Patents by Inventor Niall James Caldwell

Niall James Caldwell has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20200080551
    Abstract: A prime mover and a plurality of hydraulic actuators, a hydraulic machine having a rotatable shaft in driven engagement with the prime mover and comprising working chambers, a hydraulic circuit between working chambers of the hydraulic machine and the hydraulic actuators, each working chamber of the hydraulic machine comprising a low-pressure and high-pressure valves regulating the flow of hydraulic fluid between the working chamber and a corresponding low-pressure manifold and a high-pressure manifold. The hydraulic machine being configured to actively control the low-pressure valves of the working chambers to select the net displacement of hydraulic fluid by each working chamber on each cycle of working chamber volume, and thereby the net displacement of hydraulic fluid by the working chambers, responsive to a demand signal, wherein the apparatus further comprises a controller configured to calculate the demand signal in response to a measured property of the hydraulic circuit or actuators.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 9, 2019
    Publication date: March 12, 2020
    Inventors: Niall James CALDWELL, Matthew GREEN, Jill MACPHERSON
  • Publication number: 20200080286
    Abstract: A prime mover and a plurality of hydraulic actuators, a hydraulic machine having a rotatable shaft in driven engagement with the prime mover and comprising a plurality of working chambers, a hydraulic circuit extending between working chambers of the hydraulic machine and the hydraulic actuators, each working chamber of the hydraulic machine comprising a low-pressure valve which regulates the flow of hydraulic fluid between the working chamber and a low-pressure manifold and a high-pressure valve which regulates the flow of hydraulic fluid between the working chamber and a high-pressure manifold. The hydraulic machine being configured to actively control at least the low-pressure valves of the working chambers to select the net displacement of hydraulic fluid by each working chamber on each cycle of working chamber volume, and thereby the net displacement of hydraulic fluid by the working chambers, responsive to a demand signal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 9, 2019
    Publication date: March 12, 2020
    Inventor: Niall James CALDWELL
  • Publication number: 20190211849
    Abstract: A fluid power system comprises a pump with multiple independently variable outlets, each of which is capable of delivering fluid in individually controllable volume units and a plurality of hydraulic loads. A system of switching valves is configured to create fluid connections between the pump outlets and the loads. A control system commands both the pump and the switching valves, so as to create valve state combinations to satisfy load conditions as demanded by an operator. The number of pump outlets connected to one or more of the loads is changeable to satisfy the flow required of the load due to the operator demand, each pump outlet being commanded to produce a flow depending on the status of other outlets connected a load to which the outlet is connected and the operator demand for that load.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 27, 2018
    Publication date: July 11, 2019
    Inventors: William Hugh Salvin Rampen, Niall James Caldwell, Uwe Bernhard Pascall Stein, Pierre Joly, Michael Richard Fielding
  • Publication number: 20190071172
    Abstract: A multi-rotor aerial vehicle comprises at least two rotors, a controller, a power supply having an output shaft, a shaft-driven hydraulic machine coupled to the output shaft and at least two rotor-driving hydraulic machines coupled to respective rotors. At least one of the hydraulic machines is an electronically commutated hydraulic machine in which displacement of hydraulic fluid through each working chamber is regulated by electronically controllable valves, during each cycle of working chamber volume, in phased relationship to cycles of working chamber volume. The controller controls the electronically controllable valves of the electronically commutated hydraulic machines to independently control the rotation of the rotors. The shaft-driven hydraulic machine may be an electronically commutated machine with a plurality of independent outputs, which independently drive the rotor-driving hydraulic machines.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2018
    Publication date: March 7, 2019
    Inventor: Niall James CALDWELL
  • Publication number: 20190048869
    Abstract: A fluid-working machine has a plurality of working chambers, e.g., cylinders, of cyclically changing volume, a high-pressure fluid manifold and a low-pressure fluid manifold, at least one valve linking each working chamber to each manifold, and electronic sequencing means for operating said valves in timed relationship with the changing volume of each chamber, wherein the electronic sequencing means is arranged to operate the valves of each chamber in one of an idling mode, a partial mode in which only part of the usable volume of the chamber is used, and a full mode in which all of the usable volume of the chamber is used, and the electronic sequencing means is arranged to select the mode of each chamber on successive cycles so as to infinitely vary the time averaged effective flow rate of fluid through the machine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 21, 2018
    Publication date: February 14, 2019
    Inventors: Uwe Bernhard Pascal STEIN, Niall James CALDWELL, William Hugh Salvin RAMPEN, Jonathan Paul ALMOND
  • Patent number: 10180135
    Abstract: An injection molding system, water jet cutting machine or other industrial system has a synthetically controlled variable displacement fluid working machine which outputs hydraulic fluid to one or more fluid consumers, such as rams or hydraulic motors, through hydraulically stiff fluid retaining volumes and receives hydraulic fluid back from one or more fluid consumers through the same or other said hydraulically stiff fluid retaining volumes. Individual piston cylinder assemblies can be allocated to different outputs. There may be no valve between the machine and the consumers. A working chamber of the machine can be caused to undergo a motoring cycle to enable the machine to output more power than is received from a motor driving the machine. An accumulator can be used to provide a source of hydraulic compliance. The machine can be controlled using pressure control, flow control, feed forward control or variable power/variable power limit control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2019
    Assignee: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: Niall James Caldwell, Jeremy Edmondson, Alasdair Ian Fletcher Robertson, Uwe Bernhard Pascal Stein
  • Patent number: 10161423
    Abstract: A fluid power system comprises a pump with multiple independently variable outlets (11, 12, 13, 14), each of which is capable of delivering fluid in individually controllable volume units and a plurality of hydraulic loads (15, 16, 18, 20). A system of switching valves is configured to create fluid connections between the pump outlets and the loads. A control system commands both the pump and the switching valves, so as to create valve state combinations to satisfy load conditions as demanded by an operator. The number of pump outlets (11, 12, 13, 14) connected to one or more of the loads (15, 16, 18, 20) is changeable to satisfy the flow required of the load due to the operator demand, each pump outlet being commanded to produce a flow depending on the status of other outlets connected a load to which the outlet is connected and the operator demand for that load.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2018
    Assignee: Sauer-Danfoss ApS
    Inventors: William Hugh Salvin Rampen, Niall James Caldwell, Uwe Bernhard Pascall Stein, Pierre Joly, Michael Richard Fielding
  • Patent number: 10094372
    Abstract: A fluid-working machine has a plurality of working chambers, e.g., cylinders, of cyclically changing volume, a high-pressure fluid manifold and a low-pressure fluid manifold, at least one valve linking each working chamber to each manifold, and electronic sequencing means for operating said valves in timed relationship with the changing volume of each chamber, wherein the electronic sequencing means is arranged to operate the valves of each chamber in one of an idling mode, a partial mode in which only part of the usable volume of the chamber is used, and a full mode in which all of the usable volume of the chamber is used, and the electronic sequencing means is arranged to select the mode of each chamber on successive cycles so as to infinitely vary the time averaged effective flow rate of fluid through the machine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: Uwe Bernhard Pascal Stein, Niall James Caldwell, William Hugh Salvin Rampen, Jonathan Paul Almond
  • Publication number: 20180245609
    Abstract: A method of operating a hydraulic apparatus comprising a hydraulic circuit region and hydraulic machine which is controlled to displace pulses of fluid of known volume into or out of the hydraulic circuit region, generating pulses of pressure in the hydraulic circuit region and torque in the hydraulic machine shaft. The response of parts of the hydraulic apparatus to these pulses is measured and used to determine properties of the hydraulic apparatus. The response of the pressure in the hydraulic circuit region to pulses at different pressures can be used to measure the hydraulic stiffness of parts of the hydraulic circuit region. It is possible to detect faults and to make measurements useful in subsequent operation of the hydraulic apparatus.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 24, 2016
    Publication date: August 30, 2018
    Inventors: Niall James CALDWELL, Uwe Bernhard Pascal STEIN
  • Patent number: 9828986
    Abstract: A method of measuring a property of entrained gas in a hydraulic liquid received by a working chamber of a fluid working motor, wherein the said property is determined from the period of time elapsing between the closure of a first valve to isolate the working chamber and the passive opening of a second valve to bring the working chamber into fluid communication with a manifold. The property may, for example, be related to the concentration of entrained gas in the received hydraulic liquid or the compressibility or bulk modulus of the received hydraulic fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2017
    Assignee: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: Niall James Caldwell, Stephen Michael Laird
  • Patent number: 9797393
    Abstract: A fluid-working machine has a working chamber of cyclically varying volume, high and low pressure manifolds, and high and low pressure valves for regulating the flow of fluid between the working chamber and the high and low pressure manifolds respectively. A controller actively controls at least one said valve to determine the net displacement of working fluid of the working chamber on a cycle by cycle basis. At least one said valve is a variable timing valve and the controller causes the valve to open or close at a time determined taking into account one or more properties of the performance of the fluid working machine measured during an earlier cycle of working chamber volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2017
    Assignee: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: William Hugh Salvin Rampen, Uwe Bernhard Pascal Stein, Niall James Caldwell, Stephen Michael Laird, Pierre Robert Joly, Michael Richard Fielding, Daniil Sergeevich Dumnov
  • Publication number: 20170298928
    Abstract: A fluid-working machine has a plurality of working chambers, e.g., cylinders, of cyclically changing volume, a high-pressure fluid manifold and a low-pressure fluid manifold, at least one valve linking each working chamber to each manifold, and electronic sequencing means for operating said valves in timed relationship with the changing volume of each chamber, wherein the electronic sequencing means is arranged to operate the valves of each chamber in one of an idling mode, a partial mode in which only part of the usable volume of the chamber is used, and a full mode in which all of the usable volume of the chamber is used, and the electronic sequencing means is arranged to select the mode of each chamber on successive cycles so as to infinitely vary the time averaged effective flow rate of fluid through the machine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 16, 2015
    Publication date: October 19, 2017
    Inventors: Uwe Bernhard Pascal STEIN, Niall James CALDWELL, William Hugh Salvin RAMP EN, Jonathan Paul ALMOND
  • Publication number: 20170284388
    Abstract: An injection moulding system, water jet cutting machine or other industrial system has a synthetically controlled variable displacement fluid working machine which outputs hydraulic fluid to one or more fluid consumers, such as rams or hydraulic motors, through hydraulically stiff fluid retaining volumes and receives hydraulic fluid back from one or more fluid consumers through the same or other said hydraulically stiff fluid retaining volumes. Individual piston cylinder assemblies can be allocated to different outputs. There may be no valve between the machine and the consumers. A working chamber of the machine can be caused to undergo a motoring cycle to enable the machine to output more power than is received from a motor driving the machine. An accumulator can be used to provide a source of hydraulic compliance. The machine can be controlled using pressure control, flow control, feed forward control or variable power/variable power limit control.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2015
    Publication date: October 5, 2017
    Inventors: Niall James CALDWELL, Jeremy EDMONDSON, Alasdair Ian Fletcher ROBERTSON, Uwe Bernhard Pascal STEIN
  • Patent number: 9739266
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of operating a fluid-working machine wherein the volume of working fluid displaced each cycle is selectable and wherein the volume of working fluid displaced by a first working chamber takes into account the suitability of the working chamber to displace fluid. The invention extends in further aspects to power absorbing structures such as renewable energy devices comprising such fluid working machines. The invention allows the operation of fluid working machines and power absorbing structures which are more long lived.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: Stephen Hugh Salter, William Hugh Salvin Rampen, Michael Richard Fielding, Niall James Caldwell, Stephen Michael Laird, Pierre Robert Joly
  • Patent number: 9488163
    Abstract: The present invention provides a fluid system (99) comprising a source of hydraulic fluid under pressure supplying a hydraulic fluid consumer (103) together with a valve passing fluid between said source and said fluid consumer (102). A first fluid compliance (105) is situated between said source (100) and said valve (102) and a variable restrictor (110) is provided for varying the cross sectional area available for flow of fluid through said valve (102) and is movable between a first position (A) with a larger said area and a second position (B) with a smaller said area. A bias means (117) biases said restrictor (110) towards said second position while an opening means (Fa) urges said restrictor (110) against said bias (117) when fluid flows through said valve (102) and a damping means (126) damps movement of said restrictor between said first and second positions and provides a resistance which increases with the velocity of displacement of said restrictor (110).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2016
    Assignees: Artemis Intelligent Power Limited, Sauer-Danfoss APS
    Inventors: Niall James Caldwell, William Hugh Salvin Rampen
  • Publication number: 20160169222
    Abstract: A fluid-working machine has a plurality of working chambers, e.g., cylinders, of cyclically changing volume, a high-pressure fluid manifold and a low-pressure fluid manifold, at least one valve linking each working chamber to each manifold, and electronic sequencing means for operating said valves in timed relationship with the changing volume of each chamber, wherein the electronic sequencing means is arranged to operate the valves of each chamber in one of an idling mode, a partial mode in which only part of the usable volume of the chamber is used, and a full mode in which all of the usable volume of the chamber is used, and the electronic sequencing means is arranged to select the mode of each chamber on successive cycles so as to infinitely vary the time averaged effective flow rate of fluid through the machine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 16, 2015
    Publication date: June 16, 2016
    Inventors: Uwe Bernhard Pascal STEIN, Niall James CALDWELL, William Hugh Salvin RAMP EN, Jonathan Paul ALMOND
  • Patent number: 9328720
    Abstract: A fluid-working machine for a renewable energy generation device, the fluid-working machine comprising a ring cam and a plurality of working chambers, the ring cam having an annular working surface extending around an axis of rotation of the ring cam, the annular working surface defining a plurality of waves, each working chamber having a piston, each piston in operative engagement with the ring cam working surface, the ring cam and working chambers being mounted to rotate relative to each other, cycles of working chamber volume being thereby coupled to rotation of the ring cam relative to the working chambers, characterized in that the individual waves of the ring cam working surface have an asymmetric profile.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Assignee: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: Niall James Caldwell, Daniil Sergeevich Dumnov, William Hugh Salvin Rampen, Alasdair Ian Fletcher Robertson, Uwe Bernhard Pascal Stein, Robert George Fox
  • Patent number: 9188119
    Abstract: A fluid-working machine has a plurality of working chambers, e.g., cylinders, of cyclically changing volume, a high-pressure fluid manifold and a low-pressure fluid manifold, at least one valve linking each working chamber to each manifold, and electronic sequencing means for operating said valves in timed relationship with the changing volume of each chamber, wherein the electronic sequencing means is arranged to operate the valves of each chamber in one of an idling mode, a partial mode in which only part of the usable volume of the chamber is used, and a full mode in which all of the usable volume of the chamber is used, and the electronic sequencing means is arranged to select the mode of each chamber on successive cycles so as to infinitely vary the time averaged effective flow rate of fluid through the machine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2015
    Assignee: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: Uwe Bernhard Pascal Stein, Niall James Caldwell, William Hugh Salvin Rampen, Jonathan Paul Almond
  • Patent number: 9133838
    Abstract: In a method of operating a fluid-working machine, the volume of working fluid displaced during each cycle of working chamber volume is selected taking into account the availability of other working chambers. The status of each working chamber is monitored and a working chamber treated as unavailable if it is found to be malfunctioning. A working chamber may be treated as unavailable if it is allocated to an alternative working function. A fault may be detected in a working chamber by determining whether a measured output parameter of the fluid working machine fulfills at least one acceptable function criterion taking into account the previously selected net displacement of working fluid by a working chamber during a cycle of working chamber volume to carry out the working function.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: William Hugh Salvin Rampen, Niall James Caldwell, Stephen Michael Laird
  • Patent number: 9133839
    Abstract: In a method of detecting a fault in a fluid-working machine including a plurality of working chambers of cyclically varying volume, each working chamber is operable to displace a volume of working fluid which is selectable for each cycle of working chamber volume to carry out a working function responsive to a received demand signal. An output parameter of the fluid working machine, which is responsive to the displacement of working fluid by one or more of the working chambers to carry out the working function, is measured. It is determined whether the measured output parameter fulfils at least one acceptable function criterion, taking into account the previously selected net displacement of working fluid by a working chamber during a cycle of working chamber volume to carry out the working function.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: William Hugh Salvin Rampen, Niall James Caldwell, Michael Richard Fielding, Stephen Michael Laird, Uwe Bernhard Pascal Stein, John Tearlach Campbell