Patents by Inventor Michael D. Shannon

Michael D. Shannon has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20190391304
    Abstract: The present disclosure includes in one instance an optical article comprising a data rich plurality of retroreflective meats that are configured in a spatially defined arrangement, where the plurality of retroreflective elements comprise retroreflective elements having at least two different retroreflective properties, and where data rich means information that is readily machine interpretable. The present disclosure also includes a system comprising the previously mentioned optical article, an optical system, and an inference engine for interpreting and classifying the plurality of retroreflective elements wherein the optical system feeds data to the inference engine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2017
    Publication date: December 26, 2019
    Inventors: Michael A. McCoy, Glenn E. Casner, Anne C. Gold, Silvia Geciova-Borovova Guttmann, Charles A. Shaklee, Robert W. Shannon, Gautam Singh, Guruprasad Somasundaram, Andrew H. Tilstra, John A. Wheatley, Caroline M. Ylitalo, Arash Sangari, Alexandra R. Cunliffe, Jonathan D. Gandrud, Kui Chen-Ho, Travis L. Potts, Maja Giese, Andreas M. Geldmacher, Katja Hansen, Markus G.W. Lierse, Neeraj Sharma
  • Publication number: 20190262201
    Abstract: A patient support apparatus may include a support surface configured to conduct air along a top face of the support surface so that heat and moisture from a patient lying on the support surface are drawn away from the top face of the support surface. An opening may be formed in a side of the support surface. A cavity may extend from the opening into the support surface. An inlet port may be positioned within the cavity and fluidly coupled to the top face. A blower assembly may be configured to position within the cavity. The blower assembly may have an outlet port that couples to the inlet port when the blower assembly is positioned within the cavity. The blower assembly may conduct air through the inlet port to the top face of the support surface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2019
    Publication date: August 29, 2019
    Inventors: Darrell L. Borgman, Douglas E. Borgman, Arpit Shah, Wui Hsien Wong, Keith Moores, Jason M. Gilreath, Michael R. Montini, Charles A. Lachenbruch, Eric R. Meyer, Frank E. Sauser, Catherine M. Wagner, Rachel L. Williamson, Brandon P. Fisk, Jason B. Grace, Brian Guthrie, Nicole Johannigman, Gregory J. Shannon, David C. Newkirk, Michael Churilla, Jnanesha Ramegowda, Taylor Franklin, Kathryn R. Smith, John G. Byers, Frederick K. Schultz, Andrew R. Wager, Sridhar Karimpuzha Seshadri, Gary R. Gibbons, Scott M. Corbin, John Goewert, Thomas L. Simpson, Faron L. Blessing, James D. Voll, Kin Meng Choi, Stephen S. Amrhein, Herve Gautier, Jean-Francois Lellig, Philippe Kaikenger, Matthieu Guetta
  • Patent number: 5598868
    Abstract: A smokable filler material includes an aerosol forming material (e.g., glycerin) and as binding agent. Tobacco extracts and/or pieces of tobacco laminae can be incorporated into the smokable filler material, and/or the smokable filler material can be blended with tobacco cut filler. The amount of aerosol forming material within the smokable filler material typically is at least about 20 percent, based on the weight of that smokable filler material. Cigarettes are provided by wrapping the smokable filler material in a paper wrapping material. A typical paper wrapping material has a porosity of less than about 5 CORESTA units.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 4, 1997
    Assignee: R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
    Inventors: Stephen W. Jakob, Michael D. Shannon, Olivia D. Furin, Paul F. Bernasek, Richard L. Blakley, Johnny L. Brooks, Karen M. Womble, Gary R. Shelar, James L. Resce
  • Patent number: 5588796
    Abstract: A media cartridge handling apparatus and method are disclosed which includes a frictional cartridge gripping feature and an optional cartridge flipping feature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 31, 1996
    Assignee: ATG Cygnet Inc.
    Inventors: Gary C. Ricco, Michael D. Shannon, Tyler R. Wilkins
  • Patent number: 5330495
    Abstract: A disposable gingival grafting knife is described which comprises a narrow blade sharpened on one side, formed to define a preselected cross-sectional shape of the graft and embedded into the end of a sterilizable handle to define preselected width and thickness for the graft, and a tissue graft receptacle removably attachable to the back of the knife near the blade for catching the harvested graft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 19, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
    Inventors: Daniel R. Dettwiler, Michael D. Shannon
  • Patent number: 5285798
    Abstract: A smoking article with an electrochemical heat source is disclosed. The non-combustion heat source includes at least two metallic agents capable of interacting electrochemically with one another, such as magnesium and iron or nickel. The metallic agents may be provided in a variety of forms, including a frozen melt, a bimetallic foil, wire of a first metal wrapped around strands of a different metal, and a mechanical alloy. The metallic agents may be in the form of a powder filling a straw, or small particles extruded with a binder or pressed to form a rod. Preferably, the heat source is self-extinguishing if ignited. The powder filled straw or rod may be placed in a heat chamber surrounded by tobacco. An electrolyte solution contacts the metallic agents in the heat chamber to initiate the electrochemical interaction, generating heat which in turn volatilizes the nicotine and flavor materials in the tobacco.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 1991
    Date of Patent: February 15, 1994
    Assignee: R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
    Inventors: Chandra K. Banerjee, Joseph J. Chiou, Ernest G. Farrier, Thomas L. Gentry, Richard L. Lehman, Henry T. Ridings, Andrew J. Sensabaugh, Jr., Michael D. Shannon
  • Patent number: 5211684
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to cigarettes and other smoking articles which contain a catalytic composition, preferably as part of the fuel element, that substantially decreases the amount of carbon monoxide contained in the mainstream smoke during smoking. The present invention also relates to the catalyst-containing carbonaceous fuels themselves, as well as to methods of making such carbonaceous fuels. Fuel elements which contain a catalytic composition in accordance with the presentation are especially useful in smoking articles having an aerosol generating means which is physically separate from the fuel element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 1989
    Date of Patent: May 18, 1993
    Assignee: R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
    Inventors: Michael D. Shannon, Richard L. Lehman, James L. Resce, Olivia P. Furin, Joseph T. Meers, Dennis M. Riggs, Ernest G. Farrier
  • Patent number: 5119834
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a smoking article which produces an aerosol that resembles tobacco smoke but which preferably contains no more than a minimal amount of incomplete combustion or pyrolysis products. The preferred smoking article of the present invention provides an aerosol "smoke" which is chemically simple, consisting essentially of air, oxides of carbon, water, and the aerosol which carries any desired flavor or other desired volatile materials as well as trace amounts of other materials. In addition to a mouthend piece, an especially preferred embodiment of the present smoking article comprises a short combustible carbonaceous fuel element which is less than about 30 mm in length prior to smoking. The fuel element is disposed longitudinally relative to a physically separate aerosol generating means which comprises a porous nonparticulate substrate. The substrate includes one or more aerosol forming substances.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 1985
    Date of Patent: June 9, 1992
    Assignee: R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
    Inventors: Michael D. Shannon, Andrew J. Sensabaugh, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5105831
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a smoking article which is capable of producing substantial quantities of aerosol, both initially and over the useful life of the product, without significant thermal degradation of the aerosol former and without the presence of substantial pyrolysis or incomplete combustion products.Preferred embodiments of the present smoking article comprises a short combustible carbonaceous fuel element, a short heat stable, preferably carbonaceous substrate bearing an aerosol forming substance and disposed longitudinally behind the fuel element, an efficient insulating means, and a relatively long mouthend piece. Preferably, the fuel element is provided with a plurality of longitudinally extending passageways which act to control the heat transferred from the burning fuel element to the aerosol generating means, thus preventing the thermal degradation of the aerosol former.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 21, 1992
    Assignee: R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
    Inventors: Chandra K. Banerjee, Henry T. Ridings, Andrew J. Sensabaugh, Jr., Michael D. Shannon
  • Patent number: 5101839
    Abstract: A smokable filler material includes an aerosol forming material (e.g., propylene glycol and glycerin) and a binding agent (e.g., ammonium alginate). Tobacco extracts and/or pieces of tobacco laminae can be incorporated into the smokable filler material, and/or the smokable filler material can be blended with tobacco cut filler. The amount of aerosol forming material within the smokable filler material typically is at least about 20 percent, based on the weight of that smokable filler material. Cigarettes are provided by wrapping the smokable filler material in a paper wrapping material. A typical paper wrapping material has a porosity of less than about 5 CORESTA units. Cigarettes cn include two layers of circumscribing paper wrapping materials. Cigarettes also can include filter elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 7, 1992
    Assignee: R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
    Inventors: Stephen W. Jakob, Michael D. Shannon, Olivia D. Furin, Paul F. Bernasek, Richard L. Blakley, Johnny L. Brooks, Karen M. Womble, Gary R. Shelar, James L. Resce
  • Patent number: 5074321
    Abstract: Cigarettes include tobacco-containing smokable material wrapped in a low porosity paper wrapper. The smokable material includes an intimate mixture of tobacco extract, pyrolyzed alpha-cellulose, agglomerated calcium carbonate particles, glycerin and carboxymethylcellulose. Such cigarettes yield low levels of incomplete combustion products and generate low levels of visible sidestream smoke.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 1989
    Date of Patent: December 24, 1991
    Assignee: R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
    Inventors: Jeffery S. Gentry, Gary R. Shelar, Michael D. Shannon, Richard L. Lehman, James L. Resce, Rhonda F. Hayden, Olivia D. Furin, Alan B. Norman, Thomas A. Perfetti
  • Patent number: 5067499
    Abstract: The present invention relates to fuel elements useful in smoking articles which produce an aerosol that resembles tobacco smoke, but contains no more than a minimal amount of incomplete combustion or pyrolysis products.Preferred embodiments of the present invention comprise a short combustible carbonaceous fuel elements, usually less than about 20 mm in length, preferably from about 5 to 15 mm in length, and most preferably about 10 mm in length. The diameter of the fuel elements of the present invention generally is less than about 8 mm, preferably from about 3 to 7 mm, and most preferably from about 4 to 6 mm.Smoking articles utilizing the fuel elements of the present invention are capable of providing an aerosol "smoke" which is chemically simple, consisting essentially of air, oxides of carbon, water, and the aerosol which carries any desired flavorants or other desired volatile materials, and trace amounts of other materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 1987
    Date of Patent: November 26, 1991
    Assignee: R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
    Inventors: Chandra K. Banerjee, Ernest G. Farrier, James L. Harris, Alan B. Norman, James L. Resce, John H. Reynolds, IV, Henry T. Ridings, Andrew J. Sensabaugh, Jr., Michael D. Shannon, Gary R. Shelar
  • Patent number: 5052413
    Abstract: A method for making a smoking article is described wherein an aerosol generating cartridge is inserted into a sleeve, preferably having a tobacco insulating material.Also described are articles of manufacture having an elongate jacket module with a rod segment and an annular segment. The rod segment has a length of rod of fibrous material. Disposed logitudinally on either side of the rod segment is an annular segment of insulating material.Additionally, articles of manufacture useful for making smoking articles are described having an elongate structure with two or more repeating sections wherein each section preferably has a tobacco-containing spacer segment and mouthend segment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 1987
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1991
    Assignee: R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
    Inventors: Max N. Baker, Vernon B. Barnes, Douglas C. Clark, Jack F. Clearman, Gerhard Hensgen, Michael D. Shannon, Gary R. Shelar, Alfred Schubert
  • Patent number: 5042509
    Abstract: Making an aerosol generating cartridge useful for a smoking article is described. The method comprises filling a non-combustible elongated capsule, open at one end, with a substrate bearing an aersol forming material, and applying a fuel element to the open end of the capsule to enclose the substrate within the capsule.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 1987
    Date of Patent: August 27, 1991
    Assignee: R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
    Inventors: Chandra K. Banerjee, Ernest G. Farrier, Henry T. Ridings, Andrew J. Sensabaugh, Jr., Michael D. Shannon, Gary R. Shelar, Jack F. Clearman, Thomas L. Gentry
  • Patent number: 5038802
    Abstract: The flavor substances of the present invention are prepared by toasting (heating) natural tobacco in an inert atmosphere at a temperature of at least about 225.degree. C., fractionating the volatiles and collecting at least a portion of the fractionated materials as the flavor substances. This fractionating and/or collecting can be conducted by condensation, liquid-liquid extraction, sorption (adsorption and/or absorption) and the like, with either a solid or liquid sorbent medium. Either the sorbent medium containing the trapped volatiles or the volatiles themselves may be used as the flavor substances of the present invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 1989
    Date of Patent: August 13, 1991
    Assignee: R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
    Inventors: Jackie L. White, Richard L. Blakley, Edward Bernasek, William M. Hildebolt, Michael D. Shannon, Gary R. Shelar
  • Patent number: 5027836
    Abstract: The present invention preferably relates to an insulated smoking article which is capable of producing substantial quantities of smoke, both initially and over the useful life of the product, without significant thermal degradation of the aerosol former and without the presence of substantial pyrolysis or incomplete combustion products or sidestream smoke. Thus, the article of the present invention is able to provide the user with the sensations and benefits of cigarette smoking without burning tobacco. In addition, the article may be made virtually ashless so that the user does not have to remove any ash during use.Preferred embodiments of the present smoking article comprise a short i.e.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 1988
    Date of Patent: July 2, 1991
    Assignee: R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
    Inventors: Michael D. Shannon, Chandra K. Banerjee, Ernest G. Farrier, Andrew J. Sensabaugh, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5020548
    Abstract: The present invention preferably relates to a smoking article which is capable of producing substantial quantities of aerosol, both initially and over the useful life of the product, without significant thermal degradation of the aerosol former and without the presence of substantial pyrolysis or incomplete combustion products of sidestream aerosol. The article of the present invention is able to provide the user with the sensations and benefits of cigarette smoking without the substantial combustion products produced by burning tobacco in a conventional cigarette. In addition, the article may be made virtually ashless so that the user does not have to remove any ash during use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 1985
    Date of Patent: June 4, 1991
    Assignee: R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
    Inventors: Ernest G. Farrier, James L. Harris, Alan B. Norman, James L. Resce, Andrew J. Sensabaugh, Jr., Michael D. Shannon
  • Patent number: 5016654
    Abstract: The flavor substances of the present invention are prepared by toasting (heating) natural tobacco in an inert atmosphere at a temperature of at least about 225.degree. C., condensing at least a portion of the volatiles driven-off during the toasting, and collecting the a portion of the uncondensed volatiles by sorption (adsorption and/or absorption) on a solid or liquid sorbent medium. Either the sorbent medium containing the trapped volatiles or the volatiles themselves may be used as the flavor substances of the present invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 21, 1991
    Assignee: R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
    Inventors: Edward Bernasek, William M. Hildebolt, Michael D. Shannon, Gary R. Shelar, Jackie L. White
  • Patent number: 4928714
    Abstract: The smoking article of the present invention has a short, combustible, preferably carbonaceous, fuel element, generally less than about 30 mm long, which is substantially free of volatile organic material. A physically separate aerosol generating means, preferably comprising a substrate bearing an aerosol forming substance, is located within a cavity in the fuel element, i.e., the aerosol generating means is at least partially embedded in the fuel element. This article may be provided with an external insulating member to reduce radial heat loss and/or with a heat conducting member to increase conductive heat transfer from the fuel element to the aerosol generating means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 1985
    Date of Patent: May 29, 1990
    Assignee: R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
    Inventor: Michael D. Shannon
  • Patent number: 4854331
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a smoking article which produces an aerosol that resembles tobacco smoke, but contains no more than a minimal amount of incomplete combustion or pyrolysis products.Preferred embodiments of the present smoking article comprise a short combustible carbonaceous fuel element, a heat stable substrate bearing an aerosol forming substance, a heat conducting member which contacts a portion of the fuel element and the substrate, and an insulating jacket surrounding at least a portion of the fuel element.The smoking article of the present invention is capable of providing an aerosol "smoke" which is chemically simple, consisting essentially of air, oxides of carbon, water, and the aerosol which carries any desired flavorants or other desired volatile materials, and trace amount of other materials. The aerosol "smoke" from the preferred embodiments has no significant mutagenic activity as measured by the Ames Test.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 1985
    Date of Patent: August 8, 1989
    Assignee: R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
    Inventors: Chandra K. Banerjee, Ernest G. Farrier, James L. Harris, Alan B. Norman, James L. Resce, John H. Reynolds, IV, Henry T. Ridings, Andrew J. Sensabaugh, Jr., Michael D. Shannon, Gary R. Shelar