Patents by Inventor Philip J. Turner

Philip J. Turner has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 5139628
    Abstract: A multi stage process for the conversion of 2-chloro-4-sulphotoluene (SCT) to 2-chloro-4-sulphobenzoic acid (SCUBA). Stage (a) comprises a process S1 for the selective side chain bromination of SCT to 2-chloro-4-sulpho-dibromotoluene (SCDBT) or 2-chloro-4-sulpho-bromotoluene (SCMBT) by contacting the starting material with bromine in chloroform or trichloroethane and irradiating the mixture with light that dissociates bromine. Subsequently, in stage (b), process S2, the product of S1 can be hydrolysed at elevated temperature after separation from the organic solvent to the corresponding alcohol (SCOL) or aldehyde (SCAB). In stage (c), the product of S2 can be oxidized to SCUBA either by oxidation with a peroxyacid, optionally generated in situ, provided that the aqueous solution has previously been stripped of bromide/bromine in process S3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 18, 1992
    Assignee: Interox Chemicals Limited
    Inventors: Kenneth M. Dear, Kevan M. Reeve, Philip J. Turner
  • Patent number: 5092971
    Abstract: Selective bromination of alkylarenes to the alpha monobrominated derivative is desirable as a precursor for the selective production of, for example, the corresponding alcohols. The product can be obtained by a photolytic reaction between the substrate, hydrogen peroxide and hydrogen bromide in approximately equimolar ratios in an organic solvent, but improvement in the yield of the product coupled with similar or improved selectivity in its production was either not achieved or was actually impaired by a range of variations in the ratios and by omitting the solvent.The invention employs mole ratios of H.sub.2 O.sub.2 :substrate of 0.1:1 to 0.4:1, preferably 0.2:1 to 0.33:1 and of H.sub.2 O.sub.2 :bromide of 1:1.2 to 1:2, preferably about 1:1.3 to 1:1.8 and progressive introduction of the H.sub.2 O.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 1989
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1992
    Assignee: Interox Chemicals Limited
    Inventors: Philip J. Turner, Martin Jeff
  • Patent number: 4943358
    Abstract: It is desired to find an alternative way to produce benzophenones or substituted benzophenones which does so selectively and avoids the problems of previous methods that use, for example, large amounts of an aluminium chloride catalyst or nitric acid.In the invention process, a diphenyl methane starting material (DPM) in a hydrophobic phase is oxidized in a photolytic process by contact with an aqueous phase containing greater than 1 mole of HBr and at least 1.5 moles of H.sub.2 O.sub.2, both per mole of DPM, the radiation being capable of dissociating bromine to its radicals, and especially using light of wavelength 600 to 250 nm. Preferably, a reaction temperature of around 50.degree. to 65.degree. C., is used, the organic solvent comprising a suitably boiling chlorinated carbon or hydrocarbon. The H.sub.2 O.sub.2 is introduced progressively into the reaction mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 1989
    Date of Patent: July 24, 1990
    Assignee: Interox Chemicals Limited
    Inventors: Kenneth M. Dear, Philip J. Turner
  • Patent number: 4923580
    Abstract: Selective bromination of alkylarenes to the alpha dibrominated derivative is desirable as a precursor for the selective production of, for example, the corresponding aromatic aldehyde.Improvements in the extent of selectivity of the product and/or its rate of production can be obtained by employing a photolytic reaction between the substrate, hydrogen peroxide and hydrogen bromide using mole ratios of H.sub.2 O.sub.2 : substrate of about 2.8:1 or higher, preferably 3,2: to 3.5:1 and of bromide:substrate of over 2.5:1, preferably about 2.8:1 to 3.2:1 and progressive controlled introduction of the H.sub.2 O.sub.2, the reaction being carried out in the presence of a substantial amount of an organic solvent, and preferably more than 5.5 volumes per volume of substrate, whilst irradiating with light preferably having principal emissions in the range of 250 to 600 nm. The reaction mixture is preferably maintained at 50.degree. to 60.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 1989
    Date of Patent: May 8, 1990
    Assignee: Interox Chemicals Limited
    Inventors: Philip J. Turner, Martin Jeff, Kevan M. Reeve
  • Patent number: 4846945
    Abstract: Oxidation of alcohols to ketones using bromine suffers from a side reaction of comparable speed in which a bromide substituted product is formed. Additionally, the use of bromine as reagent is relatively unpleasant and it creates a major waste disposal problem.The latter problem can be solved by generating bromine in situ by reaction between hydrogen peroxide and bromide ions or hydrogen bromide, but this inevitably increases the exposure of the alcohol to HBr/Br.sup.-. The selectivity of the process towards non-substituted oxidation depending upon the inherent deactivation or reactivity of the alcohol can be improved by irradiating the reactants with light of suitable frequency to generate bromine radicals in the mixture, and/or by controlling the rate of introduction of the hydrogen peroxide and controlling the extent to which mole ratio of HBr:alcohol is substoichiometric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 1987
    Date of Patent: July 11, 1989
    Assignee: Interox Chemicals Limited
    Inventors: Philip J. Turner, Vincent I. Routledge, Martin Jeff