Patents by Inventor Stephen M Andrews

Stephen M Andrews has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20220242044
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to additive manufacturing apparatuses, cleaning stations incorporated therein, and methods of cleaning using the cleaning stations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 22, 2020
    Publication date: August 4, 2022
    Applicant: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Timothy Francis Andrews, Carlos H. Bonilla, Vadim Bromberg, Victor Fulton, Tyler Andrew Griffith, Younkoo Jeong, Jacob Mayer, John Sterle, Stephen M. Deak, Justin Gandee, Tyler Hater, Grant Alan Ingram, Peter Douglas Lueschen
  • Patent number: 8440281
    Abstract: Disclosed are stabilized blends of polyester and polyamide. The polymer blends are stabilized with A) a combination of stabilizers a) acetaldehyde scavengers and b) stabilizers selected from phenolic antioxidants, organic phosphorus stabilizers and lactone stabilizers or B) a combination of c) lactone stabilizers and d) stabilizers selected from phenolic antioxidants and organic phosphorus stabilizers. The present blends exhibit reduced color formation, a high level of whiteness/brightness and acceptably low haze formation upon heat treatment. The blends are useful to make bottles, containers and films for drinks, food and cosmetics and the like. The polyester is in particular polyethylene terephthalate, PET, and the polyamide is in particular polyamide-MXD6. Heat treatment is for example melt extrusion or solid state polymerization, SSP.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Stephen M. Andrews, Paul A. Odorisio, Yijun Ye
  • Patent number: 8436131
    Abstract: Disclosed are phosphinic acid compounds of formula I, II or III where R1 and R1? are for instance straight or branched C1-C50alkyl, R2 is for instance straight or branched C22-C50alkyl, R3 and R3? are for instance straight or branched C1-C50alkyl, R4 is for instance straight or branched C1-C50alkylene and m is from 2 t 100. Also disclosed are polyester compositions comprising the compounds of formula I, II and III.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Paul Odorisio, Stephen M. Andrews, Thomas F. Thompson, Si Wu, Paragkumar Thanki, Deepak M. Rane, Delina Joseph, Jianzhao Wang
  • Publication number: 20130035451
    Abstract: Disclosed are phosphinic acid compounds of formula I, II or III where R1 and R1? are for instance straight or branched C1-C50alkyl, R2 is for instance straight or branched C22-C50alkyl, R3 and R3? are for instance straight or branched C1-C50alkyl, R4 is for instance straight or branched C1-C50alkylene and m is from 2 to 100. Also disclosed are polyester compositions comprising the compounds of formula I, II and III.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2012
    Publication date: February 7, 2013
    Inventors: Paul Odorisio, Stephen M. Andrews, Thomas F. Thompson, Si Wu, Paragkumar Thanki, Deepak M. Rane, Delina Joseph, Jianzhao Wang
  • Patent number: 8258253
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for increasing the solid state polymerization (SSP) rates of metal catalyzed polyesters. The method comprises in a first step, reacting a dicarboxylic acid or a C1-C4 dicarboxylic diester with a diol at a suitable temperature and pressure to effect esterification or transesterification to prepare a precondensate and in a second step, reacting the precondensate to effect polycondensation at a suitable temperature and pressure to prepare a high molecular weight polyester and in a third step, further increasing the molecular weight and viscosity of the polyester under SSP conditions of a suitable temperature and pressure, where a metal catalyst is added in the first step or in the second step as a reaction catalyst, and where a certain phosphinic acid compound is added in the first step, in the second step or just prior to the third step. The polyester product exhibits low aldehyde formation during melt processing steps as well as excellent color.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2012
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Paul Odorisio, Stephen M. Andrews, Thomas F. Thompson, Si Wu, Paragkumar Thanki, Deepak M. Rane, Delina Joseph, Jianzhao Wang
  • Publication number: 20110306710
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for increasing the solid state polymerization (SSP) rates of metal catalyzed polyesters. The method comprises in a first step, reacting a dicarboxylic acid or a C1-C4 dicarboxylic diester with a diol at a suitable temperature and pressure to effect esterification or transesterification to prepare a precondensate and in a second step, reacting the precondensate to effect polycondensation at a suitable temperature and pressure to prepare a high molecular weight polyester and in a third step, further increasing the molecular weight and viscosity of the polyester under SSP conditions of a suitable temperature and pressure, where a metal catalyst is added in the first step or in the second step as a reaction catalyst, and where a certain phosphinic acid compound is added in the first step, in the second step or just prior to the third step. The polyester product exhibits low aldehyde formation during melt processing steps as well as excellent color.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2011
    Publication date: December 15, 2011
    Inventors: Paul Odorisio, Stephen M. Andrews, Thomas F. Thompson, Si Wu, Paragkumar Thanki, Deepak M. Rane, Delina Joseph, Jianzhao Wang
  • Patent number: 8030435
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for increasing the solid state polymerization (SSP) rates of metal catalyzed polyesters. The method comprises in a first step, reacting a dicarboxylic acid or a C1-C4 dicarboxylic diester with a diol at a suitable temperature and pressure to effect esterification or transesterification to prepare a precondensate and in a second step, reacting the precondensate to effect polycondensation at a suitable temperature and pressure to prepare a high molecular weight polyester and in a third step, further increasing the molecular weight and viscosity of the polyester under SSP conditions of a suitable temperature and pressure, where a metal catalyst is added in the first step or in the second step as a reaction catalyst, and where a certain phosphinic acid compound is added in the first step, in the second step or just prior to the third step. The polyester product exhibits low aldehyde formation during melt processing steps as well as excellent color.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2011
    Assignee: Ciba Corporation
    Inventors: Paul Odorisio, Stephen M. Andrews, Thomas F. Thompson, Si Wu, Paragkumar Thanki, Deepak M. Rane, Delina Joseph, Jianzhao Wang
  • Publication number: 20100233405
    Abstract: Disclosed are stabilized blends of polyester and polyamide. The polymer blends are stabilized with A) a combination of stabilizers a) acetaldehyde scavengers and b) stabilizers selected from phenolic antioxidants, organic phosphorus stabilizers and lactone stabilizers or B) a combination of c) lactone stabilizers and d) stabilizers selected from phenolic antioxidants and organic phosphorus stabilizers. The present blends exhibit reduced color formation, a high level of whiteness/brightness and acceptably low haze formation upon heat treatment. The blends are useful to make bottles, containers and films for drinks, food and cosmetics and the like. The polyester is in particular polyethylene terephthalate, PET, and the polyamide is in particular polyamide-MXD6. Heat treatment is for example melt extrusion or solid state polymerization, SSP.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2010
    Publication date: September 16, 2010
    Applicant: CIBA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Stephen M. Andrews, Paul A. Odorisio, Yijun Ye
  • Publication number: 20100233406
    Abstract: Disclosed are stabilized blends of polyester and polyamide. The polymer blends are stabilized with A) one or more lactone stabilizers, B) one or more di-hydrocarbyl hydrogen phosphonates or one or more di-hydrocarbyl hydrogen phosphonites or C) one or more monoacrylate esters of 2,2?-alkylidenebisphenol antioxidants. The present blends exhibit reduced color formation, a high level of whiteness/brightness and acceptably low haze formation upon heat treatment. The blends are useful to make bottles, containers and films for drinks, food and cosmetics and the like. The polyester is in particular polyethylene terephthalate, PET, and the polyamide is in particular polyamide-MXD6. Heat treatment is for example melt extrusion or solid state polymerization, SSP.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2010
    Publication date: September 16, 2010
    Applicant: CIBA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Stephen M. Andrews, Paul A. Odorisio, Yijun Ye
  • Patent number: 7678878
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for the preparation of a polyester, which method comprises in a first step, reacting a dicarboxylic acid or a C1-C4 dicarboxylic diester with a diol at a suitable temperature and pressure to effect esterification or transesterification to prepare a precondensate and in a second step, reacting the precondensate to effect polycondensation at a suitable temperature and pressure to prepare a high molecular weight polyester, where a metal phosphonic acid complex compound of the formula is employed in the first step, in the second step or in both the first and second steps as a reaction catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2010
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Stephen M. Andrews, Jianzhao Wang, Thomas Thompson, Paragkumar N. Thanki, Deepak M. Rane, Suhas D. Sahasrabudhe, Preetam P. Ghogale, Paul A. Odorisio, Si Wu
  • Publication number: 20090253888
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for increasing the solid state polymerization (SSP) rates of metal catalyzed polyesters. The method comprises in a first step, reacting a dicarboxylic acid or a C1-C4 dicarboxylic diester with a diol at a suitable temperature and pressure to effect esterification or transesterification to prepare a precondensate and in a second step, reacting the precondensate to effect polycondensation at a suitable temperature and pressure to prepare a high molecular weight polyester and in a third step, further increasing the molecular weight and viscosity of the polyester under SSP conditions of a suitable temperature and pressure, where a metal catalyst is added in the first step or in the second step as a reaction catalyst, and where a certain phosphinic acid compound is added in the first step, in the second step or just prior to the third step. The polyester product exhibits low aldehyde formation during melt processing steps as well as excellent color.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 31, 2009
    Publication date: October 8, 2009
    Inventors: Paul Odorisio, Stephen M. Andrews, Thomas F. Thompson, Si Wu, Paragkumar Thanki, Deepak M. Rane, Delina Joseph, Jianzhao Wang
  • Publication number: 20090143561
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for the preparation of a polyester, which method comprises in a first step, reacting a dicarboxylic acid or a C1-C4 dicarboxylic diester with a diol at a suitable temperature and pressure to effect esterification or transesterification to prepare a precondensate and in a second step, reacting the precondensate to effect polycondensation at a suitable temperature and pressure to prepare a high molecular weight polyester, where a metal phosphonic acid complex compound of the formula is employed in the first step, in the second step or in both the first and second steps as a reaction catalyst; and wherein n is 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6; p is an integer from 1 to 30; M is a metal selected from the group consisting of Li, Na, K, Cs, Be, Ca, Mg, Sr, Ba, Al, Sb, Cd, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu and Zn; v is the valency of the metal M and is 1, 2 or 3; q is an integer from 1 to 20 where q=2p/v; and R1 is hydrogen, straight or branched chain alkyl of 1 to 36 carbon atoms, straight or branched chain alkeny
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 26, 2009
    Publication date: June 4, 2009
    Inventors: Stephen M. Andrews, Jianzhao Wang, Thomas Thompson, Paragkumar N. Thanki, Deepak M. Rane, Suhas D. Sahasrabudhe, Preetam P. Ghogale, Paul A. Odorisio, Si Wu
  • Publication number: 20090005531
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for increasing the solid state polymerization (SSP) rates of organic titanate catalyzed polyester. The method comprises in a first step, reacting a dicarboxylic acid or a C1-C4 dicarboxylic diester with a diol at a suitable temperature and pressure to effect esterification or transesterification to prepare a precondensate and in a second step, reacting the precondensate to effect polycondensation at a suitable temperature and pressure to prepare a high molecular weight polyester and in a third step, further increasing the molecular weight and viscosity of the polyester under SSP conditions of a suitable temperature and pressure, where an organic titanate is added in the first step or in the second step as a reaction catalyst, and where a phosphinic acid compound is added in the first step, in the second step or just prior to the third step. The phosphinic acid compound is for example diisooctyl phosphinic acid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 26, 2008
    Publication date: January 1, 2009
    Inventors: Thomas F. Thomspon, Stephen M. Andrews, Paul A. Odorisio
  • Patent number: 7022390
    Abstract: A mixture of a polyester, such as poly(ethylene terephthalate) PET, or a polyamide, and a suitable stabilizer selected from the group consisting of hydroxylamine stabilizers, substituted hydroxylamine stabilizers, nitrone stabilizers and amine oxide stabilizers, when extrusion compounded exhibits a lower residual acetaldehyde content than does polyester or polyamide alone when similarly treated. The invention pertains to any polyester or polyamide used in the manufacture of molded articles, fibers or films, for instance bottles or containers which are used to store consumer materials, for example food, beverages and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2006
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Paul A. Odorisio, Stephen M Andrews, Dario Lazzari, Dirk Simon, Roswell E. King, III, Melissa Stamp, Roger Reinicker, Michael Tinkl, Natacha Berthelon, Daniel Müller, Urs Hirt
  • Patent number: 6908650
    Abstract: A mixture of a polyester, such as poly(ethylene terephthalate) PET, or a polyamide, and a suitable stabilizer selected from the group consisting of hydroxylamine stabilizers, substituted hydroxylamine stabilizers, nitrone stabilizers and amine oxide stabilizers, when extrusion compounded exhibits a lower residual acetaldehyde content than does polyester or polyamide alone when similarly treated. The invention pertains to any polyester or polyamide used in the manufacture of molded articles, fibers or films, for instance bottles or containers which are used to store consumer materials, for example food, beverages and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2005
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Paul A. Odorisio, Stephen M Andrews, Dario Lazzari, Dirk Simon, Roswell E. King, III, Melissa Stamp, Roger Reinicker, Michael Tinkl, Natacha Berthelon, Daniel Müller, Urs Hirt
  • Publication number: 20040191447
    Abstract: The contents of clear or lightly colored plastic containers or films are protected from ultraviolet radiation by the incorporation of certain UV absorbers of the class of durable benzotriazoles and tris-aryl-s-triazines in the container or film. Contents to be protected include foodstuffs, beverages, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, personal care products, shampoos and the like.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2004
    Publication date: September 30, 2004
    Inventors: Stephen M. Andrews, Joseph Suhadolnik, Marvin Gale Wood
  • Patent number: 6790499
    Abstract: A mixture of a polyester, such as poly(ethylene terephthalate) PET, and an additive combination, when extrusion compounded exhibits a lower residual acetaldehyde content than does PET alone when similarly treated. The additive combination comprises compounds selected from at least two groups wherein the groups are (i.) poly(vinyl alcohol) or ethylene/vinyl alcohol copolymer, (ii.) polyhydric alcohols and (iii.) polyacrylamide, polymethacrylamide or copolymer of acrylamide or methacrylamide. The invention pertains to any polyester used in the manufacture of bottles or containers which in turn are used to store consumer materials, especially food, beverages and most especially water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2004
    Assignee: Ciba Speicalty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Stephen M Andrews, Paul A. Odorisio, Dirk Simon
  • Publication number: 20030139497
    Abstract: A mixture of a polyester, such as poly(ethylene terephthalate) PET, or a polyamide, and a suitable stabilizer selected from the group consisting of hydroxylamine stabilizers, substituted hydroxylamine stabilizers, nitrone stabilizers and amine oxide stabilizers, when extrusion compounded exhibits a lower residual acetaldehyde content than does polyester or polyamide alone when similarly treated. The invention pertains to any polyester or polyamide used in the manufacture of molded articles, fibers or films, for instance bottles or containers which are used to store consumer materials, for example food, beverages and water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 24, 2002
    Publication date: July 24, 2003
    Inventors: Paul A. Odorisio, Stephen M. Andrews, Dario Lazzari, Dirk Simon, Roswell E. King, Melissa Stamp, Roger Reinicker, Michael Tinkl, Natacha Berthelon, Daniel Muller, Urs Hirt
  • Publication number: 20020198297
    Abstract: A mixture of a polyester, such as poly(ethylene terephthalate) PET, or a polyamide, and a suitable stabilizer selected from the group consisting of hydroxylamine stabilizers, substituted hydroxylamine stabilizers, nitrone stabilizers and amine oxide stabilizers, when extrusion compounded exhibits a lower residual acetaldehyde content than does polyester or polyamide alone when similarly treated. The invention pertains to any polyester or polyamide used in the manufacture of molded articles, fibers or films, for instance bottles or containers which are used to store consumer materials, for example food, beverages and water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2001
    Publication date: December 26, 2002
    Inventors: Paul A. Odorisio, Stephen M. Andrews, Dario Lazarri, Dirk Simon, Rosewell E. King, Melissa Stamp, Roger Reinicker, Michael Tinkl, Natacha Berthelon, Daniel Muller, Urs Hirt
  • Publication number: 20020137856
    Abstract: A mixture of a polyester, such as poly(ethylene terephthalate) PET, and an additive combination, when extrusion compounded exhibits a lower residual acetaldehyde content than does PET alone when similarly treated. The additive combination comprises compounds selected from at least two groups wherein the groups are (i.) poly(vinyl alcohol) or ethylene/vinyl alcohol copolymer, (ii.) polyhydric alcohols and (iii.) polyacrylamide, polymethacrylamide or copolymer of acrylamide or methacrylamide. The invention pertains to any polyester used in the manufacture of bottles or containers which in turn are used to store consumer materials, especially food, beverages and most especially water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2001
    Publication date: September 26, 2002
    Inventors: Stephen M. Andrews, Paul Odorisio, Dirk Simon