Patents by Inventor Russell Paul Cowburn

Russell Paul Cowburn has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20110109429
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for determining a digital signature from an article. A coherent light source directs a beam to illuminate the article and a detector arrangement collects data points from light scattered from many different parts of the article to collect a large number of independent data points, typically 500 or more. By collecting a large number of independent signal contributions specific to many different parts of the article, a digital signature can be computed that is unique to the area of the article that has been scanned. This measurement can be repeated whenever required to test authenticity of the article. Using this method, it has been discovered that it is essentially pointless to go to the effort and expense of making specially prepared tokens, since unique characteristics are measurable a in a straightforward manner from a wide variety of every day articles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2010
    Publication date: May 12, 2011
    Applicant: INGENIA HOLDINGS LIMITED
    Inventor: Russell Paul Cowburn
  • Publication number: 20110109428
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for determining a digital signature from an article. A coherent light source directs a beam to illuminate the article and a detector arrangement collects data points from light scattered from many different parts of the article to collect a large number of independent data points, typically 500 or more. By collecting a large number of independent signal contributions specific to many different parts of the article, a digital signature can be computed that is unique to the area of the article that has been scanned. This measurement can be repeated whenever required to test authenticity of the article. Using this method, it has been discovered that it is essentially pointless to go to the effort and expense of making specially prepared tokens, since unique characteristics are measurable a in a straightforward manner from a wide variety of every day articles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2010
    Publication date: May 12, 2011
    Applicant: INGENIA HOLDINGS LIMITED
    Inventor: Russell Paul Cowburn
  • Publication number: 20110108618
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for determining a digital signature from an article. A coherent light source directs a beam to illuminate the article and a detector arrangement collects data points from light scattered from many different parts of the article to collect a large number of independent data points, typically 500 or more. By collecting a large number of independent signal contributions specific to many different parts of the article, a digital signature can be computed that is unique to the area of the article that has been scanned. This measurement can be repeated whenever required to test authenticity of the article. Using this method, it has been discovered that it is essentially pointless to go to the effort and expense of making specially prepared tokens, since unique characteristics are measurable a in a straightforward manner from a wide variety of every day articles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2010
    Publication date: May 12, 2011
    Applicant: INGENIA HOLDINGS LIMITED
    Inventor: Russell Paul Cowburn
  • Publication number: 20100316251
    Abstract: An apparatus may be provided for determining a signature from an article in a reading volume of the apparatus. The apparatus can comprise a source operable to generate a coherent beam and a beam directing member operable to direct the coherent beam into the reading volume. The apparatus may also comprise a detector arrangement for collecting signals created by scatter of the coherent beam within the reading volume, wherein different ones of the signals relate to scatter from different parts of the reading volume, the detector arrangement having a numerical aperture greater than a predetermined minimum and a processor operable to determine a signature for an article in the reading volume from the collected signals. Use of such apparatus can be repeated whenever required to test authenticity of the article.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 18, 2010
    Publication date: December 16, 2010
    Applicant: INGENIA HOLDINGS LIMITED
    Inventors: Russell Paul Cowburn, James David Ralph Buchanan, Peter Robert Seem
  • Patent number: 7853792
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for determining a digital signature from an article made of paper, cardboard, plastic or many other material types. A coherent light source directs a beam to illuminate the article and a detector arrangement collects data points from light scattered from many different parts of the article to collect a large number of independent data points, typically 500 or more. By collecting a large number of independent signal contributions specific to many different parts of the article, a digital signature can be computed that is unique to the area of the article that has been scanned. This measurement can be repeated whenever required to test authenticity of the article. Using this method, it has been discovered that it is essentially pointless to go to the effort and expense of making specially prepared tokens, since unique characteristics are measurable a in a straightforward manner from a wide variety of every day articles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2010
    Assignee: Ingenia Holdings Limited
    Inventor: Russell Paul Cowburn
  • Patent number: 7812935
    Abstract: An apparatus for determining a signature from an article in a reading volume of the apparatus. The apparatus can comprise a source operable to generate a coherent beam and a beam directing member operable to direct the coherent beam into the reading volume. The apparatus may also comprise a detector arrangement for collecting signals created by scatter of the coherent beam within the reading volume, wherein different ones of the signals relate to scatter from different parts of the reading volume, the detector arrangement having a numerical aperture greater than a predetermined minimum and a processor operable to determine a signature for an article in the reading volume from the collected signals. Use of such apparatus can be repeated whenever required to test authenticity of the article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2010
    Assignee: Ingenia Holdings Limited
    Inventors: Russell Paul Cowburn, James David Ralph Buchanan, Peter Robert Seem
  • Publication number: 20100158377
    Abstract: The present invention can provide an apparatus operable to determine a signature from an article arranged in a reading volume. The apparatus can comprise a generator operable to generate and sequentially direct a focussed noncoherent beam onto each of a plurality of different regions of the reading volume; a detector arrangement operable to collect a set comprising groups of data points from signals obtained when the beam scatters from the different regions of the reading volume, wherein different ones of the groups of data points relate to scatter from the respective different regions of the reading volume; and a data acquisition and processing module operable to determine a signature of the article from the set of groups of data points.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2009
    Publication date: June 24, 2010
    Applicant: Ingenia Holdings (UK) Limited
    Inventors: Russell Paul Cowburn, Peter Seem
  • Publication number: 20100161529
    Abstract: Mitigation of processing artefacts caused by surfaces with high contrast printing or colouring transitions within a system to compare signatures derived from inherent physical surface properties of different articles to authenticate or validate articles and within a system to generate signatures from inherent physical surface properties of different articles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2009
    Publication date: June 24, 2010
    Applicant: INGENIA HOLDINGS (UK) LIMITED
    Inventor: Russell Paul Cowburn
  • Publication number: 20100128510
    Abstract: The present invention can provide a magnetic memory structure comprising a column comprising a plurality of layers of magnetic material, each sized to adopt a single magnetic domain state, and a plurality of layers of non-magnetic material arranged as spacer layers between adjacent ones of the layers of magnetic material, such that successive magnetic layers in the column are magnetically antiparallel coupled. The column is arranged to maintain therein a plurality of stable transitions of an order parameter of the magnetisations between the magnetic layers, the transitions having a chirality. This enables a single magnetic column structure to store multiple data bits in such a way as to enable the bits to be propagated through the column to enable sequential reading and/or writing of data in the column.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 13, 2009
    Publication date: May 27, 2010
    Applicant: INGENIA HOLDINGS (UK) LIMITED
    Inventor: Russell Paul Cowburn
  • Publication number: 20100124091
    Abstract: A data storage device comprises an array of parallel magnetic nanowires each having a uniaxial anisotropy with an easy axis substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the nanowire and which is rotated about the longitudinal axis along the length of the nanowire, and a magnetisation state that follows the easy axis, where each nanowire has a data input element for nucleating magnetic domains separated by domain walls in an end of the nanowire, the sequence of domains and walls representing binary data, and a data read-out element operable to detect the magnetisation at an end of the nanowire, the device also comprising a magnetic field source operable to generate a magnetic field rotating in a plane substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal axes of the nanowires so as to propagate domain walls along the at least one nanowire.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 13, 2009
    Publication date: May 20, 2010
    Applicant: INGENIA HOLDINGS (UK) LIMITED
    Inventor: Russell Paul Cowburn
  • Patent number: 7710770
    Abstract: A serial magnetic mass storage device and associated data storage method of the kind in which data is encoded in single magnetic domains in nanowires. In the invention, the nanowires are provided with a large number of notches along their length to form domain wall pinning sites. Moreover, the notches are addressed in groups (A, B, C) by heating electrodes. By alternately heating the notches hosting head-to-head and tail-to-tail domain walls in synchrony with alignment and anti-alignment of an operating field (H) along the nanowire the magnetic domains are moved along the nanowire by alternate movement of the head-to-head and tail-to-tail domain walls in caterpillar or worm-like motion in which the domains are incrementally lengthened and shortened by one inter-notch distance as they move along the nanowires under the joint coordinated action of the heating and alternating operating field.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2010
    Assignee: Ingenia Holdings UK Limited
    Inventors: Russell Paul Cowburn, Dorothee Petit, Dan Read, Oleg Petracic
  • Patent number: 7710769
    Abstract: A serial magnetic mass storage device and associated data storage method is provided based on magnetic nanowires that support single magnetic domains separated by domain walls. Each data-storing nanowire has a plurality of crossing nanowires along its length, forming cross junctions that constitute domain wall pinning sites. Data is fed through each data-storing nanowire by moving the magnetic domains under the action of a field that alternates between alignment and anti-alignment with the crossing nanowires. The data is encoded in the chirality of the domain walls, with up and down chirality transverse domain walls being used to encode 0's and 1's. Data is clocked into each nanowire with suitable nucleation generators capable of nucleating domains with domain walls of pre-defined chirality. Data is clocked out of each nanowire with suitable magnetic field sensors that sense the chirality.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2010
    Assignee: Ingenia Holdings UK Limited
    Inventors: Russell Paul Cowburn, Dorothee Petit, Dan Read
  • Publication number: 20100008590
    Abstract: A method of authenticating an article comprises generating a signature from intrinsic surface structure of an article, comparing the signature for the article to a stored signature for a mould used to produce articles, and determining an authentication result based upon a comparison result between the article signature and stored mould signature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2009
    Publication date: January 14, 2010
    Applicant: Ingenia Holdings (UK) Limited
    Inventor: Russell Paul Cowburn
  • Publication number: 20100007930
    Abstract: A system for obtaining a signature from a scan area on the surface of an article comprises: a signature generator that generates the signature from scattered coherent radiation detected from a plurality of points on the surface and includes a scan head comprising a coherent radiation source and photodetectors; a camera for capturing an image of the surface; a comparator that compares the captured image with a reference image to determine the location and orientation of the scan area; and a drive assembly that positions the scan head appropriately for generating a signature from the scan area in response to the determination of the location and orientation of the scan area.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2009
    Publication date: January 14, 2010
    Applicant: INGENIA HOLDINGS (UK) LIMITED
    Inventors: Russell Paul Cowburn, Peter Robert Seem
  • Publication number: 20090303000
    Abstract: A system for obtaining a signature a scan area on the surface of an article comprises: a signature generator that generates the signature from scattered coherent radiation detected from a plurality of regions on the surface by using relative motion between the article and a scan head comprising a coherent radiation source and photodetectors to obtain a set of data points comprising a group of data points from each region; an imaging detector that captures a sequence of images of the surface during the relative motion; and a processor that calculates the instantaneous velocity of the relative motion; whereby the signature generator uses the instantaneous velocity to linearise the groups of data point within the set of data points before generating the signature of the article from the set of data points.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 22, 2009
    Publication date: December 10, 2009
    Applicant: Ingenia Holdings (UK) Limited
    Inventors: Russell Paul Cowburn, James David Ralph Buchanan
  • Publication number: 20090307112
    Abstract: There can be provided a complete and flexible multi-tier article authentication system. A number of different authentication systems are applied to a given article in order to allow multiple levels of authentication to be performed by different persons throughout the supply chain, and using different levels of equipment to perform the authentication. By using such a flexible approach, authenticity can be verified to one or more different levels, depending upon the interest, capability and equipment of an individual. A corresponding method and apparatus can be provided. A tracking system based upon similar principles can additionally or alternatively be provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 13, 2009
    Publication date: December 10, 2009
    Applicant: INGENIA HOLDINGS (UK) LIMITED
    Inventors: Russell Paul Cowburn, Mark McGlade
  • Publication number: 20090306455
    Abstract: A method of providing magnetised particles at a location using particles which can be switched between magnetic and non-magnetic states by exposure to a suitable magnetic field. The method comprises conveying the particles in their non-magnetic state to the location; and then exposing the particles to the suitable magnetic field so that they switch to their magnetic state.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 14, 2006
    Publication date: December 10, 2009
    Inventors: Robert Andrew Slade, John Simon Owen Evans, David Parker, Russell Paul Cowburn, Michael Eaton
  • Publication number: 20090290906
    Abstract: A removable cartridge for a reprographics device, such as a printer, is described. The removable cartridge comprises a signature scanning unit for use in generating a signature based upon an intrinsic characteristic of an article. By providing a signature scanning unit in a replaceable cartridge, few or no modifications to the existing designs of various reprographics devices are needed. Additionally, the installation of the signature scanning unit in a reprographics device is made as easy as replacing a standard removable cartridge, such as, for example, an inkjet or toner cartridge. The addition of authorisation/identification functionality to various conventional reprographics devices can also be made by a non-technical user using various embodiments of the invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 22, 2009
    Publication date: November 26, 2009
    Applicant: INGENIA HOLDINGS (UK) LIMITED
    Inventor: Russell Paul Cowburn
  • Publication number: 20090283583
    Abstract: There can be provided a complete and flexible multi-tier article authentication system. A number of implementation options are possible, and in one of which an article can include an applied code thereon, which applied code includes an identifier code for the article and a biometric type signature for the article, the biometric type signature having been generated from analysis of intrinsic surface or internal structure of a part of an article to which the applied code is applied.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 13, 2009
    Publication date: November 19, 2009
    Applicant: INGENIA HOLDINGS (UK) LIMITED
    Inventors: Russell Paul Cowburn, Mark McGlade
  • Patent number: 7554835
    Abstract: A magnetic logic device can comprise a generally planar first substrate for an electrical circuit and a plurality of generally planar second substrates for a magnetic circuit, formed in a stacked arrangement over the first substrate. Each said second substrate can have formed thereon a magnetic circuit and each magnetic circuit can have a plurality of logic elements, a data writing element and a data reading element. The data writing element of each magnetic circuit can correspond in planar positioning to a respective magneto-electrical writing element of the first substrate and the data reading element of each magnetic circuit can correspond in planar positioning to a respective magneto-electrical reading element of the first substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2009
    Assignee: Ingenia Technology Limited
    Inventors: Russell Paul Cowburn, Dan Allwood