Patents by Inventor Michael B. Wittenberg

Michael B. Wittenberg has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20220115770
    Abstract: A housing for an electronic device is disclosed. The housing comprises a first component and a second component separated from the first component by a gap. The housing also includes a first molded element disposed at least partially within the gap and defining at least a portion of an interlock feature, and a second molded element disposed at least partially within the gap and mechanically engaging the interlock feature. The first component, the second component, and the second molded element form a portion of an exterior surface of the housing. A method of forming the housing is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2021
    Publication date: April 14, 2022
    Inventors: Matthew D. Hill, Michael B. Wittenberg, Shane Bustle, Duy P. Le
  • Publication number: 20220113834
    Abstract: An electronic device may have light-emitting devices. A light-emitting device may include light-emitting diodes, a display, or other components that emit visual output. One or more image transport layers may be included in the electronic device. An image transport layer may have an input surface that receives an image and an output surface to which the image transport layer transports the image for viewing by a user. The image transport layers may have areas with compound curvature and other shapes. Deformed image transport layer structures such as deformed fibers in a coherent fiber bundle may be configured to hide gaps in displays and other structures. Displays may include light detectors that serve as a two-dimensional touch sensor. The touch sensor may detect touch input on an output surface of an image transport layer. Image transport layer material may be incorporated into buttons, elongated housings, wearable devices, and other equipment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2021
    Publication date: April 14, 2022
    Inventors: Michael B. Wittenberg, Daniel J. Barrett, Erik G. de Jong, Lucy E. Browning, Marwan Rammah, Rasamy Phouthavong, Sameer Pandya
  • Publication number: 20220100833
    Abstract: A portable electronic device may include a housing member defining a side surface of the portable electronic device, a portion of the housing member defining a side wall of a hole extending through the housing member, a button member positioned along the side surface and defining a chassis portion and a hollow post extending into the hole defined through the housing member, and a first waterproof seal defined between the hollow post and the side wall of the hole. The portable electronic device may also include a biometric sensing component coupled to the chassis portion, a flexible circuit element extending through the hollow post and conductively coupling the biometric sensing component to a component within the housing, and a second waterproof seal defined within the hollow post.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 9, 2021
    Publication date: March 31, 2022
    Inventors: Timothy D. Koch, Dylan L. Magida, Michael B. Wittenberg, Henry H. Yang, Alvin T. Chang, Steven C. Roach, Jared P. Ostdiek
  • Publication number: 20220091398
    Abstract: A camera may include an image sensor and an optics assembly that may include a light folding element and a lens group having one or more lenses. The light folding element may be placed optically between the image sensor and the lens group, and may redirect light passing through the lens group to the image sensor. The optics assembly may be stationarily attached to a stationary base of the camera, which may be further attached to a stationary housing of the camera. The image sensor may be moved, e.g., using an actuator, in multiple axes relative to the optics assembly to implement autofocus (AF) and/or optical image stabilization (OIS) functions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 21, 2021
    Publication date: March 24, 2022
    Applicant: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Nicholas D. Smyth, Scott W. Miller, Douglas S. Brodie, Michael B. Wittenberg, James A. Bertin, David A. Pakula, Yoshikazu Shinohara
  • Patent number: 11275920
    Abstract: An elongated biometric device provides a slim solution for capturing biometric data, and may be placed on a portion of an electronic device having limited space, such as a side of the electronic device. The elongated biometric device may include a force sensor, which may be positioned within a housing of the electronic device and actuated through posts extending from the elongated biometric device through the housing to transfer an applied force to the force sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2022
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel B. Sargent, Dale Setlak, Giovanni Gozzini, John Raff, Michael B Wittenberg, Richard H. Koch, Ron A. Hopkinson
  • Patent number: 11231814
    Abstract: An electronic device may have light-emitting devices. A light-emitting device may include light-emitting diodes, a display, or other components that emit visual output. One or more image transport layers may be included in the electronic device. An image transport layer may have an input surface that receives an image and an output surface to which the image transport layer transports the image for viewing by a user. The image transport layers may have areas with compound curvature and other shapes. Deformed image transport layer structures such as deformed fibers in a coherent fiber bundle may be configured to hide gaps in displays and other structures. Displays may include light detectors that serve as a two-dimensional touch sensor. The touch sensor may detect touch input on an output surface of an image transport layer. Image transport layer material may be incorporated into buttons, elongated housings, wearable devices, and other equipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2020
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2022
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Michael B. Wittenberg, Daniel J. Barrett, Erik G. de Jong, Lucy E. Browning, Marwan Rammah, Rasamy Phouthavong, Sameer Pandya
  • Publication number: 20220012451
    Abstract: An elongated biometric device provides a slim solution for capturing biometric data, and may be placed on a portion of an electronic device having limited space, such as a side of the electronic device. The elongated biometric device may include a force sensor, which may be positioned within a housing of the electronic device and actuated through posts extending from the elongated biometric device through the housing to transfer an applied force to the force sensor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2021
    Publication date: January 13, 2022
    Inventors: Daniel B. Sargent, Dale Setlak, Giovanni Gozzini, John Raff, Michael B. Wittenberg, Richard H. Koch, Ron A. Hopkinson
  • Patent number: 11223105
    Abstract: A housing for an electronic device is disclosed. The housing comprises a first component and a second component separated from the first component by a gap. The housing also includes a first molded element disposed at least partially within the gap and defining at least a portion of an interlock feature, and a second molded element disposed at least partially within the gap and mechanically engaging the interlock feature. The first component, the second component, and the second molded element form a portion of an exterior surface of the housing. A method of forming the housing is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2020
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2022
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Matthew D. Hill, Michael B. Wittenberg, Shane Bustle, Duy P. Le
  • Publication number: 20210325834
    Abstract: A modular sensing assembly may be used to detect user inputs at an electronic device. Example user inputs include touch inputs, fingerprint inputs, translational inputs, audio inputs, biometric inputs, and the like. Inputs received using the modular sensing assembly may be used to control a graphical output of a display of the electronic device. A modular sensing assembly may be configured, for example, as a power button, a key of a keyboard, a control button (e.g., volume control), a home button, a watch crown, and so on.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 15, 2020
    Publication date: October 21, 2021
    Inventors: Daniel J. Hiemstra, Erik G. de Jong, Kevin F. Holz, Michael B. Wittenberg, Timothy D. Koch
  • Publication number: 20210315113
    Abstract: An electronic device may have a housing with portions that slide relative to each other. A display may be supported on a surface of the housing such as on a front face of the housing. The housing portions may slide between an unexpanded state in which the display has an unexpanded viewable area on the front face and an expanded state in which the display has an expanded viewable area on the front face that is greater than the unexpanded viewable area. The housing portions may have interior regions that contain electrical components. The display may be formed from a flexible display substrate. A portion of a flexible display may be stored in an interior region of the housing when the housing is in the unexpanded state. In the unexpanded state, the flexible display may have one or more bends and may double back on itself one or more times.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 16, 2021
    Publication date: October 7, 2021
    Inventors: Michael B. Wittenberg, Owen D. Hale, Tatsuya Sano
  • Patent number: 11071218
    Abstract: An electronic device may have a housing with portions that slide relative to each other. A display may be supported on a surface of the housing such as on a front face of the housing. The housing portions may slide between an unexpanded state in which the display has an unexpanded viewable area on the front face and an expanded state in which the display has an expanded viewable area on the front face that is greater than the unexpanded viewable area. The housing portions may have interior regions that contain electrical components. The display may be formed from a flexible display substrate. A portion of a flexible display may be stored in an interior region of the housing when the housing is in the unexpanded state. In the unexpanded state, the flexible display may have one or more bends and may double back on itself one or more times.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2020
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2021
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Michael B. Wittenberg, Owen D. Hale, Tatsuya Sano
  • Publication number: 20210204876
    Abstract: An electronic device, such as a watch, has a housing to which a carrier is attached. The carrier has a first surface interior to the electronic device, and a second surface exterior to the electronic device. A set of electrodes is deposited on the exterior surface of the carrier. An additional electrode is operable to be contacted by a finger of a user of the electronic device while the first electrode is positioned against skin of the user. The additional electrode may be positioned on a user-rotatable crown of the electronic device, on a button of the electronic device, or on another surface of the housing of the electronic device. A processor of the electronic device is operable to determine a biological parameter of the user based on voltages at the electrodes. The biological parameter may be an electrocardiogram.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2021
    Publication date: July 8, 2021
    Inventors: Sameer Pandya, Adam T. Clavelle, Erik G. de Jong, Michael B. Wittenberg, Tobias J. Harrison-Noonan, Martin Melcher, Zhipeng Zhang, Steven C. Roach, Steven P. Cardinali
  • Publication number: 20210204434
    Abstract: An element for an electronic device can include a metal exterior portion including a first material, an interior portion including a second, independently selected material, and an engagement feature formed on a surface defined by the exterior and interior portions. The engagement feature can mechanically engage a material molded to the surface. A method for forming an element for an electronic device can include joining a boss to a member, forming a feature in the member while orienting the member via the boss, and at least partially removing the boss to form the element. An electronic device can include a frame defining an interior volume of the device, a display component, a transparent cover positioned adjacent to the display component, and an encapsulating material at least partially surrounding the display component and joining the display component to the frame.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2021
    Publication date: July 1, 2021
    Inventors: Lee E. Hooton, Michael B. Wittenberg, Andrew J. Meschke, Alexander W. Williams
  • Patent number: 11011943
    Abstract: Embodiments disclosed herein describe a wireless power receiving system for an electronic device includes: a first inductor coil configured to receive power primarily at a first frequency and from magnetic fields propagating in a first direction; and a second inductor coil configured to receive power primarily at a second frequency and from magnetic fields propagating in a second direction, wherein the first frequency is different than the second frequency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2021
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Michael B. Wittenberg, Makiko K. Brzezinski, Stefan A. Kowalski, Christopher S. Graham, Morgan T. McClure, Erik G. de Jong, Trevor J. Ness, Peter J. Kardassakis, Jayesh Nath, Adam T. Clavelle, Rex Tyler Ehman
  • Patent number: 11002971
    Abstract: An optical system may include a head-mounted support structure configured to receive a removable portable electronic device with a display to form a head-mounted device. A head-mounted device may also be formed by incorporating a non-removable display into a head-mounted support structure. An optical combiner may be coupled to the head-mounted support structure. During operation of the head-mounted device, real-world image light passes through the optical combiner to eye boxes in which the eyes of a user are located. Display image light from the display reflects from a curved partially reflective surface of the optical combiner towards the eye boxes. To make optical adjustments such as virtual image distance adjustments, one or more actuators may be used to mechanically adjust the optical combiner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Michael B. Wittenberg
  • Patent number: 10987054
    Abstract: An electronic device, such as a watch, has a housing to which a carrier is attached. The carrier has a first surface interior to the electronic device, and a second surface exterior to the electronic device. A set of electrodes is deposited on the exterior surface of the carrier. An additional electrode is operable to be contacted by a finger of a user of the electronic device while the first electrode is positioned against skin of the user. The additional electrode may be positioned on a user-rotatable crown of the electronic device, on a button of the electronic device, or on another surface of the housing of the electronic device. A processor of the electronic device is operable to determine a biological parameter of the user based on voltages at the electrodes. The biological parameter may be an electrocardiogram.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Sameer Pandya, Adam T. Clavelle, Erik G. de Jong, Michael B. Wittenberg, Tobias J. Harrison-Noonan, Martin Melcher, Zhipeng Zhang, Steven C. Roach, Steven P. Cardinali
  • Patent number: 10980140
    Abstract: An element for an electronic device can include a metal exterior portion including a first material, an interior portion including a second, independently selected material, and an engagement feature formed on a surface defined by the exterior and interior portions. The engagement feature can mechanically engage a material molded to the surface. A method for forming an element for an electronic device can include joining a boss to a member, forming a feature in the member while orienting the member via the boss, and at least partially removing the boss to form the element. An electronic device can include a frame defining an interior volume of the device, a display component, a transparent cover positioned adjacent to the display component, and an encapsulating material at least partially surrounding the display component and joining the display component to the frame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2021
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Lee E. Hooton, Michael B. Wittenberg, Andrew J. Meschke, Alexander W. Williams
  • Patent number: 10957501
    Abstract: An electronic device includes an enclosure and a keyboard positioned within the enclosure. The keyboard includes a substrate and a key mechanism. The key mechanism includes a keycap support mechanism, a keycap supported by the keycap support mechanism and movable relative to the substrate, a ferromagnetic component attached to the keycap support mechanism, and a selectively magnetizable magnet. The selectively magnetizable magnet system may include a magnetizable material and a coil configured to selectively magnetize and demagnetize the magnetizable material. The key mechanism may include a collapsible dome biasing the keycap toward the extended position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Riley E. Brandt, Richard H. Koch, Zhipeng Zhang, John C. DiFonzo, Michael B. Wittenberg
  • Patent number: 10955880
    Abstract: An electronic device has a foldable display. First and second portions of an electronic device housing for the device may be joined using a hinge. A flexible display may overlap the first housing portion and the second housing portion and may bend along a bend axis as the first and second housing portions are rotated relative to each other using the hinge. The hinge may include toothed members such as gears and a rack member. The rack member may have a surface with curved portions. The gears may include rotating gears that walk along the curved portions of the rack member as the electronic device is folded and unfolded. The hinge may include gears that are fixedly attached to the first and second housing portions and that engage the rotating gears. Linkage members may hold together gears and the rack member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Kai Wang, Zhiyong Cedric Xia, Michael B. Wittenberg
  • Publication number: 20200409428
    Abstract: An electronic device has a foldable display. First and second portions of an electronic device housing for the device may be joined using a hinge. A flexible display may overlap the first housing portion and the second housing portion and may bend along a bend axis as the first and second housing portions are rotated relative to each other using the hinge. The hinge may include toothed members such as gears and a rack member. The rack member may have a surface with curved portions. The gears may include rotating gears that walk along the curved portions of the rack member as the electronic device is folded and unfolded. The hinge may include gears that are fixedly attached to the first and second housing portions and that engage the rotating gears. Linkage members may hold together gears and the rack member.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 15, 2020
    Publication date: December 31, 2020
    Inventors: Kai Wang, Zhiyong Cedric Xia, Michael B. Wittenberg