Patents by Inventor Ramesh Kumar RAMAKRISHNAN

Ramesh Kumar RAMAKRISHNAN has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 11996118
    Abstract: An important task in several wellness applications is detection of emotional valence from speech. Two types of features of speech signals are used to detect valence: acoustic features and text features. Acoustic features are derived from short frames of speech, while text features are derived from the text transcription. Present disclosure provides systems and methods that determine the effect of text on acoustic features. Acoustic features of speech segments carrying emotion words are to be treated differently from other segments that do not carry such words. Only specific speech segments of the input speech signal are considered based on a dictionary specific to a language to assess emotional valence. A model trained (or trained classifier) for specific language either by including the acoustic features of the emotion related words or by omitting it is used by the system for determining emotional valence in an input speech signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2021
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2024
    Assignee: TATA CONSULTANCY SERVICES LIMITED
    Inventors: Ramesh Kumar Ramakrishnan, Venkata Subramanian Viraraghavan, Rahul Dasharath Gavas, Sachin Patel, Gauri Deshpande
  • Patent number: 11992316
    Abstract: This disclosure relates generally to a method and system for assessment of sustained visual attention of a target. The conventional methods utilize various markers for assessment of attention, however, blink rate variability (BRV) series signal is not explored yet. In an embodiment, the disclosed method utilizes BRV series signal for assessing sustained visual attention of a target. A gaze data of the target is recorded using an eye tracker and a set of uniformly sampled BRV series signal is reconstructed from each of the BRV series. One or more frequency domain features, including pareto frequency, are extracted from the set of uniformly sampled BRV series signal. The values of frequency domain features extracted from the set of BRV series signals are compared with corresponding threshold values to determine visual sustained attention of the target.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2021
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2024
    Assignee: TATA CONSULTANCY SERVICES LIMITED
    Inventors: Rahul Dasharath Gavas, Mithun Basaralu Sheshachala, Debatri Chatterjee, Ramesh Kumar Ramakrishnan, Venkata Subramanian Viraraghavan, Achanna Anil Kumar, Girish Mariswamy Chandra
  • Publication number: 20240143980
    Abstract: Conventional transport mode detection relies either on GPS data or uses supervised learning for transport mode detection, requiring labelled data with hand crafted features. Embodiments of the present disclosure provide a method and system for identification of transport modes of commuters via unsupervised learning implemented using a multistage learner. Unlabeled time series data received from accelerometer of commuters mobiles from a diversified population is processed using a unique journey segment detection technique to eliminate redundant data corresponding to stationary segments of commuter or user. The non-stationary journey segments are represented using domain generalizable Invariant Auto-Encoded Compact Sequence (I-AECS), which is a learned compact representation encompassing the encoded best diversity and commonality of latent feature representation across diverse users and cities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2023
    Publication date: May 2, 2024
    Applicant: Tata Consultancy Services Limited
    Inventors: SOMA BANDYOPADHYAY, ARPAN PAL, RAMESH KUMAR RAMAKRISHNAN, ANISH DATTA
  • Publication number: 20240104377
    Abstract: This disclosure relates generally to the field of Electroencephalogram (EEG) classification, and, more particularly, to method and system for EEG motor imagery classification. Existing deep learning works employ the sensor-space for EEG graph representations wherein the channels of the EEG are considered as nodes and connection between the nodes are either predefined or are based on certain heuristics. However, these representations are ineffective and fail to accurately capture the underlying brain's functional networks. Embodiments of present disclosure provide a method of training a weighted adjacency matrix and a Graph Neural Network (GNN) to accurately represent the EEG signals. The method also trains a graph, a node, and an edge classifier to perform graph classification (i.e. motor imagery classification), node and edge classification. Thus, representations generated by the GNN can be additionally used for node and edge classification unlike state of the art methods.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 14, 2023
    Publication date: March 28, 2024
    Applicant: Tata Consultancy Services Limited
    Inventors: JAYAVARDHANA RAMA GUBBI LAKSHMINARASIMHA, ADARSH ANAND, KARTIK MURALIDHARAN, ARPAN PAL, VIVEK BANGALORE SAMPATHKUMAR, RAMESH KUMAR RAMAKRISHNAN
  • Patent number: 11872040
    Abstract: Direct usage of endosomatic EDA has multiple challenges for practical cognitive load assessment. Embodiments of the method and system disclosed provide a solution to the technical challenges in the art by directly using the bio-potential signals to implement endosomatic approach for assessment of cognitive load. The method utilizes a multichannel wearable endosomatic device capable of acquiring and combining multiple bio-potentials, which are biomarkers of cognitive load experienced by a subject performing a cognitive task. Further, extracts information for classification of the cognitive load, from the acquired bio-signals using a set of statistical and a set of spectral features. Furthermore, utilizes a feature selection approach to identify a set of optimum features to train a Machine Learning (ML) based task classifier to classify the cognitive load experienced by a subject into high load task and low load task.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2020
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2024
    Assignee: TATA CONSULTANCY SERVICES LIMITED
    Inventors: Debatri Chatterjee, Dibyanshu Jaiswal, Arpan Pal, Ramesh Kumar Ramakrishnan, Ratna Ghosh, Madhurima Moulick, Rajesh Ranjan
  • Publication number: 20240013918
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method and system for early detection of COVID-19. Existing methods require data from multiple sensors for training a prediction model whose output is considered as final prediction which is actually the prediction for a particular day or time instance. However, this prediction doesn't detect actual infection of COVID-19 since it requires monitoring the change in health of the user over consecutive days. Embodiments of present disclosure overcome these challenges by a prediction model for COVID-19 which requires only data from Photoplethysmography (PPG) sensor seamlessly collected from a wearable device still able to provide accurate COVID-19 prediction with application of a post processing technique on the predictions of the prediction model. Since COVID-19 symptoms have an effect on heartrate and oxygen saturation which are effectively captured by PPG sensor data, studying these dynamics during infection period gives insights to perform early detection of COVID-19.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 3, 2023
    Publication date: January 11, 2024
    Applicant: Tata Consultancy Services Limited
    Inventors: DIBYANSHU JAISWAL, SHAKIL AHMAD, MITHUN BASARALU SHESHACHALA, KARTIK MURALIDHARAN, ARPAN PAL, RAMESH KUMAR RAMAKRISHNAN, BALAKUMAR KANAGASABAPATHY, TANMAY ACHARIA, LOKNATH TIWARI, KAYAPANDA MANDANA
  • Patent number: 11593469
    Abstract: Embodiments herein provide a method and system for continuously validating a user during an established authenticated session using Photoplethysmogram (PPG) and accelerometer data. State of the art approaches are mostly based on feature extraction and ML modelling for PPG based continuous session validation, while a template based approach in the art follows a complicated approach. The method disclosed herein utilizes less computation intensive template based approach to continuously validate the user across the session. The method comprises preprocessing a PPG data or PPG signal acquired from a wearable device worn by the user to identify segments of negligible motion. A first segment, after authentication using conventional authentication mechanism, serves as the initial reference. The chosen segments are then tested one by one with respect to the reference. If the templates in a segment match those of the reference, it is updated as the new reference, else a re-authentication is triggered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2021
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2023
    Assignee: Tata Consultancy Services Limited
    Inventors: Tanushree Bannerjee, Venkata Subramanian Viraraghavan, Kartik Muralidharan, Dibyanshu Jaiswal, Mithun Basaralu Sheshachala, Ramesh Kumar Ramakrishnan, Arpan Pal, Balamuralidhar Purushothaman
  • Publication number: 20230018671
    Abstract: Unlike state of art eye blink detection techniques that are generalized for usage across individuals affecting accuracy of eye blink prediction from subject to subject, embodiments of the present disclosure provide a method and system for personalized eye blink detection using passive camera-based approach. The method first generates a subject specific annotation data, which is then further processed to derive subject specific personalized blink threshold values. The method disclosed provides three unique approaches to compute the personalized blink threshold values which is one time calibration process. The personalized blink threshold values are then used to generate a binary decision vector (D) while analyzing input test images (video sequences) of the subject of interest. Further, values taken by elements of the decision vector (D) are analyzed for a predefined time period to predict possible eye blinks of the subject.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 13, 2021
    Publication date: January 19, 2023
    Applicant: Tata Consultancy Services Limited
    Inventors: RAHUL DASHARATH GAVAS, SOMNATH KARMAKAR, DEBATRI CHATTERJEE, RAMESH KUMAR RAMAKRISHNAN, ARPAN PAL
  • Publication number: 20230000442
    Abstract: This disclosure relates generally to a method and a system for determining quality of PPG signal. The PPG signals are extensively used for deducing health parameters of patients to infer the physiological conditions of heart, blood pressure, breathing patterns of the patients. However, analysis based on PPG signals is extremely challenging and is accurate only on high quality PPG signals. However, the existing techniques for determining quality of PPG signal (that are collected using wearable devices) require huge training or use complicated algorithms and cannot be used for real-time analysis. The disclosed methods and system for PPG quality assessment is based on the frequency domain analysis, wherein heart and respiratory components in the frequency spectrum are used effectively to derive the quality checker metric which is further used to estimate a plurality of optimal thresholds that is used for determining the quality of PPG signals at real-time.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 26, 2022
    Publication date: January 5, 2023
    Applicant: Tata Consultancy Services Limited
    Inventors: TANUSHREE BANERJEE, RAHUL DASHARATH GAVAS, MITHUN BASARALU SHESHACHALA, SOMNATH KARMAKAR, RAMESH KUMAR RAMAKRISHNAN, ARPAN PAL
  • Publication number: 20220415521
    Abstract: This disclosure relates generally to a method and system for classification of cognitive load (CL) using data obtained from wearable sensors. The disclosed method uses a multi-modal based approach using wrist-worn sensors for real time monitoring of CL in real world scenarios and improves the accuracy of detection of CL. A set of distinguishing features are selected from physiological signals received from the wrist-worn sensors. These features are used for training a classification model for classifying the CL of a patient into a no load or a high load. The set of distinguishing features are selected from domain specific features and signal property based generic features of the physiological signals. The disclosed method is used for classification of CL in scenarios such as to check how the cognitive load of a candidate varies during interviews, to assess the participants workload during online meetings and so on.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 23, 2022
    Publication date: December 29, 2022
    Applicant: Tata Consultancy Services Limited
    Inventors: DEBATRI CHATTERJEE, DIBYANSHU JAISWAL, RAMESH KUMAR RAMAKRISHNAN, RAHUL DASHARATH GAVAS, ARPAN PAL
  • Publication number: 20220130414
    Abstract: An important task in several wellness applications is detection of emotional valence from speech. Two types of features of speech signals are used to detect valence: acoustic features and text features. Acoustic features are derived from short frames of speech, while text features are derived from the text transcription. Present disclosure provides systems and methods that determine the effect of text on acoustic features. Acoustic features of speech segments carrying emotion words are to be treated differently from other segments that do not carry such words. Only specific speech segments of the input speech signal are considered based on a dictionary specific to a language to assess emotional valence. A model trained (or trained classifier) for specific language either by including the acoustic features of the emotion related words or by omitting it is used by the system for determining emotional valence in an input speech signal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 19, 2021
    Publication date: April 28, 2022
    Applicant: Tata Consultancy Services Limited
    Inventors: Ramesh Kumar RAMAKRISHNAN, Venkata Subramanian VIRARAGHAVAN, Rahul Dasharath GAVAS, Sachin PATEL, Gauri DESHPANDE
  • Publication number: 20220061723
    Abstract: This disclosure relates generally to a method and system for assessment of sustained visual attention of a target. The conventional methods utilize various markers for assessment of attention, however, blink rate variability (BRV) series signal is not explored yet. In an embodiment, the disclosed method utilizes BRV series signal for assessing sustained visual attention of a target. A gaze data of the target is recorded using an eye tracker and a set of uniformly sampled BRV series signal is reconstructed from each of the BRV series. One or more frequency domain features, including pareto frequency, are extracted from the set of uniformly sampled BRV series signal. The values of frequency domain features extracted from the set of BRV series signals are compared with corresponding threshold values to determine visual sustained attention of the target.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 2021
    Publication date: March 3, 2022
    Applicant: Tata Consultancy Services Limited
    Inventors: Rahul Dasharath GAVAS, Mithun Basaralu Sheshachala, Debatri Chatterjee, Ramesh Kumar Ramakrishnan, Venkata Subramanian Viraraghavan, Achanna Anil Kumar, Girish Mariswamy Chandra
  • Patent number: 11219378
    Abstract: A method and device is provided for the continuous estimation of the blood pressure using a noninvasive technique. The method involves sensing of the displacement signal generated by the palpation of the radial artery. The radial artery is modelled as a cylindrical voight type viscoelastic tissue for the estimation of the personalized blood pressure. The model includes the displacement signal and a set of parameters as an input. The set of parameters include a mean radius of the artery, a radius at zero mmHg, a viscoelastic damping parameter, an elasticity of the artery and a thickness of wall of artery. The method involves the optimization of the set of parameters using heuristic optimization techniques, which helps in the estimation of the systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The method and device can also be personalized for individualized monitoring and estimation of the blood pressure of the person.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2022
    Assignee: Tata Consultancy Services Limited
    Inventors: Srinivasan Jayaraman, Balamuralidhar Purushothaman, Midhun P Unni, Aniruddha Sinha, Arpan Pal, Ramesh Kumar Ramakrishnan
  • Publication number: 20210393182
    Abstract: Direct usage of endosomatic EDA has multiple challenges for practical cognitive load assessment. Embodiments of the method and system disclosed provide a solution to the technical challenges in the art by directly using the bio-potential signals to implement endosomatic approach for assessment of cognitive load. The method utilizes a multichannel wearable endosomatic device capable of acquiring and combining multiple bio-potentials, which are biomarkers of cognitive load experienced by a subject performing a cognitive task. Further, extracts information for classification of the cognitive load, from the acquired bio-signals using a set of statistical and a set of spectral features. Furthermore, utilizes a feature selection approach to identify a set of optimum features to train a Machine Learning (ML) based task classifier to classify the cognitive load experienced by a subject into high load task and low load task.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2020
    Publication date: December 23, 2021
    Applicant: Tata Consultancy Services Limited
    Inventors: Debatri CHATTERJEE, Dibyanshu JAISWAL, Arpan PAL, Ramesh Kumar RAMAKRISHNAN, Ratna GHOSH, Madhurima MOULICK, Rajesh RANJAN
  • Publication number: 20210290091
    Abstract: Wellness estimation allows tracking of various health parameters and estimating health condition(s) of the user being monitored. Photophlethysmogram (PPG) based health monitoring systems exist. This disclosure relates generally to PPG based wellness monitoring, and more specifically to a pulse harmonics based wellness estimation. The system collects PPG signals from a user being monitored, as input. The system calculates 12 pulse harmonics from a fundamental frequency of the PPG signal. From the pulse harmonics, further a plurality of key features are extracted, and in turn a wellness metric and a wellness index are calculated, which represents health of the user.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 17, 2021
    Publication date: September 23, 2021
    Applicant: Tata Consultancy Services Limited
    Inventors: Ramesh Kumar RAMAKRISHNAN, Rahul Dasharath GAVAS, Venkata Subramanian VIRARAGHAVAN, Arpan PAL, Balamuralidhar PURUSHOTHAMAN, Lalit Kumar HISSARIA
  • Publication number: 20170065191
    Abstract: A method and device is provided for the continuous estimation of the blood pressure using a noninvasive technique. The method involves sensing of the displacement signal generated by the palpation of the radial artery. The radial artery is modelled as a cylindrical voight type viscoelastic tissue for the estimation of the personalized blood pressure. The model includes the displacement signal and a set of parameters as an input. The set of parameters include a mean radius of the artery, a radius at zero mmHg, a viscoelastic damping parameter, an elasticity of the artery and a thickness of wall of artery. The method involves the optimization of the set of parameters using heuristic optimization techniques, which helps in the estimation of the systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The method and device can also be personalized for individualized monitoring and estimation of the blood pressure of the person.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 2, 2016
    Publication date: March 9, 2017
    Applicant: Tata Consultancy Services Limited
    Inventors: Srinivasan JAYARAMAN, Balamuralidhar PURUSHOTHAMAN, Midhun P. UNNI, Aniruddha SINHA, Arpan PAL, Ramesh Kumar RAMAKRISHNAN