a pattern file, which consists of a number of pattern records, each of which has a question template, an associated question word pattern, and an associated set of QA-Tokens. We describe a query-analysis process which receives a query as input and matches it to one or more of the question templates, where a priority algorithm determines which match is used if there is more than one. The query-analysis process then replaces the associated question word pattern in the matching query with the associated set of QA-Tokens, and possibly some other words. This results in a processed query having some combination of original query tokens, new tokens from the pattern file, and QA-Tokens, possibly with weights.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2003
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Eric William Brown, Anni R. Coden, John Martin Prager, Dragomir Radkov Radev
  • Patent number: 6003027
    Abstract: After a categorization process has been run, the scores of the top-two ranking categories along with the size or number of features in the object being categorized, are passed to a confidence assignment process. This determines a value for the confidence in the top category based on the evidence afforded by the input parameters. The magnitude of this confidence value will determine whether the system can accept the automatic categorization results, or whether human involvement is required. This invention also describes the process of determining the optimal value of an internal scaling parameter in the confidence assignment process. The construction of a threshold table based on this parameter is also described. The threshold table matches confidence values against error levels. For a given error rate the previously assigned confidence determines whether the categorization results can be accepted without need for human intervention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 14, 1999
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: John Martin Prager
  • Patent number: 5943670
    Abstract: The present invention is a system and method for determining whether the best category for an object under investigation is a mixture of preexisting categories, and how the mixture is constituted. This invention is useful both for suggesting the need for new categories, and for a fixed set of categories, determining whether a document should be assigned to multiple categories. The objects of the categorization system are typically, but need not be, documents. Categorization may be by subject-matter, language or other criteria. The invention causes extra information to be stored in a category index, so that the determination of mixed categories using the methods presented here is performed extremely efficiently.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 24, 1999
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: John Martin Prager