Patents by Inventor Ruben Caballero

Ruben Caballero has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20180233808
    Abstract: An electronic device may be provided with wireless circuitry. The wireless circuitry may include one or more antennas and transceiver circuitry such as millimeter wave transceiver circuitry. The antennas may be formed from metal traces on a printed circuit. The printed circuit may be a stacked printed circuit including multiple stacked substrates. Metal traces may form an array of patch antennas, Yagi antennas, and other antennas. Antenna signals associated with the antennas may pass through an inactive area in a display and through a dielectric-filled slot in a metal housing for the electronic device. Waveguide structures may be used to guide antenna signals within interior portions of the electronic device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2018
    Publication date: August 16, 2018
    Inventors: Basim H. Noori, Boon W. Shiu, Kevin M. Marks, Matthew A. Mow, Mattia Pascolini, Ming-Ju Tsai, Ruben Caballero, Yuehui Ouyang, Khan Salam
  • Publication number: 20180219637
    Abstract: An electronic device may be provided with wireless circuitry. The wireless circuitry may include antennas. The antennas may include phased antenna arrays for handling millimeter wave signals. Antennas may be located in antenna signal paths. The antenna signal paths may include adjustable components such as adjustable filters, adjustable gain amplifiers, and adjustable phase shifters. Circuitry may be incorporated into an electronic device to facilitate wireless self-testing operations. Wireless self-testing may involve use of one antenna to transmit an over-the-air antenna test signal that is received by another antenna. The circuitry that facilitates the wireless self-testing operations may include couplers, adjustable switches for temporarily shorting antenna signal paths together, mixers for mixing down radio-frequency signals to allow digitization with analog-to-digital converters, and other circuitry for supporting self-testing operations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2018
    Publication date: August 2, 2018
    Inventors: Matthew A. Mow, Basim Noori, Yuehui Ouyang, Yi Jiang, Mattia Pascolini, Ruben Caballero
  • Patent number: 10020563
    Abstract: Electronic devices may be provided that contain wireless communications circuitry. The wireless communications circuitry may include radio-frequency transceiver circuitry and first and second antennas. An electronic device may include a housing. The first antenna may be located at an upper end of the housing and the second antenna may be located at a lower end of the housing. A peripheral conductive member may run around the edges of the housing and may be used in forming the first and second antennas. The radio-frequency transceiver circuitry may have a transmit-receive port and a receive port. Switching circuitry may connect the first antenna to the transmit-receive port and the second antenna to the receiver port or may connect the first antenna to the receive port and the second antenna to the transmit-receive port.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Ruben Caballero, Mattia Pascolini, Mohit Narang, Matt A. Mow, Robert W. Schlub
  • Patent number: 10014705
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to systems, methods, and apparatus for limiting or throttling an activity of an accessory device communicatively coupled to a computing device. The activity of the accessory device is limited or throttled in order to reduce electromagnetic interference and improve signal quality of a wireless communication in which the computing device is participating. In some embodiments, a decision to throttle can be based on battery charge level of the computing device. For example, in some embodiments, the accessory device is an accessory battery charger configured to provide power to the computing device when a power outlet is not immediately available. If the signal quality of a phone call from the computing device is diminished or the user is in an area of low signal coverage, the accessory battery charger can be limited or throttled in order to prevent interference between the accessory battery charger and computing device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Kiavash Baratzadeh, Ruben Caballero, Jaydeep V. Ranade, Matthew C. Robbins, Orbay Tuncay
  • Publication number: 20180152220
    Abstract: An electronic device has wireless communications circuitry including an adjustable antenna system coupled to a radio-frequency transceiver. The adjustable antenna system may include one or more adjustable electrical components that are controlled by storage and processing circuitry in the electronic device. The adjustable electrical components may include switches and components that can be adjusted between numerous different states. The adjustable electrical components may be coupled between antenna system components such as transmission line elements, matching network elements, antenna elements and antenna feeds. By adjusting the adjustable electrical components, the storage and processing circuitry can tune the adjustable antenna system to ensure that the adjustable antenna system covers communications bands of interest.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 15, 2018
    Publication date: May 31, 2018
    Inventors: Matthew A. Mow, Robert W. Schlub, Mattia Pascolini, Robert J. Hill, Ruben Caballero
  • Publication number: 20180146435
    Abstract: A host device is configured to increase the power output by an internal amplifier of its wireless chipset in response to requests from a remote device. Once the internal amplifier has reached its maximum power, further requests for power increases from the remove device do not similarly lead to automatic power increases being delivered by a external amplifier of the host device. Rather, the host device determines the strength of the link between it and the remote device. If the signal strength is too low, it is an indication that the signal power output by the remote device may not be sufficient to maintain the link and that any further increases in signal power by the host device will have little or no effect on the link. However, if the signal strength from the remote device is sufficient, the host device determines an error rate between it and the remote device. If the error rate is sufficiently low to maintain the link, then the host device will not further increase its signal output power.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 18, 2018
    Publication date: May 24, 2018
    Inventors: Mohit Narang, Peter M. Agboh, Qiyang Wu, Ruben Caballero, Vusthla Sunil Reddy, Xi Yang
  • Patent number: 9972892
    Abstract: An electronic device may be provided with wireless circuitry. The wireless circuitry may include one or more antennas and transceiver circuitry such as millimeter wave transceiver circuitry. The antennas may be formed from metal traces on a printed circuit. The printed circuit may be a stacked printed circuit including multiple stacked substrates. Metal traces may form an array of patch antennas, Yagi antennas, and other antennas. Antenna signals associated with the antennas may pass through an inactive area in a display and through a dielectric-filled slot in a metal housing for the electronic device. Waveguide structures may be used to guide antenna signals within interior portions of the electronic device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Basim H. Noori, Boon W. Shiu, Kevin M. Marks, Matthew A. Mow, Mattia Pascolini, Ming-Ju Tsai, Ruben Caballero, Yuehui Ouyang, Khan Salam
  • Patent number: 9966667
    Abstract: An electronic device may have wireless circuitry with antennas. An antenna resonating element arm for an antenna may be formed from conductive housing structures running along the edges of a device. The antenna may have a pair of switchable return paths that bridge a slot between the antenna resonating element and an antenna ground. An adjustable component and a feed may be coupled in parallel across the slot. The adjustable component may switch a capacitor into use or out of use and the return paths may be selectively opened and closed to compensate for antenna loading due to the presence of external objects near the electronic device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Enrique Ayala Vazquez, Hongfei Hu, Nanbo Jin, Matthew A. Mow, Liang Han, Ming-Ju Tsai, Erica J. Tong, Erdinc Irci, Salih Yarga, Mattia Pascolini, Benjamin Shane Bustle, Ruben Caballero
  • Patent number: 9960864
    Abstract: An electronic device may be provided with wireless circuitry. The wireless circuitry may include antennas. The antennas may include phased antenna arrays for handling millimeter wave signals. Antennas may be located in antenna signal paths. The antenna signal paths may include adjustable components such as adjustable filters, adjustable gain amplifiers, and adjustable phase shifters. Circuitry may be incorporated into an electronic device to facilitate wireless self-testing operations. Wireless self-testing may involve use of one antenna to transmit an over-the-air antenna test signal that is received by another antenna. The circuitry that facilitates the wireless self-testing operations may include couplers, adjustable switches for temporarily shorting antenna signal paths together, mixers for mixing down radio-frequency signals to allow digitization with analog-to-digital converters, and other circuitry for supporting self-testing operations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew A. Mow, Basim Noori, Yuehui Ouyang, Yi Jiang, Mattia Pascolini, Ruben Caballero
  • Publication number: 20180115071
    Abstract: An electronic device may be provided with wireless circuitry. The wireless circuitry may include one or more dual-frequency dual-polarization patch antennas. Each patch antenna may have a patch antenna resonating element that lies in a plane and a ground that lies in a different parallel plane. The patch antenna resonating element may have a first feed located along a first central axis and a second feed located along a second central axis that is perpendicular to the first central axis. The patch antenna resonating element may be rectangular, may be oval, or may have other shapes. A shorting pin may be located at an intersecting point between the first and second axes. The patch antennas may be used in beam steering arrays. The patch antennas may be used for wireless power transfer at microwave frequencies or other frequencies and may be used to support millimeter wave communications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2017
    Publication date: April 26, 2018
    Inventors: Basim H. Noori, Khan M. Salam, Liang Han, Matthew A. Mow, Mattia Pascolini, Ruben Caballero, Thomas E. Biedka, Yi Jiang, Yuehui Ouyang
  • Patent number: 9953152
    Abstract: This invention is directed to an electronic device with an embedded authentication system for restricting access to device resources. The authentication system may include one or more sensors operative to detect biometric information of a user. The sensors may be positioned in the device such that the sensors may detect appropriate biometric information as the user operates the device, without requiring the user to perform a step for providing the biometric information (e.g., embedding a fingerprint sensor in an input mechanism instead of providing a fingerprint sensor in a separate part of the device housing). In some embodiments, the authentication system may be operative to detect a visual or temporal pattern of inputs to authenticate a user. In response to authenticating, a user may access restricted files, applications (e.g., applications purchased by the user), or settings (e.g., application settings such as contacts or saved game profile).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2018
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Anthony M. Fadell, Andrew Bert Hodge, Stephan V. Schell, Ruben Caballero, Jesse Lee Dorogusker, Stephen Paul Zadesky, Emery Sanford
  • Patent number: 9937526
    Abstract: Electronic devices may be provided with antenna structures. The antenna structures may be used in wirelessly transmitting and receiving radio-frequency signals. Antenna structures may be formed from molded dielectric substrates. Patterned conductive material may be formed on the dielectric substrates. The dielectric substrates may be formed from molded materials such as glass or ceramic. Sheets of dielectric or dielectric powder may be compressed to form a dielectric substrate of a desired shape. The patterned conductive material may be formed from metallic paint or other conductors. A hollow antenna chamber may be formed by joining molded dielectric structures. An antenna such as an indirectly-fed loop antenna or other antennas may be formed from the molded dielectric substrates and patterned conductors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Boon W. Shiu, Peter Bevelacqua, Jiang Zhu, Jerzy Guterman, Robert W. Schlub, Ruben Caballero
  • Publication number: 20180069317
    Abstract: An electronic device may have wireless circuitry with antennas. An antenna resonating element arm for an antenna may be formed from conductive housing structures running along the edges of a device. The antenna may have a pair of switchable return paths that bridge a slot between the antenna resonating element and an antenna ground. An adjustable component and a feed may be coupled in parallel across the slot. The adjustable component may switch a capacitor into use or out of use and the return paths may be selectively opened and closed to compensate for antenna loading due to the presence of external objects near the electronic device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2017
    Publication date: March 8, 2018
    Inventors: Enrique Ayala Vazquez, Hongfei Hu, Nanbo Jin, Matthew A. Mow, Liang Han, Ming-Ju Tsai, Erica J. Tong, Erdinc Irci, Salih Yarga, Mattia Pascolini, Benjamin Shane Bustle, Ruben Caballero
  • Patent number: 9913223
    Abstract: A host device is configured to increase the power output by an internal amplifier of its wireless chipset in response to requests from a remote device coupled via a data link. Once the internal amplifier has reached its maximum power, the host device may determine the strength of the data link between it and the remote device. If the strength is low, it is an indication that further increases in signal power by the host device may have little effect on the link. If the signal strength from the remote device is sufficient, the host device determines an error rate. If the error rate is sufficiently low, the host device will not increase its signal output power. However, if the error rate is too high, the host device may increase power from its external amplifier to improve the error rate of the data link.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2018
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Mohit Narang, Peter M. Agboh, Qiyang Wu, Ruben Caballero, Vusthla Sunil Reddy, Xi Yang
  • Publication number: 20180053990
    Abstract: Electronic devices may be provided that contain wireless communications circuitry. The wireless communications circuitry may include radio-frequency transceiver circuitry and first and second antennas. An electronic device may include a housing. The first antenna may be located at an upper end of the housing and the second antenna may be located at a lower end of the housing. A peripheral conductive member may run around the edges of the housing and may be used in forming the first and second antennas. The radio-frequency transceiver circuitry may have a transmit-receive port and a receive port. Switching circuitry may connect the first antenna to the transmit-receive port and the second antenna to the receiver port or may connect the first antenna to the receive port and the second antenna to the transmit-receive port.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 27, 2017
    Publication date: February 22, 2018
    Inventors: Ruben Caballero, Mattia Pascolini, Mohit Narang, Matt A. Mow, Robert W. Schlub
  • Patent number: 9893755
    Abstract: An electronic device has wireless communications circuitry including an adjustable antenna system coupled to a radio-frequency transceiver. The adjustable antenna system may include one or more adjustable electrical components that are controlled by storage and processing circuitry in the electronic device. The adjustable electrical components may include switches and components that can be adjusted between numerous different states. The adjustable electrical components may be coupled between antenna system components such as transmission line elements, matching network elements, antenna elements and antenna feeds. By adjusting the adjustable electrical components, the storage and processing circuitry can tune the adjustable antenna system to ensure that the adjustable antenna system covers communications bands of interest.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew A. Mow, Robert W. Schlub, Mattia Pascolini, Robert J. Hill, Ruben Caballero
  • Patent number: 9882269
    Abstract: A handheld electronic device may be provided that contains wireless communications circuitry. The handheld electronic device may have a housing and a display. The display may be attached to the housing using a conductive bezel. The handheld electronic device may have one or more antennas for supporting wireless communications. A ground plane in the handheld electronic device may serve as ground for one or more of the antennas. The ground plane and bezel may define an opening. A rectangular slot antenna or other suitable slot antenna may be formed from or within the opening. One or more antenna resonating elements may be formed above the slot. An electrical switch that bridges the slot may be used to modify the perimeter of the slot so as to tune the communications bands of the handheld electronic device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Robert J. Hill, Robert W. Schlub, Ruben Caballero
  • Patent number: 9882282
    Abstract: An electronic device may be provided with wireless circuitry. The wireless circuitry may include one or more dual-frequency dual-polarization patch antennas. Each patch antenna may have a patch antenna resonating element that lies in a plane and a ground that lies in a different parallel plane. The patch antenna resonating element may have a first feed located along a first central axis and a second feed located along a second central axis that is perpendicular to the first central axis. The patch antenna resonating element may be rectangular, may be oval, or may have other shapes. A shorting pin may be located at an intersecting point between the first and second axes. The patch antennas may be used in beam steering arrays. The patch antennas may be used for wireless power transfer at microwave frequencies or other frequencies and may be used to support millimeter wave communications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Basim H. Noori, Khan M. Salam, Liang Han, Matthew A. Mow, Mattia Pascolini, Ruben Caballero, Thomas E. Biedka, Yi Jiang, Yuehui Ouyang
  • Patent number: 9816821
    Abstract: An electronic device such as a portable electronic device is provided. The device may have wireless circuitry such as a global satellite navigation system receiver for receiving global satellite navigation system signals and for producing corresponding global satellite navigation system data. The global satellite navigation system data may include information on the current position of the portable electronic device. The portable electronic device may also have one or more sensors that are used to gather data in addition to the global satellite navigation system data. The sensors may include accelerometers and other devices capable of determining how the portable electronic device is oriented with respect to the Earth's magnetic field and how the device is being moved. When the device is moved, the movement and resulting change in orientation may be used in conjunction with the global satellite navigation system data to compute a current geographic location.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Ruben Caballero, Robert J. Hill
  • Patent number: 9806401
    Abstract: Electronic devices may be provided that contain wireless communications circuitry. The wireless communications circuitry may include radio-frequency transceiver circuitry and first and second antennas. An electronic device may include a housing. The first antenna may be located at an upper end of the housing and the second antenna may be located at a lower end of the housing. A peripheral conductive member may run around the edges of the housing and may be used in forming the first and second antennas. The radio-frequency transceiver circuitry may have a transmit-receive port and a receive port. Switching circuitry may connect the first antenna to the transmit-receive port and the second antenna to the receiver port or may connect the first antenna to the receive port and the second antenna to the transmit-receive port.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Ruben Caballero, Mattia Pascolini, Mohit Narang, Matt A. Mow, Robert W. Schlub