Patents by Inventor Russell D. Brown

Russell D. Brown has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 6204797
    Abstract: Spatial-temporal waveform diversity methods vary or modulate the far-field radiated waveform of a radar and/or communication antenna as a function of look direction (sidelobe structure). Radar detection performance and angle of arrival estimation are enhanced to deny a coherent reference to non-cooperative bistatic radars and coherent repeater jammer systems. In the most general case, the spatial-temporal modulated waveform varies as a function of angle, based upon the principles of multi-dimensional Fourier synthesis. Spatial-temporal denial is achieved with as few as two auxiliary antennas bracketing a main antenna. The same methods for spatial-temporal waveform diversity can also embed communications signals into the transmitted radar waveform for one-way simulcast of both waveform types. These same directionally dependent simulcast waveforms can incorporate navigation signals for enhanced precision engagement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2001
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
    Inventors: Michael C. Wicks, Scott M. Bolen, Russell D. Brown
  • Patent number: 5499030
    Abstract: An artificial intelligence system improves radar signal processor performance by increasing target probability of detection and reducing probability of false alarms in a severe radar clutter environment. This utilizes advances in artificial intelligence and expert systems technology for the development of data analysis and information (signal) processors used in conjunction with conventional (deterministic) data analysis algorithms to combine radar measurement data (including observed target tracks and radar clutter returns from terrain, sea, atmospheric effects, etc.) with topographic data, weather information, and similar information to formulate optimum filter coefficients and threshold tests. Present fielded radar systems use one CFAR algorithm for signal processing over the entire surveillance volume. However, radar experiments have shown that certain CFAR algorithms outperform others in different environments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 12, 1996
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
    Inventors: Michael C. Wicks, William J. Baldygo, Jr., Russell D. Brown
  • Patent number: 5357253
    Abstract: An earth probing system uses deep penetration of electromagnetic waves into soil and other media. Advantage is taken of the lower attenuation of radar waves in soil by frequencies of about three megahertz or less. Bursts of electromagnetic energy of various frequencies in this range are consecutively transmitted. The transmitting antenna is continuously tuned, so as to maintain resonance during each burst, allowing large circulating currents and high power output. In a receiving antenna system, a dual antenna arrangement is providing for obtaining improved reception. A corresponding dual antenna circuit employs "spatial notch filtering", automatic adjustment of antenna gain-frequency variations, as well as compensation for transmitter gain variation. The system may be implemented in a totally analog, totally digital, or hybrid manner. Preferably, a signal processing method detects and digitally samples signals reflected from subsurface layers and buried objects.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 18, 1994
    Assignee: Earth Sounding International
    Inventors: Paul Van Etten, Russell D. Brown
  • Patent number: 5351053
    Abstract: A radar system that includes an ultra wideband radar signal processor for electronically scanned arrays that utilizes frequency offset generation (FOG) to achieve beam steering as compared with phase shift and time delay techniques of conventional radars. The device comprises a transmit antenna, a chirp generator connected to the transmit antenna and a first summing circuit, a receiver antenna connected to the first summing circuit, a Doppler de-ramping chirp circuit connected to a second summing circuit, the output of the second summing circuit connected to an amplitude and weighting circuit and the output of the amplitude circuit connected to a spectrum analyzer of a Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) circuit. The signal processing consists of mixing the target returns with the transmitted signal to obtain a video beat note signal. This video beat note signal is mixed with a Doppler de-ramping chirp waveform which is matched to the desired target velocity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 27, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
    Inventors: Michael C. Wicks, Russell D. Brown
  • Patent number: 5061934
    Abstract: A system is disclosed for use with radar systems so as to reduce the dynamic range requirement of the analog to digital converter through analog clutter cancellation prior to digitization. Clutter return estimates are formulated via modern digital signal processing techniques, converted to analog representation, and subtracted from the received waveform. Typically, the MTI cancellation is performed on the quadrature components of the received signal. The complex residue is then processed for target detection. This quadrature processing is not illustrated in the figures. In practice, sampling the received waveform prior to baseband down conversion, at an intermediate frequency, is also feasible. Digital synchronous detection and coherent MTI processing are then implemented in the digital signal processor. Rather than employ a radar signal processor which is either all analog or all digital it is beneficial to utilize hybrid schemes which capitalize on the advantages of both.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 1990
    Date of Patent: October 29, 1991
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
    Inventors: Russell D. Brown, Donald D. Weiner, Michael C. Wicks