Patents by Inventor Sunil K. Srivastava

Sunil K. Srivastava has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20200135545
    Abstract: The present disclosure generally relates to semiconductor structures and, more particularly, to smooth sidewall structures and methods of manufacture. The method includes: forming a plurality of mandrel structures; forming a first spacer material on each of the plurality of mandrel structures; forming a second spacer material over the first spacer material; and removing the first spacer material and the plurality of mandrel structures to form a sidewall structure having a sidewall smoothness greater than the plurality of mandrel structures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 26, 2018
    Publication date: April 30, 2020
    Inventors: Ravi P. SRIVASTAVA, Sipeng GU, Sunil K. SINGH, Xinyuan DOU, Akshey SEHGAL, Zhiguo SUN
  • Patent number: 10628940
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for automated analysis of angiographic images. An angiographic imaging system is configured to capture a first image of a region of interest, representing a first time, and a second image of a region of interest, representing a second time. A registration component is configured to register the first image to the second image. A difference component is configured to generate a difference image from the first image and the second image. A pattern recognition component is configured to assign a clinical parameter to the region of interest from the difference image and at least one of the first image and the second image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2020
    Assignee: THE CLEVELAND CLINIC FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Sunil K. Srivastava, Justis P. Ehlers
  • Publication number: 20200013678
    Abstract: This disclosure is directed to an integrated circuit (IC) structure. The IC structure may include a semiconductor structure including two source/drain regions; a metal gate positioned on the semiconductor structure adjacent to and between the source/drain regions; a metal cap with a different metal composition than the metal gate and having a thickness in the range of approximately 0.5 nanometer (nm) to approximately 5 nm positioned on the metal gate; a first dielectric cap layer positioned above the semiconductor structure; an inter-layer dielectric (ILD) positioned above the semiconductor structure and laterally abutting both the metal cap and the metal gate, wherein an upper surface of the ILD has a greater height above the semiconductor structure than an upper surface of the metal gate; a second dielectric cap layer positioned on the ILD and above the metal cap; and a contact on and in electrical contact with the metal cap.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 3, 2018
    Publication date: January 9, 2020
    Inventors: Sipeng Gu, Akshey Sehgal, Xinyuan Dou, Sunil K. Singh, Ravi P. Srivastava, Haiting Wang, Scott H. Beasor
  • Patent number: 10504774
    Abstract: Methods of lithographic patterning to form interconnect structures for a chip. A hardmask layer is formed on a dielectric layer. A sacrificial layer is formed on the hardmask layer. First opening and second openings are formed in the sacrificial layer that extend through the sacrificial layer to the hardmask layer. A resist layer is formed on the sacrificial layer. An opening is formed in the resist layer that is laterally located between the first opening in the first sacrificial layer and the second opening in the first sacrificial layer. The resist layer is comprised of a metal oxide resist material that is removable selective to the hardmask layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2019
    Assignee: GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC.
    Inventors: Sunil K. Singh, Sohan S. Mehta, Sherjang Singh, Ravi P. Srivastava
  • Publication number: 20190231591
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for image-guided delivery of therapeutics to an eye. An optical coherence tomography (OCT) imager is configured to produce at least one OCT image of the eye. A therapeutic delivery system is configured to deliver a therapeutic to the eye through a distal end of a delivery mechanism. A system control is configured to determine a position of the distal end of the delivery mechanism and control the therapeutic delivery system according to at least the determined position.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2019
    Publication date: August 1, 2019
    Inventors: Sunil K. Srivastava, Justis P. Ehlers, Yuankai K. Tao
  • Publication number: 20190237356
    Abstract: Interconnect structures and methods for forming an interconnect structure. A dielectric layer of a metallization level is deposited and a trench is patterned in the dielectric layer. A sacrificial layer is formed in the trench in the dielectric layer. The sacrificial layer is patterned to form a first trench and a second trench separated from the first trench by a section of the sacrificial layer. A first metal interconnect is formed in the first trench, a second metal interconnect is formed in the second trench, and a porous cap layer is formed over the first metal interconnect, the second metal interconnect, and the section of the sacrificial layer. After forming the porous cap layer, the section of the sacrificial layer is removed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 29, 2018
    Publication date: August 1, 2019
    Inventors: Ravi Prakash Srivastava, Sunil K. Singh
  • Patent number: 10347528
    Abstract: Methods of forming an interconnect of an IC are disclosed. The methods etch a wire trench opening partially into an ILD layer using a hard mask, and form a metal liner sidewall spacer on sidewalls of the wire trench opening, prior to etching via openings that create a via-wire opening with the wire trench opening. The metal liner sidewall spacer protects against chamfering during the via etch and/or removal of an etch stop layer over conductive structures in an underlying ILD layer. In one embodiment, a barrier liner is deposited over the metal liner sidewall spacer, creating a double layered sidewall spacer on the sidewalls of the wire trench opening portion of the via-wire opening. A conductor is deposited to form a unitary via-wire conductive structure. An interconnect includes the double layered sidewall spacer on the sidewalls of a wire trench opening portion of the via-wire conductive structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC.
    Inventors: Sunil K. Singh, Ravi P. Srivastava, Sipeng Gu, Akshey Sehgal
  • Patent number: 10312188
    Abstract: An integrated circuit (IC) structure including an interconnect structure is disclosed. The interconnect structure may include a first etch stop layer (ESL) positioned between an initial via layer and a first metal layer of the interconnect structure. The ESL may be positioned adjacent to and surround a metal wire in the first metal layer. A method of forming an interconnect structure is also disclosed. The method may include forming an opening in a first dielectric layer above a substrate; forming a sacrificial semiconductor material in the opening; forming an ESL on the first dielectric layer and sacrificial semiconductor material; forming a second dielectric layer on the ESL; forming an opening in the second dielectric layer to expose a portion of the ESL; removing the exposed portion of the ESL; removing the sacrificial semiconductor material; and forming a conductive material in the openings to form an interconnect structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Assignee: GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC.
    Inventors: Ravi P. Srivastava, Sunil K. Singh
  • Patent number: 10278859
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for image-guided delivery of therapeutics to an eye. An optical coherence tomography (OCT) imager is configured to produce at least one OCT image of the eye. A therapeutic delivery system is configured to deliver a therapeutic to the eye through a distal end of a delivery mechanism. A system control is configured to determine a position of the distal end of the delivery mechanism and control the therapeutic delivery system according to at least the determined position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: THE CLEVELAND CLINIC FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Sunil K. Srivastava, Justis P. Ehlers, Yuankai K. Tao
  • Patent number: 9946046
    Abstract: An apparatus for selectively connecting an accessory item to a surgical microscope includes a center pivot. An adapter arm includes an adapter support having a substantially planar support body which extends laterally in an outboard direction from the center pivot and has laterally spaced inboard and outboard support regions separated by a laterally oriented centerline. The adapter arm is configured to accept at least a portion of the accessory item in a supporting relationship. An undermount adapter includes a substantially planar undermount body having laterally spaced inboard and outboard body regions separated by a laterally oriented centerline. A plurality of microscope attachment throughholes each throughhole extend through the undermount body. Each throughhole is configured to accept a fastener for securement of the undermount adapter to the surgical microscope. An arm receiver is configured to accept the adapter tongue of the adapter arm in a supporting relationship.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2018
    Assignee: The Cleveland Clinic Foundation
    Inventors: Justis P. Ehlers, Sunil K. Srivastava
  • Patent number: 9848770
    Abstract: A surgical imaging system is provided. The surgical imaging system includes a surgical microscope and a telecentric optical coherence tomography scanning unit configured to scan a sample through at least one optical component associated with the surgical microscope.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2017
    Assignee: The Cleveland Clinic Foundation
    Inventors: Justis P. Ehlers, Yuankai K. Tao, Sunil K. Srivastava
  • Patent number: 9703066
    Abstract: An apparatus for selectively connecting an accessory item to a surgical microscope includes a center pivot. An adapter arm includes an adapter support having a substantially planar support body which extends laterally in an outboard direction from the center pivot and has laterally spaced inboard and outboard support regions separated by a laterally oriented centerline. The adapter arm is configured to accept at least a portion of the accessory item in a supporting relationship. An undermount adapter includes a substantially planar undermount body having laterally spaced inboard and outboard body regions separated by a laterally oriented centerline. A plurality of microscope attachment throughholes each throughhole extend through the undermount body. Each throughhole is configured to accept a fastener for securement of the undermount adapter to the surgical microscope. An arm receiver is configured to accept the adapter tongue of the adapter arm in a supporting relationship.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2017
    Assignee: The Cleveland Clinic Foundation
    Inventors: Justis P. Ehlers, Sunil K. Srivastava
  • Patent number: 9610010
    Abstract: One aspect of the present disclosure relates to a system that can perform an automated analysis of ocular inflammation (e.g., based on a non-contact image of the eye), which can lead to determining score for the ocular inflammation. The system can include a memory to store computer-executable instructions; and a processor that executes the computer-executable instructions to at least: receive an image of a portion of an eye taken by a non-contact imaging modality; determine a diagnostic parameter for ocular inflammation from the image of the portion of the eye; score the ocular inflammation with a continuous value based on the diagnostic parameter; and output the score to a display device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2017
    Assignee: The Cleveland Clinic Foundation
    Inventors: Sunil K. Srivastava, Sumit Sharma, Careen Y. Lowder
  • Publication number: 20160106583
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for image-guided delivery of therapeutics to an eye. An optical coherence tomography (OCT) imager is configured to produce at least one OCT image of the eye. A therapeutic delivery system is configured to deliver a therapeutic to the eye through a distal end of a delivery mechanism. A system control is configured to determine a position of the distal end of the delivery mechanism and control the therapeutic delivery system according to at least the determined position.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 19, 2015
    Publication date: April 21, 2016
    Inventors: Sunil K. Srivastava, Justis P. Ehlers, Yuankai K. Tao
  • Patent number: 9299139
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for volumetric analysis of pathologies. A segmentation component is configured to determine, for each of a series of images of a region of interest containing a pathological feature, a set of segmentation boundaries within the image representing a cross-section of the pathological feature. A mesh generation component is configured to link the sets of segmentation boundaries from adjacent images in the series of images to generate a polygonal mesh representing a volumetric reconstruction of the pathological feature. A volumetric measurement component is configured to calculate volumetric parameters from the volumetric reconstruction representing the pathological feature. A user interface is configured to provide the calculated volumetric parameters to an associated display.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2016
    Assignee: The Cleveland Clinic Foundation
    Inventors: Justis P. Ehlers, David Xu, Peter K. Kaiser, William J. Dupps, Sunil K. Srivastava
  • Publication number: 20160071266
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for automated analysis of angiographic images. An angiographic imaging system is configured to capture a first image of a region of interest, representing a first time, and a second image of a region of interest, representing a second time. A registration component is configured to register the first image to the second image. A difference component is configured to generate a difference image from the first image and the second image. A pattern recognition component is configured to assign a clinical parameter to the region of interest from the difference image and at least one of the first image and the second image.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 8, 2015
    Publication date: March 10, 2016
    Inventors: Sunil K. Srivastava, Justis P. Ehlers
  • Publication number: 20160058280
    Abstract: One aspect of the present disclosure relates to a system that can perform an automated analysis of ocular inflammation (e.g., based on a non-contact image of the eye), which can lead to determining score for the ocular inflammation. The system can include a memory to store computer-executable instructions; and a processor that executes the computer-executable instructions to at least: receive an image of a portion of an eye taken by a non-contact imaging modality; determine a diagnostic parameter for ocular inflammation from the image of the portion of the eye; score the ocular inflammation with a continuous value based on the diagnostic parameter; and output the score to a display device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 3, 2015
    Publication date: March 3, 2016
    Inventors: Sunil K. Srivastava, Sumit Sharma, Careen Y. Lowder
  • Publication number: 20150055093
    Abstract: A surgical imaging system is provided. The surgical imaging system includes a surgical microscope and a telecentric optical coherence tomography scanning unit configured to scan a sample through at least one optical component associated with the surgical microscope.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: Justis P. Ehlers, Yuankai K. Tao, Sunil K. Srivastava
  • Publication number: 20140221822
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for tracking a depth of a surgical instrument in an optical coherence tomography (OCT) guided surgical procedure. An OCT device is configured to image a region of interest to provide OCT data. A scan processor is configured to determine a relative position of the instrument and a target within the region of interest from at least the OCT data, where the instrument is one of in front of the target, within the target, or below the target. A feedback element is configured to communicate the relative position of the instrument and the target to a user in a human comprehensible form.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 4, 2014
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: THE CLEVELAND CLINIC FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Justis P. Ehlers, Sunil K. Srivastava, Yuankai Tao
  • Publication number: 20140119624
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for volumetric analysis of pathologies. A segmentation component is configured to determine, for each of a series of images of a region of interest containing a pathological feature, a set of segmentation boundaries within the image representing a cross-section of the pathological feature. A mesh generation component is configured to link the sets of segmentation boundaries from adjacent images in the series of images to generate a polygonal mesh representing a volumetric reconstruction of the pathological feature. A volumetric measurement component is configured to calculate volumetric parameters from the volumetric reconstruction representing the pathological feature. A user interface is configured to provide the calculated volumetric parameters to an associated display.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 2013
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Applicant: THE CLEVELAND CLINIC FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Justis P. Ehlers, David Xu, Peter K. Kaiser, William J. Dupps, Sunil K. Srivastava