Patents by Inventor Robert C. Youngquist

Robert C. Youngquist has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10815129
    Abstract: A rigid radiation reflector is fabricated from a powdered material transparent to light in a wavelength band extending from approximately 0.2 micrometers to at least 8 micrometers. The powdered material is dispersed in a liquid wherein the powdered material is at least 95% insoluble in the liquid. The resulting mixture is molded under pressure at room temperature and then sintered to generate a porous solid. The porous solid is cooled to room temperature. A surface of the porous solid is then coated with a light-reflecting metal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2020
    Assignee: United States of America as Represented by the Administrator of NASA
    Inventors: Robert C. Youngquist, Tracy L. Gibson, Jan M. Surma, Jerry W. Buhrow, Mark A. Nurge
  • Patent number: 10273024
    Abstract: A multi-layer radiation reflector/emitter includes first and second materials. The first material is transparent to radiation in a wavelength spectrum ranging from approximately 0.2 microns to at last 6 microns. The first material is a self-supporting arrangement of randomized particles having an average dimension in a range of approximately 0.2 microns to approximately 0.4 microns and defining a fill factor of approximately 0.1 to approximately 0.5. The second material reflects radiation having a wavelength greater than approximately 2 microns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2019
    Assignee: United States of America as Represented by the Adminstrator of NASA
    Inventors: Robert C. Youngquist, Mark A. Nurge
  • Patent number: 9477857
    Abstract: A surface acoustic wave (SAW)-based coherence multiplexing system includes SAW tags each including a SAW transducer, a first SAW reflector positioned a first distance from the SAW transducer and a second SAW reflector positioned a second distance from the SAW transducer. A transceiver including a wireless transmitter has a signal source providing a source signal and circuitry for transmitting interrogation pulses including a first and a second interrogation pulse toward the SAW tags, and a wireless receiver for receiving and processing response signals from the SAW tags. The receiver receives scrambled signals including a convolution of the wideband interrogation pulses with response signals from the SAW tags and includes a computing device which implements an algorithm that correlates the interrogation pulses or the source signal before transmitting against the scrambled signals to generate tag responses for each of the SAW tags.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Assignees: University of Central Florida Research Foundation, Inc., The United States of America as Represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Robert C. Youngquist, Donald Malocha, Nancy Saldanha
  • Patent number: 9170086
    Abstract: An inductive position sensor uses three parallel inductors, each of which has an axial core that is an independent magnetic structure. A first support couples first and second inductors and separate them by a fixed distance. A second support coupled to a third inductor disposed between the first and second inductors. The first support and second support are configured for relative movement as distance changes from the third inductor to each of the first and second inductors. An oscillating current is supplied to the first and second inductors. A device measures a phase component of a source voltage generating the oscillating current and a phase component of voltage induced in the third inductor when the oscillating current is supplied to the first and second inductors such that the phase component of the voltage induced overlaps the phase component of the source voltage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2015
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Robert C. Youngquist, Stephen M. Simmons
  • Patent number: 9151639
    Abstract: A two-dimensional inductive position sensing system uses four drive inductors arranged at the vertices of a parallelogram and a sensing inductor positioned within the parallelogram. The sensing inductor is movable within the parallelogram and relative to the drive inductors. A first oscillating current at a first frequency is supplied to a first pair of the drive inductors located at ends of a first diagonal of the parallelogram. A second oscillating current at a second frequency is supplied to a second pair of the drive inductors located at ends of a second diagonal of the parallelogram. As a result, the sensing inductor generates a first output voltage at the first frequency and a second output voltage at the second frequency. A processor determines a position of the sensing inductor relative to the drive inductors using the first output voltage and the second output voltage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2015
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Adminstration
    Inventors: Robert C. Youngquist, Stanley O. Starr
  • Patent number: 8947074
    Abstract: An inductive position sensor uses three independent inductors inductively coupled by a common medium such as air. First and second inductors are separated by a fixed distance with the first inductor's axial core and second inductor's axial core maintained parallel to one another. A third inductor is disposed between the first and second inductors with the third inductor's axial core being maintained parallel to those of the first and second inductors. The combination of the first and second inductors are configured for relative movement with the third inductor's axial core remaining parallel to those of the first and second inductors as distance changes from the third inductor to each of the first inductor and second inductor. An oscillating current can be supplied to at least one of the three inductors, while voltage induced in at least one of the three inductors not supplied with the oscillating current is measured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Robert C. Youngquist, Stephen M. Simmons
  • Publication number: 20140266166
    Abstract: A two-dimensional inductive position sensing system uses four drive inductors arranged at the vertices of a parallelogram and a sensing inductor positioned within the parallelogram. The sensing inductor is movable within the parallelogram and relative to the drive inductors. A first oscillating current at a first frequency is supplied to a first pair of the drive inductors located at ends of a first diagonal of the parallelogram. A second oscillating current at a second frequency is supplied to a second pair of the drive inductors located at ends of a second diagonal of the parallelogram. As a result, the sensing inductor generates a first output voltage at the first frequency and a second output voltage at the second frequency. A processor determines a position of the sensing inductor relative to the drive inductors using the first output voltage and the second output voltage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 10, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventors: Robert C. Youngquist, Stanley O. Starr
  • Publication number: 20140043946
    Abstract: A surface acoustic wave (SAW)-based coherence multiplexing system includes SAW tags each including a SAW transducer, a first SAW reflector positioned a first distance from the SAW transducer and a second SAW reflector positioned a second distance from the SAW transducer. A transceiver including a wireless transmitter has a signal source providing a source signal and circuitry for transmitting interrogation pulses including a first and a second interrogation pulse toward the SAW tags, and a wireless receiver for receiving and processing response signals from the SAW tags. The receiver receives scrambled signals including a convolution of the wideband interrogation pulses with response signals from the SAW tags and includes a computing device which implements an algorithm that correlates the interrogation pulses or the source signal before transmitting against the scrambled signals to generate tag responses for each of the SAW tags.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2013
    Publication date: February 13, 2014
    Applicants: United States of America as Represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Spac, University of Central Florida Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: ROBERT C. YOUNGQUIST, DONALD MALOCHA, NANCY SALDANHA
  • Patent number: 8577639
    Abstract: A calibration assembly for a spectrometer is provided. The assembly includes a spectrometer having n detector elements, where each detector element is assigned a predetermined wavelength value. A first source emitting first radiation is used to calibrate the spectrometer. A device is placed in the path of the first radiation to split the first radiation into a first beam and a second beam. The assembly is configured so that one of the first and second beams travels a path-difference distance longer than the other of the first and second beams. An output signal is generated by the spectrometer when the first and second beams enter the spectrometer. The assembly includes a controller operable for processing the output signal and adapted to calculate correction factors for the respective predetermined wavelength values assigned to each detector element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Robert C. Youngquist, Stephen M. Simmons
  • Publication number: 20110208463
    Abstract: A calibration assembly for a spectrometer is provided. The assembly includes a spectrometer having n detector elements, where each detector element is assigned a predetermined wavelength value. A first source emitting first radiation is used to calibrate the spectrometer. A device is placed in the path of the first radiation to split the first radiation into a first beam and a second beam. The assembly is configured so that one of the first and second beams travels a path-difference distance longer than the other of the first and second beams. An output signal is generated by the spectrometer when the first and second beams enter the spectrometer. The assembly includes a controller operable for processing the output signal and adapted to calculate correction factors for the respective predetermined wavelength values assigned to each detector element.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 19, 2011
    Publication date: August 25, 2011
    Applicant: USA as Represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Robert C. Youngquist, Stephen M. Simmons
  • Publication number: 20110133727
    Abstract: An inductive position sensor uses three inductors. First and second inductors are separated by a fixed distance with the first inductor's axial core and second inductor's axial core maintained parallel to one another. A third inductor is disposed between the first and second inductors with the third inductor's axial core being maintained parallel to those of the first and second inductors. The combination of the first and second inductors are configured for relative movement with the third inductor's axial core remaining parallel to those of the first and second inductors as distance changes from the third inductor to each of the first inductor and second inductor. In operation, a source supplies an oscillating current to at least one of the three inductors, while another device measures voltage induced in at least one of the three inductors not supplied with the oscillating current.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 6, 2010
    Publication date: June 9, 2011
    Applicants: Adm.
    Inventors: Robert C. Youngquist, Stephen M. Simmons
  • Patent number: 6891148
    Abstract: A scaling device projects a known optical pattern into the field of view of a camera, which can be employed as a reference scale in a resulting photograph of a remote object, for example. The device comprises an optical beam projector that projects two or more spaced, parallel optical beams onto a surface of a remotely located object to be photographed. The resulting beam spots or lines on the object are spaced from one another by a known, predetermined distance. As a result, the size of other objects or features in the photograph can be determined through comparison of their size to the known distance between the beam spots. Preferably, the device is a small, battery-powered device that can be attached to a camera and employs one or more laser light sources and associated optics to generate the parallel light beams. In a first embodiment of the invention, a single laser light source is employed, but multiple parallel beams are generated thereby through use of beam splitting optics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2005
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronatics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Jorge E. Rivera, Robert C. Youngquist, Robert B. Cox, William D. Haskell, Charles G. Stevenson
  • Patent number: 6651481
    Abstract: Embodiments of apparatuses and methods are provided that use light sources instead of sound sources for characterizing and calibrating sensors for measuring small pressures to mitigate many of the problems with using sound sources. In one embodiment an apparatus has a light source for directing a beam of light on a sensing surface of a pressure sensor for exerting a force on the sensing surface. The pressure sensor generates an electrical signal indicative of the force exerted on the sensing surface. A modulator modulates the beam of light. A signal processor is electrically coupled to the pressure sensor for receiving the electrical signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Robert C Youngquist
  • Patent number: 6650125
    Abstract: A method and system for locating leaks of conductive fluids from non-conductive pipes and other structures or for locating non-conductive pipes or structures having conductive fluid contained therein, employ a charge generator to apply a time varying charge to the conductive fluid, and a capacitive type detector that can detect the variable charge that is induced in the fluid. The capacitive detector, which preferably includes a handheld housing, employs a large conductive pickup plate that is used to locate the pipe or leak by scanning the plate over the ground and detecting the induced charge that is generated when the plate comes in close proximity to the pipe or leak. If a leak is encountered, the resulting signal will appear over an area larger than expected for a buried pipe, assuming the leak provides an electrically conductive path between the flow and the wet surrounding ground.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Robert C. Youngquist
  • Patent number: 5979239
    Abstract: An imaging system is described which can be used to either passively search for sources of ultrasonics or as an active phase imaging system, which can image fires, gas leaks, or air temperature gradients. This system uses an array of ultrasonic receivers coupled to an ultrasound collector or lens to provide an electronic image of the ultrasound intensity in a selected angular region of space. A system is described which includes a video camera to provide a visual reference to a region being examined for ultrasonic signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1999
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Robert C Youngquist, J. Steven Moerk
  • Patent number: 5861755
    Abstract: A quality and/or flow meter employs a capacitance probe assembly for measuring the dielectric constant of flow stream, particularly a two-phase flow stream including liquid and gas components. The dielectric constant of the flow stream varies depending upon the volume ratios of its liquid and gas components, and capacitance measurements can therefore be employed to calculate the quality of the flow, which is defined as the volume ratio of liquid in the flow to the total volume ratio of gas and liquid in the flow. By using two spaced capacitance sensors, and cross-correlating the time varying capacitance values of each, the velocity of the flow stream can also be determined. A microcontroller-based processing circuit is employed to measure the capacitance of the probe sensors. The circuit employs high speed timer and counter circuits to provide a high resolution measurement of the time interval required to charge each capacitor in the probe assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 19, 1999
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Adminstrator of National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: J. Steven Moerk, Robert C. Youngquist, Rudy J. Werlink
  • Patent number: 5747805
    Abstract: A sensor circuit and method for detecting the current output by one or more resistive detectors by connecting a respective integrating capacitor and a respective switch connected to each detector. Each detector charges the respective integrating capacitor until the switch allows the stored charge in the integrating capacitor to be transferred to the feedback capacitor of a shared operational amplifier which converts the stored charge to a voltage. In this way, current, not voltage is multiplexed and each sensor can be operated, that is, collect charge, virtually all the time. Thus, fewer components are required to monitor a large number of resistive detectors with little or no degradation in the signal to noise ratio.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 5, 1998
    Assignee: New England Photoconductor Corp.
    Inventor: Robert C. Youngquist
  • Patent number: 5710377
    Abstract: A system for detecting ultrasonic vibrations, such as those generated by a small leak in a pressurized container, vessel, pipe, or the like, comprises an ultrasonic transducer assembly and a processing circuit for converting transducer signals into an audio frequency range signal. The audio frequency range signal can be used to drive a pair of headphones worn by an operator. A diode rectifier based mixing circuit provides a simple, inexpensive way to mix the transducer signal with a square wave signal generated by an oscillator, and thereby generate the audio frequency signal. The sensitivity of the system is greatly increased through proper selection and matching of the system components, and the use of noise rejection filters and elements. In addition, a parabolic collecting horn is preferably employed which is mounted on the transducer assembly housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 20, 1998
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Robert C. Youngquist, J. Steven Moerk
  • Patent number: 5627362
    Abstract: A portable, hand held light source unit is employed to check operation of fire detectors, such as hydrogen fire detectors. The unit emits radiation in a narrow band of wavelengths which are generated by the type of fire to be tested, but not by other light sources such as the sun or incandescent lamps. The unit can test fire detectors at different distances, and of different sensitivities. The intensity of the radiation emitted by the unit is adjustable for this purpose by means of a rotatable disk having a plurality of different sized apertures for selective placement between the light source and an output lens. The disk can also be rotated to a calibration position which causes a microprocessor circuit in the unit to initiate a calibration procedure. During this procedure, the lamp intensity is measured by a photodetector contained within the unit, and the microprocessor adjusts the lamp current to insure that its intensity remains within a preset range of values.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 6, 1997
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Robert C. Youngquist, John S. Moerk, James P. Strobel
  • Patent number: 5561290
    Abstract: An optical detector calibrator system simulates a source of optical radiation to which a detector to be calibrated is responsive. A light source selected to emit radiation in a range of wavelengths corresponding to the spectral signature of the source is disposed within a housing containing a microprocessor for controlling the light source and other system elements. An adjustable iris and a multiple aperture filter wheel are provided for controlling the intensity of radiation emitted from the housing by the light source to adjust the simulated distance between the light source and the detector to be calibrated. The geared iris has an aperture whose size is adjustable by means of a first stepper motor controlled by the microprocessor. The multiple aperture filter wheel contains neutral density filters of different attenuation levels which are selectively positioned in the path of the emitted radiation by a second stepper motor that is also controlled by the microprocessor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1996
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: James P. Strobel, John S. Moerk, Robert C. Youngquist