Patents by Inventor Otto J. Berbee

Otto J. Berbee has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20210309767
    Abstract: A high pressure polymerization to form an ethylene-based polymer, the process comprising the following: polymerizing a reaction mixture comprising ethylene, using a reactor system comprising at least three ethylene-based feed streams and a reactor configuration that comprises at least four reaction zones.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 18, 2021
    Publication date: October 7, 2021
    Inventors: Cornelis J.F. Hosman, Nhi T.Y. Dang, Otto J. Berbee, Joaquin Flores
  • Patent number: 11136419
    Abstract: A high pressure, free radical polymerization process to form an ethylene-based polymer, the process comprising at least the following step: polymerizing a reaction mixture comprising ethylene, using a polymerization system comprising the following: (A) a reactor configuration comprising at least one reactor that comprises at least two reaction zones, a first reaction zone (reaction zone 1) and an ith reaction zone (where i?2); wherein the ith reaction zone is the last reaction zone, and wherein i is the total number of reaction zones; (B) at least two ethylene-based feed streams, a first ethylene-based feed stream and an nth ethylene-based feed stream, wherein the first ethylene-based feed stream is sent to the first reaction zone, and the nth ethylene-based feed stream is the last ethylene based feed stream sent to the reactor configuration; wherein n?i; and RZn/RZ1 does not equal 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 5, 2021
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Otto J. Berbee, Stefan Hinrichs, Bharat I. Chaudhary, Teresa P. Karjala, John O. Osby, Jose Ortega
  • Patent number: 11078301
    Abstract: A high pressure polymerization, as described herein, to form an ethylene-based polymer, comprising the following steps: polymerizing a reaction mixture comprising ethylene, using a reactor system comprising at least three ethylene-based feed streams and a reactor configuration that comprises at least four reaction zones, and at least one of the following a) through c), is met: (a) up to 100 wt % of the ethylene stream to the first zone comes from a high pressure recycle, and/or up to 100 wt % of the last ethylene stream to a zone comes from the output from a Primary compressor system; and/or (b) up to 100 wt % of the ethylene stream to first zone comes from the output from a Primary compressor system, and/or up to 100 wt % of the last ethylene stream to a zone comes from a high pressure recycle; and/or (c) the ethylene stream to the first zone, and/or the last ethylene stream to a zone, each comprises a controlled composition; and wherein each ethylene stream to a zone receives an output from two or more cyli
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2021
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Cornelis J F Hosman, Nhi T. Y. Dang, Otto J. Berbee, Joaquin Flores
  • Patent number: 10975179
    Abstract: The invention provides a composition comprising a first ethylene-based polymer, formed by a high pressure, free-radical polymerization process, and comprising the following properties: a) a Mw(abs) versus I2 relationship: Mw(abs)<A×[(I2)B], where A=5.00×102 (g/mole)/(dg/min)B, and B=?0.40; and b) a MS versus I2 relationship: MS?C×[(I2)D], where C=13.5 cN/(dg/min)D, and D=?0.55.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2021
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Otto J. Berbee, Cornelis F. J. Den Doelder, Teresa P. Karjala, Karl Zuercher, Jian Wang, Stefan Hinrichs
  • Patent number: 10941220
    Abstract: A high pressure polymerization process to form an ethylene-based polymer, the process comprising at least the following step: polymerizing a reaction mixture comprising ethylene and at least one comonomer, using a reactor system comprising a reactor configuration, and the following: (A) at least two reaction zones, a zone (reaction zone 1) and an ith zone (reaction zone i where i?2), (B) at least two ethylene-based feed streams, each comprising a percentage of the total make-up ethylene fed to the polymerization process, and wherein a first stream is sent to reaction zone 1 and a second stream is sent to reaction zone i; (C) a control system to control the percentage of the total make-up ethylene in the stream sent to reaction zone 1, and the percentage of the total make-up ethylene in the stream sent to reaction zone i, and wherein the ratio (Q) of the molar concentration of the at least one comonomer fed to the first reaction zone, to the molar concentration of comonomer in the sum of all ethylene-based fee
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2021
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Otto J. Berbee, Stefan Hinrichs, Hayley A. Brown, Bharat I. Chaudhary, John O. Osby, Teresa P. Karjala
  • Patent number: 10844146
    Abstract: A process to form an ethylene-based polymer, as described herein, in a tubular reactor system comprising at least three ethylene-based feeds, and at least four reaction zones, and where the weight ratio of “the ethylene-based feed to the second zone (EBF2)” to “the ethylene-based feed to the first zone (EBF1),” is from 0.50 to 1.10; and the weight ratio of “the ethylene-based feed to the third zone (EBF3)” to “the ethylene-based feed to the first zone (EBF1),” is from 0.40 to 2.50; in each zone, the polymerization takes place at a start temperature?135° C.; and (a) for three or more ethylene based feeds, the peak temperatures in the first and the second zones, are each from 200° C. to 250° C.; and/or (b) for four or more ethylene based feeds, the peak temperatures in the first, the second and the third zones, are each from 200° C. to 250° C.; and the differential in peak temperatures of the first three zones (TP1, TP2, TP3) meets at least one relationship described herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2020
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Otto J. Berbee, Nhi T. Y. Dang, Cornelis J F Hosman, Joaquin Flores
  • Patent number: 10815321
    Abstract: A process for producing an ethylene-based polymer comprises polymerizing, by the presence of at least one free-radical initiator and using a high pressure tubular polymerization process, a reaction mixture containing ethylene and at least one CTA system comprising one or more CTA components to produce the ethylene-based polymer. The free-radical initiator is dissolved in a solvent comprising a saturated hydrocarbon to form an initiator solution which is added to the polymerization using an initiator feed line to an initiator injection pump. At least 50 wt % of the solvent has i) a dry point of less than or equal to 160° C. and ii) an initial boiling point of greater than or equal to 100° C. The polymerization process has a ratio of inlet pressure to first peak temperature of less than or equal to 9 Bar/° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2020
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Cornelis F J Den Doelder, Stefan Hinrichs, Eva-Maria Kupsch, Otto J. Berbee, Rajesh P. Paradkar, Bernard A. Fehr, Carmelo Declet Perez
  • Publication number: 20200317826
    Abstract: A process to form an ethylene-based polymer, as described herein, in a tubular reactor system comprising at least three ethylene-based feeds, and at least four reaction zones, and where the weight ratio of “the ethylene-based feed to the second zone (EBF2)” to “the ethylene-based feed to the first zone (EBF1),” is from 0.50 to 1.10; and the weight ratio of “the ethylene-based feed to the third zone (EBF3)” to “the ethylene-based feed to the first zone (EBF1),” is from 0.40 to 2.50; in each zone, the polymerization takes place at a start temperature ?135° C.; and (a) for three or more ethylene based feeds, the peak temperatures in the first and the second zones, are each from 200° C. to 250° C.; and/or (b) for four or more ethylene based feeds, the peak temperatures in the first, the second and the third zones, are each from 200° C. to 250° C.; and the differential in peak temperatures of the first three zones (TP1, TP2, TP3) meets at least one relationship described herein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 22, 2017
    Publication date: October 8, 2020
    Applicant: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Otto J. Berbee, Nhi T. Y. Dang, Cornelis J F Hosman, Joaquin Flores
  • Patent number: 10774159
    Abstract: A process to form an ethylene-based polymer comprising polymerizing a mixture comprising ethylene, in the presence of a free-radical initiator, and in a tubular reactor system comprising at least two ethylene-based feed streams, and a reactor configuration that comprises at least three reaction zones; and the inlet pressure of the first zone is <3200 Bar; and the ethylene conversion >28%, and an m value from 20 mole % to 70 mole %, where m=mol % of ethylene-based feed stream to the first zone, based on total moles of ethylene-based feed streams fed to the reactor configuration; and the ratio (Q) of a “MWDB of a broad polymer polymerized, to a “MWDN of a narrow polymer polymerized, is as follows: {(T)*(?2.3×log(m)+7)}?Q?{(T)*(?13.0×log(m)+29.8)}; at the same melt index; and “T” is the “chain transfer activity ratio” as described herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2020
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Otto J. Berbee, Nhi T. Y. Dang, Cornelis J F Hosman, Joaquin Flores
  • Patent number: 10730973
    Abstract: Ethylene-based polymers comprising the following properties: (A) a density less than 0.9190 g/cc; (B) a hexane extractable level that meets the following equation: hexane extractable level ?A+B [log(12)], where A=2.65 wt %, and B—0.25 wt %[log (dg/min)]; based on total weight of the ethylene-based polymer; (C) a G? (at G?=500 Pa, 1 70° C.) that meets the following equation: G??C+D [log(12)], where C=150 Pa, and D=?60 Pa/[log(dg/min)]; and (D) a melt index (12) from 0.7 to 20 dg/min; are made in high pressure tubular process that comprises at least three reaction zones with the peak polymerization temperature of the first reaction zone ?320° C. and the peak polymerization temperature of the last reaction zone ?290° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Otto J. Berbee, Cornelis F. J. Den Doelder, Stefan Hinrichs, Teresa P. Karjala, John O. Osby
  • Patent number: 10730977
    Abstract: A process to form an ethylene-based polymer comprises polymerizing a reaction mixture comprising ethylene, at least one symmetrical polyene and at least one chain transfer agent system comprising at least one chain transfer agent (CTA) in the presence of at least one free-radical initiator and in a reactor configuration comprising at least two reaction zones, reaction zone 1 and reaction zone i (i?2), wherein reaction zone i is downstream from reaction zone 1. The ratio of “the activity of the CTA system of the feed to the first reaction zone” to the “activity of the CTA system of the cumulative feed to the reaction zone i,” (Z1/Zi), is less than or equal to (0.8?0.2*log(Cs)), wherein Cs is from 0.0001 to 10.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Otto J. Berbee, Stefan Hinrichs, Sean W. Ewart, John O. Osby
  • Publication number: 20200231712
    Abstract: A high pressure, free radical polymerization process to form an ethylene-based polymer, the process comprising at least the following step: polymerizing a reaction mixture comprising ethylene, using a polymerization system comprising the following: (A) a reactor configuration comprising at least one reactor that comprises at least two reaction zones, a first reaction zone (reaction zone 1) and an ith reaction zone (where i?2); wherein the ith reaction zone is the last reaction zone, and wherein i is the total number of reaction zones; (B) at least two ethylene-based feed streams, a first ethylene-based feed stream and an nth ethylene-based feed stream, wherein the first ethylene-based feed stream is sent to the first reaction zone, and the nth ethylene-based feed stream is the last ethylene based feed stream sent to the reactor configuration; wherein n?i; and RZn/RZ1 does not equal 1.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 13, 2018
    Publication date: July 23, 2020
    Applicant: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Otto J. Berbee, Stefan Hinrichs, Bharat I. Chaudhary, Teresa P. Karjala, John O. Osby, Jose Ortega
  • Patent number: 10696757
    Abstract: A process is provided to form an ethylene-based polymer, in the presence of at least one free-radical, said process comprises at least the following: polymerizing a mixture comprising ethylene, in a reactor configuration comprising at least three reaction zones, and comprising two ethylene feed streams, and wherein the ratio (RLCBf40%), in percent, of the “LCB content of the first 40 wt % of the total polymer formed” to “the total LCB content in the final polymer” is ?22.5%; and wherein the amount of ethylene, and optionally one or more comonomers, and optionally one or more CTAs, fed to the first reaction zone, is from 40 mole % to 80 mole %, based on the total moles of ethylene, and optionally one or more comonomers, and optionally one or more CTAs, fed to the polymerization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2020
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Otto J. Berbee, Joaquin Flores, Cornelis J F Hosman, Nhi Dang
  • Patent number: 10654955
    Abstract: The invention provides a composition comprising an ethylene-based polymer, comprising at least the following: A) a unit derived from Carbon Monoxide (CO); and B) a unit derived from at least one Rheology Modifying Agent (RMA) selected from the following RMA1, RMA2, RMA3, RMA4, RMA5, each as described herein, or a combination thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2020
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: John O. Osby, Teresa P. Karjala, Otto J. Berbee, James L. Cooper
  • Publication number: 20200087492
    Abstract: A process for producing a composition comprising A) an ethylene-based polymer that has a density greater than, or equal to, 0.940 g/cc, and B) an ethylene homopolymer formed by polymerizing a reaction mixture comprising ethylene, using a free-radical, high pressure polymerization process includes adding component (A) to a molten stream of component (B) after component (B) exits the separator and before component (B) is solidified in the pelletizer. A polymerization configuration for producing the composition includes at least one reactor, at least one separator, at least one pelletizer, and a device used to feed component (A), in the molten state, to a molten stream of component (B) before the pelletizer. The composition has a ratio of the melt strength of the composition to the melt strength of component (B) is greater than or equal to 1.04 and a density of greater than 0.920 g/cc.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2017
    Publication date: March 19, 2020
    Inventors: Cornelis F.J. Den Doelder, Carmelo Declet Perez, Otto J. Berbee, Hayley A. Brown
  • Patent number: 10538652
    Abstract: The invention provides a composition comprising a first ethylene-based polymer, formed by a high pressure, free-radical polymerization process, and a second ethylene-based polymer, formed by a high pressure, free-radical polymerization process, such composition comprising the following properties: a) a melt index (I2) from 2.0 to 10 dg/min; b) a density from 0.922 to 0.935 g/cc; and wherein the second ethylene-based polymer is present in an amount from 60 to 95 weight percent, based on the sum of the weight of the first polymer and the second polymer; and wherein the second ethylene-based polymer has a density greater than, or equal to, 0.924 g/cc; and wherein the first ethylene-based polymer has a melt index less than 2.5 dg/min.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2020
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Cornelis F. J. Den Doelder, Karl Zuercher, Otto J. Berbee, Jian Wang, Teresa P. Karjala
  • Patent number: 10501561
    Abstract: Ethylene-based polymer, LDPE, is made in a high pressure polymerization process to comprising at least the step of polymerizing a reaction mixture comprising ethylene, using a reactor configuration comprising (A) at least two reaction zones, a first reaction zone (reaction zone 1) and an i reaction zone (reaction zone i where i>2), (B) at least two ethylene feed streams, each feed stream comprising a percentage of the total make-up ethylene fed to the polymerization process, in which a first ethylene feed stream is sent to reaction zone 1 and a second ethylene feed stream is sent to reaction zone i, and (C) a control system to control the percentage of the total make-up ethylene in the ethylene feed stream sent to reaction zone 1 and the percentage of the total make-up ethylene in the ethylene feed stream sent to reaction zone i.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2019
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Otto J. Berbee, Cornelis J F Hosman, Sergio E. Goncalves, Stefan Hinrichs
  • Patent number: 10494457
    Abstract: A process to form an ethylene-based polymer, said process comprising at least the following: polymerizing a mixture comprising ethylene, in the presence of at least one free-radical initiator, and in a reactor configuration comprising at least three reaction zones and at least two ethylene feed streams; and wherein the inlet pressure of the first reaction zone is less than, or equal to, 3200 Bar; and wherein the amount of ethylene, and optionally one or more comonomers, and optionally one or more CTAs, fed to the first reaction zone is from 40 mole % to 80 mole %, based on the total moles of ethylene, and optionally one or more comonomers, and optionally one or more CTAs, fed to the polymerization; and wherein the average polymerization temperature of the first 40 wt % polymer formed (APT40 wt %) (based on the total amount of polymer formed) is less than, or equal to, 200° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2019
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Otto J. Berbee, Cornelis J F Hosman, Joaquin Flores, Sergio E. Goncalves, Sarat Munjal, Michael E. Bishop, Luiz Rodriguez
  • Patent number: 10494456
    Abstract: A process to form an ethylene-based polymer, in the presence of at least one free-radical, said process comprises at least the following: polymerizing a mixture comprising ethylene in a reactor configuration comprising at least four reaction zones, and comprising at least three ethylene feed streams; and wherein the ratio of (RLCBf40%), in percent, of the LCB content of the “first 40 wt % of the total polymer formed” to the “total LCB content in the final polymer” is ?29%; and wherein the amount of ethylene, and optionally one or more comonomers, and optionally one or more CTAs, fed to the first reaction zone, is from 20 mole % to 70 mole %, based on the total moles of ethylene, and optionally one or more comonomers, and optionally one or more CTAs, fed to the polymerization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2019
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Otto J. Berbee, Joaquin Flores, Cornelis J F Hosman, Nhi Dang
  • Patent number: 10494460
    Abstract: Ethylene-based polymers comprising the following properties: (A) a density from 0.9190 g/cc to 0.9240 g/cc; (B) a hexane extractable level that is less than or equal to the lower of: (1) (A+(B*density (g/cc))+(C*log(MI) dg/min)) based on total weight of the ethylene-based polymer; where A=250.5 wt %, B=?270 wt %/(g/cc), C=0.25 wt %/[log(dg/min)], or (2) 2.0 wt %; (C) a G? (at G?=500 Pa, 170° C.) that meets the following equation: G??D+E[log (12)], where D=150 Pa and E=?60 Pa/[log(dg/min)]; and (D) a melt index (12) from 1.0 to 20 dg/min; are made in process comprising the step of contacting in a reaction configuration, comprising a first tubular reaction zone 1 and a last tubular reaction zone i, in which i is greater than or equal to (?) 3, under high pressure polymerization conditions, and in which the first reaction zone 1 has a peak polymerization temperature greater than the peak temperature of the ith reaction zone, and wherein the difference in these two peak temperatures is ?30° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2019
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Otto J. Berbee, Cornelis F. J. Den Doelder, Stefan Hinrichs, Teresa P. Karjala, John O. Osby