Patents by Inventor Paul I Bunyk

Paul I Bunyk has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20190305206
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods enable active compensation for unwanted discrepancies in the superconducting elements of a quantum processor. A qubit may include a primary compound Josephson junction (CJJ) structure, which may include at least a first secondary CJJ structure to enable compensation for Josephson junction asymmetry in the primary CJJ structure. A qubit may include a series LC-circuit coupled in parallel with a first CJJ structure to provide a tunable capacitance. A qubit control system may include means for tuning inductance of a qubit loop, for instance a tunable coupler inductively coupled to the qubit loop and controlled by a programming interface, or a CJJ structure coupled in series with the qubit loop and controlled by a programming interface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 10, 2019
    Publication date: October 3, 2019
    Inventors: Richard G. Harris, Andrew J. Berkley, Jan Johansson, Mark Johnson, Mohammad Amin, Paul I. Bunyk
  • Publication number: 20190266508
    Abstract: The systems, devices, articles, and methods described herein generally relate to analog computers, for example quantum processors comprising qubits, couplers, and, or cavities. Analog computers, for example quantum processor based computers, are the subject of various sources of error which can hinder operation, potentially reducing computational accuracy and speed. Sources of error can be broadly characterized, for example as i) a background susceptibility do to inherently characteristics of the circuitry design, ii) as an h/J ratio imbalance, iii) bit flip errors, iv) fidelity, and v) Anderson localization, and various combinations of the aforesaid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 14, 2019
    Publication date: August 29, 2019
    Inventors: Paul I. Bunyk, James King, Murray C. Thom, Mohammad H. Amin, Anatoly Yu Smirnov, Sheir Yarkoni, Trevor M. Lanting, Andrew D. King, Kelly T. R. Boothby
  • Publication number: 20190228331
    Abstract: In a quantum processor some couplers couple a given qubit to a nearest neighbor qubit (e.g., vertically and horizontally in an ordered 2D array), other couplers couple to next-nearest neighbor qubits (e.g., diagonally in the ordered 2D array). Couplers may include half-couplers, to selectively provide communicative coupling between a given qubit and other qubits, which may or may not be nearest or even next-nearest-neighbors. Tunable couplers selective mediate communicative coupling. A control system may impose a connectivity on a quantum processor, different than an “as designed” or “as manufactured” physical connectivity. Imposition may be via a digital processor processing a working or updated working graph, to map or embed a problem graph. A set of exclude qubits may be created from a comparison of hardware and working graphs. An annealing schedule may adjust a respective normalized inductance of one or more qubits, for instance to exclude certain qubits.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 25, 2019
    Publication date: July 25, 2019
    Inventors: Richard G. Harris, Paul I. Bunyk, Mohammad H.S. Amin, Emile M. Hoskinson
  • Publication number: 20190220771
    Abstract: Topologies for analog computing systems may include cells of qubits which may implement a tripartite graph and cross substantially orthogonally. Qubits may have an H-shape or an l-shape, qubits may change direction within a cell. Topologies may be comprised of two or more different sub-topologies. Qubits may be communicatively coupled to non-adjacent cells by long-range couplers. Long-range couplers may change direction within a cell. A cell may have two or more different type of long-range couplers. A cell may have shifted qubits, more than one type of inter-cell couplers, more than one type of intra-cell couplers and long-range couplers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 7, 2017
    Publication date: July 18, 2019
    Inventors: Kelly T. R. Boothby, Paul I. Bunyk
  • Patent number: 10346349
    Abstract: Analog processors for solving various computational problems are provided. Such analog processors comprise a plurality of quantum devices, arranged in a lattice, together with a plurality of coupling devices. The analog processors further comprise bias control systems each configured to apply a local effective bias on a corresponding quantum device. A set of coupling devices in the plurality of coupling devices is configured to couple nearest-neighbor quantum devices in the lattice. Another set of coupling devices is configured to couple next-nearest neighbor quantum devices. The analog processors further comprise a plurality of coupling control systems each configured to tune the coupling value of a corresponding coupling device in the plurality of coupling devices to a coupling. Such quantum processors further comprise a set of readout devices each configured to measure the information from a corresponding quantum device in the plurality of quantum devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: D-WAVE SYSTEMS INC.
    Inventors: Alexander Maassen van den Brink, Peter Love, Mohammad H. S. Amin, Geordie Rose, David Grant, Miles F. H. Steininger, Paul I. Bunyk, Andrew J. Berkley
  • Patent number: 10290798
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods enable active compensation for unwanted discrepancies in the superconducting elements of a quantum processor. A qubit may include a primary compound Josephson junction (CJJ) structure, which may include at least a first secondary CJJ structure to enable compensation for Josephson junction asymmetry in the primary CJJ structure. A qubit may include a series LC-circuit coupled in parallel with a first CJJ structure to provide a tunable capacitance. A qubit control system may include means for tuning inductance of a qubit loop, for instance a tunable coupler inductively coupled to the qubit loop and controlled by a programming interface, or a CJJ structure coupled in series with the qubit loop and controlled by a programming interface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Assignee: D-WAVE SYSTEMS INC.
    Inventors: Richard G. Harris, Andrew J. Berkley, Jan Johansson, Mark Johnson, Mohammad Amin, Paul I. Bunyk
  • Patent number: 10268622
    Abstract: Topologies for analog computing systems are provided. Qubits in the topology are grouped into cells, and cells are coupled to adjacent cells by inter-cell couplers. At least some cells are coupled to non-adjacent cells via long-range couplers. Long-range couplers may be arranged into coverings so that certain sets of qubits within a covering region may be coupled with a reduced number of couplers. Each cell within a covering region without a long-range coupler may be proximate to a cell with a long range coupler so that each cell within the covering region is no more than a certain coupling distance away from a long-range coupler. Long-range couplers may couple over a greater physical distance than inter-cell couplers. Long-range couplers may couple to qubits over a larger coupling region, and may extend across multiple crossing regions between qubits.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2019
    Assignee: D-WAVE SYSTEMS INC.
    Inventors: Jeremy P. Hilton, Aidan Patrick Roy, Paul I. Bunyk, Andrew Douglas King, Kelly T. R. Boothby, Richard G. Harris, Chunqing Deng
  • Publication number: 20190087385
    Abstract: Analog processors for solving various computational problems are provided. Such analog processors comprise a plurality of quantum devices, arranged in a lattice, together with a plurality of coupling devices. The analog processors further comprise bias control systems each configured to apply a local effective bias on a corresponding quantum device. A set of coupling devices in the plurality of coupling devices is configured to couple nearest-neighbor quantum devices in the lattice. Another set of coupling devices is configured to couple next-nearest neighbor quantum devices. The analog processors further comprise a plurality of coupling control systems each configured to tune the coupling value of a corresponding coupling device in the plurality of coupling devices to a coupling. Such quantum processors further comprise a set of readout devices each configured to measure the information from a corresponding quantum device in the plurality of quantum devices.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2018
    Publication date: March 21, 2019
    Inventors: Alexander Maassen van den Brink, Peter Love, Mohammad H.S. Amin, Geordie Rose, David Grant, Miles F. H. Steininger, Paul I. Bunyk, Andrew J. Berkley
  • Patent number: 10140248
    Abstract: Analog processors for solving various computational problems are provided. Such analog processors comprise a plurality of quantum devices, arranged in a lattice, together with a plurality of coupling devices. Such quantum processors further comprise a set of readout devices each configured to measure the information from a corresponding quantum device in the plurality of quantum devices. A method of determining a result of a computational problem using an analog processor includes receiving at a first digital computer, including a digital processor, an instance of the computational problem defined over an input graph, wherein the input graph is non-planar; and determining a mapping of the instance of the computational problem onto the analog processor, by the digital processor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2018
    Assignee: D-WAVE SYSTEMS INC.
    Inventors: Alexander Maassen van den Brink, Peter Love, Mohammad H. S. Amin, Geordie Rose, David Grant, Miles F. H. Steininger, Paul I. Bunyk, Andrew J. Berkley
  • Publication number: 20180145631
    Abstract: A superconducting input and/or output system employs at least one microwave superconducting resonator. The microwave superconducting resonator(s) may be communicatively coupled to a microwave transmission line. Each microwave superconducting resonator may include a first and a second DC SQUID, in series with one another and with an inductance (e.g., inductor), and a capacitance in parallel with the first and second DC SQUIDs and inductance. Respective inductive interfaces are operable to apply flux bias to control the DC SQUIDs. The second DC SQUID may be coupled to a Quantum Flux Parametron (QFP), for example as a final element in a shift register. A superconducting parallel plate capacitor structure and method of fabricating such are also taught.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 11, 2016
    Publication date: May 24, 2018
    Inventors: Andrew J. Berkley, Loren J. Swenson, Mark H. Volkmann, Jed D. Whittaker, Paul I. Bunyk, Peter D. Spear, Christopher B. Rich
  • Publication number: 20180033944
    Abstract: Various techniques and apparatus permit fabrication of superconductive circuits. A niobium/aluminum oxide/niobium trilayer may be formed and individual Josephson Junctions (JJs) formed. A protective cap may protect a JJ during fabrication. A hybrid dielectric may be formed. A superconductive integrated circuit may be formed using a subtractive patterning and/or additive patterning. A superconducting metal layer may be deposited by electroplating and/or polished by chemical-mechanical planarization. The thickness of an inner layer dielectric may be controlled by a deposition process. A substrate may include a base of silicon and top layer including aluminum oxide. Depositing of superconducting metal layer may be stopped or paused to allow cooling before completion. Multiple layers may be aligned by patterning an alignment marker in a superconducting metal layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 17, 2017
    Publication date: February 1, 2018
    Inventors: Eric Ladizinsky, Jeremy P. Hilton, Byong Hyop Oh, Paul I. Bunyk
  • Patent number: 9865648
    Abstract: Superconductive interconnection structures providing continuous, uninterrupted superconducting signal paths between a superconducting chip and a superconducting chip carrier are described. The superconductive interconnection structures employ superconducting solder bumps and pillars of Under Bump Metal (“UBM”). The superconductive interconnection structures are employed in a two-stage solder bumping process in which the superconducting chip is first bonded to a testing module for screening and then bonded to a chip packaging module for operation. Either the testing module or the chip packaging module, or both, may include a multi-chip module for carrying multiple superconducting chips simultaneously.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignee: D-WAVE SYSTEMS INC.
    Inventor: Paul I. Bunyk
  • Publication number: 20170300817
    Abstract: Generate an automorphism of the problem graph, determine an embedding of the automorphism to the hardware graph and modify the embedding of the problem graph into the hardware graph to correspond to the embedding of the automorphism to the hardware graph. Determine an upper-bound on the required chain strength. Calibrate and record properties of the component of a quantum processor with a digital processor, query the digital processor for a range of properties. Generate a bit mask and change the sign of the bias of individual qubits according to the bit mask before submitting a problem to a quantum processor, apply the same bit mask to the bit result. Generate a second set of parameters of a quantum processor from a first set of parameters via a genetic algorithm.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 13, 2017
    Publication date: October 19, 2017
    Inventors: Andrew D. King, Robert B. Israel, Paul I. Bunyk, Tomas J. Boothby, Steven P. Reinhardt, Aidan P. Roy, James A. King, Trevor M. Lanting, Abraham J. Evert
  • Publication number: 20170300454
    Abstract: Analog processors for solving various computational problems are provided. Such analog processors comprise a plurality of quantum devices, arranged in a lattice, together with a plurality of coupling devices. The analog processors further comprise bias control systems each configured to apply a local effective bias on a corresponding quantum device. A set of coupling devices in the plurality of coupling devices is configured to couple nearest-neighbor quantum devices in the lattice. Another set of coupling devices is configured to couple next-nearest neighbor quantum devices. The analog processors further comprise a plurality of coupling control systems each configured to tune the coupling value of a corresponding coupling device in the plurality of coupling devices to a coupling. Such quantum processors further comprise a set of readout devices each configured to measure the information from a corresponding quantum device in the plurality of quantum devices.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2017
    Publication date: October 19, 2017
    Inventors: Alexander Maassen van den Brink, Peter Love, Mohammad H.S. Amin, Geordie Rose, David Grant, Miles F.H. Steininger, Paul I. Bunyk, Andrew J. Berkley
  • Publication number: 20170286859
    Abstract: In a quantum processor some couplers couple a given qubit to a nearest neighbor qubit (e.g., vertically and horizontally in an ordered 2D array), other couplers couple to next-nearest neighbor qubits (e.g., diagonally in the ordered 2D array). Couplers may include half-couplers, to selectively provide communicative coupling between a given qubit and other qubits, which may or may not be nearest or even next-nearest-neighbors. Tunable couplers selective mediate communicative coupling. A control system may impose a connectivity on a quantum processor, different than an “as designed” or “as manufactured” physical connectivity. Imposition may be via a digital processor processing a working or updated working graph, to map or embed a problem graph. A set of exclude qubits may be created from a comparison of hardware and working graphs. An annealing schedule may adjust a respective normalized inductance of one or more qubits, for instance to exclude certain qubits.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 21, 2017
    Publication date: October 5, 2017
    Inventors: Richard G. Harris, Paul I. Bunyk, Mohammad H.S. Amin, Emile M. Hoskinson
  • Patent number: 9768371
    Abstract: Various techniques and apparatus permit fabrication of superconductive circuits. A niobium/aluminum oxide/niobium trilayer may be formed and individual Josephson Junctions (JJs) formed. A protective cap may protect a JJ during fabrication. A hybrid dielectric may be formed. A superconductive integrated circuit may be formed using a subtractive patterning and/or additive patterning. A superconducting metal layer may be deposited by electroplating and/or polished by chemical-mechanical planarization. The thickness of an inner layer dielectric may be controlled by a deposition process. A substrate may include a base of silicon and top layer including aluminum oxide. Depositing of superconducting metal layer may be stopped or paused to allow cooling before completion. Multiple layers may be aligned by patterning an alignment marker in a superconducting metal layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2017
    Assignee: D-Wave Systems Inc.
    Inventors: Eric Ladizinsky, Jeremy P. Hilton, Byong Hyop Oh, Paul I. Bunyk
  • Patent number: 9727527
    Abstract: Analog processors for solving various computational problems are provided. Such analog processors comprise a plurality of quantum devices, arranged in a lattice, together with a plurality of coupling devices. The analog processors further comprise bias control systems each configured to apply a local effective bias on a corresponding quantum device. A set of coupling devices in the plurality of coupling devices is configured to couple nearest-neighbor quantum devices in the lattice. Another set of coupling devices is configured to couple next-nearest neighbor quantum devices. The analog processors further comprise a plurality of coupling control systems each configured to tune the coupling value of a corresponding coupling device in the plurality of coupling devices to a coupling. Such quantum processors further comprise a set of readout devices each configured to measure the information from a corresponding quantum device in the plurality of quantum devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2017
    Assignee: D-Wave Systems Inc.
    Inventors: Alexander Maassen van den Brink, Peter Love, Mohammad H. S. Amin, Geordie Rose, David Grant, Miles F. H. Steininger, Paul I. Bunyk, Andrew J. Berkley
  • Publication number: 20170220510
    Abstract: Topologies for analog computing systems are provided. Qubits in the topology are grouped into cells, and cells are coupled to adjacent cells by inter-cell couplers. At least some cells are coupled to non-adjacent cells via long-range couplers. Long-range couplers may be arranged into coverings so that certain sets of qubits within a covering region may be coupled with a reduced number of couplers. Each cell within a covering region without a long-range coupler may be proximate to a cell with a long range coupler so that each cell within the covering region is no more than a certain coupling distance away from a long-range coupler. Long-range couplers may couple over a greater physical distance than inter-cell couplers. Long-range couplers may couple to qubits over a larger coupling region, and may extend across multiple crossing regions between qubits.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 27, 2017
    Publication date: August 3, 2017
    Inventors: Jeremy P. Hilton, Aidan Patrick Roy, Paul I. Bunyk, Andrew Douglas King, Tomas J. Boothby, Richard G. Harris, Chunqing Deng
  • Patent number: 9710758
    Abstract: In a quantum processor some couplers couple a given qubit to a nearest neighbor qubit (e.g., vertically and horizontally in an ordered 2D array), other couplers couple to next-nearest neighbor qubits (e.g., diagonally in the ordered 2D array). Couplers may include half-couplers, to selectively provide communicative coupling between a given qubit and other qubits, which may or may not be nearest or even next-nearest-neighbors. Tunable couplers selective mediate communicative coupling. A control system may impose a connectivity on a quantum processor, different than an “as designed” or “as manufactured” physical connectivity. Imposition may be via a digital processor processing a working or updated working graph, to map or embed a problem graph. A set of exclude qubits may be created from a comparison of hardware and working graphs. An annealing schedule may adjust a respective normalized inductance of one or more qubits, for instance to exclude certain qubits.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: D-Wave Systems Inc.
    Inventors: Paul I. Bunyk, Mohammad H. S. Amin, Richard G. Harris, Trevor Michael Lanting, Mark W. Johnson, Jeremy P. Hilton, Emile M. Hoskinson
  • Patent number: 9699266
    Abstract: A computer system employs a network that between a data programming system and one or more superconducting programmable devices of a superconducting processor chip. Routers on the network, such as first-, second- and third-stage routers direct communications with the superconducting programmable devices. A superconducting memory register may load data signals received from a first-stage router into corresponding superconducting programmable devices. The system may employ additional superconducting chips, first-, second- or third-stage routers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2017
    Assignee: D-Wave System Inc.
    Inventors: Geordie Rose, Paul I. Bunyk