Patents by Inventor Robin A. Carden

Robin A. Carden has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10202306
    Abstract: In a method of coloring a ceramic material, a coloring solution consisting of metallic salts is introduced to a ceramic slurry. In a slip casting process, a coloring solution consisting of metallic salts is introduced to a ceramic slurry which is cast into green state bodies. A coloring solution that may comprise for example a metallic salt, a solvent, an organic solvent such as derivatives of propylene oxides, and an acid can be introduced to the slip casting process. Such a coloring solution can be added to the slip casting process. In a method, the coloring solution is thoroughly mixed with the ceramic slurry, after which a ceramic body is cast, dried and finally subjected to a sintering process. After final sinter, the resulting ceramic body possesses an innate color that is homogenous throughout its composition. The method is especially useful for coloring zirconia ceramic material used for making dental restorations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Assignee: James R. Glidewell Dental Ceramics, Inc.
    Inventors: Robin A. Carden, Thomas C. Valenti, Frank A. Jimenez
  • Patent number: 10196312
    Abstract: A colored ceramic powder is produced from a mixture of coloring solutions consisting of metallic salts that are introduced to a ceramic slurry and subsequently dried. The coloring solution may comprise for example of chosen metallic salts, a solvent, an organic solvent such as derivatives of propylene oxides, an acid and a possible binder. Once all the constituents are thoroughly mixed to a homogeneous state, the slip is dried to a powder form, which spray drying equipment can be used. The dried powder can then be subjected to an isostatic or biaxial press manufacturing process to create a green state ceramic body. Once pressed, the ceramic body can be subjected to a sintering process. After final sinter, the resulting ceramic body possesses an innate color that is homogenous throughout its composition. The method is especially useful for coloring zirconia dental restorations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: James R. Glidewell Dental Ceramics, Inc.
    Inventors: Robin A. Carden, Thomas C. Valenti, Frank A. Jimenez
  • Patent number: 9790129
    Abstract: A process for fabricating pre-sintered zirconia blanks that are then computer machined and sintered to form dental appliances having highly advantageous features. The principal steps of a preferred embodiment of that process comprise; a) preparing a ceramic slurry of zirconia powder; b) subjecting the slurry to attrition milling down to about a 5-29 nm crystallite size; c) preparing a vacuum assisted and pressure assisted slip casting mold and pouring the milled slurry into the slip-casting mold; d) after casting, excess slurry is poured from the mold and a consolidated zirconia blank is removed; e) drying the blank and pre-sintering it to form solid blanks ready for CAD/CAM machining and sintering to net shape. The attrition is run with ball bearings that are of the sample material to prevent contamination. It also is run, up to 24 hours, to break down the crystallites to overcome the high density of zirconia.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2017
    Assignee: James R. Glidewell Dental Ceramics, Inc.
    Inventor: Robin A. Carden
  • Publication number: 20170143456
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus are disclosed to provide a patient with a monolithic ceramic dental restoration in one office visit. In some embodiments, a dentist is provided with a kit containing one or more machinable blocks, a chair-side milling machine to convert a selected machinable block into a finished dental restoration, and optionally, a scanner. Machinable blocks may have a fully sintered zirconia material solid body and a sintered zirconia mandrel. A plurality of machinable blocks may be provided in multiple shape, size, or shade selections.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 2, 2017
    Publication date: May 25, 2017
    Inventors: Robin A. Carden, Michael J. Selberis
  • Patent number: 9597265
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus that permit a dentist to provide a patient with a monolithic ceramic dental restoration (e.g., crown, bridge, or the like) in one office visit. In some embodiments, a dentist is provided with a kit containing one or more near net shape (NNS) millable blanks of various shapes and shades, chair-side software, and a chair-side milling machine to convert a selected millable blank into a finished, fully contoured restoration in about one hour or less. Each such millable blank may be, for example, a dental ceramic (e.g., fully sintered zirconia, fully crystallized lithium silicate, fully crystallized lithium disilicate, or the like) NNS component. In some embodiments, the NNS component includes an integral mandrel at a precise location and orientation to minimize the amount of milling time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2017
    Assignee: James R. Glidewell Dental Ceramics, Inc.
    Inventors: Robin A. Carden, Michael J. Selberis
  • Publication number: 20170044067
    Abstract: A colored ceramic powder is produced from a mixture of coloring solutions consisting of metallic salts that are introduced to a ceramic slurry and subsequently dried. The coloring solution may comprise for example of chosen metallic salts, a solvent, an organic solvent such as derivatives of propylene oxides, an acid and a possible binder. Once all the constituents are thoroughly mixed to a homogeneous state, the slip is dried to a powder form, which spray drying equipment can be used. The dried powder can then be subjected to an isostatic or biaxial press manufacturing process to create a green state ceramic body. Once pressed, the ceramic body can be subjected to a sintering process. After final sinter, the resulting ceramic body possesses an innate color that is homogenous throughout its composition. The method is especially useful for coloring zirconia dental restorations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 27, 2016
    Publication date: February 16, 2017
    Inventors: Robin A. Carden, Thomas C. Valenti, Frank A. Jimenez
  • Publication number: 20170044068
    Abstract: In a method of coloring a ceramic material, a coloring solution consisting of metallic salts is introduced to a ceramic slurry. In a slip casting process, a coloring solution consisting of metallic salts is introduced to a ceramic slurry which is cast into green state bodies. A coloring solution that may comprise for example a metallic salt, a solvent, an organic solvent such as derivatives of propylene oxides, and an acid can be introduced to the slip casting process. Such a coloring solution can be added to the slip casting process. In a method, the coloring solution is thoroughly mixed with the ceramic slurry, after which a ceramic body is cast, dried and finally subjected to a sintering process. After final sinter, the resulting ceramic body possesses an innate color that is homogenous throughout its composition. The method is especially useful for coloring zirconia ceramic material used for making dental restorations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 27, 2016
    Publication date: February 16, 2017
    Inventors: Robin A. Carden, Thomas C. Valenti, Frank A. Jimenez
  • Patent number: 9512317
    Abstract: A colored ceramic powder is produced from a mixture of coloring solutions consisting of metallic salts that are introduced to a ceramic slurry and subsequently dried. The coloring solution may comprise for example of chosen metallic salts, a solvent, an organic solvent such as derivatives of propylene oxides, an acid and a possible binder. Once all the constituents are thoroughly mixed to a homogeneous state, the slip is dried to a powder form, which spray drying equipment can be used. The dried powder can then be subjected to an isostatic or biaxial press manufacturing process to create a green state ceramic body. Once pressed, the ceramic body can be subjected to a sintering process. After final sinter, the resulting ceramic body possesses an innate color that is homogenous throughout its composition. The method is especially useful for coloring zirconia dental restorations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2016
    Assignee: James R. Glidwell Dental Ceramics, Inc.
    Inventors: Robin A. Carden, Thomas C. Valenti, Frank A. Jimenez
  • Patent number: 9505662
    Abstract: In a method of coloring a ceramic material, a coloring solution consisting of metallic salts is introduced to a ceramic slurry. In a slip casting process, a coloring solution consisting of metallic salts is introduced to a ceramic slurry which is cast into green state bodies. A coloring solution that may comprise for example a metallic salt, a solvent, an organic solvent such as derivatives of propylene oxides, and an acid can be introduced to the slip casting process. Such a coloring solution can be added to the slip casting process. In a method, the coloring solution is thoroughly mixed with the ceramic slurry, after which a ceramic body is cast, dried and finally subjected to a sintering process. After final sinter, the resulting ceramic body possesses an innate color that is homogenous throughout its composition. The method is especially useful for coloring zirconia ceramic material used for making dental restorations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2016
    Assignee: James R. Glidewell Dental Ceramics, Inc.
    Inventors: Robin A. Carden, Thomas C. Valenti, Frank A. Jimenez
  • Publication number: 20160332918
    Abstract: A process for fabricating pre-sintered zirconia blanks that are then computer machined and sintered to form dental appliances having highly advantageous features. The principal steps of a preferred embodiment of that process comprise; a) preparing a ceramic slurry of zirconia powder; b) subjecting the slurry to attrition milling down to about a 5-29 nm crystallite size; c) preparing a vacuum assisted and pressure assisted slip casting mold and pouring the milled slurry into the slip-casting mold; d) after casting, excess slurry is poured from the mold and a consolidated zirconia blank is removed; e) drying the blank and pre-sintering it to form solid blanks ready for CAD/CAM machining and sintering to net shape. The attrition is run with ball bearings that are of the sample material to prevent contamination. It also is run, up to 24 hours, to break down the crystallites to overcome the high density of zirconia.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 27, 2016
    Publication date: November 17, 2016
    Inventor: Robin A. Carden
  • Patent number: 9434651
    Abstract: A process for fabricating pre-sintered zirconia blanks that are then computer machined and sintered to form dental appliances having highly advantageous features. The principal steps of a preferred embodiment of that process comprise a) preparing a ceramic slurry of binderless zirconia powder; b) subjecting the slurry to attrition milling down to about a 5-29 nm crystallite size; c) preparing a vacuum assisted and pressure assisted slip casting mold and pouring the milled slurry into the slip-casting mold; d) after casting, excess slurry is poured from the mold and a consolidated zirconia blank is removed; e) drying the blank and pre-sintering it to form solid blanks ready for CAD/CAM machining and sintering to net shape. The attrition is run with ball bearings that are of the sample material to prevent contamination. It also is run, up to 24 hours, to break down the crystallites to overcome the high density of zirconia.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2016
    Assignee: James R. Glidewell Dental Ceramics, Inc.
    Inventor: Robin A. Carden
  • Publication number: 20160251268
    Abstract: In a method of coloring a ceramic material, a coloring solution consisting of metallic salts is introduced to a ceramic slurry. In a slip casting process, a coloring solution consisting of metallic salts is introduced to a ceramic slurry which is cast into green state bodies. A coloring solution that may comprise for example a metallic salt, a solvent, an organic solvent such as derivatives of propylene oxides, and an acid can be introduced to the slip casting process. Such a coloring solution can be added to the slip casting process. In a method, the coloring solution is thoroughly mixed with the ceramic slurry, after which a ceramic body is cast, dried and finally subjected to a sintering process. After final sinter, the resulting ceramic body possesses an innate color that is homogenous throughout its composition. The method is especially useful for coloring zirconia ceramic material used for making dental restorations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 12, 2016
    Publication date: September 1, 2016
    Inventors: Robin A. Carden, Thomas C. Valenti, Frank A. Jimenez
  • Patent number: 9365459
    Abstract: Coloring in a slip casting process by which a ceramic slurry is cast into green state bodies. It is during this slip casting that a coloring solution consisting of metallic salts is introduced to the slurry and subsequently slip-cast. A coloring solution may comprise for example a metallic salt, a solvent, an organic solvent such as derivatives of propylene oxides, and an acid can be introduced to the slip casting process. Such a coloring solution can be added to the slip casting process. The solution is thoroughly mixed with the ceramic slurry, after which the ceramic body is cast, dried and finally subjected to a sintering process. After final sinter, the resulting ceramic body possesses an innate color that is homogenous throughout its composition. The method is especially useful for coloring zirconia dental restorations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2016
    Assignee: James R. Glidewell Dental Ceramics, Inc.
    Inventors: Robin A. Carden, Thomas C. Valenti, Frank A. Jimenez
  • Patent number: 9095403
    Abstract: A coloring liquid especially for shading pre-sintered ceramic dental restorations, utilizes a combination of metal salt, solvent and acid to achieve natural tooth coloring of standard dental shades. By adjusting the respective ingredients, different shades can be provided and color penetration can be sufficient to preserve aesthetics in the sintered restoration even when some of the ceramic material is removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2015
    Assignee: James R. Glidewell Dental Ceramics, Inc.
    Inventors: Robin A. Carden, Frank A. Jimenez
  • Patent number: 8968455
    Abstract: A new investment material for the pressing loss wax technique for dental glass ceramics. It has been found that the addition of fillers to a magnesium phosphate investment, specifically metal oxides with elevated melting points ranging from 1800 to 2800° C., provides a protection barrier against the reaction between the high alkaline content of the glass ceramic and the investment during the pressing process in the range of 800 to 950° C. Specifically, it has been found that the addition of aluminum oxide of about 2 to 5 percent of the total dry mix in combination with any of the zirconium oxide, yttrium stabilized zirconium, titanium dioxide and boron nitride in proportions of about 3.5%, enhances the barrier against a surface reaction and improves the thermal properties of the investment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: James R. Glidewell Dental Ceramics, Inc.
    Inventors: Rodolfo Castillo, Robin A. Carden
  • Publication number: 20140109797
    Abstract: A colored ceramic powder is produced from a mixture of coloring solutions consisting of metallic salts that are introduced to a ceramic slurry and subsequently dried. The coloring solution may comprise for example of chosen metallic salts, a solvent, an organic solvent such as derivatives of propylene oxides, an acid and a possible binder. Once all the constituents are thoroughly mixed to a homogeneous state, the slip is dried to a powder form, which spray drying equipment can be used. The dried powder can then be subjected to an isostatic or biaxial press manufacturing process to create a green state ceramic body. Once pressed, the ceramic body can be subjected to a sintering process. After final sinter, the resulting ceramic body possesses an innate color that is homogenous throughout its composition. The method is especially useful for coloring zirconia dental restorations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2012
    Publication date: April 24, 2014
    Inventor: Robin A. Carden
  • Publication number: 20140106956
    Abstract: A new investment material for the pressing loss wax technique for dental glass ceramics. It has been found that the addition of fillers to a magnesium phosphate investment, specifically metal oxides with elevated melting points ranging from 1800 to 2800° C., provides a protection barrier against the reaction between the high alkaline content of the glass ceramic and the investment during the pressing process in the range of 800 to 950° C. Specifically, it has been found that the addition of aluminum oxide of about 2 to 5 percent of the total dry mix in combination with any of the zirconium oxide, yttrium stabilized zirconium, titanium dioxide and boron nitride in proportions of about 3.5%, enhances the barrier against a surface reaction and improves the thermal properties of the investment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 13, 2012
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Inventors: Rodolfo Castillo, Robin A. Carden
  • Publication number: 20140101869
    Abstract: A coloring liquid especially for shading pre-sintered ceramic dental restorations, utilizes a combination of metal salt, solvent and acid to achieve natural tooth coloring of standard dental shades. By adjusting the respective ingredients, different shades can be provided and color penetration can be sufficient to preserve aesthetics in the sintered restoration even when some of the ceramic material is removed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 13, 2012
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Inventors: Robin A. Carden, Frank A. Jimenez
  • Publication number: 20130316305
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus that permit a dentist to provide a patient with a monolithic ceramic dental restoration (e.g., crown, bridge, or the like) in one office visit. In some embodiments, a dentist is provided with a kit containing one or more near net shape (NNS) millable blanks of various shapes and shades, chair-side software, and a chair-side milling machine to convert a selected millable blank into a finished, fully contoured restoration in about one hour or less. Each such millable blank may be, for example, a dental ceramic (e.g., fully sintered zirconia, fully crystallized lithium silicate, fully crystallized lithium disilicate, or the like) NNS component. In some embodiments, the NNS component includes an integral mandrel at a precise location and orientation to minimize the amount of milling time.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 23, 2013
    Publication date: November 28, 2013
    Applicant: James R. Glidewell Dental Ceramics, Inc.
    Inventors: Robin A. Carden, Michael J. Selberis
  • Publication number: 20130316306
    Abstract: A method and apparatus that permits a dentist to provide a patient with a monolithic zirconia restoration (i.e., crown) in one office visit. The dentist is provided with a kit of various near net shape (NNS) components of various shapes and shades, chair-side software, and a chair-side milling machine to convert a selected kit component into a finished, fully contoured restoration in about one hour or less. Each such kit component may be, for example, a fully sintered zirconia NNS component having an integral mandrel at a precise location and orientation to minimize the amount of milling time.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 26, 2012
    Publication date: November 28, 2013
    Inventors: Robin A. Carden, Michael J. Selberis