Patents by Inventor Norbert Kaiser

Norbert Kaiser has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10839356
    Abstract: The condition of a technical installation is automatically monitored. A measured value of at least one component of the installation is sensed by at least one sensor device on the installation, and the at least one measured value is used, in a data processing arrangement specific to the installation, for determining a current operating state of the installation. By way of the data processing arrangement, including component-specific aging functions, a future chronological course of the operating condition is determined from the current operating condition, and a maintenance interval for the installation is adjusted on the basis of the future chronological course of the operating condition, in order to determine a next maintenance date of the installation. A corresponding arrangement and a computer program product for condition monitoring are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2020
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesllschaft
    Inventors: Serdar Celik, Norbert Kaiser
  • Patent number: 10656307
    Abstract: An optical element is disclosed. In an embodiment an optical element includes a substrate having a silicone surface, an antireflection layer overlying the silicone surface, wherein the antireflection layer comprises a first organic layer having a reflection-reducing nanostructure, the nanostructure having a depth of at least 30 nm, and a cover layer overlying the first organic layer, the cover layer having a thickness of no more than 40 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2020
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
    Inventors: Ulrike Schulz, Friedrich Rickelt, Peter Munzert, Norbert Kaiser
  • Patent number: 10618840
    Abstract: A method for producing a reflector element and a reflector element are disclosed. In an embodiment the method includes depositing a layer sequence on a substrate, wherein the layer sequence includes at least one mirror layer and at least one reactive multilayer system and igniting the reactive multilayer system in order to activate heat input in the layer sequence.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2020
    Assignees: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e.V., Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaet Jena
    Inventors: Mark Schürmann, Stefan Schwinde, Robert Müller, Norbert Kaiser
  • Patent number: 10539716
    Abstract: A reflection-reducing layer system is disclosed. In an embodiment, the system includes a refractive index gradient layer including an inorganic material and an organic material in a spatially varying composition, wherein the refractive index gradient layer has a refractive index which decreases in a growth direction and an organic layer arranged above the refractive index gradient layer, the organic layer having a surface including a nanostructure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2020
    Assignee: FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG E.V.
    Inventors: Ulrike Schulz, Friedrich Rickelt, Peter Munzert, Hanno Heiße, Heiko Knopf, Kevin Füchsel, Norbert Kaiser
  • Patent number: 10429549
    Abstract: An optical element including a reflective coating is disclosed. In an embodiment the reflective coating includes an adhesion-promoting layer, an at least partially reflective silver layer disposed on the adhesion-promoting layer and a protective layer system disposed on the silver layer, wherein the protective layer system includes a plurality of dielectric layers, wherein the dielectric layers include at least one first layer and at least one second layer, wherein the first layer and the second layer have a different resistance to at least two different contamination substances, wherein the dielectric layers have a thickness of not more than 30 nm, and wherein a number of the dielectric layers amounts to at least five.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Assignees: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V., Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena
    Inventors: Mark Schürmann, Stefan Schwinde, Norbert Kaiser
  • Publication number: 20190235141
    Abstract: A multilayer mirror for reflecting Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) radiation and a method for producing the same are disclosed. In an embodiment a multilayer mirror includes a layer sequence having a plurality of alternating first layers and second layers, the first layers including lanthanum or a lanthanum compound and the second layers including boron, wherein the second layers are doped with carbon, and wherein a molar fraction of carbon in the second layers is 10% or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2017
    Publication date: August 1, 2019
    Inventors: Philipp Naujok, Sergiy Yulin, Norbert Kaiser
  • Publication number: 20190179056
    Abstract: An optical element is disclosed. In an embodiment an optical element includes a substrate having a silicone surface, an antireflection layer overlying the silicone surface, wherein the antireflection layer comprises a first organic layer having a reflection-reducing nanostructure, the nanostructure having a depth of at least 30 nm, and a cover layer overlying the first organic layer, the cover layer having a thickness of no more than 40 nm.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 21, 2019
    Publication date: June 13, 2019
    Inventors: Ulrike Schulz, Friedrich Rickelt, Peter Munzert, Norbert Kaiser
  • Patent number: 10247856
    Abstract: A method for producing an antireflection layer on a silicone surface is described. The method includes application of an organic layer, production of a nanostructure in the organic layer by a plasma etching process, and application of at least one cover layer onto the nanostructure. An optical element can be produced by the method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2019
    Assignee: FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FÖRDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG E.V.
    Inventors: Ulrike Schulz, Friedrich Rickelt, Peter Munzert, Norbert Kaiser
  • Publication number: 20180203162
    Abstract: A reflection-reducing layer system is disclosed. In an embodiment, the system includes a refractive index gradient layer including an inorganic material and an organic material in a spatially varying composition, wherein the refractive index gradient layer has a refractive index which decreases in a growth direction and an organic layer arranged above the refractive index gradient layer, the organic layer having a surface including a nanostructure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2018
    Publication date: July 19, 2018
    Inventors: Ulrike Schulz, Friedrich Rickelt, Peter Munzert, Hanno Heiße, Heiko Knopf, Kevin Füchsel, Norbert Kaiser
  • Patent number: 9939556
    Abstract: A method for producing a reflection-reducing layer system on a substrate and a reflection-reducing layer system are disclosed. According to an embodiment the method includes depositing a refractive index gradient layer on the substrate by co-evaporation of an inorganic material and an organic material, wherein the refractive index gradient layer has a refractive index which decreases in a growth direction, depositing an organic layer above the refractive index gradient layer, and producing a nanostructure in the organic layer by a plasma etching process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
    Inventors: Ulrike Schulz, Friedrich Rickelt, Peter Munzert, Hanno Heiβe, Heiko Knopf, Kevin Füchsel, Norbert Kaiser
  • Publication number: 20180029931
    Abstract: A method for producing a reflector element and a reflector element are disclosed. In an embodiment the method includes depositing a layer sequence on a substrate, wherein the layer sequence includes at least one mirror layer and at least one reactive multilayer system and igniting the reactive multilayer system in order to activate heat input in the layer sequence.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 9, 2016
    Publication date: February 1, 2018
    Inventors: Mark Schürmann, Stefan Schwinde, Robert Müller, Norbert Kaiser
  • Publication number: 20170213195
    Abstract: The condition of a technical installation is automatically monitored. A measured value of at least one component of the installation is sensed by at least one sensor device on the installation, and the at least one measured value is used, in a data processing arrangement specific to the installation, for determining a current operating state of the installation. By way of the data processing arrangement, including component-specific aging functions, a future chronological course of the operating condition is determined from the current operating condition, and a maintenance interval for the installation is adjusted on the basis of the future chronological course of the operating condition, in order to determine a next maintenance date of the installation. A corresponding arrangement and a computer program product for condition monitoring are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2014
    Publication date: July 27, 2017
    Inventors: SERDAR CELIK, NORBERT KAISER
  • Publication number: 20170139085
    Abstract: An optical element including a reflective coating is disclosed. In an embodiment the reflective coating includes an adhesion-promoting layer, an at least partially reflective silver layer disposed on the adhesion-promoting layer and a protective layer system disposed on the silver layer, wherein the protective layer system includes a plurality of dielectric layers, wherein the dielectric layers include at least one first layer and at least one second layer, wherein the first layer and the second layer have a different resistance to at least two different contamination substances, wherein the dielectric layers have a thickness of not more than 30 nm, and wherein a number of the dielectric layers amounts to at least five.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 12, 2015
    Publication date: May 18, 2017
    Inventors: Mark SCHÜRMANN, Stefan SCHWINDE, Norbert KAISER
  • Publication number: 20160216409
    Abstract: A method for producing a reflection-reducing layer system on a substrate and a reflection-reducing layer system are disclosed. According to an embodiment the method includes depositing a refractive index gradient layer on the substrate by co-evaporation of an inorganic material and an organic material, wherein the refractive index gradient layer has a refractive index which decreases in a growth direction, depositing an organic layer above the refractive index gradient layer, and producing a nanostructure in the organic layer by a plasma etching process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 27, 2016
    Publication date: July 28, 2016
    Inventors: Ulrike Schulz, Friedrich Rickelt, Peter Munzert, Hanno Heiße, Heiko Knopf, Kevin Füchsel, Norbert Kaiser
  • Publication number: 20150309214
    Abstract: A method for producing an antireflection layer on a silicone surface is described. The method includes application of an organic layer, production of a nanostructure in the organic layer by a plasma etching process, and application of at least one cover layer onto the nanostructure. An optical element can be produced by the method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 22, 2015
    Publication date: October 29, 2015
    Inventors: Ulrike Schulz, Friedrich Rickelt, Peter Munzert, Norbert Kaiser
  • Patent number: 9039906
    Abstract: A method for producing an antireflection coating on a substrate is specified. A first nanostructure in a first material is formed using by means of a first plasma etching process. The first material is the material of the substrate or the material of a layer made of a first organic material applied onto the substrate. A layer made of a second material is applied onto the first nanostructure, the second material is an organic material. A second nanostructure is formed in the layer made of the second material using a second plasma etching process. The second material has a higher etching rate than the first material when carrying out the second plasma etching process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
    Inventors: Ulrike Schulz, Peter Munzert, Friedrich Rickelt, Norbert Kaiser
  • Publication number: 20140374377
    Abstract: A method for producing an antireflection coating on a substrate is specified. A first nanostructure in a first material is formed using by means of a first plasma etching process. The first material is the material of the substrate or the material of a layer made of a first organic material applied onto the substrate. A layer made of a second material is applied onto the first nanostructure, the second material is an organic material. A second nanostructure is formed in the layer made of the second material using a second plasma etching process. The second material has a higher etching rate than the first material when carrying out the second plasma etching process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 19, 2014
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: Ulrike Schulz, Peter Munzert, Friedrich Rickelt, Norbert Kaiser
  • Publication number: 20130054100
    Abstract: A method is provided for operating an engine that includes, but is not limited to checking if a clutch pedal is depressed. If this is the case, the setpoint value for the rotational speed is predetermined to a target idle speed and a target torque is predetermined. Following this it is checked if the clutch pedal is in a position in which it is no longer depressed, and if the neutral gear sensor indicates that a gear is engaged. If this is the case, the setpoint value of the rotational speed of the engine and/or the torque reserve are increased. Otherwise, the setpoint value of the rotational speed of the engine and the torque are left.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 20, 2012
    Publication date: February 28, 2013
    Applicant: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Martin GIENCKE, Norbert KAISER
  • Patent number: 8192639
    Abstract: A reflection-reducing interference layer system is disclosed, which has at least three alternating layers having different refractive indices. At least one nanostructured layer comprising an organic material or an organic-inorganic hybrid material is applied to the alternating layers. With the interference layer system, it is possible to obtain very low reflection over a wide wavelength and incident angle range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der Angewandten Forschung E. V.
    Inventors: Ulrike Schulz, Peter Munzert, Norbert Kaiser
  • Patent number: 8021560
    Abstract: In a process for the fabrication of a radiation-absorbing optical element that contains a substrate (1) of plastic, a layer with a graduated refractive index (4) is fabricated on at least one surface (2) of the substrate (1) using a plasma etching process, after which a metal layer (7) is applied on top of the layer with a graduated refractive index (4).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2011
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellshaft zur Foerderung der Angewandten Forschung E. V.
    Inventors: Norbert Kaiser, Antje Kaless, Peter Munzert, Michael Scheler, Ulrike Schulz