Patents by Inventor Rudolf C. O. Pessier

Rudolf C. O. Pessier has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 5765653
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for reaming or enlarging a borehole with enhanced stability. A pilot stabilization pad (PSP) having an axially and circumferentially tapered entry surface and a circumferential transition surface above is employed to enhance the transition from the smaller diameter borehole to be enlarged while accommodated the side force vector generated by the cutting assembly used to effect the enlargement. In addition, one or more eccentric stabilizers are employed above the reaming apparatus to laterally or radially stabilize the bottomhole assembly, which may comprise either a straight-hole or steerable, motor-driven assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 16, 1998
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Michael L. Doster, Rudolf C. O. Pessier, David M. Schnell, Bart T. McDonald
  • Patent number: 5592995
    Abstract: An earth-boring bit has a bit body and at least one cantilevered bearing shaft depending inwardly and downwardly from the bit body. A cutter is mounted for rotation on the bearing shaft and includes a plurality of cutting elements arranged in generally circumferential rows including an outer or heel row of cutting elements. At least one of the cutting elements in the heel row has an outermost surface at least partially formed of super-hard material that defines a cutting edge for shearing engagement with the sidewall of the borehole as the cutters roll and slide over the bottom of the borehole during drilling operations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 14, 1997
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Danny E. Scott, Rudolf C. O. Pessier, Matthew R. Isbell, Nigel Meany, Alain Besson
  • Patent number: 5586612
    Abstract: An earth-boring bit has a bit body and at least a pair of cantilevered bearing shafts depending downwardly and inwardly therefrom. A first cutter is mounted for rotation on one of the bearing shafts and has a region of contact with the sidewall of the borehole. A second cutter is mounted for rotation on another of the bearing shafts and has a region of contact with the sidewall of the borehole that is non-opposite that of the first cutter. Stabilization is provided by a stabilizer pad carried on the bit body and arranged to be opposite the contact regions of the first and second cutters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 24, 1996
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Matthew R. Isbell, Rudolf C. O. Pessier
  • Patent number: 5562171
    Abstract: The invention concerns an anti-balling drill bit. The drill bit includes an approximately cylindrical steel body provided at one end with axial arms on which are mounted toothed conical wheels. The bottom of the tool body has a dome shaped profile such as a parabolic profile, whose flanks are joined at an apex located approximately along the axis (x--x) of the tool. The flanks ascend toward the cylindrical wall of the body through gaps between the arms with unbroken surfaces and without edges, each arm bearing at its end at least one extension nozzle for emitting a liquid jet, and nozzles also being mounted in said flanks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 8, 1996
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Alain Besson, Rudolf C. O. Pessier
  • Patent number: 5542485
    Abstract: An earth-boring bit has a bit body and at least one cutter rotatably secured to the bit body. The cutter has a cutter shell surface including a gage surface and a heel surface. A plurality of cutting elements inserts are arranged in generally circumferential rows on the cutter. At least one chisel-shaped cutting element is secured to the gage surface. The chisel-shaped cutting element has a pair of surfaces converging to define a circumferential crest and is tilted toward the heel surface such that a line drawn through the center of the cutting element and its crest defines an acute angle of between about 15 and 75 degrees with the gage surface of the cutter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 6, 1996
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Rudolf C. O. Pessier, Danny E. Scott, Robert E. Grimes, Matthew R. Isbell
  • Patent number: 5479997
    Abstract: An earth-boring bit has a bit body and at least one cutter rotatably secured to the bit body. The cutter has a cutter shell surface including a gage surface intersecting a heel surface. A plurality of hard metal inserts are arranged in generally circumferential rows on the cutter and include a heel row of heel inserts on the heel surface of the cutter and a gage row of gage inserts on the gage surface of the cutter. At least one scraper insert, formed of material more wear-resistant than that of the cutter shell surface, is secured to the cutter shell surface generally at the intersection of the gage and heel surfaces. The scraper insert includes a gage and a heel insert surface. The gage and heel surfaces of the scraper insert converge to define a cutting edge for engagement with the sidewall of the borehole, the heel insert surface defining a positive rake angle with respect to the sidewall of the borehole of between 0 and 15 degrees.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 2, 1996
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Danny E. Scott, Robert E. Grimes, Matthew R. Isbell, Rudolf C. O. Pessier
  • Patent number: 5467836
    Abstract: An earth-boring bit of the fixed cutter variety is provided with hard gage inserts that protrude from the gage surface of the cutter to engage the side of the borehole for holding gage. The gage insert has a substantially flat, polygonal face defining at least a pair of sharp cutting edges and at least a pair of cutting surfaces that define a negative rake angle with respect to the sidewall of the borehole that is being sheared by the gage insert. The face, cutting edge, and cutting surface of the gage insert are formed of a super-hard and abrasion-resistant material such as polycrystalline diamond or cubic boron nitride. The body of the insert is formed of a hard, fracture-tough material such as cemented tungsten carbide. The improved gage inserts provide an actively cutting gage surface that engages the sidewall of the borehole to promote shearing removal of the sidewall material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 21, 1995
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Robert E. Grimes, Danny E. Scott, Rudolf C. O. Pessier
  • Patent number: 5445231
    Abstract: An earth-boring bit has a bit body, at least one cutter rotatably secured to the bit body and including a plurality of teeth formed integrally with the cutter and arranged in circumferential rows thereon. A pair of ribs is formed on at least one of the flanks of at least one of the teeth. The ribs are spaced apart to define a central depression therebetween extending through the crest of the tooth. A thickness of wear-resistant material fills the depression. According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, wear-resistant material is applied over the ribs, crest, and a portion of the ends and flanks of the tooth, wherein the thickness of the wear-resistant material over the depressions greater, preferably 1/8 inch, than that elsewhere on the tooth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 29, 1995
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Danny E. Scott, Mou-Chih Lu, Rudolf C. O. Pessier
  • Patent number: 5351768
    Abstract: An earth-boring bit has a bit body and at least one cutter rotatably secured to the bit body. The cutter has a cutter shell surface including a gage surface intersecting a heel surface. A plurality of hard metal inserts are arranged in generally circumferential rows on the cutter and include a heel row of heel inserts on the heel surface of the cutter and a gage row of gage inserts on the gage surface of the cutter. At least one scraper insert, formed of material more wear-resistant than that of the cutter shell surface, is secured to the cutter shell surface generally at the intersection of the gage and heel surfaces. The scraper insert includes a gage and a heel insert surface. The gage and heel surfaces of the scraper insert converge to define a cutting edge for engagement with the sidewall of the borehole, the insert surface defining a positive rake angle with respect to the sidewall of the borehole of between 0 and 15 degrees.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 4, 1994
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Danny E. Scott, Robert E. Grimes, Matthew R. Isbell, Rudolf C. O. Pessier
  • Patent number: 5351769
    Abstract: An earth-boring bit has a bit body and at least one cutter rotatably secured to the bit body. The cutter has a plurality of teeth formed integrally thereon and arranged in circumferential rows. Each of the teeth includes an inner end, an outer end, a pair of flanks and a crest substantially transversely connecting the ends and flanks. The crests of the at least one of the plurality of teeth has a depression formed therein that extends from the outer end of the tooth to an intermediate point along the crest, a remainder of the crest defines a raised crest portion. A wear-resistant material is applied over at least the crest and a portion of at least the ends and flanks of the at least one of the plurality of teeth, wherein the thickness of the wear-resistant material over the depression is substantially greater than elsewhere on the tooth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 4, 1994
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Danny E. Scott, Anton F. Zahradnik, Rudolf C. O. Pessier
  • Patent number: 5346026
    Abstract: An earth-boring bit has a cutter provided with hard gage inserts that protrude from the gage surface of the cutter to engage the side of the borehole for holding gage. The gage insert has a substantially flat, polygonal face, the sides of the polygonal face defining at least a pair of sharp cutting edges and at least a pair of cutting surfaces that define a negative rake angle with respect to the sidewall of the borehole that is being sheared by the gage insert. The face, cutting edge, and cutting surface of the gage insert are formed of a super-hard and abrasion-resistant material such as polycrystalline diamond or cubic boron nitride. The body of the insert is formed of a hard, fracture-tough material such as cemented tungsten carbide. The improved gage inserts are secured into sockets in the gage surface of the rolling cone cutter by interference fit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 13, 1994
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Rudolf C. O. Pessier, Danny E. Scott
  • Patent number: 5323865
    Abstract: An earth-boring bit is provided with three cutters, at least one of the three cutters are provided with a heel cutting structure defined by a plurality of heel inserts having crests thereon, the heel inserts being disposed in at least one substantially circumferential heel row and the crests of the heel inserts being generally aligned traversely to the rotational axis of the cutter. At least another of the cutters is provided with a substantially circumferential row of axial inserts having crests thereon disposed proximally to the base of the cutter, the crests of the axial inserts being generally aligned with the axis of rotation of the cutter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 28, 1994
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Matthew R. Isbell, Rudolf C. O. Pessier, Robert E. Grimes
  • Patent number: 5311958
    Abstract: An earth-boring bit is provided with three cutters, two of the three cutters are provided with heel disk cutting elements defined by a pair of generally oppositely facing disk surfaces that generally continuously converge to define a circumferential heel disk crest. One of the two cutters having heel disk elements is further provided with an inner disk cutting element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 17, 1994
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Matthew R. Isbell, Rudolf C. O. Pessier
  • Patent number: 4984643
    Abstract: A three cone earth boring bit having circumferential rows of earth disintegrating teeth of wear resistant inserts of selected projection from the cone surfaces, one cone having an inner row separated from a heel row by a narrow circumferential groove and second cone having a hell-catching row that intermeshes with the narrow groove by an amount to minimize balling. A nozzle directs a jet stream with a high velocity core past the cone and inserts of adjacent cutters to the bore hole bottom to break up the filter cake while the lower velocity skirt strikes the material packed between the inserts of adjacent cores. A row of small diameter, recessed reaming inserts replaces the conventional heel row on the cone having a hell-catching row, thus providing space for the lateral displacement of the material generated between adjacent inserts in the critical heel-catching row.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 1990
    Date of Patent: January 15, 1991
    Assignee: Hughes Tool Company
    Inventors: Matthew R. Isbell, Rudolf C. O. Pessier
  • Patent number: 4953641
    Abstract: A two-cone earth boring bit having non-opposite cones that minimize the tendency for off-center rotation or rough running. The bit is composed of two cones, each having a cantilevered bearing shaft with an axis extending inwardly and downwardly. A rotatable, generally conical cutter is mounted on each bearing shaft, each cutter having a conical gage surface to engage and define a borehole with a wall of select gage diameter. The axis of one cutter is skewed relative to the other to cause the conical gage surface of the two cones to engage the wall of the hole at points that are other than 180 degrees apart as compared to nonskewed cutters. These points are separated by a distance less than the selected gage diameter. A line between these points is separated from a line extending from one point through the rotatable axis on the bit by a selected angle. The body of the bit and/or stabilizers are separated from the wall of the hole by a distance less than the selected gage diameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 1989
    Date of Patent: September 4, 1990
    Assignee: Hughes Tool Company
    Inventor: Rudolf C. O. Pessier
  • Patent number: 4759415
    Abstract: An earth boring bit with an improved extended jet nozzle constructed with a tube having only one curved entrance near the head of the bit and a straight region adjacent the exit of the nozzle, with the curved region being smoothly convergent without substantial disruption or deflective surfaces from a maximum cross sectional area adjacent the head to a minimum cross sectional area in the straight region. The velocity of the fluid flowing through the tube increases gradually from a minimum adjacent the head to a maximum at the exit, with the ratio of minimum to maximum being substantially three to one.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 1987
    Date of Patent: July 26, 1988
    Assignee: Hughes Tool Company-USA
    Inventor: Rudolf C. O. Pessier
  • Patent number: 4441566
    Abstract: An earth boring drill bit has hard metal inserts in its cutter shells that are spaced to eliminate rows. Each insert has a surrounding boundary zone with inner and outer loops corresponding to the minimum and maximum desired distances between centerlines of inserts, respectively. Each insert has at least one insert located randomly in its boundary zone. In selecting the locations, a first insert is arbitrarily located. The location of a second insert is randomly selected within the boundary zone of the first insert. The location of a third insert is randomly located within the boundary zone of the second insert, so long as it does not come any closer to the first insert than the minimum desired distance between inserts. Each succeeding insert is chosen in this manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 1982
    Date of Patent: April 10, 1984
    Assignee: Hughes Tool Company
    Inventors: Rudolf C. O. Pessier, Rodolfo M. Ippolito, Billy E. Baker
  • Patent number: RE34526
    Abstract: A two-cone earth boring bit having non-opposite cones that minimize the tendency for off-center rotation or rough running. The bit is composed of two cones, each having a cantilevered bearing shaft with an axis extending inwardly and downwardly. A rotatable, generally conical cutter is mounted on each bearing shaft, each cutter having a conical gage surface to engage and define a borehole with a wall of .[.select.]. .Iadd.ed .Iaddend.select gage diameter. The axis of one cutter is skewed relative to the other to cause the conical gauge surface of the two cones to engage the wall of the hole at points that are other than 180 degrees apart as compared to nonskewed cutters. These points are separated by a distance less than the selected gage diameter. A line between these points is separated from a line extending from one point through the .[.rotatable.]. .Iadd.rotational .Iaddend.axis on the bit by a selected angle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 1, 1994
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Rudolf C. O. Pessier