Patents by Inventor Terry R. Galloway

Terry R. Galloway has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20200048085
    Abstract: What has been achieved by this invention is a method and design of providing high temperature heat for an endothermic gasifier without combustion using electrical resistance immersion heating element technology. Further, these elements could be heated by three phase electrical power; thus, minimizing the number of electrical leads emerging from the top of the heating elements. This invention solves the difficulty of designing the steam/CO2 reforming reactor with a large number of densely packed heating elements and the syngas heat recuperator into one reactor. This is done to avoid the extremely hot syngas leaving the reactor from melting the downstream metal fittings carrying the reactor product gases to the downstream piping process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2019
    Publication date: February 13, 2020
    Inventor: Terry R. Galloway
  • Patent number: 10538709
    Abstract: This invention relates to a power recovery process in waste steam/CO2 reformers in which a waste stream can be made to release energy without having to burn the waste or the syngas. This invention in some embodiments does not make use of fuel cells as a component but makes use of exothermic chemical reactors using syngas to produce heat, such as Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. It also relates to control or elimination of the emissions of greenhouse gases in the power recovery process of this invention with the goal of producing energy in the future carbonless world economy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2019
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2020
    Assignee: Raven SR, LLC
    Inventor: Terry R. Galloway
  • Patent number: 10479680
    Abstract: A method and design of providing high temperature heat for an endothermic gasifier without combustion includes flowing a stream of a first hydrocarbon gas sequentially through an annular plenum and a cylindrical plenum while heating the gas using electrical resistance immersion heating elements. These heating elements may be heated by three phase electrical power, minimizing the number of electrical leads emerging from the top of the heating elements. This method and design reduces the risk of extremely hot syngas exiting the gasifier damaging downstream fittings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2019
    Assignee: Raven SR, LLC
    Inventor: Terry R. Galloway
  • Publication number: 20190211269
    Abstract: This invention relates to a power recovery process in waste steam/CO2 reformers in which a waste stream can be made to release energy without having to burn the waste or the syngas. This invention in some embodiments does not make use of fuel cells as a component but makes use of exothermic chemical reactors using syngas to produce heat, such as Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. It also relates to control or elimination of the emissions of greenhouse gases in the power recovery process of this invention with the goal of producing energy in the future carbonless world economy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 4, 2019
    Publication date: July 11, 2019
    Applicant: Raven SR LLC
    Inventor: Terry R. Galloway
  • Publication number: 20170274342
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for compact and easily maintainable waste reformation. Some embodiments include a rotary oven reformer adapted and configured to provide synthesis gas from organic waste. Some embodiments include a rotary oven with simplified operation both as to reformation of the waste, usage of the synthesized gas and other products, and easy removal of the finished waste products, preferably in a unit of compact size for use in austere settings. Yet other embodiments include Fischer-Tropsch reactors of synthesized gas. Some of these reactors include heat exchanging assemblies that provide self-cleaning effects, efficient utilization of waste heat, and ease of cleaning.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2015
    Publication date: September 28, 2017
    Applicant: Intellergy, Inc.
    Inventors: Terry R. Galloway, Joseph Oscar Waidl
  • Publication number: 20160325990
    Abstract: What has been achieved by this invention is a method and design of providing high temperature heat for an endothermic gasifier without combustion using electrical resistance immersion heating element technology. Further, these elements could be heated by three phase electrical power; thus, minimizing the number of electrical leads emerging from the top of the heating elements. This invention solves the difficulty of designing the steam/CO2 reforming reactor with a large number of densely packed heating elements and the syngas heat recuperator into one reactor. This is done to avoid the extremely hot syngas leaving the reactor from melting the downstream metal fittings carrying the reactor product gases to the downstream piping process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 14, 2016
    Publication date: November 10, 2016
    Inventor: Terry R. Galloway
  • Publication number: 20160130513
    Abstract: Methods apparatus for producing fuel and power from the reformation of organic waste. Various embodiments include the use of steam to produce syngas in a Fischer-Tropsch reaction, followed by conversion of that syngas product to hydrogen. Some embodiments include the use of a heated auger both to heat the organic waste and further to cool the syngas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 8, 2015
    Publication date: May 12, 2016
    Applicant: INTELLERGY, INC.
    Inventor: Terry R. Galloway
  • Publication number: 20150122243
    Abstract: This invention relates to a power recovery process in waste steam/CO2 reformers whereby a waste stream can be made to release energy without having to burn the waste or the syngas. This invention does not make use of fuel cells as its critical component but makes use of highly exothermic chemical reactors using syngas to produce large amounts of heat, such as Fischer-Tropsch. It also relates to control or elimination of the emissions of greenhouse gases in the power recovery process of this invention with the goal of producing energy in the future carbonless world economy. A New Concept for a duplex kiln was developed that has the combined functionality of steam/CO2 reforming, heat transfer, solids removal, filtration, and heat recovery.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 13, 2014
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventor: Terry R. Galloway
  • Patent number: 7998226
    Abstract: An appliance is provided having a waste receptor module and an energy generation module for converting household waste into energy. The receptor module has a rotary drum with an opening for receiving the household waste and a steam reforming means for converting the waste into synthesis gas. A swing arm is attached adjacent to the opening in the rotary drum and a sealing door is mounted on the swing arm for sealing the opening when the waste receptor module is in operation. An outer door is used to cover the sealing door. The steam reforming means includes a tube mounted within the rotary drum for receiving the volatilized organic waste and an internal heater for heating the organic waste to temperatures to convert the waste into the synthesis gas. The energy generation module has an inlet in fluid communication with the waste receptor module for receiving the synthesis gas and a fuel cell for converting the synthesis gas into electrical energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2011
    Inventor: Terry R. Galloway
  • Patent number: 7753973
    Abstract: The process of the invention converts carbonaceous feedstock such as coal, hydrocarbon oil, natural gas, petroleum coke, oil shale, carbonaceous-containing waste oil, carbonaceous-containing medical waste, carbonaceous-containing military waste, carbonaceous-containing industrial waste, carbonaceous-containing medical waste, carbonaceous-containing sewage sludge and municipal solid waste, carbonaceous-containing agricultural waste, carbonaceous-containing biomass, biological and biochemical waste, and mixtures thereof into electrical energy without the production of unwanted greenhouse emissions. The process uses a steam/CO2 reformer operating in the exit range of at least 700° to about 1600° C. (1300-2900° F.) to convert the carbonaceous feedstock and a greenhouse gas stream into a synthesis gas comprising mostly carbon monoxide and hydrogen that contains poisons and the compounds that poison fuel cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2010
    Inventor: Terry R. Galloway
  • Patent number: 7556736
    Abstract: The process and system of the invention converts biomass materials into energy to power a large marine vessel without the problematic environmental releases of either liquids to the sea or greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. The biomass is conveyed to an on-board biomass storage facility and converted to synthesis gas in an on-board gasification unit to synthesis gas that is used as fuel for fuel cells to power the marine vessel. A portion of the biomass is sea biomass harvested from the sea and removed from the sea by on-board biomass removal means that strains the biomass from the sea water and flips the biomass into a holding bin before being conveyed to the biomass storage facility. A portion of the synthesis gas is converted to useful products. These products are partially used as fuel for the fuel cells. The remaining products are off-loaded at port facilities where biomass waste materials are loaded on-board and conveyed to the biomass storage to serve as the remaining portion of biomass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2009
    Inventors: Leslie Dean Price, Terry R. Galloway, H. F. William Perk
  • Patent number: 7220502
    Abstract: The process and system of the invention converts carbonaceous feedstock such as coal, hydrocarbon oil, natural gas, petroleum coke, oil shale, carbonaceous-containing waste oil, carbonaceous-containing medical waste, carbonaceous-containing military waste, carbonaceous-containing industrial waste, carbonaceous-containing medical waste, carbonaceous-containing sewage sludge and municipal solid waste, carbonaceous-containing agricultural waste, carbonaceous-containing biomass, biological and biochemical waste, and mixtures thereof into electrical energy without the production of unwanted greenhouse emissions. The process and system uses a combination of a gasifier, e.g., a kiln, operating in the exit range of at least 700° to about 1600° C. (1300-2900° F.) to convert the carbonaceous feedstock and a greenhouse gas stream into a synthesis gas comprising mostly carbon monoxide and hydrogen without the need for expensive catalysts and or high pressure operations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2007
    Assignee: Intellergy Corporation
    Inventor: Terry R. Galloway
  • Patent number: 7132183
    Abstract: The process and system of the invention converts carbonaceous feedstock such as coal, hydrocarbon oil, natural gas, petroleum coke, oil shale, carbonaceous-containing waste oil, carbonaceous-containing medical waste, carbonaceous-containing hazardous waste, carbonaceous-containing medical waste, and mixtures thereof into electrical energy without the production of unwanted greenhouse emissions. The process and system uses a combination of a gasifier, e.g., a kiln, operating in the exit range of at least 700° to about 1600° C. (1300–2900° F.) to convert the carbonaceous feedstock and a greenhouse gas stream into a synthesis gas comprising mostly carbon monoxide and hydrogen without the need for expensive catalysts and or high pressure operations. One portion of the synthesis gas from the gasifier becomes electrochemically oxidized in an electricity-producing fuel cell into an exit gas comprising carbon dioxide and water. The latter is recycled back to the gasifier after a portion of water is condensed out.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2006
    Assignee: Intellergy Corporation
    Inventor: Terry R. Galloway
  • Publication number: 20040186339
    Abstract: The system includes a blower for circulating air during a normal in-service operation to a building having a number of enclosed spaces, at least one filter containing a bed of, for example, about 100 tons of granulated activated carbon for capturing bio-agents that may be present in the air, and a steam/carbon dioxide reformer for destroying the bio-agents captured on the bed in the presence of steam and syn-gas being circulated over the bed during the reactivation operation. The method includes passing the air through the filter bed, circulating the filtered air to the enclosed spaces during the in-service operation, detecting and warning building occupants with a biosensor within the enclosed spaces of the possible any bio-agent release, adsorbing on the bed any bio-agents, sealing off air circulation, passing a steam and syn-gas mixture through the bed if a bio-agent is detected; and circulating steam from the bed to a steam/carbon dioxide reformer to destroy the bio-agents on the bed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 19, 2004
    Publication date: September 23, 2004
    Inventor: Terry R. Galloway
  • Publication number: 20040115492
    Abstract: The process and system of the invention converts carbonaceous feedstock such as coal, hydrocarbon oil, natural gas, petroleum coke, oil shale, carbonaceous-containing waste oil, carbonaceous-containing medical waste, carbonaceous-containing military waste, carbonaceous-containing industrial waste, carbonaceous-containing medical waste, carbonaceous-containing sewage sludge and municipal solid waste, carbonaceous-containing agricultural waste, carbonaceous-containing biomass, biological and biochemical waste, and mixtures thereof into electrical energy without the production of unwanted greenhouse emissions. The process and system uses a combination of a gasifier, e.g., a kiln, operating in the exit range of at least 700° to about 1600° C. (1300-2900° F.) to convert the carbonaceous feedstock and a greenhouse gas stream into a synthesis gas comprising mostly carbon monoxide and hydrogen without the need for expensive catalysts and or high pressure operations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 21, 2003
    Publication date: June 17, 2004
    Inventor: Terry R. Galloway
  • Publication number: 20040058207
    Abstract: The process and system of the invention converts carbonaceous feedstock such as coal, hydrocarbon oil, natural gas, petroleum coke, oil shale, carbonaceous-containing waste oil, carbonaceous-containing medical waste, carbonaceous-containing hazardous waste, carbonaceous-containing medical waste, and mixtures thereof into electrical energy without the production of unwanted greenhouse emissions. The process and system uses a combination of a gasifier, e.g., a kiln, operating in the exit range of at least 700° to about 1600° C. (1300-2900° F.) to convert the carbonaceous feedstock and a greenhouse gas stream into a synthesis gas comprising mostly carbon monoxide and hydrogen without the need for expensive catalysts and or high pressure operations. One portion of the synthesis gas from the gasifier becomes electrochemically oxidized in an electricity-producing fuel cell into an exit gas comprising carbon dioxide and water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 23, 2003
    Publication date: March 25, 2004
    Inventor: Terry R. Galloway
  • Publication number: 20030022035
    Abstract: The process and system of the invention converts carbonaceous feedstock from carbonaceous-containing hazardous waste, carbonaceous-containing medical waste, and mixtures thereof into electrical energy without the production of unwanted greenhouse emissions. The process and system uses a combination of a gasifier, e.g., a kiln, operating in the exit range of at least 700° to about 1600° C. (1300-2900° F.) to convert the carbonaceous feedstock and a greenhouse gas stream into a synthesis gas comprising mostly carbon monoxide and hydrogen without the need for expensive catalysts and or high pressure operations. One portion of the synthesis gas from the gasifier becomes electrochemically oxidized in an electricity-producing fuel cell into an exit gas comprising carbon dioxide and water. The latter is recycled back to the gasifier after a portion of water is condensed out. The second portion of the synthesis gas from the gasifier is converted into useful hydrocarbon products.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2002
    Publication date: January 30, 2003
    Inventor: Terry R. Galloway
  • Patent number: 6308465
    Abstract: Utility modules used to form a utility distribution system, where the utility modules are disposed on a foundation with the construction of a building, and where the utility modules may be covered with panels. The utility modules include coupling elements at edge regions and at major surfaces thereof. When coupled together, the utility modules can form a utility distribution system which is used to distribute utility services throughout a building. The utility services can be provided by a utility service system, which preferably comprises a fuel cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2001
    Assignee: Equitech, Inc.
    Inventors: Terry R. Galloway, Dean Price
  • Patent number: 6187465
    Abstract: The process and system of the invention converts carbonaceous feedstock from fossil fuels and other combustible materials into electrical energy without the production of unwanted greenhouse emissions. The process and system uses a combination of a gasifier to convert the carbonaceous feedstock and a greenhouse gas stream into a synthesis gas comprising carbon monoxide and hydrogen. One portion of the synthesis gas from the gasifier becomes electrochemically oxidized in an electricity-producing fuel cell into an exit gas comprising carbon dioxide and water. The latter is recycled back to the gasifier after the water is condensed out. The second portion of the synthesis gas from the gasifier is converted into useful hydrocarbon products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2001
    Inventor: Terry R. Galloway
  • Patent number: 6166334
    Abstract: Apertures in a tape formed on a substrate allow straight plating of solder bumps to heights above 4 mils. The solder bumps are combined with a lower density material to form an hourglass-shaped structure which allows interconnections to bonding pads of electronic components with pitches less than 9 mils.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2000
    Assignee: Integrated Device Technology, Inc.
    Inventor: Terry R. Galloway