Patents by Inventor Nikola Lakic

Nikola Lakic has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20180224164
    Abstract: Provided here is a system and method for harnessing geothermal energy for generation of electricity by using complete closed loop heat exchange systems combined with onboard drilling apparatus. The system includes several devices operating separately in many different applications in energy sectors, including Self Contained In-Ground Geothermal Generator; the Self Contained Heat Exchanger; the In-Line-Pump/Generator; and preeminent drilling system for drilling wider and deeper wellbores. The system can be used for harnessing heat from accessible lava flows; harnessing the waste heat from the flame on top of flares stacks and similar cases.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2018
    Publication date: August 9, 2018
    Inventor: Nikola Lakic
  • Patent number: 9995286
    Abstract: A method of harnessing geothermal energy to produce electricity without polluting the environment by using universal portable closed loop systems is provided. The Scientific Geothermal Technology, The Self Contained In-Ground Geothermal Generator; The Self Contained Heat Exchanger; and The IN-LINE PUMP consist of several designs and variations complementing each other and/or operating separately in many different applications in energy sectors. The system can be used for harnessing heat from established lava (tube) flows; harnessing the waste heat from the flame on top of flare stacks; and other situation where a source of heat is difficult to access or is not suitable for relatively heavy equipment of a power plant or power unit. Also, included is an exemplary use for restoration of the Salton Sea which implements the Scientific Geothermal Technology for exchanging water from a salty terminal lake with oceanic water and for production of electricity and fresh water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2018
    Inventor: Nikola Lakic
  • Patent number: 9982513
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for drilling deeper and wider well bores is provided. The apparatus includes a motorized drill head for cutting and shredding ground material; a separate excavation line; a separate fluid delivery line; a separate close loop engine cooling line; and a casing system. Excavation line includes repetitive stationary segments of the main pipe with periodical segments of an in-line excavation pump. The close loop cooling line includes a heat exchanger in the motorized drill head and in the in-line excavation pump and one on the ground surface in the binary unit where fluid is cooled and in process electricity produced. The diameter of the excavation line and rate of flow of mud and cuttings through it and the diameter of the fluid delivery line and rate of fluid flow through it are in balance requiring only limited fluid column at the bottom of the well bore.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2018
    Inventor: Nikola Lakic
  • Patent number: 9978466
    Abstract: A method of harnessing geothermal energy to produce electricity by lowering a geothermal generator deep into a pre-drilled well bore below the Earth's surface. The Self Contained In-Ground Geothermal Generator (SCI-GGG) includes a boiler, a turbine compartment, an electricity generator, a condenser and produces electricity down at the heat sources and transmits it up to the ground surface by cable. The Self Contained Heat Exchanger (SCHE) is integral part of (SCI-GGG) system and can function independently. It consists of a closed loop system with two heat exchangers. No pollution is emitted during production process. There is no need for hydro-thermal reservoirs although not limited to hot rocks. It can be implemented in many different applications. The SCHE also includes an in-line water pump operatively coupled to the closed loop system and can be used in many different applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2018
    Inventor: Nikola Lakic
  • Patent number: 9909782
    Abstract: A method of harnessing geothermal energy to produce electricity by lowering a geothermal generator deep into a pre-drilled well bore below the Earth's surface. The Self Contained In-Ground Geothermal Generator (SCI-GGG) includes a boiler, a turbine compartment, an electricity generator, a condenser and produces electricity down at the heat sources and transports it up to the ground surface by cable. The Self Contained Heat Exchanger (SCHE) is integral part of (SCI-GGG) system and can function independently. It consists of a closed loop system with two heat exchangers. No pollution is emitted during production process. There is no need for hydro-thermal reservoirs although not limited to hot rocks. It can be implemented in many different applications. The SCHE also includes an in-line water pump operatively coupled to the closed loop system and can be used in many different applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2018
    Inventor: Nikola Lakic
  • Publication number: 20160168916
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for drilling deeper and wider well bores is provided. The apparatus includes a motorized drill head for cutting and shredding ground material; a separate excavation line; a separate fluid delivery line; a separate close loop engine cooling line; and a casing system. Excavation line includes repetitive stationary segments of the main pipe with periodical segments of an in-line excavation pump. The close loop cooling line includes a heat exchanger in the motorized drill head and in the in-line excavation pump and one on the ground surface in the binary unit where fluid is cooled and in process electricity produced. The diameter of the excavation line and rate of flow of mud and cuttings through it and the diameter of the fluid delivery line and rate of fluid flow through it are in balance requiring only limited fluid column at the bottom of the well bore.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 7, 2015
    Publication date: June 16, 2016
    Inventor: Nikola Lakic
  • Patent number: 9206650
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for drilling deeper and wider well bores is provided. The apparatus includes a motorized drill head for cutting and shredding ground material; a separate excavation line; a separate fluid delivery line; and a separate close loop engine cooling line. The excavation line consists of multiple connected stationary segments of the main pipe with periodical segments of an in-line excavation pump. Alternatively, in another embodiment, excavation line consists of multiple connected segments of the main stationary pipe with rotating continues screw inside. The close loop cooling line consists of one heat exchanger in the motorized drill head and one on the ground surface in the binary unit where fluid is cooled and in process electricity produced which can be used as a supplement for powering drill head, pumps, equipment, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2015
    Inventor: Nikola Lakic
  • Publication number: 20150107244
    Abstract: A method of harnessing geothermal energy to produce electricity without polluting the environment by using universal portable closed loop systems is provided. The Scientific Geothermal Technology, The Self Contained In-Ground Geothermal Generator; The Self Contained Heat Exchanger; and The IN-LINE PUMP consist of several designs and variations complementing each other and/or operating separately in many different applications in energy sectors. The system can be used for harnessing heat from established lava (tube) flows; harnessing the waste heat from the flame on top of flare stacks; and other situation where a source of heat is difficult to access or is not suitable for relatively heavy equipment of a power plant or power unit. Also, included is an exemplary use for restoration of the Salton Sea which implements the Scientific Geothermal Technology for exchanging water from a salty terminal lake with oceanic water and for production of electricity and fresh water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 23, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventor: Nikola Lakic
  • Publication number: 20140124355
    Abstract: A method of harnessing geothermal energy to produce electricity by lowering a geothermal generator deep into a pre-drilled well bore below the Earth's surface. The Self Contained In-Ground Geothermal Generator (SCI-GGG) includes a boiler, a turbine compartment, an electricity generator, a condenser and produces electricity down at the heat sources and transmits it up to the ground surface by cable. The Self Contained Heat Exchanger (SCHE) is integral part of (SCI-GGG) system and can function independently. It consists of a closed loop system with two heat exchangers. No pollution is emitted during production process. There is no need for hydro-thermal reservoirs although not limited to hot rocks. It can be implemented in many different applications. The SCHE also includes an in-line water pump operatively coupled to the closed loop system and can be used in many different applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 14, 2014
    Publication date: May 8, 2014
    Inventor: Nikola Lakic
  • Patent number: 8713940
    Abstract: A method of using geothermal energy to produce electricity by lowering a geothermal generator deep into a pre-drilled well bore below the Earth's surface. A self contained geothermal generator includes a boiler, a turbine compartment, an electricity generator, a condenser and an electric cable. The condenser includes a distributor chamber, a peripheral chamber and plurality of tubes disposed within the peripheral chamber. The peripheral chamber of the condenser surrounds the turbine, electric generator and distributor chamber departments and is cooled with a separate closed loop system. The condenser cools and converts exhausted steam back in liquid state and returns it back into the boiler for reheating. Water contained within the boiler is converted to high-pressure, super heated steam due to heat from hot rocks contained within a pre-drilled well bore. The steam is used to produce electric energy which is transported up to the ground surface by the electric cable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Inventor: Nikola Lakic
  • Publication number: 20130055714
    Abstract: A method of harnessing geothermal energy to produce electricity by lowering a geothermal generator deep into a pre-drilled well bore below the Earth's surface. The Self Contained In-Ground Geothermal Generator (SCI-GGG) includes a boiler, a turbine compartment, an electricity generator, a condenser and produces electricity down at the heat sources and transports it up to the ground surface by cable. The Self Contained Heat Exchanger (SCHE) is integral part of (SCI-GGG) system and can function independently. It consists of a closed loop system with two heat exchangers. No pollution is emitted during production process. There is no need for hydro-thermal reservoirs although not limited to hot rocks. It can be implemented in many different applications. The SCHE also includes an in-line water pump operatively coupled to the closed loop system and can be used in many different applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2012
    Publication date: March 7, 2013
    Inventor: Nikola Lakic
  • Publication number: 20120292112
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for drilling deeper and wider well bores is provided. The apparatus includes a motorized drill head for cutting and shredding ground material; a separate excavation line; a separate fluid delivery line; and a separate close loop engine cooling line. The excavation line consists of multiple connected stationary segments of the main pipe with periodical segments of an in-line excavation pump. Alternatively, in another embodiment, excavation line consists of multiple connected segments of the main stationary pipe with rotating continues screw inside. The close loop cooling line consists of one heat exchanger in the motorized drill head and one on the ground surface in the binary unit where fluid is cooled and in process electricity produced which can be used as a supplement for powering drill head, pumps, equipment, etc.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 19, 2012
    Publication date: November 22, 2012
    Inventor: Nikola Lakic
  • Patent number: 8281591
    Abstract: A self contained geothermal generator includes a boiler, a turbine compartment, an electricity generator, a condenser and an electric cable. The condenser includes a distributor chamber, a peripheral chamber and plurality of tubes disposed between the chambers. The peripheral chamber of the condenser surrounds and cools turbine, elective generator and selector of the condenser departments. The condenser cools and converts exhausted steam back in liquid state and returns it back into boiler for reheating. In a method of using the geothermal generator, water contained within the boiler is converted to high-pressure, super heated steam due to heat from hot rocks contained within a pre-drilled well below the Earth's surface. The steam is used to produce electric energy which is transported up to the ground surface by the electric cable. A plurality of geothermal generators may be used in a “binary” power plant through system of several heat exchangers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2012
    Inventor: Nikola Lakic
  • Publication number: 20110167819
    Abstract: A method of using geothermal energy to produce electricity by lowering a geothermal generator deep into a pre-drilled well bore below the Earth's surface. A self contained geothermal generator includes a boiler, a turbine compartment, an electricity generator, a condenser and an electric cable. The condenser includes a distributor chamber, a peripheral chamber and plurality of tubes disposed within the peripheral chamber. The peripheral chamber of the condenser surrounds the turbine, electric generator and distributor chamber departments and is cooled with a separate closed loop system. The condenser cools and converts exhausted steam back in liquid state and returns it back into the boiler for reheating. Water contained within the boiler is converted to high-pressure, super heated steam due to heat from hot rocks contained within a pre-drilled well bore. The steam is used to produce electric energy which is transported up to the ground surface by the electric cable.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 21, 2011
    Publication date: July 14, 2011
    Inventor: Nikola Lakic
  • Publication number: 20110169274
    Abstract: A self contained geothermal generator includes a boiler, a turbine compartment, an electricity generator, a condenser and an electric cable. The condenser includes a distributor chamber, a peripheral chamber and plurality of tubes disposed between the chambers. The peripheral chamber of the condenser surrounds and cools turbine, elective generator and selector of the condenser departments. The condenser cools and converts exhausted steam back in liquid state and returns it back into boiler for reheating. In a method of using the geothermal generator, water contained within the boiler is converted to high-pressure, super heated steam due to heat from hot rocks contained within a pre-drilled well below the Earth's surface. The steam is used to produce electric energy which is transported up to the ground surface by the electric cable. A plurality of geothermal generators may be used in a “binary” power plant through system of several heat exchangers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2008
    Publication date: July 14, 2011
    Inventor: Nikola Lakic
  • Patent number: 7917981
    Abstract: An inflatable inner sole for footwear has a flexible, inflatable enclosure with an inflation system that may includes an on-board air pump and a pressure relief valve. The inflatable enclosure may include a plurality of chambers that are independently adjustable by selectively adding or removing a gas from each chamber. The inflatable enclosure may also include a pressure gauge and an improved pressure relief valve sleeve with a spring seat. The inflatable enclosure may be formed with one or both of first and second sheets formed as contoured prefabricated sheets. Alternatively, the sheets may be flat sheets. A recess is formed in the sheets so that the recess extends out of a plane of intersection between the first and second sheets. The recess may be formed by causing a portion of the first and second sheets to bend out of the plane of intersection of the first and second sheets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2011
    Inventor: Nikola Lakic
  • Patent number: 7849690
    Abstract: A method of using geothermal energy to produce electricity by lowering a geothermal generator deep into pre-drilled holes below the Earth's surface. A geothermal generator includes a boiler, a turbine compartment, an electric generator, a condenser and an electric cable. The geothermal generator also includes an internal cylinder, an external cylinder and a plurality of tubes disposed between the internal cylinder and the external cylinder. The plurality of tubes is part of the condenser. In a method of using the geothermal generator, water contained within the boiler is converted to high-pressure, super heated steam due to heat contained within a pre-drilled well below the earth's surface. The steam is used to produce electric energy, which is transported to the ground surface by the electric cable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2010
    Inventor: Nikola Lakic
  • Patent number: 7451555
    Abstract: An inflatable inner sole for footwear has a flexible, inflatable enclosure with an inflation system that may includes an on-board air pump and a pressure relief valve. The inflatable inclosure may include a plurality of chambers that are independently adjustable by selectively adding or removing a gas from each chamber. The inflatable enclosure may also include a pressure gauge and an improved pressure relief valve sleeve with a spring seat. The inflatable enclosure may be formed with one or both of first and second sheets formed as contoured prefabricated sheets. Alternatively, the sheets may be flat sheets. A recess is formed in the sheets so that the recess extends out of a plane of intersection between the first and second sheets. The recess may be formed by causing a portion of the first and second sheets to bend out of the plane of intersection of the first and second sheets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2008
    Inventor: Nikola Lakic
  • Patent number: 7017285
    Abstract: The invention is an inflatable inner sole for footwear which has a flexible, inflatable enclosure with an inflation system that preferably includes an on-board air pump and a pressure relief valve. In this invention the inner sole has a sheet and/or foam cover or surround on the flexible enclosure for enhanced comfort. Useful sheet covers can be plastic, including rubber, films in solid or foamed state, or fabric which are applied against the upper, wearing surface of the inflatable enclosures. The covers can be bonded only to the edges of the inflatable enclosures to permit relative movement between the covers and enclosures, or can be bonded to the top surface of the enclosures, or formed as surrounds which encapsulate the inflatable enclosures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2006
    Inventor: Nikola Lakic
  • Patent number: 6976321
    Abstract: An inflatable inner sole for footwear has a flexible, inflatable enclosure with an inflation system that preferably includes an on-board air pump and a pressure relief valve. This embodiment has an additional upper chamber formed by heat sealing (welding) an outer layer of thermoplastic on top of an inflatable enclosure. The outer layer is preferably bonded only to the edges of the inflatable enclosures to permit free air/fluid flow from pressure points area to the area of least resistance and greatest need. Air pressure of the lower chamber can be adjusted according to a wearer's weight and activities. The upper chamber also has a built-in air pump and relief valve, preferably with lesser air pressure that can be adjusted according to the wearers foot problems or for final comfort tuning. The outer layer may be a laminated material of thermoplastic film, foam and fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2005
    Inventor: Nikola Lakic