Patents by Inventor Michael Cyrus

Michael Cyrus has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10347473
    Abstract: A method for forming a high purity, copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS) bulk material is disclosed. The method includes sealing precursor materials for forming the bulk material in a reaction vessel. The precursor materials include copper, at least one chalcogen selected from selenium, sulfur, and tellurium, and at least one element from group IIIA of the periodic table, which may be selected from gallium, indium, and aluminum. The sealed reaction vessel is heated to a temperature at which the precursor materials react to form the bulk material. The bulk material is cooled in the vessel to a temperature below the solidification temperature of the bulk material and opened to release the formed bulk material. A sputtering target formed by the method can have an oxygen content of 10 ppm by weight, or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignees: The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of the Navy, Sunlight Photonics Inc.
    Inventors: Vinh Q Nguyen, Jesse A. Frantz, Jasbinder S. Sanghera, Ishwar D. Aggarwal, Allan J. Bruce, Michael Cyrus, Sergey V. Frolov
  • Patent number: 10301037
    Abstract: Embodiments of methods and apparatus for close formation flight are provided herein. In some embodiments, a method for establishing situational awareness during formation flight includes exchanging transponder signals between at least two aircraft, establishing two-way communication links between the at least two aircraft, exchanging telemetry data between the at least two aircraft, and assigning the roles of a leader and a follower to the aircraft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignee: SUNLIGHT PHOTONICS INC.
    Inventors: Sergey V. Frolov, Michael Cyrus, Allan J. Bruce, John P. Moussouris
  • Publication number: 20190115974
    Abstract: A method, apparatus and system for extended wireless communication include an airborne platform including at least one antenna to pick up and radiate wireless signals, a platform controller to control the altitude and attitude of the airborne platform, and a communication payload. In an embodiment, the communication payload includes at least two transponders to establish wireless links and a controller having a processor and a memory coupled to the processor. In some embodiments, the memory has stored therein instructions executable by the processor to cause the airborne communication system to elevate the airborne platform to an altitude at which wireless connectivity is able to be established with a first wireless network, establish a first wireless link to the first wireless network, establish a second wireless link, and relay data between the first wireless link and the second wireless link.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2017
    Publication date: April 18, 2019
    Inventors: Sergey V. FROLOV, Michael CYRUS
  • Patent number: 10211353
    Abstract: A photovoltaic device includes a plurality of photovoltaic cells disposed in an array in which each cell is adjacent to another cell. Each of the cells includes first and second photovoltaic modules. The first photovoltaic module of each cell is configured to convert a first part of light energy incident thereon into electrical energy and to reflect to the second photovoltaic module of an adjacent cell at least some of a remaining portion of light energy incident thereon. The second photovoltaic module of each cell is configured to convert into electrical energy the remaining portion of the light energy received from the first photovoltaic module of an adjacent cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2019
    Assignee: SUNLIGHT PHOTONICS INC.
    Inventors: Sergey Frolov, Michael Cyrus, Allan James Bruce
  • Publication number: 20180354617
    Abstract: An aircraft for vertical take-off and landing includes an aircraft frame having an open frame portion, at least one vertical thruster, a pod, separable from the aircraft and including a cabin to contain at least one of cargo and passengers, where the pod, when mounted to the aircraft, defines at least a portion of the aircraft frame, and a mounting system including at least one attachment member configured to attach the pod to the open frame portion. Such aircraft is capable of flight with and without the pod.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 2, 2018
    Publication date: December 13, 2018
    Inventors: SERGEY V. FROLOV, MICHAEL CYRUS, JOHN PETER MOUSSOURIS
  • Publication number: 20180346118
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus to harvest renewable energy are provided herein. In some embodiments, a wind-powered aircraft includes an airframe suitable for untethered flight in an open airspace; and an airborne kinetic energy conversion system attached to the airframe, the airborne kinetic energy conversion system comprising a turbine, a generator connected to the turbine, and an energy storage means connected to the generator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2018
    Publication date: December 6, 2018
    Inventors: SERGEY V. FROLOV, MICHAEL CYRUS, ALLAN J. BRUCE
  • Patent number: 10144523
    Abstract: An ice resistant structure is provided which includes a self-supporting, structural platform, a retaining, protective layer and a subsurface anti-icing (AI) and/or de-icing (DI) layer. The retaining, protective layer is disposed over the self-supporting, structural platform. The subsurface anti-icing (AI) and/or de-icing (DI) layer is located between the self-supporting, structural platform and the retaining, protective layer. The subsurface Al and/or DI layer is a functional layer such that an Al and/or DI agent is released to a surface of the retaining protective layer by an activation mechanism responsive to a change in an environmental condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: Sunlight Products Inc.
    Inventors: Allan James Bruce, Michael Cyrus, Sergey Frolov
  • Publication number: 20180317289
    Abstract: A laminate film includes a plurality of planar photovoltaic semi-transparent modules disposed one on top of another and laminated to each other. Each of the modules includes a substrate, first and second conductive layers and at least first and second semiconductor layers disposed between the conductive layers. The first and second semiconductor layers define a junction at an interface therebetween. At least one of the junctions is configured to convert a first spectral portion of optical energy into an electrical voltage and transmit a second spectral portion of optical energy to another of the junctions that is configured to convert at least a portion of the second spectral portion of optical energy into an electrical voltage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 29, 2018
    Publication date: November 1, 2018
    Inventors: Sergey Frolov, Michael Cyrus
  • Publication number: 20180309001
    Abstract: A degradation-resistant photovoltaic device is provided. The device includes an active area and at least one photovoltaic cell located in the active area. The photovoltaic cell has an elongated shape with a characteristic width and a characteristic length. The characteristic length is greater than the characteristic width and an average distance from the photovoltaic cell to any edge of the active area is greater than the characteristic width.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 22, 2018
    Publication date: October 25, 2018
    Inventors: Sergey Frolov, Allan James Bruce, Michael Cyrus
  • Publication number: 20180281984
    Abstract: Embodiments of methods and apparatus for close formation flight are provided herein. In some embodiments, a method of sensing three dimensional (3D) airflow by an aircraft includes: collecting measurements characterizing airflow near the aircraft; analyzing the collected measurements; creating, by a processor, a computer model predicting one or more 3D airflow patterns parameter values based on the analyzing; obtaining one or more additional measurements characterizing airflow near an aircraft of the plurality of aircraft, and evaluating an error between an airflow parameter value predicted by the computer model and the one or more additional measurement.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 13, 2018
    Publication date: October 4, 2018
    Inventors: SERGEY V. FROLOV, MICHAEL CYRUS, ALLAN J. BRUCE, JOHN P. MOUSSOURIS
  • Patent number: 10040553
    Abstract: An aircraft assembly includes at least one first wing portion providing a lift force during a horizontal flight, at least one wing opening disposed on a vertical axis of the at least one first wing portion, at least one vertical thruster positioned inside the at least one wing opening to provide vertical thrust during a vertical flight, and a mounting system including an open frame portion in a frame of the aircraft and at least one attachment member disposed in the open frame portion to attach at least one pod to the open frame portion in the aircraft frame. The aircraft assembly can further include at least one pod including a mounting frame to attach to the mounting system and a cabin to contain at least one of cargo and passengers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Assignee: SUNLIGHT PHOTONICS INC.
    Inventors: Sergey V. Frolov, Michael Cyrus, John Peter Moussouris
  • Patent number: 10040561
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus to harvest renewable energy are provided herein. In some embodiments, a wind-powered aircraft includes an airframe suitable for untethered flight in an open airspace; and an airborne kinetic energy conversion system attached to the airframe, the airborne kinetic energy conversion system comprising a turbine, a generator connected to the turbine, and an electrical storage means connected to the generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Assignee: SUNLIGHT PHOTONICS INC.
    Inventors: Sergey V. Frolov, Michael Cyrus, Allan J. Bruce
  • Patent number: 10017271
    Abstract: Embodiments of methods and apparatus for close formation flight are provided herein. In some embodiments, a method of sensing three dimensional (3D) airflow by an aircraft includes: collecting measurements characterizing airflow near the aircraft; analyzing the collected measurements; creating, by a processor, a computer model predicting one or more 3D airflow patterns parameter values based on the analyzing; obtaining one or more additional measurements characterizing airflow near an aircraft of the plurality of aircraft, and evaluating an error between an airflow parameter value predicted by the computer model and the one or more additional measurement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Assignee: SUNLIGHT PHOTONICS INC.
    Inventors: Sergey V. Frolov, Michael Cyrus, Allan J. Bruce, John P. Moussouris
  • Patent number: 9994951
    Abstract: A method of: providing one or more spent sputtering targets comprising a photovoltaic compound and grinding the photovoltaic compound in an inert environment to form a powder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2018
    Assignee: The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Robel Y. Bekele, Jason D. Myers, Jesse A. Frantz, Vinh Q. Nguyen, Jasbinder S. Sanghera, Allan J. Bruce, Michael Cyrus, Sergey V. Frolov
  • Publication number: 20180155210
    Abstract: A hydro-thermal exchange unit (HTEU) for desalinating feed water in accordance with a humidification-dehumidification includes feed water, fresh water and gas conduit circuits for transporting feed water, fresh water, and gas, respectively. The unit also includes an evaporator through which a portion of the feed water conduit and the gas conduit pass. The evaporator causes evaporation of a portion of the feed water to produce vapor that is transported through the gas conduit. The unit also includes a condenser through which a portion of the gas conduit and the fresh water conduit pass. The condenser has input and output ports for coupling the gas and fresh water conduit circuits. The condenser extracts moisture from the vapor transported therethrough by the gas conduit. The extracted moisture is discharged through the fresh water conduit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2017
    Publication date: June 7, 2018
    Inventors: Sergey Frolov, Michael Cyrus, Allan James Bruce
  • Patent number: 9985718
    Abstract: Embodiments of methods for providing distributed airborne wireless communications are provided herein. In some embodiments, a method of providing wireless communication services includes: receiving a radio frequency (RF) signal from a first area by a distributed airborne communication payload, wherein the distributed airborne communication payload is comprised of sections located on respective ones of a plurality of airborne platforms; relaying the RF signal along the sections located on different airborne platforms; and transmitting the RF signal to a second area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2018
    Assignee: SUNLIGHT PHOTONICS INC.
    Inventors: Sergey V. Frolov, Michael Cyrus, Allan J. Bruce, John Peter Moussouris
  • Publication number: 20180123678
    Abstract: Embodiments of methods for providing distributed airborne wireless communications are provided herein. In some embodiments, a method of providing wireless communication services includes: receiving a radio frequency (RF) signal from a first area by a distributed airborne communication payload, wherein the distributed airborne communication payload is comprised of sections located on respective ones of a plurality of airborne platforms; relaying the RF signal along the sections located on different airborne platforms; and transmitting the RF signal to a second area.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2017
    Publication date: May 3, 2018
    Inventors: SERGEY V. FROLOV, MICHAEL CYRUS, ALLAN J. BRUCE, JOHN PETER MOUSSOURIS
  • Patent number: 9881774
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for forming a thin film of a copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS)-type material are disclosed. The method includes providing first and second targets in a common sputtering chamber. The first target includes a source of CIGS material, such as an approximately stoichiometric polycrystalline CIGS material, and the second target includes a chalcogen, such as selenium, sulfur, tellurium, or a combination of these elements. The second target provides an excess of chalcogen in the chamber. This can compensate, at least in part, for the loss of chalcogen from the CIGS-source in the first target, resulting in a thin film with a controlled stoichiometry which provides effective light absorption when used in a solar cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2018
    Assignees: The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of the Navy, Sunlight Photonics Inc.
    Inventors: Jesse A. Frantz, Jasbinder S. Sanghera, Robel Y. Bekele, Vinh Q. Nguyen, Ishwar D. Aggarwal, Allan J. Bruce, Michael Cyrus, Sergey V. Frolov
  • Publication number: 20180019483
    Abstract: A flow battery having stable electrochemical performance is provided. The flow battery includes a separator disposed between a positive electrode and a negative electrode, a first flow plate to distribute a positive electrolyte to the positive electrode, and a second flow plate to distribute a negative electrolyte to the negative electrode. A material of at least one of the positive and negative electrodes is treated such that a surface area of the material when treated is greater than a surface area of the material when untreated. When the positive and negative electrolytes include vanadium ions, a concentration of vanadium in the positive electrolyte is different from a concentration of vanadium in the negative electrolyte to mitigate crossover-induced capacity fade.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 13, 2016
    Publication date: January 18, 2018
    Inventors: Alan M. Pezeshki, Matthew M. Mench, Craig Bridges, Michael Cyrus Daugherty
  • Patent number: 9870005
    Abstract: Embodiments of methods and apparatus for close formation flight are provided herein. In some embodiments, an apparatus for close formation flight, comprises a plurality of sensors for collecting measurements characterizing airflow near an aircraft. The plurality of sensors are attachable to at least one of a wing, fuselage, or tail of the aircraft, and the measurements provide information about airflow velocity in a direction transverse to a direction of the aircraft flight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2018
    Assignee: SUNLIGHT PHOTONICS INC.
    Inventors: Sergey V. Frolov, Michael Cyrus, Allan J. Bruce, John P. Moussouris