Patents by Inventor Noritsugu Sakuma

Noritsugu Sakuma has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20190362870
    Abstract: To provide a rare earth magnet ensuring excellent magnetic anisotropy while reducing the amount of Nd, etc., and a manufacturing method thereof. A rare earth magnet comprising a crystal grain having an overall composition of (R2(1-x)R1x)yFe100-y-w-z-vCowBzTMv (wherein R2 is at least one of Nd, Pr, Dy and Tb, R1 is an alloy of at least one or two or more of Ce, La, Gd, Y and Sc, TM is at least one of Ga, Al, Cu, Au, Ag, Zn, In and Mn, 0<x<1, y=12 to 20, z=5.6 to 6.5, w=0 to 8, and v=0 to 2), wherein the average grain size of the crystal grain is 1,000 nm or less, the crystal grain consists of a core and an outer shell, the core has a composition of R1 that is richer than R2, and the outer shell has a composition of R2 that is richer than R1.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 6, 2019
    Publication date: November 28, 2019
    Applicant: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Masaaki ITO, Masao YANO, Hidefumi KISHIMOTO, Noritsugu SAKUMA, Tetsuya SHOJI, Akira MANABE
  • Patent number: 10468165
    Abstract: To provide a rare earth magnet ensuring excellent magnetic anisotropy while reducing the amount of Nd, etc., and a manufacturing method thereof. A rare earth magnet comprising a crystal grain having an overall composition of (R2(1-x)R1x)yFe100-y-w-z-vCowBzTMv (wherein R2 is at least one of Nd, Pr, Dy and Tb, R1 is an alloy of at least one or two or more of Ce, La, Gd, Y and Sc, TM is at least one of Ga, Al, Cu, Au, Ag, Zn, In and Mn, 0<x<1, y=12 to 20, z=5.6 to 6.5, w=0 to 8, and v=0 to 2), wherein the average grain size of the crystal grain is 1,000 nm or less, the crystal grain consists of a core and an outer shell, the core has a composition of R1 that is richer than R2, and the outer shell has a composition of R2 that is richer than R1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2019
    Assignee: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Masaaki Ito, Masao Yano, Hidefumi Kishimoto, Noritsugu Sakuma, Tetsuya Shoji, Akira Manabe
  • Patent number: 10464132
    Abstract: A method for producing a raw material powder of a permanent magnet, includes: preparing a material powder of a permanent magnet, measuring magnetic characteristics of the material powder, and judging the quality of the material powder as the raw material powder based on a preliminarily determined relation between magnetic characteristics and the structure of the material powder. A method for producing a permanent magnet includes integrating material powders judged as good in the step of judging the quality as raw material powders by the method for producing a raw material powder of a permanent magnet. A method for inspecting a permanent magnet material powder includes transmitting a magnetic field to a material powder of a permanent magnet, receiving the magnetic field from the material powder, and measuring a magnetic field difference between the transmitted magnetic field and the received magnetic field as magnetic characteristics of the material powder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2019
    Assignee: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Noritsugu Sakuma, Hidefumi Kishimoto, Mikiya Nozaki, Masao Yano, Tetsuya Shoji, Akira Manabe
  • Publication number: 20190311826
    Abstract: To provide a production method capable of enhancing the magnetic properties, particularly, the coercive force, of a Sm—Fe—N-based rare earth magnet and a production apparatus used therefor. A method for producing a rare earth magnet, comprising mixing a magnetic raw material powder containing Sm, Fe and N with a modifier powder containing metallic Zn to obtain a mixed powder, filling the mixed powder into a molding die to obtain a filled product, melting at least a part of the modifier powder in the filled product while applying a pressure of 20 MPa or less to the filled product or without applying a pressure to obtain an intermediate molded product, and subjecting the intermediate molded product to liquid phase sintering at a pressure of 20 MPa or more to obtain a sintered body; and a production apparatus used therefor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 4, 2019
    Publication date: October 10, 2019
    Applicant: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Noritsugu SAKUMA, Kazuaki HAGA
  • Patent number: 10424426
    Abstract: To provide a rare earth magnet ensuring excellent magnetic anisotropy while reducing the amount of Nd, etc., and a manufacturing method thereof. A rare earth magnet comprising a crystal grain having an overall composition of (R2(1-x)R1x)yFe100-y-w-z-vCowBzTMv (wherein R2 is at least one of Nd, Pr, Dy and Tb, R1 is an alloy of at least one or two or more of Ce, La, Gd, Y and Sc, TM is at least one of Ga, Al, Cu, Au, Ag, Zn, In and Mn, 0<x<1, y=12 to 20, z=5.6 to 6.5, w=0 to 8, and v=0 to 2), wherein the average grain size of the crystal grain is 1,000 nm or less, the crystal grain consists of a core and an outer shell, the core has a composition of R1 that is richer than R2, and the outer shell has a composition of R2 that is richer than R1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2019
    Assignee: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Masaaki Ito, Masao Yano, Hidefumi Kishimoto, Noritsugu Sakuma, Tetsuya Shoji, Akira Manabe
  • Patent number: 10351935
    Abstract: Provided is a magnetic compound represented by the formula (R(1-x)Zrx)a(Fe(1-y)Coy)bTcMdAe (wherein R represents one or more rare earth elements, T represents one or more elements selected from the group consisting of Ti, V, Mo, and W, M represents one or more elements selected from the group consisting of unavoidable impurity elements, Al, Cr, Cu, Ga, Ag, and Au, A represents one or more elements selected from the group consisting of N, C, H, and P, 0?x?0.5, 0?y?0.6, 4?a?20, b=100?a?c?d, 0<c<7, 0?d?1, and 1?e?18), in which a main phase of the magnetic compound includes a ThMn12 type crystal structure, and a volume percentage of an ?-(Fe,Co) phase is 20% or lower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Noritsugu Sakuma, Akira Kato, Kota Washio, Hidefumi Kishimoto, Masao Yano, Akira Manabe, Masaaki Ito, Shunji Suzuki, Kurima Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 10347418
    Abstract: A method includes: manufacturing a sintered compact represented by (Rl)x(Rh)yTzBsMt and has a grain boundary phase; manufacturing a rare earth magnet precursor from the sintered compact; and performing a heat treatment on the rare earth magnet precursor at 450° C. to 700° C. to diffuse and to infiltrate a melt of a modified alloy containing a light rare earth element and either a transition metal element, Al, In, Zn, or Ga into the grain boundary phase. Rl represents a light rare earth element. Rh represents Dy or Tb. T represents a transition metal containing at least one of Fe, Ni, and Co. B represents boron. M represents at Ga, Al, or Cu. x, y, z, s, and t represent mass % of Rl, Rh, T, B, and M. Following expressions are established: 27?x?44, 0?y?10, z=100?x?y?s?t, 0.75?s?3.4, 0?t?3. An infiltration amount of the modified alloy is 0 mass % to 5 mass %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Noritsugu Sakuma, Tetsuya Shoji, Daisuke Sakuma, Kazuaki Haga
  • Patent number: 10325704
    Abstract: A rare earth magnet having a main phase and a sub-phase, wherein the main phase has a ThMn12-type crystal structure; the sub-phase contains at least any one of an Sm5Fe17-based phase, an SmCo5-based phase, an Sm2O3-based phase, and an Sm7Cu3-based phase; assuming that the volume of the rare earth magnet is 100%, the volume fraction of the sub-phase is from 2.3 to 9.5% and the volume fraction of an ?-Fe phase is 9.0% or less; and the density of the rare earth magnet is 7.0 g/cm3 or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Noritsugu Sakuma, Akira Kato, Masao Yano, Shunji Suzuki, Kurima Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 10242795
    Abstract: A manufacturing method includes: manufacturing a sintered compact having a composition of (Rl)x(Rh)yTzBsMt; manufacturing a precursor by performing hot deformation processing on the sintered compact; and manufacturing a rare earth magnet by performing an aging treatment on the precursor in a temperature range of 450° C. to 700° C. In this method, a main phase thereof is formed of a (RlRh)2T14B phase. A content of a (RlRh)1.1T4B4 phase in a grain boundary phase thereof is more than 0 mass % and 50 mass % or less. Rl represents a light rare earth element. Rh represents a heavy rare earth element. T represents a transition metal. M represents at least one of Ga, Al, Cu, and Co. x, y, z, s, and t are percentages by mass of Rl, Rh, T, B, and M. x, y, z, s, and t are expressed by the following expressions: 27?x?44, 0?y?10, z=100?x?y?s?t, 0.75?s?3.4, 0?t?3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2019
    Assignee: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Noritsugu Sakuma, Tetsuya Shoji, Daisuke Sakuma, Kazuaki Haga
  • Publication number: 20190006068
    Abstract: To provide a rare earth magnet having excellent coercive force and a production method thereof. A rare earth magnet, wherein the rare earth magnet comprises a magnetic phase containing Sm, Fe, and N, a Zn phase present around the magnetic phase, and an intermediate phase present between the magnetic phase and the Zn phase, wherein the intermediate phase contains Zn and the oxygen content of the intermediate phase is higher than the oxygen content of the Zn phase; and a method for producing a rare earth magnet, including mixing a magnetic raw material powder having an oxygen content of 1.0 mass % or less and an improving agent powder containing metallic Zn and/or a Zn alloy, and heat-treating the mixed powder.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 20, 2018
    Publication date: January 3, 2019
    Applicants: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA, TOHOKU UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Noritsugu SAKUMA, Tetsuya SHOJI, Kazuaki HAGA, Satoshi SUGIMOTO, Masashi MATSUURA
  • Publication number: 20180308633
    Abstract: A method for producing a rare earth magnet, including preparing a melt of a first alloy having a composition represented by (R1vR2wR3x)yTzBsM1t (wherein R1 is a light rare earth element, R2 is an intermediate rare earth element, R3 is a heavy rare earth element, T is an iron group element, and M1 is an impurity element, etc.), cooling the melt of the first alloy at a rate of from 100 to 102 K/sec to obtain a first alloy ingot, pulverizing the first alloy ingot to obtain a first alloy powder having a particle diameter of 1 to 20 ?m, preparing a melt of a second alloy having a composition represented by (R4pR5q)100-uM2u (wherein R4 is a light rare earth element, R5 is an intermediate or heavy rare earth element, M2 is an alloy element, etc.), and putting the first alloy powder into contact with the melt of the second alloy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 13, 2018
    Publication date: October 25, 2018
    Applicant: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Masaaki ITO, Noritsugu SAKUMA, Masao YANO, Hidefumi KISHIMOTO, Tetsuya SHOJI
  • Patent number: 10090090
    Abstract: The invention provides a nanocomposite magnet, which has achieved high coercive force and high residual magnetization. The magnet is a non-ferromagnetic phase that is intercalated between a hard magnetic phase with a rare-earth magnet composition and a soft magnetic phase, wherein the non-ferromagnetic phase reacts with neither the hard nor soft magnetic phase. A hard magnetic phase contains Nd2Fe14B, a soft magnetic phase contains Fe or Fe2Co, and a non-ferromagnetic phase contains Ta. The thickness of the non-ferromagnetic phase containing Ta is 5 nm or less, and the thickness of the soft magnetic phase containing Fe or Fe2Co is 20 nm or less. Nd, or Pr, or an alloy of Nd and any one of Cu, Ag, Al, Ga, and Pr, or an alloy of Pr and any one of Cu, Ag, Al, and Ga is diffused into a grain boundary phase of the hard magnetic phase of Nd2Fe14B.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignees: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA, NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR MATERIALS SCIENCE
    Inventors: Hidefumi Kishimoto, Noritsugu Sakuma, Masao Yano, Weibin Cui, Yukiko Takahashi, Kazuhiro Hono
  • Patent number: 10062504
    Abstract: A manufacturing method of a rare-earth magnet includes: manufacturing a first sealing body by filling a graphite container with a magnetic powder to be a rare-earth magnet material and by sealing the graphite container; manufacturing a sintered body by sintering the first sealing body to manufacture a second sealing body in which the sintered body is accommodated; and manufacturing a rare-earth magnet by performing hot plastic working on the second sealing body to give magnetic anisotropy to the sintered body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Assignee: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Kazuaki Haga, Noriyuki Ueno, Akira Kano, Tomonori Inuzuka, Noritsugu Sakuma
  • Patent number: 10056177
    Abstract: The present invention is a method capable of producing a rare-earth magnet with excellent magnetization and coercivity. The method includes producing a sintered body including a main phase and grain boundary phase and represented by (R11-xR2x)aTMbBcMd (where R1 represents one or more rare-earth elements including Y, R2 represents a rare-earth element different than R1, TM represents transition metal including at least one of Fe, Ni, or Co, B represents boron, M represents at least one of Ti, Ga, Zn, Si, Al, etc., 0.01?x?1, 12?a?20, b=100?a?c?d, 5?c?20, and 0?d?3 (all at %)); applying hot deformation processing to the sintered body to produce a precursor of the magnet; and diffusing/infiltrating melt of a R3-M modifying alloy (rare-earth element where R3 includes R1 and R2) into the grain boundary phase of the precursor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Noritsugu Sakuma, Tetsuya Shoji, Kazuaki Haga
  • Publication number: 20180182519
    Abstract: A rare earth magnet includes a main phase, a grain boundary phase present around the main phase and an intermediate phase interposed between the main phase and the grain boundary phase, and has an overall composition that is represented by the formula ((Ce(1-x)Lax)(1-y)R1y)pT(100-p-q-r)BqM1r.(R21-zM2z)s (where, R1 and R2 are rare earth elements other than Ce and La, T is at least one selected from among Fe, Ni, and Co, M1 is an element having a small amount that does not influence magnetic characteristics, and M2 is an alloy element for which a melting point of R21-zM2z is lower than a melting point of R2). A total concentration of Ce and La is higher in the main phase than in the intermediate phase, and a concentration of R2 is higher in the intermediate phase than in the main phase.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 5, 2017
    Publication date: June 28, 2018
    Applicant: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Masaaki Ito, Noritsugu Sakuma, Tetsuya Shoji, Hidefumi Kishimoto, Masao Yano
  • Publication number: 20180182515
    Abstract: A rare earth magnet comprising a main phase, a grain boundary phase present around the main phase, and an intermediate phase sandwiched between the main phase and the grain boundary phase, and having a total composition of the rare earth magnet represented by the formula: CepR1qT(100-p-q-r-s)BrM1s.(R21-xM2x)t R1 and R2 are a rare earth element except for Ce, T is one or more members selected from Fe, Ni, and Co, M1 is a minor element, and M2 is an alloy element that makes, the melting point of R21-xM2x to be lower than the melting point of R2 the concentration of Ce is higher in the main phase than in the intermediate phase, and the concentration of R2 is higher in the intermediate phase than in the main phase, and a production method thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2017
    Publication date: June 28, 2018
    Applicant: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Masaaki ITO, Noritsugu SAKUMA, Masao YANO, Hidefumi KISHIMOTO, Tetsuya SHOJI
  • Publication number: 20180182516
    Abstract: To provide an R—Fe—B-based rare earth magnet where R is mainly Ce, ensuring that even when a rare earth element R1 except for Ce is very small in amount or is not present, the coercive force can be enhanced. A rare earth magnet wherein the rare earth magnet has a total composition represented by the formula: CepR1qT(100-p-q-r-s)BrM1s (wherein R1 is a rare earth element except for Ce, T is one or more members selected from Fe, Ni and Co, M1 is one or more members selected from Ti, Ga, Zn, Si, Al, Nb, Zr, Mn, V, W, Ta, Ge, Cu, Cr, Hf, Mo, P, C, Mg, Hg, Ag, and Au, and an unavoidable impurity, and p, q, r, and s are 11.80?p?12.90, 0?q?3.00, 5.00?r?20.00, and 0?s?3.00), and wherein the rear earth magnet comprises a magnetic phase and a (Ce,R1)-rich phase present around the magnetic phase.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2017
    Publication date: June 28, 2018
    Applicant: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Masaaki ITO, Noritsugu SAKUMA, Masao YANO, Hidefumi KISHIMOTO, Tetsuya SHOJI
  • Publication number: 20180040404
    Abstract: The invention provides a nanocomposite magnet, which has achieved high coercive force and high residual magnetization. The magnet is a non-ferromagnetic phase that is intercalated between a hard magnetic phase with a rare-earth magnet composition and a soft magnetic phase, wherein the non-ferromagnetic phase reacts with neither the hard nor soft magnetic phase. A hard magnetic phase contains Nd2Fe14B, a soft magnetic phase contains Fe or Fe2Co, and a non-ferromagnetic phase contains Ta. The thickness of the non-ferromagnetic phase containing Ta is 5 nm or less, and the thickness of the soft magnetic phase containing Fe or Fe2Co is 20 nm or less. Nd, or Pr, or an alloy of Nd and any one of Cu, Ag, Al, Ga, and Pr, or an alloy of Pr and any one of Cu, Ag, Al, and Ga is diffused into a grain boundary phase of the hard magnetic phase of Nd2Fe14B.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2017
    Publication date: February 8, 2018
    Applicants: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA, NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR MATERIALS SCIENCE
    Inventors: Hidefumi KISHIMOTO, Noritsugu SAKUMA, Masao YANO, Weibin CUI, Yukiko TAKAHASHI, Kazuhiro HONO
  • Patent number: 9818520
    Abstract: The invention provides a nanocomposite magnet, which has achieved high coercive force and high residual magnetization. The magnet is a non-ferromagnetic phase that is intercalated between a hard magnetic phase with a rare-earth magnet composition and a soft magnetic phase, wherein the non-ferromagnetic phase reacts with neither the hard nor soft magnetic phase. A hard magnetic phase contains Nd2Fe14B, a soft magnetic phase contains Fe or Fe2Co, and a non-ferromagnetic phase contains Ta. The thickness of the non-ferromagnetic phase containing Ta is 5 nm or less, and the thickness of the soft magnetic phase containing Fe or Fe2Co is 20 nm or less. Nd, or Pr, or an alloy of Nd and any one of Cu, Ag, Al, Ga, and Pr, or an alloy of Pr and any one of Cu, Ag, Al, and Ga is diffused into a grain boundary phase of the hard magnetic phase of Nd2Fe14B.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignees: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA, NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR MATERIALS SCIENCE
    Inventors: Hidefumi Kishimoto, Noritsugu Sakuma, Masao Yano, Weibin Cui, Yukiko Takahashi, Kazuhiro Hono
  • Patent number: 9761358
    Abstract: A method for producing a nanocrystalline rare earth magnet having a grain and a grain boundary phase includes: quenching a melt of a rare earth magnet composition to form a quenched thin ribbon having a nanocrystalline structure; sintering the quenched thin ribbon to obtain a sintered body; heat treating the sintered body at a temperature which is higher than a lowest temperature in a first temperature range where the grain boundary phase diffuses or flows, and which is lower than a lowest temperature in a second temperature range where the grain becomes coarse; and quenching the heat treated sintered body to 200° C. or less at a cooling speed of 50° C./min or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2017
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Noritsugu Sakuma, Hidefumi Kishimoto