Patents by Inventor Paul A. Moskowitz

Paul A. Moskowitz has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10096032
    Abstract: In various embodiments, the proximity of an avatar with respect to a designated focal point object within a virtual universe is determined, and information associated with the designated focal point object is identified. A first of a plurality of representations of the information is selected based, at least in part, on the determined proximity of the avatar with respect to the designated focal point object. The first representation of the information is then transmitted to the avatar. Proximity-based transmission of information can disseminate relevant information to avatars, and can be used by virtual universe businesses to encourage avatars to move near the designated focal point object within the virtual universe so that the avatars can be exposed to products and advertisements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Christopher J. Dawson, Rick A. Hamilton, II, Paul A. Moskowitz, Clifford A. Pickover
  • Patent number: 10003354
    Abstract: Aspects provide digital media content as a function of embedded environmental impact data. When a digital multimedia item is received, an embedded environmental impact value is decoded and the item is utilized as a function of the decoded embedded environmental impact value. Some aspects account for amounts and types of energy used in creating the item to calculate an environmental impact value for the item, and the calculated environmental impact value is embedded within digital data of the item.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2018
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Rick A. Haminton, II, Paul A. Moskowitz, Brian M. O'Connell, Clifford A. Pickover
  • Publication number: 20180158127
    Abstract: A method implemented in a computer infrastructure having computer executable code tangibly embodied on a computer readable medium being operable to provide a shopping cart for a shopper, and segment items in the shopping cart based on the carbon footprint associated with each item. Additionally, the method may include displaying substitute or complementary items in the shopping cart for selection by the user to reduce total carbon values, and awarding carbon certificates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2018
    Publication date: June 7, 2018
    Inventors: Rick A. HAMILTON, II, Ruthie D. LYLE, Paul A. MOSKOWITZ, Clifford A. PICKOVER
  • Patent number: 9947035
    Abstract: A method implemented in a computer infrastructure having computer executable code tangibly embodied on a computer readable medium being operable to provide a shopping cart for a shopper, and segment items in the shopping cart based on the carbon footprint associated with each item. Additionally, the method may include displaying substitute or complementary items in the shopping cart for selection by the user to reduce total carbon values, and awarding carbon certificates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2018
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Rick A. Hamilton, II, Ruthie D. Lyle, Paul A. Moskowitz, Clifford A. Pickover
  • Patent number: 9727934
    Abstract: A system and method is provided for avoiding duplication of effort in drafting documents and, in particular, to a system and method for avoiding duplication of effort in preparing patent related submissions. The method is implemented on a computer infrastructure comprises storing disclosure information related to non-public proprietary innovation and receiving terms associated with an innovation. The method further comprises matching the terms with the stored disclosure information and providing an alert to a user that certain of the terms overlap with the stored disclosure information.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2017
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Rick A. Hamilton, II, Paul A. Moskowitz, Clifford A. Pickover, James W. Seaman
  • Publication number: 20160267721
    Abstract: Described herein are processes and devices that coalesced and/or collapse areas in a region of a virtual universe to conserve computing resources. Some embodiments are directed to detecting an indication to reduce usage of a computing resource in the virtual universe and, in response, determining the first area of the virtual universe for coalescing and collapsing into the second area of the virtual universe. In some embodiments, the first area comprises a plurality of virtual universe objects. Some embodiments are further directed to selecting a first set of the plurality of virtual universe objects for moving from the first area into the second area, coalescing the first set of the plurality of virtual universe objects into the second area from the first area, and, in response, collapsing the first area of the virtual universe.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2016
    Publication date: September 15, 2016
    Applicant: ACTIVISION PUBLISHING, INC.
    Inventors: Rick A. HAMILTON, II, Paul A. MOSKOWITZ, Brian M. O'CONNELL, Clifford A. PICKOVER, James W. SEAMAN
  • Patent number: 9299080
    Abstract: In various embodiments, the number of virtual universe avatars within a predetermined proximity from a designated first object in a virtual universe is determined. A condition that affects a load on a server computer supporting the designated first object in the virtual universe is determined. A second object is dynamically spawned within the virtual universe in response to determining that the number of virtual universe avatars within the predetermined proximity from the designated first object is greater than a first predetermined threshold and that the determined condition on the server computer is greater than a second predetermined threshold. The second object is associated with transmissions of information within the virtual universe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2016
    Assignee: Activision Publishing, Inc.
    Inventors: Christopher J. Dawson, Rick A. Hamilton, II, Paul A. Moskowitz, Clifford A. Pickover
  • Patent number: 9286731
    Abstract: Described herein are processes and devices that coalesced and/or collapse areas in a region of a virtual universe to conserve computing resources. Some embodiments are directed to detecting an indication to reduce usage of a computing resource in the virtual universe and, in response, determining the first area of the virtual universe for coalescing and collapsing into the second area of the virtual universe. In some embodiments, the first area comprises a plurality of virtual universe objects. Some embodiments are further directed to selecting a first set of the plurality of virtual universe objects for moving from the first area into the second area, coalescing the first set of the plurality of virtual universe objects into the second area from the first area, and, in response, collapsing the first area of the virtual universe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2016
    Assignee: Activision Publishing, Inc.
    Inventors: Rick A. Hamilton, II, Paul A. Moskowitz, Brian M. O'Connell, Clifford A. Pickover, James W. Seaman
  • Publication number: 20160062444
    Abstract: The invention provides a method, system, and program product for reducing use of one or more computer resources. In one embodiment, the invention includes monitoring a user's interaction with a virtual universe, determining whether the user's interaction with the virtual universe is consistent with the user's attention being diverted from the virtual universe, determining whether a computer resource allocated to the user should be reduced, and in the case that the computer resource should be reduced, reducing the computer resource.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 11, 2015
    Publication date: March 3, 2016
    Inventors: Rick A. Hamilton, II, Paul A. Moskowitz, Brian M. O'Connell, Clifford A. Pickover, James W. Seaman
  • Patent number: 9244513
    Abstract: The invention provides a method, system, and program product for reducing use of one or more computer resources. In one embodiment, the invention includes monitoring a user's interaction with a virtual universe, determining whether the user's interaction with the virtual universe is consistent with the user's attention being diverted from the virtual universe, determining whether a computer resource allocated to the user should be reduced, and in the case that the computer resource should be reduced, reducing the computer resource.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2016
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Rick A. Hamilton, II, Paul A. Moskowitz, Brian M. O'Connell, Clifford A. Pickover, James W. Seaman
  • Patent number: 9030163
    Abstract: The object of the invention is a device for recharging with energy a piece of storage equipment loaded on-board a vehicle comprising at least one power supply device external to the vehicle, at least one power collector fixed on the vehicle, the power collector comprising a central portion provided with at least one friction strip, intended for powering the vehicle when the vehicle is moving, the central portion being laterally extended with at least one horn formed in one piece in a metal material and forming an upper surface. At least one portion of the upper surface of the horn forms a contact area capable of directly coming into contact with a corresponding contact surface of the power supply device when the vehicle is at a standstill in a stop station in order to ensure energy transfer between the power collector and the power supply device via the contact area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Alstom Transport SA
    Inventors: Gaƫtan Tuyeras, Olivier Jean Georges Chantal, Jean-Paul Moskowitz, Mohammed Leouatni, Angel Garcia Marne
  • Publication number: 20150081573
    Abstract: A system and method is provided for avoiding duplication of effort in drafting documents and, in particular, to a system and method for avoiding duplication of effort in preparing patent related submissions. The method is implemented on a computer infrastructure comprises storing disclosure information related to non-public proprietary innovation and receiving terms associated with an innovation. The method further comprises matching the terms with the stored disclosure information and providing an alert to a user that certain of the terms overlap with the stored disclosure information.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Rick A. Hamilton, II, Paul A. Moskowitz, Clifford A. Pickover, James W. Seaman
  • Patent number: 8943033
    Abstract: A system and method is provided for avoiding duplication of effort in drafting documents and, in particular, to a system and method for avoiding duplication of effort in preparing patent related submissions. The method is implemented on a computer infrastructure comprises storing disclosure information related to non-public proprietary innovation and receiving terms associated with an innovation. The method further comprises matching the terms with the stored disclosure information and providing an alert to a user that certain of the terms overlap with the stored disclosure information.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Rick A. Hamilton, II, Paul A. Moskowitz, Clifford A. Pickover, James W. Seaman
  • Patent number: 8918728
    Abstract: A system that enables individuals or companies to allow an avatar's transits and communications within a virtual universe. The system enables the selection of regions and/or content. Additionally, companies can use this system to prevent accidental communication of proprietary material. Also provided are a method and a computer readable medium containing a program product including the method to enable individuals or companies to allow an avatar's transits and communications within a virtual universe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Rick A. Hamilton, II, Paul A. Moskowitz, Brian M. O'Connell, Clifford A. Pickover, Keith R. Walker
  • Patent number: 8910043
    Abstract: Methods and arrangements of modifying spaces in virtual universes are discussed. Embodiments include transformations, code, state machines or other logic to receive data from a software agent in a virtual universe, directly or indirectly. The data may be based upon information automatically gathered from data stores outside the virtual universe, including account data and user profile data. The embodiment may also involve developing a user profile of the user in the virtual universe, based upon the data received from the software agent. An embodiment may also involve automatically gathering information from data stores external to the virtual universe. The information may include user account data and user profile information. The embodiment may also include aggregating data for generating the user profile in the virtual universe, based upon the information; and transmitting the data directly or indirectly to the virtual universe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Rick A. Hamilton, II, James R. Kozioski, Paul A. Moskowitz, Brian M. O'Connell, Clifford A. Pickover, Keith R. Walker
  • Publication number: 20140222614
    Abstract: A method implemented in a computer infrastructure having computer executable code tangibly embodied on a computer readable medium being operable to provide a shopping cart for a shopper, and segment items in the shopping cart based on the carbon footprint associated with each item. Additionally, the method may include displaying substitute or complementary items in the shopping cart for selection by the user to reduce total carbon values, and awarding carbon certificates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 8, 2014
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Rick A. HAMILTON, II, Ruthie D. LYLE, Paul A. MOSKOWITZ, Clifford A. PICKOVER
  • Patent number: 8738432
    Abstract: A method implemented in a computer infrastructure having computer executable code tangibly embodied on a computer readable medium being operable to provide a shopping cart for a shopper, and segment items in the shopping cart based on the carbon footprint associated with each item. Additionally, the method may include displaying substitute or complementary items in the shopping cart for selection by the user to reduce total carbon values, and awarding carbon certificates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Rick A. Hamilton, II, Ruthie D. Lyle, Paul A. Moskowitz, Clifford A. Pickover
  • Patent number: 8672273
    Abstract: A rail car sensor network, in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, includes at least one rail car having a main body portion including a first and section, a second end section and an intermediate portion. The rail car network further includes a sensor assembly mounted to the rail car. The sensor assembly includes at least one sensor positioned to detect a rail car parameter, and a wireless communication device configured to transmit data corresponding to the rail car parameter. A receiver assembly, mounted remote from the at least one rail car, includes a wireless communication monitor configured to receive the data corresponding to the rail car parameter from the wireless communication device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Richard H. Brown, John Z. Dorn, Jeffery G. Elliott, Paul A. Moskowitz, Jonathan M. Reason, Xianjin Zhu
  • Publication number: 20140063004
    Abstract: Described herein are processes and devices that coalesced and/or collapse areas in a region of a virtual universe to conserve computing resources. Some embodiments are directed to detecting an indication to reduce usage of a computing resource in the virtual universe and, in response, determining the first area of the virtual universe for coalescing and collapsing into the second area of the virtual universe. In some embodiments, the first area comprises a plurality of virtual universe objects. Some embodiments are further directed to selecting a first set of the plurality of virtual universe objects for moving from the first area into the second area, coalescing the first set of the plurality of virtual universe objects into the second area from the first area, and, in response, collapsing the first area of the virtual universe.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 19, 2013
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Applicant: Activision Publishing, Inc.
    Inventors: Rick A. Hamilton, II, Paul A. Moskowitz, Brian M. O'Connell, Clifford A. Pickover, James W. Seaman
  • Patent number: 8667498
    Abstract: Described herein are some embodiments that use smart objects in a virtual universe to conserve computing resources. Some embodiments describe detecting that a virtual object of the virtual universe enters a resource conservation area in the virtual universe. Some embodiments further include, in response to determining that the virtual object enters the resource conservation area, detecting that the virtual object has a setting that enables automatic reduction of display quality of the virtual object from a first display quality level. Some embodiments further include, in response to determining that the virtual object has the setting that enables the automatic reduction in display quality from the first display quality setting, automatically reducing the display quality of the virtual object from the first display quality level to a second display quality level less than the first display quality level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Rick A. Hamilton, II, Paul A. Moskowitz, Brian M. O'Connell, Clifford A. Pickover, James W. Seaman