Patents by Inventor Robert Darling

Robert Darling has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 8048581
    Abstract: A polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell power plant is cooled evaporatively with a water coolant system which does not permit liquid water to exit or flow through the coolant system. The coolant system utilizes a hydrophobic porous member (28) for venting gases such as fuel and/or air from a coolant water flow field in the system. Coolant water (36) is prevented from continuosly contacting the porous member during operation of the power plant thus preventing blockage of the porous member by coolant water or contaminants disposed in the coolant water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignee: VTC Power Corporation
    Inventors: Robert Darling, Craig E. Evans
  • Patent number: 7976992
    Abstract: A PEM fuel cell (4) power plant includes a passive air vent (24) through which air separated from a cathode effluent stream can be expelled from the power plant. The air vent operates satisfactorily during ambient freezing conditions thus it is eminently suitable for use in mobile applications such as in PEM fuel cell-powered automobiles, buses, or the like. The vent is formed from a liquid antifreeze layer (40) that is disposed in a sparging tank (36) which communicates with ambient surroundings. Any water vapor in the stream can condense out of the gas-stream in the antifreeze. In order to facilitate this result, the antifreeze can be a liquid that is immiscible with water so that the condensed water will form a separate layer (38) in the sparging tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2011
    Assignee: UTC Power Corp.
    Inventors: Robert Darling, Tommy Skiba
  • Patent number: 7977010
    Abstract: A polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell power plant is cooled evaporatively by a non-circulating pressurized water coolant system. The coolant system utilizes a hydrophobic porous plug for bleeding air from the coolant water while maintaining coolant back pressure in a coolant flow field of the system. Furthermore, there is a first method for identifying appropriate parameters of the hydrophobic porous plug for use with a known particular coolant system; and a second method for determining proper operating conditions for a fuel cell water coolant system which can operate with a hydrophobic porous plug closure having known physical parameters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2011
    Assignee: UTC Power Corp.
    Inventors: Robert Darling, Carl A. Reiser, William J. Bajorek
  • Patent number: 7972745
    Abstract: A polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell power plant is cooled evaporatively by a non-circulating pressurized water coolant system. The coolant system utilizes a hydrophobic porous plug for bleeding air from the coolant water while maintaining coolant back pressure in a coolant flow field of the system. Furthermore, there is a first method for identifying appropriate parameters of the hydrophobic porous plug for use with a known particular coolant system; and a second method for determining proper operating conditions for a fuel cell water coolant system which can operate with a hydrophobic porous plug closure having known physical parameters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2011
    Assignee: UTC Power, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert Darling, Carl A. Reiser, William J. Bajorek
  • Patent number: 7828940
    Abstract: An onsite chemistry air filtration system to remove gaseous contaminants from air is disclosed. The onsite chemistry air filtration system of the present invention comprises: a conventional particulate filtration section, a photochemical filtration section, a static gas phase filtration section and a catalytic filtration section. The conventional particulate filtration section captures solids and condensables. In the photochemical filtration section, UV lamps generate bio-destruction and surface photochemical activity on a semiconductor catalyst material, provide a radiation source to irradiate airborne contaminant molecules and to energize their states to promote reactions and generate airborne ozone and radicals. In the static gas phase filtration section, gas phase filtration media is used to capture contaminants, concentrate them in a relatively confined space and allow airborne generated chemistries to concentrate and react in-situ, thereby creating a regeneration effect on the media.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2010
    Inventors: Jeffrey L. Roseberry, Robert A. Darling
  • Publication number: 20100239932
    Abstract: A polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell power plant is cooled evaporatively by a non-circulating pressurized water coolant system. The coolant system utilizes a hydrophobic porous plug for bleeding air from the coolant water while maintaining coolant back pressure in a coolant flow field of the system. Furthermore, there is a first method for identifying appropriate parameters of the hydrophobic porous plug for use with a known particular coolant system; and a second method for determining proper operating conditions for a fuel cell water coolant system which can operate with a hydrophobic porous plug closure having known physical parameters.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 23, 2010
    Publication date: September 23, 2010
    Inventors: Robert Darling, Carl A. Reiser, William J. Bajorek
  • Publication number: 20100239933
    Abstract: A polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell power plant is cooled evaporatively by a non-circulating pressurized water coolant system. The coolant system utilizes a hydrophobic porous plug for bleeding air from from the coolant water while maintaining coolant back pressure in a coolant flow field of the system. Furthermore, there is a first method for identifying appropriate parameters of the hydrophobic porous plug for use with a known particular coolant system; and a second method for determining proper operating conditions for a fuel cell water coolant system which can operate with a hydrophobic porous plug closure having known physical parameters.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 23, 2010
    Publication date: September 23, 2010
    Inventors: Robert Darling, Carl A. Reiser, William J. Bajorek
  • Patent number: 7754364
    Abstract: A polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell power plant is cooled evaporatively by a non-circulating pressurized water coolant system. The coolant system utilizes a hydrophobic porous plug for bleeding air from the coolant water while maintaining coolant back pressure in a coolant flow field of the system. Furthermore, there is a first method for identifying appropriate parameters of the hydrophobic porous plug for use with a known particular coolant system; and a second method for determining proper operating conditions for a fuel cell water coolant system which can operate with a hydrophobic porous plug closure having known physical parameters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2010
    Inventors: Robert Darling, Carl A. Reiser, William J. Bajorek
  • Patent number: 7740699
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are coating compositions comprising a blocked polyol having a first hydroxyl group at position 1 carbon atom and a second hydroxyl group at position 2 or 3 carbon atom, wherein both the first and the second hydroxyl groups are blocked by a single hydrolyzable orthoformate group; and a polyisocyanate compound. Methods of producing and using said coating compositions are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2010
    Assignee: E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Alexei A. Gridnev, Thomas Robert Darling
  • Publication number: 20100086436
    Abstract: An onsite chemistry air filtration system to remove gaseous contaminants from air is disclosed. The onsite chemistry air filtration system of the present invention comprises: a conventional particulate filtration section, a photochemical filtration section, a static gas phase filtration section and a catalytic filtration section. The conventional particulate filtration section captures solids and condensables. In the photochemical filtration section, UV lamps generate bio-destruction and surface photochemical activity on a semiconductor catalyst material, provide a radiation source to irradiate airborne contaminant molecules and to energize their states to promote reactions and generate airborne ozone and radicals. In the static gas phase filtration section, gas phase filtration media is used to capture contaminants, concentrate them in a relatively confined space and allow airborne generated chemistries to concentrate and react in-situ, thereby creating a regeneration effect on the media.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 10, 2009
    Publication date: April 8, 2010
    Inventors: Jeffrey L. Roseberry, Robert A. Darling
  • Patent number: 7651555
    Abstract: An onsite chemistry air filtration system to remove gaseous contaminants from air is disclosed. The onsite chemistry air filtration system of the present invention comprises: a conventional particulate filtration section, a photochemical filtration section, a static gas phase filtration section and a catalytic filtration section. The conventional particulate filtration section captures solids and condensables. In the photochemical filtration section, UV lamps generate bio-destruction and surface photochemical activity on a semiconductor catalyst material, provide a radiation source to irradiate airborne contaminant molecules and to energize their states to promote reactions and generate airborne ozone and radicals. In the static gas phase filtration section, gas phase filtration media is used to capture contaminants, concentrate them in a relatively confined space and allow airborne generated chemistries to concentrate and react in-situ, thereby creating a regeneration effect on the media.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2010
    Inventors: Jeffrey L. Roseberry, Robert A. Darling
  • Publication number: 20090325001
    Abstract: A PEM fuel cell (4) power plant includes a passive air vent (24) through which air separated from a cathode effluent stream can be expelled from the power plant. The air vent operates satisfactorily during ambient freezing conditions thus it is eminently suitable for use in mobile applications such as in PEM fuel cell-powered automobiles, buses, or the like. The vent is formed from a liquid antifreeze layer (40) that is disposed in a sparging tank (36) which communicates with ambient surroundings. Any water vapor in the stream can condense out of the gas-stream in the antifreeze. In order to facilitate this result, the antifreeze can be a liquid that is immiscible with water so that the condensed water will form a separate layer (38) in the sparging tank.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2008
    Publication date: December 31, 2009
    Inventors: Robert Darling, Tommy Skiba
  • Patent number: 7638217
    Abstract: A PEM fuel cell power plant includes fuel cells, each of which has a cathode reactant flow field plate which is substantially impermeable to fluids, a water coolant source, and a fluid permeable anode reactant flow field plate adjacent to said water coolant source. The anode reactant flow field plates pass water from the coolant sources into the cells where the water is evaporated to cool the cells. The cathode flow field plates prevent reactant crossover between adjacent cells. By providing a single water permeable plate for each cell in the power plant the amount of water present in the power plant at shut down is limited to a degree which does not require adjunct water purging components to remove water from the plates when the power plant is shut down during freezing ambient conditions. Thus the amount of residual ice in the power plant that forms in the plates during shut down in such freezing conditions will be limited.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2009
    Assignee: UTC Power Corp.
    Inventors: Robert Darling, Jeremy P. Meyers, Ryan J. Balliet
  • Patent number: 7585346
    Abstract: A media holding module to hold various granular and pelletized gas phase filtration media for filtering air. The module is comprised of two solid side plates, and a perforated end panel and four perforated wall panels disposed between the side plates. The perforated wall panels are arranged in a generally ā€œVā€-shaped configuration. The interior wall panels are contoured at the module inlet to provide aerodynamic airflow. Additionally, the interior wall panels are perforated across their entire surface areas to allow for airflow access to all filtration media in the filtration media beds. The compartment created by the wall panels may be subdivided to form sub-compartments capable of holding discrete beds of filtration media in series. The module's support members are located outside of the air stream to avoid airflow resistance and turbulence. The module further includes a flexible, reversible sealing system for sealing the module in the module housing in various configurations while preventing air bypass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2009
    Inventors: Jeffrey L. Roseberry, Robert A. Darling
  • Patent number: 7507786
    Abstract: Methods of producing decolorized homo- and co-polymers through polymerization of monomers in presence of cobalt-complexed tetraphenyl porphyrin derivatives and decolorization of the produced polymer by exposing the polymer to a sorbent and, optionally, a solvent are disclosed herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2009
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Bradford B. Wayland, Zhi Lu, Alexei A. Gridnev, Thomas Robert Darling
  • Publication number: 20090011133
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are coating compositions comprising a blocked polyol having a first hydroxyl group at position 1 carbon atom and a second hydroxyl group at position 2 or 3 carbon atom, wherein both the first and the second hydroxyl groups are blocked by a single hydrolyzable orthoformate group; and a polyisocyanate compound. Methods of producing and using said coating compositions are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 4, 2007
    Publication date: January 8, 2009
    Inventors: Alexei A. Gridnev, Thomas Robert Darling
  • Publication number: 20080038610
    Abstract: Fuel cells (38) have water passageways (67; 78, 85; 78a, 85a) that provide water through reactant gas flow field plates (74, 81) to cool the fuel cell. The water passageways may be vented to atmosphere (99), by a porous plug (69), or pumped (89, 146) with or without removing any water from the passageways. A condenser (59, 124) receives reactant air exhaust, may have a contiguous reservoir (64, 128), may be vertical, (a vehicle radiator, FIG. 2), may be horizontal, contiguous with the top of the fuel cell stack (37, FIG. 5), or below (124) the fuel cell stack (120). The passageways may be grooves (76, 77; 83, 84) or may comprise a plane of porous hydrophilic material (78a, 85a) contiguous with substantially the entire surface of one or both of the reactant gas flow field plates. Air flow in the condenser may be controlled by shutters (155). The condenser may be a heat exchanger (59a) having freeze-proof liquid flowing through a coil (161) thereof, the amount being controlled by a valve (166).
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2007
    Publication date: February 14, 2008
    Inventor: Robert Darling
  • Publication number: 20070160883
    Abstract: A polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell power plant is cooled evaporatively by a non-circulating pressurized water coolant system. The coolant system utilizes a hydrophobic porous plug for bleeding air from the coolant water while maintaining coolant back pressure in a coolant flow field of the system. Furthermore, there is a first method for identifying appropriate parameters of the hydrophobic porous plug for use with a known particular coolant system; and a second method for determining proper operating conditions for a fuel cell water coolant system which can operate with a hydrophobic porous plug closure having known physical parameters.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 6, 2006
    Publication date: July 12, 2007
    Inventors: Robert Darling, Carl Reiser, William Bajorek
  • Publication number: 20070154747
    Abstract: To mitigate bubble blockage in water passageways (78, 85), in or near reactant gas flow field plates (74, 81) of fuel cells (38), passageways are configured with (a) cross sections having intersecting polygons or other shapes, obtuse angles including triangles and trapezoids, or (b) hydrophobic surfaces (111), or (c) differing adjacent channels (127, 128), or (d) water permeable layers (93, 115, 116, 119) adjacent to water channels or hydrophobic/hydrophilic layers (114, 120), or (e) diverging channels (152).
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 13, 2006
    Publication date: July 5, 2007
    Inventors: Robert Darling, Evan Rege, Ryan Balliet, Jeremy Meyers, Craig Evans, Thomas Jarvi, Sitaram Ramaswamy
  • Publication number: 20070154744
    Abstract: To mitigate bubble blockage in water passageways (78, 85), in or near reactant gas flow field plates (74, 81) of fuel cells (38), passageways are configured with (a) intersecting polygons, obtuse angles including triangles, trapezoids, or (b) hydrophobic surfaces (111), or (c) differing adjacent channels (127, 128), or (d) water permeable layers (93, 115, 116, 119) adjacent to water channels or hydrophobic/hydrophilic layers (114, 120).
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 30, 2005
    Publication date: July 5, 2007
    Inventors: Robert Darling, Evan Rege, Ryan Balliet, Jeremy Meyers, Craig Evans, Thomas Jarvi