Patents by Inventor Pierre St. Hilaire

Pierre St. Hilaire has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 11454822
    Abstract: An imaging system includes a diffusing element configured to couple portions of a light beam back into a laser diode. The system includes a diode laser driven into a chaotic regime by a combination of a diffuser and a modulated drive current such that it emits light across a frequency spectrum having an envelope between 3 and 10 nanometers wide. The system further includes a diffusing element at least 0.1 mm to 0.5 mm away from the diode laser to couple portions of the light beam back into the laser diode. Another embodiment is directed to using the diffusing element to illuminate a flat panel display or a spatial light modulator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2021
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2022
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventor: Pierre St. Hilaire
  • Publication number: 20220295022
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to the use of variable-pitch light-emitting devices for display applications, including for displays in augmented reality, virtual reality, and mixed reality environments. In particular, it relates to small (e.g., micron-size) light emitting devices (e.g., micro-LEDs) of variable pitch to provide the advantages, e.g., of compactness, manufacturability, color rendition, as well as computational and power savings. Systems and methods for emitting multiple lights by multiple panels where a pitch of one panel is different than pitch(es) of other panels are disclosed. Each panel may comprise a respective array of light emitters. The multiple lights may be combined by a combiner.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 1, 2022
    Publication date: September 15, 2022
    Inventors: Pierre ST. HILAIRE, Evgeni POLIAKOV, Sundeep Kumar JOLLY
  • Publication number: 20220283438
    Abstract: An optical system comprises an optically transmissive substrate comprising a metasurface which comprises a grating comprising a plurality of unit cells. Each unit cell comprises a laterally-elongated first nanobeam having a first width; and a laterally-elongated second nanobeam spaced apart from the first nanobeam by a gap, the second nanobeam having a second width larger than the first width. A pitch of the unit cells is 10 nm to 1 ?m. The heights of the first and the second nanobeams are: 10 nm to 450 nm where a refractive index of the substrate is more than 3.3; and 10 nm to 1 ?m where the refractive index is 3.3 or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 20, 2022
    Publication date: September 8, 2022
    Inventors: Dianmin Lin, Mauro Melli, Pierre St. Hilaire, Christophe Peroz, Evgeni Poliakov
  • Patent number: 11381791
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to the use of variable-pitch light-emitting devices for display applications, including for displays in augmented reality, virtual reality, and mixed reality environments. In particular, it relates to small (e.g., micron-size) light emitting devices (e.g., micro-LEDs) of variable pitch to provide the advantages, e.g., of compactness, manufacturability, color rendition, as well as computational and power savings. Systems and methods for emitting multiple lights by multiple panels where a pitch of one panel is different than pitch(es) of other panels are disclosed. Each panel may comprise a respective array of light emitters. The multiple lights may be combined by a combiner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2020
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2022
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Pierre St. Hilaire, Evgeni Poliakov, Sundeep Kumar Jolly
  • Publication number: 20220197040
    Abstract: An example head-mounted display device includes a plurality of optical elements in optical communication. The optical elements are configured to project an image in a field of view of a user wearing the head-mounted display device. A first optical element is configured to receive light from a second optical element. The first optical element defines a grating at along a periphery of the first optical element. The grating includes a plurality of protrusions extending from a base portion of the first optical element. The protrusions include a first material having a first optical dispersion profile for visible wavelengths of light. The grating also includes a second material disposed between at least some of the plurality of protrusions along the base portion of the first optical element. The second material has a second optical dispersion profile for visible wavelengths of light.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 10, 2022
    Publication date: June 23, 2022
    Inventors: Pierre St. Hilaire, Mohammadreza Khorasaninejad, Dianmin Lin
  • Patent number: 11360306
    Abstract: An optical system comprises an optically transmissive substrate comprising a metasurface which comprises a grating comprising a plurality of unit cells. Each unit cell comprises a laterally-elongated first nanobeam having a first width; and a laterally-elongated second nanobeam spaced apart from the first nanobeam by a gap, the second nanobeam having a second width larger than the first width. A pitch of the unit cells is 10 nm to 1 ?m. The heights of the first and the second nanobeams are: 10 nm to 450 nm where a refractive index of the substrate is more than 3.3; and 10 nm to 1 ?m where the refractive index is 3.3 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 2, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2022
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Dianmin Lin, Mauro Melli, Pierre St. Hilaire, Christophe Peroz, Evgeni Poliakov
  • Publication number: 20220163807
    Abstract: A head worn imaging system includes a light source configured to generate a light beam. The system also includes a light guiding optical element having a thickness between 0.1 and 1.5 mm and configured to propagate at least a portion of the light beam by total internal reflection. The system further includes an entry portion and an exit portion of the light guiding optical element configured to selectively allow light addressing the exit portion to exit the light guiding optical element based on the angle of incidence of the light, the radius of curvature of the light and/or the wavelength of the light.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 11, 2022
    Publication date: May 26, 2022
    Applicant: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventor: Pierre St. Hilaire
  • Publication number: 20220163709
    Abstract: Metasurfaces provide compact optical elements in head-mounted display systems to, e.g., incouple light into or outcouple light out of a waveguide. The metasurfaces may be formed by a plurality of repeating unit cells, each unit cell comprising two sets or more of nanobeams elongated in crossing directions: one or more first nanobeams elongated in a first direction and a plurality of second nanobeams elongated in a second direction. As seen in a top-down view, the first direction may be along a y-axis, and the second direction may be along an x-axis. The unit cells may have a periodicity in the range of 10 nm to 1 ?m, including 10 nm to 500 nm or 300 nm to 500 nm. Advantageously, the metasurfaces provide diffraction of light with high diffraction angles and high diffraction efficiencies over a broad range of incident angles and for incident light with circular polarization.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 7, 2022
    Publication date: May 26, 2022
    Inventors: Dianmin Lin, Michael Anthony Klug, Pierre St. Hilaire, Mauro Melli, Christophe Peroz, Evgeni Poliakov
  • Publication number: 20220146745
    Abstract: A display system comprises a waveguide having light incoupling or light outcoupling optical elements formed of a metasurface. The metasurface is a multilevel (e.g., bi-level) structure having a first level defined by spaced apart protrusions formed of a first optically transmissive material and a second optically transmissive material between the protrusions. The metasurface also includes a second level formed by the second optically transmissive material. The protrusions on the first level may be patterned by nanoimprinting the first optically transmissive material, and the second optically transmissive material may be deposited over and between the patterned protrusions. The widths of the protrusions and the spacing between the protrusions may be selected to diffract light, and a pitch of the protrusions may be 10-600 nm.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 24, 2022
    Publication date: May 12, 2022
    Inventors: Dianmin Lin, Mauro Melli, Pierre St. Hilaire, Christophe Peroz, Evgeni Poliakov
  • Patent number: 11300791
    Abstract: An example head-mounted display device includes a plurality of optical elements in optical communication. The optical elements are configured to project an image in a field of view of a user wearing the head-mounted display device. A first optical element is configured to receive light from a second optical element. The first optical element defines a grating at along a periphery of the first optical element. The grating includes a plurality of protrusions extending from a base portion of the first optical element. The protrusions include a first material having a first optical dispersion profile for visible wavelengths of light. The grating also includes a second material disposed between at least some of the plurality of protrusions along the base portion of the first optical element. The second material has a second optical dispersion profile for visible wavelengths of light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2022
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Pierre St. Hilaire, Mohammadreza Khorasaninejad, Dianmin Lin
  • Publication number: 20220099976
    Abstract: A display system includes a waveguide assembly having a plurality of waveguides, each waveguide associated with an in-coupling optical element configured to in-couple light into the associated waveguide. A projector outputs light from one or more spatially-separated pupils, and at least one of the pupils outputs light of two different ranges of wavelengths. The in-coupling optical elements for two or more waveguides are inline, e.g. vertically aligned, with each other so that the in-coupling optical elements are in the path of light of the two different ranges of wavelengths. The in-coupling optical element of a first waveguide selectively in-couples light of one range of wavelengths into the waveguide, while the in-coupling optical element of a second waveguide selectively in-couples light of another range of wavelengths. Absorptive color filters are provided forward of an in-coupling optical element to limit the propagation of undesired wavelengths of light to that in-coupling optical element.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 29, 2020
    Publication date: March 31, 2022
    Inventors: Mohammadreza Khorasaninejad, Victor Kai Liu, Dianmin Lin, Christophe Peroz, Pierre St. Hilaire
  • Patent number: 11281006
    Abstract: A head worn imaging system includes a light source configured to generate a light beam. The system also includes a light guiding optical element having a thickness between 0.1 and 1.5 mm and configured to propagate at least a portion of the light beam by total internal reflection. The system further includes an entry portion and an exit portion of the light guiding optical element configured to selectively allow light addressing the exit portion to exit the light guiding optical element based on the angle of incidence of the light, the radius of curvature of the light and/or the wavelength of the light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2022
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventor: Pierre St. Hilaire
  • Patent number: 11243338
    Abstract: Metasurfaces provide compact optical elements in head-mounted display systems to, e.g., incouple light into or outcouple light out of a waveguide. The metasurfaces may be formed by a plurality of repeating unit cells, each unit cell comprising two sets or more of nanobeams elongated in crossing directions: one or more first nanobeams elongated in a first direction and a plurality of second nanobeams elongated in a second direction. As seen in a top-down view, the first direction may be along a y-axis, and the second direction may be along an x-axis. The unit cells may have a periodicity in the range of 10 nm to 1 ?m, including 10 nm to 500 nm or 300 nm to 500 nm. Advantageously, the metasurfaces provide diffraction of light with high diffraction angles and high diffraction efficiencies over a broad range of incident angles and for incident light with circular polarization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2022
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Dianmin Lin, Michael Anthony Klug, Pierre St. Hilaire, Mauro Melli, Christophe Peroz, Evgeni Poliakov
  • Patent number: 11231544
    Abstract: A display system comprises a waveguide having light incoupling or light outcoupling optical elements formed of a metasurface. The metasurface is a multilevel (e.g., bi-level) structure having a first level defined by spaced apart protrusions formed of a first optically transmissive material and a second optically transmissive material between the protrusions. The metasurface also includes a second level formed by the second optically transmissive material. The protrusions on the first level may be patterned by nanoimprinting the first optically transmissive material, and the second optically transmissive material may be deposited over and between the patterned protrusions. The widths of the protrusions and the spacing between the protrusions may be selected to diffract light, and a pitch of the protrusions may be 10-600 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2022
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Dianmin Lin, Mauro Melli, Pierre St. Hilaire, Christophe Peroz, Evgeni Poliakov
  • Publication number: 20210341661
    Abstract: Methods of manufacturing a liquid crystal device including depositing a layer of liquid crystal material on a substrate and imprinting a pattern on the layer of liquid crystal material using an imprint template are disclosed. The liquid crystal material can be jet deposited. The imprint template can include surface relief features, Pancharatnam-Berry Phase Effect (PBPE) structures or diffractive structures. The liquid crystal device manufactured by the methods described herein can be used to manipulate light, such as for beam steering, wavefront shaping, separating wavelengths and/or polarizations, and combining different wavelengths and/or polarizations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 19, 2021
    Publication date: November 4, 2021
    Inventors: Michael Anthony Klug, Brian T. Schowengerdt, Michael Nevin Miller, Vikramjit Singh, Christophe Peroz, Pierre St. Hilaire, Jie Sun
  • Publication number: 20210255471
    Abstract: An eyepiece for projecting an image light field to an eye of a viewer for forming an image of virtual content includes a waveguide, a light source configured to deliver a light beam to be incident on the waveguide, a controller coupled to the light source and configured to modulate an intensity of the light beam in a plurality of time slots, a dynamic input coupling grating (ICG) configured to, for each time slot, diffract a respective portion of the light beam into the waveguide at a respective total internal reflection (TIR) angle corresponding to a respective field angle, and an outcoupling diffractive optical element (DOE) configured to diffract each respective portion of the light beam out of the waveguide toward the eye at the respective field angle, thereby projecting the light field to the eye of the viewer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 24, 2021
    Publication date: August 19, 2021
    Applicant: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Jahja I. Trisnadi, Pierre St. Hilaire, Clinton Carlisle
  • Publication number: 20210239997
    Abstract: An imaging system includes a diffusing element configured to couple portions of a light beam back into a laser diode. The system includes a diode laser driven into a chaotic regime by a combination of a diffuser and a modulated drive current such that it emits light across a frequency spectrum having an envelope between 3 and 10 nanometers wide. The system further includes a diffusing element at least 0.1 mm to 0.5 mm away from the diode laser to couple portions of the light beam back into the laser diode. Another embodiment is directed to using the diffusing element to illuminate a flat panel display or a spatial light modulator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 21, 2021
    Publication date: August 5, 2021
    Applicant: MAGIC LEAP, INC.
    Inventor: Pierre ST. HILAIRE
  • Patent number: 11067732
    Abstract: Methods of manufacturing a liquid crystal device including depositing a layer of liquid crystal material on a substrate and imprinting a pattern on the layer of liquid crystal material using an imprint template are disclosed. The liquid crystal material can be jet deposited. The imprint template can include surface relief features, Pancharatnam-Berry Phase Effect (PBPE) structures or diffractive structures. The liquid crystal device manufactured by the methods described herein can be used to manipulate light, such as for beam steering, wavefront shaping, separating wavelengths and/or polarizations, and combining different wavelengths and/or polarizations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2020
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2021
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Anthony Klug, Brian T. Schowengerdt, Michael Nevin Miller, Vikramjit Singh, Christophe Peroz, Pierre St. Hilaire, Jie Sun
  • Publication number: 20210199868
    Abstract: Architectures are provided for selectively incoupling one or more streams of light from a multiplexed light stream into a waveguide. The multiplexed light stream can have light with different characteristics (e.g., different wavelengths and/or different polarizations). The waveguide can comprise in-coupling elements that can selectively couple one or more streams of light from the multiplexed light stream into the waveguide while transmitting one or more other streams of light from the multiplexed light stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2021
    Publication date: July 1, 2021
    Inventors: Michael Anthony Klug, Brian T. Schowengerdt, Michael Nevin Miller, Vikramjit Singh, Christophe Peroz, Pierre St. Hilaire, Jie Sun
  • Publication number: 20210176440
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to the use of variable-pitch light-emitting devices for display applications, including for displays in augmented reality, virtual reality, and mixed reality environments. In particular, it relates to small (e.g., micron-size) light emitting devices (e.g., micro-LEDs) of variable pitch to provide the advantages, e.g., of compactness, manufacturability, color rendition, as well as computational and power savings. Systems and methods for emitting multiple lights by multiple panels where a pitch of one panel is different than pitch(es) of other panels are disclosed. Each panel may comprise a respective array of light emitters. The multiple lights may be combined by a combiner.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2020
    Publication date: June 10, 2021
    Inventors: Pierre ST. HILAIRE, Evgeni POLIAKOV, Sundeep Kumar JOLLY