Patents by Inventor Stuart Licht

Stuart Licht has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20220042193
    Abstract: A process for the separation of electrolyte from the carbon in a solid carbon/electrolyte cathode product formed at the cathode during molten carbonate electrolysis. The processes allow for easy separation of the solid carbon product from the electrolyte without any observed detrimental effect on the structure and/or stability of the resulting solid carbon nanomaterial.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 5, 2021
    Publication date: February 10, 2022
    Inventors: Stuart LICHT, Gad LICHT
  • Publication number: 20210387910
    Abstract: A low carbon footprint material is used to decrease the carbon dioxide emission for production of a high carbon footprint substance. A method of forming composite materials comprises providing a first high carbon footprint substance; providing a carbon nanomaterial produced with a carbon-footprint of less than 10 unit weight of carbon dioxide (CO2) emission during production of 1 unit weight of the carbon nanomaterial; and forming a composite comprising the high carbon footprint substance and from 0.001 wt % to 25 wt % of the carbon nanomaterial, wherein the carbon nanomaterial is homogeneously dispersed in the composite to reduce the carbon dioxide emission for producing the composite material relative to the high carbon footprint substance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2019
    Publication date: December 16, 2021
    Inventors: Stuart Licht, Gad Licht
  • Publication number: 20210386824
    Abstract: The invention relates to the identification of fusion proteins comprising polypeptide and protein variants of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) with improved pharmaceutical properties. Also disclosed are methods for treating FGF21-associated disorders, including metabolic conditions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 24, 2021
    Publication date: December 16, 2021
    Applicant: Novartis AG
    Inventors: BRIAN R. BOETTCHER, SHARI LYNN CAPLAN, DOUGLAS S. DANIELS, NORIO HAMAMATSU, STUART LICHT, STEPHEN CRAIG WELDON
  • Publication number: 20210348282
    Abstract: The embodiments of the present disclosure relate to a method, system and composition producing a magnetic carbon nanomaterial product that may comprise carbon nanotubes (CNTs) at least some of which are magnetic CNTs (mCNTs). The method and apparatus employ carbon dioxide (CO2) as a reactant in an electrolysis reaction in order to make mCNTs. In some embodiments of the present disclosure, a magnetic additive component is included as a reactant in the method and as a portion of one or more components in the system or composition to facilitate a magnetic material addition process, a carbide nucleation process or both during the electrosynthesis reaction for making magnetic carbon nanomaterials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 7, 2021
    Publication date: November 11, 2021
    Inventor: Stuart Licht
  • Publication number: 20210340680
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to thin-walled carbon nanomaterial, such as thin-walled carbon nanotubes, and systems, methods and compositions for production thereof. The method for producing a thin walled carbon nanotube comprises heating a carbonate electrolyte to obtain a molten carbonate electrolyte; disposing the molten carbonate electrolyte between an anode and a cathode in a cell; applying an electrical current to the cathode and the anode in the cell; and, limiting a diameter of the carbon nanomaterial.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 28, 2021
    Publication date: November 4, 2021
    Inventor: Stuart Licht
  • Patent number: 11129874
    Abstract: The invention relates to nucleic acids encoding fusion proteins comprising polypeptide and protein variants of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) with improved pharmaceutical properties. Also disclosed are vectors and host cells comprising the same and methods of producing the fusion proteins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2021
    Assignee: Novartis AG
    Inventors: Brian R. Boettcher, Shari Lynn Caplan, Douglas S. Daniels, Norio Hamamatsu, Stuart Licht, Stephen Craig Weldon
  • Publication number: 20210277528
    Abstract: A process for the separation of electrolyte from the carbon in a solid carbon/electrolyte cathode product formed at the cathode during molten carbonate electrolysis. The processes allows for easy separation of the solid carbon product from the electrolyte without any observed detrimental effect on the structure and/or stability of the resulting solid carbon nanomaterial.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 25, 2021
    Publication date: September 9, 2021
    Inventors: Stuart LICHT, Gad LICHT
  • Patent number: 11094980
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to rechargeable electrochemical battery cells (molten air batteries). The cells use air and a molten electrolyte, are quasi-reversible (rechargeable) and have the capacity for multiple electrons stored per molecule and have high intrinsic electric energy storage capacities. The present disclosure also relates to the use of such in a range of electronic, transportation and power generation devices, such as greenhouse gas reduction applications, electric car batteries and increased capacity energy storage systems for the electric grid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2020
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2021
    Assignee: C2CNT LLC
    Inventor: Stuart Licht
  • Publication number: 20210230758
    Abstract: A process for the separation of electrolyte from the carbon in a solid carbon/electrolyte cathode product formed at the cathode during molten carbonate electrolysis. The processes allows for easy separation of the solid carbon product from the electrolyte without any observed detrimental effect on the structure and/or stability of the resulting solid carbon nanomaterial.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2021
    Publication date: July 29, 2021
    Inventors: Stuart LICHT, Gad LICHT
  • Patent number: 11028493
    Abstract: A process for the separation of electrolyte from the carbon in a solid carbon/electrolyte cathode product formed at the cathode during molten carbonate electrolysis. The processes allows for easy separation of the solid carbon product from the electrolyte without any observed detrimental effect on the structure and/or stability of the resulting solid carbon nanomaterial.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2021
    Assignee: C2CNT LLC
    Inventors: Stuart Licht, Gad Licht
  • Publication number: 20210151822
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to rechargeable electrochemical battery cells (molten air batteries). The cells use air and a molten electrolyte, are quasi-reversible (rechargeable) and have the capacity for multiple electrons stored per molecule and have high intrinsic electric energy storage capacities. The present disclosure also relates to the use of such in a range of electronic, transportation and power generation devices, such as greenhouse gas reduction applications, electric car batteries and increased capacity energy storage systems for the electric grid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 9, 2020
    Publication date: May 20, 2021
    Inventor: Stuart Licht
  • Patent number: 10982339
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a simple one-pot process for the production of ammonia. The process involves electrolysis of air and water using a molten or concentrated aqueous hydroxide electrolyte in the presence of an iron catalyst. The process exhibits one or more of the following benefits: (i) it is an efficient, cost-effective low-energy process, (ii) it eliminates carbon dioxide (CO2) evolution, (iii) it eliminates the need for a separator, and (iv) it bypasses the need for a preliminary hydrogenation step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 20, 2021
    Assignee: C2CNT LLC
    Inventors: Stuart Licht, Baochen Cui, Baohui Wang
  • Publication number: 20210040632
    Abstract: A process for the separation of electrolyte from the carbon in a solid carbon/electrolyte cathode product formed at the cathode during molten carbonate electrolysis. The processes allows for easy separation of the solid carbon product from the electrolyte without any observed detrimental effect on the structure and/or stability of the resulting solid carbon nanomaterial.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2020
    Publication date: February 11, 2021
    Inventors: Stuart LICHT, Gad LIGHT
  • Publication number: 20200378014
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the production of graphene from CO2 through electrolysis and exfoliation processes. One embodiment is a method for producing graphene comprising (i) performing electrolysis between an electrolysis anode and an electrolysis cathode in a molten carbonate electrolyte to generate carbon nanomaterial on the cathode, and (ii) electrochemically exfoliating the carbon nanomaterial from a second anode to produce graphene. The exfoliating step produces graphene in high yield than thicker, conventional graphite exfoliation reactions. CO2 can be the sole reactant used to produce the valuable product as graphene. This can incentivize utilization of CO2, and unlike alternative products made from CO2 such as carbon monoxide or other fuels such as methane, use of the graphene product does not release this greenhouse gas back into the atmosphere.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 28, 2020
    Publication date: December 3, 2020
    Inventor: Stuart Licht
  • Patent number: 10730751
    Abstract: A system and process for producing carbon nano-materials is disclosed. A carbonate material such as Li2CO3 is heated via a furnace to transform into molten carbonate. CO2 is bubbled into the molten carbonate. The molten carbonate is subjected to electrolysis by passing current from an anode to a cathode. A transition metal nucleation agent is added to result in nucleation sites that grow carbon nano-materials at the cathode. This process separates oxygen at the anode and carbon nano-materials at the cathode. The characteristics of the carbon nano-material may be controlled by varying current density, feed gas, transition metal composition, temperature, viscosity and electrolyte composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Assignee: C2CNT LLC
    Inventors: Stuart Licht, Jiawen Ren
  • Patent number: 10669323
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the identification of dual function fusion proteins comprising fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) and Exenatide, Exendin-4, or GLP-1. Also disclosed are methods for treating metabolic, cardiovascular, and endocrine conditions related to glucose and/or lipid homeostasis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2020
    Assignee: NOVARTIS AG
    Inventors: Brian R. Boettcher, Shari Lynn Caplan, Susan E. Cellitti, Douglas S. Daniels, Norio Hamamatsu, Bernhard Hubert Geierstanger, Stuart Licht, Andreas Loew, Stephen Craig Weldon
  • Publication number: 20200149173
    Abstract: A process for the separation of electrolyte from the carbon in a solid carbon/electrolyte cathode product formed at the cathode during molten carbonate electrolysis. The processes allows for easy separation of the solid carbon product from the electrolyte without any observed detrimental effect on the structure and/or stability of the resulting solid carbon nanomaterial.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2019
    Publication date: May 14, 2020
    Inventors: Stuart LICHT, Gad Licht
  • Publication number: 20200153068
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to rechargeable electrochemical battery cells (molten air batteries). The cells use air and a molten electrolyte, are quasi-reversible (rechargeable) and have the capacity for multiple electrons stored per molecule and have high intrinsic electric energy storage capacities. The present disclosure also relates to the use of such in a range of electronic, transportation and power generation devices, such as greenhouse gas reduction applications, electric car batteries and increased capacity energy storage systems for the electric grid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 9, 2020
    Publication date: May 14, 2020
    Applicant: C2CNT LLC
    Inventor: Stuart Licht
  • Patent number: 10637115
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to rechargeable electrochemical battery cells (molten air batteries). The cells use air and a molten electrolyte, are quasi-reversible (rechargeable) and have the capacity for multiple electrons stored per molecule and have high intrinsic electric energy storage capacities. The present disclosure also relates to the use of such in a range of electronic, transportation and power generation devices, such as greenhouse gas reduction applications, electric car batteries and increased capacity energy storage systems for the electric grid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2020
    Assignee: C2CNT LLC
    Inventor: Stuart Licht
  • Publication number: 20200032404
    Abstract: A system and process for producing doped carbon nanomaterials is disclosed. A carbonate electrolyte including a doping component is provided during the electrolysis between an anode and a cathode immersed in carbonate electrolyte contained in a cell. The carbonate electrolyte is heated to a molten state. An electrical current is applied to the anode, and cathode, to the molten carbonate electrolyte disposed between the anode and cathode. A morphology element maximizes carbon nanotubes, versus graphene versus carbon nano-onion versus hollow carbon nano-sphere nanomaterial product. The resulting carbon nanomaterial growth is collected from the cathode of the cell.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 21, 2018
    Publication date: January 30, 2020
    Inventor: Stuart LICHT