Patents by Inventor Martin T. Flack

Martin T. Flack has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10671691
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are systems, methods, and apparatus for improving the delivery of web content that has been authored for multiple devices. In certain embodiments, an intermediary device such as a proxy server determines the characteristics of a client device requesting multi-device content, obtains and examines the multi-device content, and in view of the particular requesting client device removes portions that are irrelevant for that device. Doing so can accelerate delivery of the content by reducing payload and relieving the client device of the processing burden associated with parsing the content to make that determination itself, among other things.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2020
    Assignee: Akamai Technologies Inc.
    Inventor: Martin T. Flack
  • Patent number: 10630797
    Abstract: Among other things, this document describes systems, devices, and methods for improving the delivery and performance of web pages authored to produce virtual reality (VR) or augmented reality (AR) experiences. In some embodiments, such web pages are analyzed. This analysis may be initiated at the request of a content server that receives a client request for the HTML. The analysis may involve, asynchronous to the client request, loading the page into a non-user-facing browser environment and allowing the VR or AR scene to execute, even including executing animation routines for a predetermined period of time. Certain characteristics of the scene and of objects are thereby captured. Based on this information, an object list ordered by loading priority is prepared. Consulting this information in response to subsequent requests for the page, a content server can implement server push, early hints and/or other delivery enhancements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2020
    Assignee: Akamai Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Utkarsh Goel, Martin T. Flack, Stephen L. Ludin
  • Patent number: 10581948
    Abstract: Among other things, this document describes systems, devices, and methods for using TLS session resumption tickets to store and manage information about objects that a server or a set of servers has previously delivered to a client and therefore that the client is likely to have in client-side cache. When communicated to a server later, this information can be used to drive server decisions about whether to push an object to a client, e.g., using an HTTP/2 server push function or the like, or whether to send an early hint to the client about an object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2020
    Assignee: Akamai Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Utkarsh Goel, Martin T. Flack, Stephen L. Ludin, Moritz M. Steiner
  • Patent number: 10547703
    Abstract: Described herein are systems, devices, and methods for content delivery on the Internet. In certain non-limiting embodiments, a caching model is provided that can support caching for indefinite time periods, potentially with infinite or relatively long time-to-live values, yet provide prompt updates when the underlying origin content changes. In one approach, an origin server can annotate its responses to content requests with tokens, e.g., placing them in an appended HTTP header or otherwise. The tokens can drive the process of caching, and can be used as handles for later invalidating the responses within caching proxy servers delivering the content. Tokens may be used to represent a variety of kinds of dependencies expressed in the response, including without limitation data, data ranges, or logic that was a basis for the construction of the response.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2020
    Assignee: Akamai Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Martin T. Flack, Moritz M. Steiner, Stephen L. Ludin, Jozef Hatala
  • Patent number: 10404820
    Abstract: Described herein are systems, devices, and methods for content delivery on the Internet. In certain non-limiting embodiments, a caching model is provided that can support caching for indefinite time periods, potentially with infinite or relatively long time-to-live values, yet provide prompt updates when the underlying origin content changes. Origin-generated tokens can drive the process of caching, and can be used as handles for later invalidating origin responses within caching proxy servers delivering the content. Tokens can also be used to control object caching behavior at a server, and in particular to control how an object is indexed in cache and who it may be served to. Tokens may indicate, for example, that responses to certain requested URL paths are public, or may be used to map user-id in a client request to a group for purposes of locating valid cache entries in response to subsequent client requests.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: Akamai Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Martin T. Flack, Stephen L. Ludin, Moritz M. Steiner
  • Patent number: 10387521
    Abstract: The process of rendering web pages can be significantly improved with a content delivery system that pre-renders web content for a client device. A web page “program” can be pre-executed and the result delivered to a requesting client device, rather than or before sending a traditional set of web page components, such as a markup language document, cascading style sheets, embedded objects. This pre-execution can relieve the client device of the burden of rendering the web page, saving resources and decreasing latency before the web page is ready, and can reduce the number of network requests that the client device must make before being able to display the page. Disclosed herein are methods, systems, and devices for creating and delivering pre-rendered web pages for accelerated browsing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2019
    Assignee: Akamai Technologies Inc.
    Inventors: Moritz M. Steiner, Martin T. Flack, Stephen L. Ludin, Ketan Bhardwaj
  • Publication number: 20190243924
    Abstract: Among other things, this document describes systems, devices, and methods for improving the delivery of resources embedded on a web page. In one embodiment, a content delivery network analyzes markup language documents that clients have requested to embedded resources, such as linked references to images, scripts, fonts, cascading style sheets, or other types of content. This analysis may be conducted on the content server and/or asynchronously, in a dedicated analytical environment, to produce delivery instructions. Where embedded resources have hostnames for which the content delivery network is authoritative, and where certain conditions are met, servers can be instructed to push additional certificates for such hostnames over the primary connection. When embedded resources have hostnames for which the platform is not authoritative, and where certain conditions are met, servers can be instructed to pre-fetch and push such resources with a signature from the authoritative origin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 7, 2018
    Publication date: August 8, 2019
    Applicant: Akamai Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Utkarsh Goel, Moritz Steiner, Michael A. Bishop, Martin T. Flack, Stephen L. Ludin
  • Publication number: 20190238648
    Abstract: Among other things, this document describes systems, devices, and methods for improving the delivery and performance of web pages authored to produce virtual reality (VR) or augmented reality (AR) experiences. In some embodiments, such web pages are analyzed. This analysis may be initiated at the request of a content server that receives a client request for the HTML. The analysis may involve, asynchronous to the client request, loading the the page into a non-user-facing browser environment and allowing the VR or AR scene to execute, even including executing animation routines for a predetermined period of time. Certain characteristics of the scene and of objects are thereby captured. Based on this information, an object list ordered by loading priority is prepared. Consulting this information in response to subsequent requests for the page, a content server can implement server push, early hints and/or other delivery enhancements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2018
    Publication date: August 1, 2019
    Applicant: Akamai Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Utkarsh Goel, Martin T. Flack, Stephen L. Ludin
  • Publication number: 20190182349
    Abstract: Among other things, this document describes systems, devices, and methods for using TLS session resumption tickets to store and manage information about objects that a server or a set of servers has previously delivered to a client and therefore that the client is likely to have in client-side cache. When communicated to a server later, this information can be used to drive server decisions about whether to push an object to a client, e.g., using an HTTP/2 server push function or the like, or whether to send an early hint to the client about an object.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 7, 2017
    Publication date: June 13, 2019
    Applicant: Akamai Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Utkarsh Goel, Martin T. Flack, Stephen L. Ludin, Moritz M. Steiner
  • Publication number: 20190138565
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are systems, methods, and apparatus for improving the delivery of web content that has been authored for multiple devices. In certain embodiments, an intermediary device such as a proxy server determines the characteristics of a client device requesting multi-device content, obtains and examines the multi-device content, and in view of the particular requesting client device removes portions that are irrelevant for that device. Doing so can accelerate delivery of the content by reducing payload and relieving the client device of the processing burden associated with parsing the content to make that determination itself, among other things.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 8, 2018
    Publication date: May 9, 2019
    Applicant: Akamai Technologies Inc.
    Inventor: Martin T. Flack
  • Publication number: 20190058775
    Abstract: Described herein are systems, devices, and methods for content delivery on the Internet. In certain non-limiting embodiments, a caching model is provided that can support caching for indefinite time periods, potentially with infinite or relatively long time-to-live values, yet provide prompt updates when the underlying origin content changes. In one approach, an origin server can annotate its responses to content requests with tokens, e.g., placing them in an appended HTTP header or otherwise. The tokens can drive the process of caching, and can be used as handles for later invalidating the responses within caching proxy servers delivering the content. Tokens may be used to represent a variety of kinds of dependencies expressed in the response, including without limitation data, data ranges, or logic that was a basis for the construction of the response.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 22, 2018
    Publication date: February 21, 2019
    Applicant: Akamai Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Martin T. Flack, Moritz M. Steiner, Stephen L. Ludin, Jozef Hatala
  • Patent number: 10198528
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are systems, methods, and apparatus for improving the delivery of web content that has been authored for multiple devices. In certain embodiments, an intermediary device such as a proxy server determines the characteristics of a client device requesting multi-device content, obtains and examines the multi-device content, and in view of the particular requesting client device removes portions that are irrelevant for that device. Doing so can accelerate delivery of the content by reducing payload and relieving the client device of the processing burden associated with parsing the content to make that determination itself, among other things.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: Akamai Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Martin T. Flack
  • Publication number: 20180262419
    Abstract: Cooperative Multipath (referred to herein as ‘CM’) significantly improves upon the current state of the art for multipath HTTP and MP-TCP. In CM, a client application will discover and/or connect to N endpoints, over N different paths. Preferably these different paths go through different networks. Hence, each path may provide a unique communication channel, potentially with unique characteristics. A typical (but not limiting) case would be N=2, with the client application connecting over, for example, cellular interface to a first endpoint, and over WiFi to a second endpoint. Wireline interfaces may also be used.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 6, 2018
    Publication date: September 13, 2018
    Applicant: Akamai Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen L. Ludin, Moritz M Steiner, Martin T. Flack
  • Patent number: 10063652
    Abstract: Described herein are systems, devices, and methods for content delivery on the Internet. In certain non-limiting embodiments, a caching model is provided that can support caching for indefinite time periods, potentially with infinite or relatively long time-to-live values, yet provide prompt updates when the underlying origin content changes. In one approach, an origin server can annotate its responses to content requests with tokens, e.g., placing them in an appended HTTP header or otherwise. The tokens can drive the process of caching, and can be used as handles for later invalidating the responses within caching proxy servers delivering the content. Tokens may be used to represent a variety of kinds of dependencies expressed in the response, including without limitation data, data ranges, or logic that was a basis for the construction of the response.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Assignee: Akamai Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Martin T. Flack, Moritz M. Steiner, Stephen L. Ludin, Jozef Hatala
  • Publication number: 20180152545
    Abstract: Described herein are—among other things—systems, methods, and apparatus for accelerating and increasing the reliability of content delivery by serving objects redundantly over multiple paths from multiple servers. In preferred embodiments, the decision to use such multipath delivery is made on the server side. A content server can modify or generate a given web page so as to invoke multipath, e.g., by injecting markup language directives and/or script instructions that will cause the client device to make multiple requests for a given object on the page. Preferably the multiple requests are made to separate content servers in separate points of presence. The teachings hereof may be advantageously implemented, without limitation, in intermediary servers such as caching proxy servers and/or in origin servers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 1, 2017
    Publication date: May 31, 2018
    Applicant: Akamai Technologies Inc.
    Inventors: Moritz M. Steiner, Martin T. Flack, Stephen L. Ludin, Mark C. Holland
  • Publication number: 20180089327
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are systems, methods, and apparatus for improving the delivery of web content that has been authored for multiple devices. In certain embodiments, an intermediary device such as a proxy server determines the characteristics of a client device requesting multi-device content, obtains and examines the multi-device content, and in view of the particular requesting client device removes portions that are irrelevant for that device. Doing so can accelerate delivery of the content by reducing payload and relieving the client device of the processing burden associated with parsing the content to make that determination itself, among other things.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 5, 2017
    Publication date: March 29, 2018
    Applicant: Akamai Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Martin T. Flack
  • Publication number: 20180041599
    Abstract: Described herein are systems, devices, and methods for content delivery on the Internet. In certain non-limiting embodiments, a caching model is provided that can support caching for indefinite time periods, potentially with infinite or relatively long time-to-live values, yet provide prompt updates when the underlying origin content changes. Origin-generated tokens can drive the process of caching, and can be used as handles for later invalidating origin responses within caching proxy servers delivering the content. Tokens can also be used to control object caching behavior at a server, and in particular to control how an object is indexed in cache and who it may be served to. Tokens may indicate, for example, that responses to certain requested URL paths are public, or may be used to map user-id in a client request to a group for purposes of locating valid cache entries in response to subsequent client requests.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2017
    Publication date: February 8, 2018
    Applicant: Akamai Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Martin T. Flack, Stephen L. Ludin, Moritz M. Steiner
  • Publication number: 20180027089
    Abstract: Described herein are systems, devices, and methods for content delivery on the Internet. In certain non-limiting embodiments, a caching model is provided that can support caching for indefinite time periods, potentially with infinite or relatively long time-to-live values, yet provide prompt updates when the underlying origin content changes. In one approach, an origin server can annotate its responses to content requests with tokens, e.g., placing them in an appended HTTP header or otherwise. The tokens can drive the process of caching, and can be used as handles for later invalidating the responses within caching proxy servers delivering the content. Tokens may be used to represent a variety of kinds of dependencies expressed in the response, including without limitation data, data ranges, or logic that was a basis for the construction of the response.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 29, 2017
    Publication date: January 25, 2018
    Applicant: Akamai Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Martin T. Flack, Moritz M. Steiner, Stephen L. Ludin, Jozef Hatala
  • Patent number: 9866655
    Abstract: Described herein are—among other things—systems, methods, and apparatus for accelerating and increasing the reliability of content delivery by serving objects redundantly over multiple paths from multiple servers. In preferred embodiments, the decision to use such multipath delivery is made on the server side. A content server can modify or generate a given web page so as to invoke multipath, e.g., by injecting markup language directives and/or script instructions that will cause the client device to make multiple requests for a given object on the page. Preferably the multiple requests are made to separate content servers in separate points of presence. The teachings hereof may be advantageously implemented, without limitation, in intermediary servers such as caching proxy servers and/or in origin servers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignee: AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventors: Moritz M. Steiner, Martin T. Flack, Stephen L. Ludin, Mark C. Holland
  • Patent number: 9817916
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are systems, methods, and apparatus for improving the delivery of web content that has been authored for multiple devices. In certain embodiments, an intermediary device such as a proxy server determines the characteristics of a client device requesting multi-device content, obtains and examines the multi-device content, and in view of the particular requesting client device removes portions that are irrelevant for that device. Doing so can accelerate delivery of the content by reducing payload and relieving the client device of the processing burden associated with parsing the content to make that determination itself, among other things.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES INC.
    Inventor: Martin T. Flack