Patents by Inventor Mikael Paronen

Mikael Paronen has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10588314
    Abstract: An antimicrobial composition which comprises an active agent that reduces the spread of pathogens. The active agent is mixed with a water-soluble polymer in order to form a mixture, in which the polymer forms a continuous phase, from which the active agent is capable of being released. The composition can be used to produce objects, for example elongated extrudates, which can be used to cover and coat different objects. Thus, the surface is constantly covered with the active agent until the object is mechanically worn away.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: Stiftelsen Arcada
    Inventors: Mikael Paronen, Valeria Poliakova, Simo-Pekka Toivonen
  • Publication number: 20200064204
    Abstract: The invention relates to heat flow measurements. In particular, the invention relates to a surface adapter (10A, 10B, 100) for a heat flow measurement device, a device comprising such adapter (10A, 10B, 100) and a method of measuring heat flow. The adapter is comprises a rim (12) positionable around a measurement head (20) of a heat flux measurement device, the rim (12) being at least partly made of resilient material capable of adapting in shape to uneven surfaces for thermally insulating the measurement head (20) from its surroundings. The invention allows for more accurate thermal flow measurements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2018
    Publication date: February 27, 2020
    Inventors: Mikael Paronen, Stuart Buddle
  • Patent number: 10283788
    Abstract: Fuel cell structure and method of producing electrical energy from a methanol-based initial material. The fuel cell structure is comprised of a fuel cell for decomposing hydrocarbon-based fuel in order to produce electrical energy, a fuel tank from which fuel can be fed into the fuel cell, and a treatment unit for decomposition products, into which unit it is possible to direct the decomposition products of the fuels. The fuel tank and the treatment unit are at least partly separated from each other by a movable wall, and the wall is arranged to move to even out the pressure difference and the volume difference between the fuel tank and the treatment unit. The movable wall makes it possible to remove disadvantageous pressure differences between the fuel tank and the treatment unit, in which case a continuous feed of fuel into the fuel cell is achieved, which feed continues until either the fuel is expended or the treatment of the decomposition products is brought to an end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: Stiftelsen Arcada
    Inventor: Mikael Paronen
  • Patent number: 9714873
    Abstract: Method and equipment for measuring the heat flow (J) through a construction (K) having a thickness (D), where a temperature difference (?T) is formed transversely through the thickness of the construction. According to the invention, at least two temperature sensors (G1, G2) are placed against a first surface (S1) and at least one first temperature sensor (G1) is insulated thermally from the second temperature sensor (G2), so that the temperature (T1?) sensed by the thermally insulated sensor (G1) is affected by the heat flow through the construction (K) more than the temperature (T1?) detected by the second temperature sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2017
    Assignee: Stiftelsen Arcada
    Inventors: Mikael Paronen, Kim Skön
  • Publication number: 20160198707
    Abstract: An antimicrobial composition which comprises an active agent that reduces the spread of pathogens. The active agent is mixed with a water-soluble polymer in order to form a mixture, in which the polymer forms a continuous phase, from which the active agent is capable of being released. The composition can be used to produce objects, for example elongated extrudates, which can be used to cover and coat different objects. Thus, the surface is constantly covered with the active agent until the object is mechanically worn away.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2014
    Publication date: July 14, 2016
    Inventors: Mikael Paronen, Valeria Poliakova, Simo-Pekka Toivonen
  • Publication number: 20150085896
    Abstract: Method and equipment for measuring the heat flow (J) through a construction (K) having a thickness (D), where a temperature difference (?T) is formed transversely through the thickness of the construction. According to the invention, at least two temperature sensors (G1, G2) are placed against a first surface (S1) and at least one first temperature sensor (G1) is insulated thermally from the second temperature sensor (G2), so that the temperature (T1?) sensed by the thermally insulated sensor (G1) is affected by the heat flow through the construction (K) more than the temperature (T1?) detected by the second temperature sensor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2012
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Applicant: STIFTELSEN ARCADA
    Inventors: Mikael Paronen, Kim Skön
  • Publication number: 20140302409
    Abstract: Fuel cell structure and method of producing electrical energy from a methanol-based initial material. The fuel cell structure is comprised of a fuel cell for decomposing hydrocarbon-based fuel in order to produce electrical energy, a fuel tank from which fuel can be fed into the fuel cell, and a treatment unit for decomposition products, into which unit it is possible to direct the decomposition products of the fuels. The fuel tank and the treatment unit are at least partly separated from each other by a movable wall, and the wall is arranged to move to even out the pressure difference and the volume difference between the fuel tank and the treatment unit. The movable wall makes it possible to remove disadvantageous pressure differences between the fuel tank and the treatment unit, in which case a continuous feed of fuel into the fuel cell is achieved, which feed continues until either the fuel is expended or the treatment of the decomposition products is brought to an end.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2012
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Applicant: STIFTELSEN ARCADA
    Inventor: Mikael Paronen
  • Patent number: 8690580
    Abstract: A cannulation simulator. The simulator comprises a frame (1) shaped like a part of the human body, on the surface of which a cannulation zone (4) is arranged for insertion of a needle, in particular a cannulation needle. According to the invention, the cannulation zone (4) comprises a layer formed of a gel-like, at least essentially transparent polymeric material, which layer in regard to its mechanical properties at least approximately corresponds to human loose connective tissue, at least one vein simulating polymeric hose (5) arranged inside the polymeric material layer, as well as an elastic polymeric film (6) covering the polymeric material layer on the surface of the body. The simulator facilitates cannulation training.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Stiftelsen Arcada
    Inventor: Mikael Paronen
  • Publication number: 20110200977
    Abstract: A cannulation simulator. The simulator comprises a frame (1) shaped like a part of the human body, on the surface of which a cannulation zone (4) is arranged for insertion of a needle, in particular a cannulation needle. According to the invention, the cannulation zone (4) comprises a layer formed of a gel-like, at least essentially transparent polymeric material, which layer in regard to its mechanical properties at least approximately corresponds to human loose connective tissue, at least one vein simulating polymeric hose (5) arranged inside the polymeric material layer, as well as an elastic polymeric film (6) covering the polymeric material layer on the surface of the body. The simulator facilitates cannulation training.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 20, 2009
    Publication date: August 18, 2011
    Applicant: STIFTELSEN ARCADA
    Inventor: Mikael Paronen
  • Patent number: 6902849
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a sulfonated polymer membrane and to a process for the preparation thereof. According to the process, a polymer film is irradiated, and the irradiated polymer film is sulfonated in order to link sulfonic acid groups thereto. According to the invention, the sulfonation is continued until the total concentration of sulfonic acid groups in the membrane is 0.4-3.0 meq/g and they are homogeneously distributed in the membrane material in such a manner that their concentration in the middle of the membrane is at minimum 0.2 meq/g. With the help of the invention, it is possible by a rapid and simple process to prepare membranes the chemical and mechanical properties of which can be regulated by means of the selection of the initial film, by irradiation and by the sulfonation process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2005
    Inventor: Mikael Paronen
  • Publication number: 20040086764
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a sulfonated polymer membrane and to a process for the preparation thereof. According to the process, a polymer film is irradiated, and the irradiated polymer film is sulfonated in order to link sulfonic acid groups thereto. According to the invention, the sulfonation is continued until the total concentration of sulfonic acid groups in the membrane is 0.4-3.0 meq/g and they are homogeneously distributed in the membrane material in such a manner that their concentration in the middle of the membrane is at minimum 0.2 meq/g. With the help of the invention, it is possible by a rapid and simple process to prepare membranes the chemical and mechanical properties of which can be regulated by means of the selection of the initial film, by irradiation and by the sulfonation process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 25, 2003
    Publication date: May 6, 2004
    Inventor: Mikael Paronen
  • Patent number: 6630518
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a sulfonated polymer membrane and to a process for the preparation thereof. According to the process, a polymer film is irradiated, and the irradiated polymer film is sulfonated in order to link sulfonic acid groups thereto. According to the invention, the sulfonation is continued until the total concentration of sulfonic acid groups in the membrane is 0.4-3.0 meq/g and they are homogeneously distributed in the membrane material in such a manner that their concentration in the middle of the membrane is at minimum 0.2 meq/g. With the help of the invention, it is possible by a rapid and simple process to prepare membranes the chemical and mechanical properties of which can be regulated by means of the selection of the initial film, by irradiation and by the sulfonation process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2003
    Inventor: Mikael Paronen