Patents by Inventor Thomas E. Cooper

Thomas E. Cooper has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10842529
    Abstract: A surgical access port comprises a seal and an instrument guide, which comprises proximal and distal ends, a plurality of instrument guide channels, and an outside surface that fits closely to an inner wall surface of a cannula into which the instrument guide is inserted. The seal is positioned to seal between the instrument guide and the inner wall surface as the instrument guide rotates within the cannula. A first guide channel is configured to support a first surgical instrument at a first defined position within the cannula. A second guide channel is configured to support a second surgical instrument at a second defined position within the cannula. A first guide channel opening is defined along a length of the first guide channel to be open to the outside surface of the instrument guide and place a portion of the first surgical instrument adjacent the inner wall surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2020
    Assignee: INTUITIVE SURGICAL OPERATIONS, INC.
    Inventors: Thomas G. Cooper, Anthony K. McGrogan, Paul E. Lilagan, Daniel H. Gomez, Giuseppe Maria Prisco
  • Patent number: 10835320
    Abstract: A surgical system comprises an instrument and a teleoperated instrument operation system. The instrument comprises a drive member having an end effector coupled to the distal end and a ratchet assembly coupled to the proximal end. The ratchet assembly includes a pin, a gear, and a spring- loaded button. A lever is coupled to and configured to pivot relative to the ratchet assembly to engage the spring-loaded button to disengage the pin from the gear. The lever in a first position places the ratchet assembly in a gripping position in which the end effector grips a surgical accessory. The lever in a second position places the ratchet assembly in a release position in which the end effector releases the surgical accessory. The lever is movable while compressing the spring-loaded button. The teleoperated instrument operation system comprises a capture mechanism configured to move the lever between the first and second positions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2020
    Assignee: INTUITIVE SURGICAL OPERATIONS, INC.
    Inventors: Thomas G. Cooper, David Q. Larkin, Paul E. Lilagan
  • Patent number: 10799303
    Abstract: A surgical system (200) includes a surgical instrument (260) that is sensitive to backlash that would adversely affect the transmission of controlled torque and position to the surgical instrument. The surgical instrument (260) is coupled to motors in a surgical instrument manipulator assembly (240) via a mechanical interface. The combination of the mechanical interface and surgical instrument manipulator assembly (240) have low backlash, e.g., less than 0.7 degrees. The backlash is controlled in the surgical instrument manipulator assembly (240). From the drive output disk (545) in the surgical instrument manipulator assembly to the driven disk (964) of the surgical instrument, the mechanical interface has zero backlash for torque levels used in surgical procedures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2020
    Assignee: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas G. Cooper, Anthony K. McGrogan, Robert E. Holop, Todd R. Solomon, Eugene F. Duval, Kent M. Anderson
  • Publication number: 20200289214
    Abstract: A surgical system includes a surgical instrument that is sensitive to backlash that would adversely affect the transmission of controlled torque and position to the surgical instrument. The surgical instrument is coupled to motors in a surgical instrument manipulator assembly via a mechanical interface. The combination of the mechanical interface and surgical instrument manipulator assembly have low backlash, e.g., less than 0.7 degrees. The backlash is controlled in the surgical instrument manipulator assembly. From the drive output disk in the surgical instrument manipulator assembly to the driven disk of the surgical instrument, the mechanical interface has zero backlash for torque levels used in surgical procedures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 2, 2020
    Publication date: September 17, 2020
    Applicant: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas G. COOPER, Robert E. HOLOP
  • Publication number: 20200282570
    Abstract: A surgical system uses a single entry port in a wide variety of surgeries. To insert multiple surgical instruments into a patient through a single entry port requires that the shaft of at least one of the surgical instruments be bent between the base of the surgical instrument and the point where the shaft contacts a channel in an entry guide. Each surgical instrument is positioned by an instrument manipulator positioning system so that when the shaft is inserted in a channel of the entry guide, any bending of the shaft does not damage the surgical instrument and does not inhibit proper operation of the surgical instrument.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 22, 2020
    Publication date: September 10, 2020
    Applicant: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Anthony K. MCGROGAN, Thomas G. COOPER, David Q. LARKIN, Kent M. ANDERSON, Jeffrey D. BROWN, Paul E. LILAGAN, Michael IKEDA
  • Publication number: 20200268465
    Abstract: A drape includes a first drape portion configured to receive a manipulator arm of a surgical system and a pocket coupled to a distal portion of the first drape portion. The pocket is configured to receive a manipulator of the surgical system. The pocket includes a flexible membrane positionable between an output of the manipulator and an input of a surgical instrument mountable to the manipulator. In some embodiments, the flexible membrane is located at a distal end of the pocket. In some embodiments, the flexible membrane is configured to allow an actuating force to be transmitted from the output of the manipulator to the input of the surgical instrument. In some embodiments, the pocket provides a sterile barrier between the manipulator and the surgical instrument. In some embodiments, the drape further includes a rotatable seal configured to couple a proximal opening of the pocket to the first drape portion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 14, 2020
    Publication date: August 27, 2020
    Applicant: INTUITIVE SURGICAL OPERATIONS, INC.
    Inventors: Anthony K. McGROGAN, Jeffrey D. BROWN, Thomas G. COOPER, Eugene F. DUVAL, Daniel H. GOMEZ, Robert E. HOLOP, Craig R. RAMSTAD
  • Publication number: 20200246096
    Abstract: An instrument manipulator may comprise a frame comprising an outer shell and an inner frame, the inner frame being movably coupled to the outer shell. The instrument manipulator may also include a plurality of actuator outputs protruding in a distal direction from the frame and an instrument support feature coupled to the outer shell. The instrument manipulator may further comprise a latching mechanism, the latching mechanism being configured to move the inner frame, the outer shell, or both relative to one another, so as to operably engage the plurality of actuator outputs with a plurality of actuator inputs of an instrument supported by the instrument support feature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 17, 2020
    Publication date: August 6, 2020
    Applicant: INTUITIVE SURGICAL OPERATIONS, INC.
    Inventors: Daniel H. GOMEZ, Jeffrey D. BROWN, Thomas G. COOPER, Eugene F. DUVAL, Robert E. HOLOP, Anthony K. McGROGAN, Craig R. RAMSTAD, Theodore W. ROGERS, Todd R. SOLOMON
  • Publication number: 20200222130
    Abstract: A surgical system includes a surgical instrument that is sensitive to backlash that would adversely affect the transmission of controlled torque and position to the surgical instrument. The surgical instrument is coupled to motors in a surgical instrument manipulator assembly via a mechanical interface. The combination of the mechanical interface and surgical instrument manipulator assembly have low backlash, e.g., less than 0.7 degrees. The backlash is controlled in the surgical instrument manipulator assembly. From the drive output disk in the surgical instrument manipulator assembly to the driven disk of the surgical instrument, the mechanical interface has zero backlash for torque levels used in surgical procedures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 2020
    Publication date: July 16, 2020
    Applicant: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas G. COOPER, Anthony K. MCGROGAN, Robert E. HOLOP, Todd R. SOLOMON, Eugene F. DUVAL, Kent M. ANDERSON
  • Patent number: 10710246
    Abstract: A surgical system uses a single entry port in a wide variety of surgeries. To insert multiple surgical instruments into a patient through a single entry port requires that the shaft (262A1) of at least one (260A1) of the surgical instruments be bent between the base of the surgical instrument (260A1) and the point where the shaft contacts a channel in an entry guide (270A). Each surgical instrument (260A1, 260A2) is positioned by an instrument manipulator positioning system (231A) so that when the shaft is inserted in a channel of the entry guide (270A), any bending of the shaft does not damage the surgical instrument and does not inhibit proper operation of the surgical instrument.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignee: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Anthony K. McGrogan, Thomas G. Cooper, David Q. Larkin, Kent M. Anderson, Jeffrey D. Brown, Paul E. Lilagan, Michael Ikeda
  • Patent number: 10695138
    Abstract: A surgical system (200) includes a surgical instrument (260) that is sensitive to backlash that would adversely affect the transmission of controlled torque and position to the surgical instrument. The surgical instrument (260) is coupled to motors in a surgical instrument manipulator assembly (240) via a mechanical interface. The combination of the mechanical interface and surgical instrument manipulator assembly (240) have low backlash, e.g., less than 0.7 degrees. The backlash is controlled in the surgical instrument manipulator assembly (240). From the drive output disk (545) in the surgical instrument manipulator assembly to the driven disk (964) of the surgical instrument, the mechanical interface has zero backlash for torque levels used in surgical procedures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2020
    Assignee: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas G. Cooper, Robert E. Holop
  • Patent number: 10624672
    Abstract: Robotic surgical systems and methods of coupling a surgical instrument to a manipulator arm are provided. In one embodiment, a system includes a base; a setup link operably coupled to the base, the setup link locating a remote center of motion for the robotic surgical system; a proximal link operably coupled to the setup link; and a distal link operably coupled to the proximal link. A plurality of instrument manipulators are rotatably coupled to a distal end of the distal link, each of the instrument manipulators including a plurality of actuator outputs distally protruding from a distal end of a frame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2020
    Assignee: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel H. Gomez, Jeffrey D. Brown, Thomas G. Cooper, Eugene F. Duval, Robert E. Holop, Anthony K. McGrogan, Craig R. Ramstad, Theodore W. Rogers, Todd R. Solomon
  • Publication number: 20200106937
    Abstract: An entry guide tube and cannula assembly, a surgical system including the assembly, and a method of surgical instrument insertion are provided. In one embodiment, the assembly includes a cannula having a proximal portion that operably couples to an accessory clamp of a manipulator arm, and a distal tubular member coupled to the proximal portion, the tubular member having an opening for passage of at least one instrument shaft. The assembly also includes an entry guide tube rotatably coupled to the proximal portion of the cannula, the entry guide tube including a plurality of channels for passage of a plurality of instrument shafts, wherein the entry guide tube is rotatably driven relative to the proximal portion of the cannula by rotation of at least one instrument shaft about a longitudinal axis of the entry guide tube.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 11, 2019
    Publication date: April 2, 2020
    Inventors: Thomas G. Cooper, Jeffrey D. Brown, Nicola Diolaiti, Eugene F. Duval, Daniel H. Gomez, Robert E. Holop, Paul E. Lilagan, Anthony K. McGrogan, Craig R. Ramstad
  • Patent number: 10571463
    Abstract: Materials, systems and methods are provided for qualitative assessment of exposure of a person to ionizing radiation by measuring amounts of the biomarkers, wherein a change compared with corresponding un-irradiated control reference ranges of the biomarkers, provides the assessment, wherein the biomarkers include (i) alpha-1-Antichymotrypsin (ACT), (ii) Fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 ligand (Flt3L), and (iii) one or more additional proteins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2020
    Assignee: SRI INTERNATIONAL
    Inventors: David E. Cooper, Robert Balog, Polly Chang, Thomas A. Shaler, Hua Lin, Annalisa D'Andrea, Travis Harrison, Roger H. Schmidt, Christina Swanson, Estevan Mendoza, Mark Steele, Pablo E. Garcia
  • Patent number: 10537358
    Abstract: A sterile drape, a surgical system with the drape, and a draping method are provided. In one embodiment, a sterile drape includes a plurality of drape pockets, each of the drape pockets including an exterior surface to be adjacent a sterile field for performing a surgical procedure and an interior surface to be adjacent a non-sterile instrument manipulator coupled to a manipulator arm of a robotic surgical system. The drape further includes a plurality of flexible membranes at a distal face of each of the drape pockets for interfacing between outputs of an instrument manipulator and inputs of a respective surgical instrument, and a rotatable seal adapted to couple a proximal opening of each of the drape pockets to a rotatable element at a distal end of the manipulator arm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2020
    Assignee: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Anthony K. McGrogan, Jeffrey D. Brown, Thomas G. Cooper, Eugene F. Duval, Daniel H. Gomez, Robert E. Holop, Craig R. Ramstad
  • Publication number: 20200000490
    Abstract: A drape includes a first drape portion configured to receive a manipulator arm of a surgical system and a pocket coupled to a distal portion of the first drape portion. The pocket is configured to receive a manipulator of the surgical system. The pocket includes a flexible membrane positionable between an output of the manipulator and an input of a surgical instrument mountable to the manipulator. In some embodiments, the flexible membrane is located at a distal end of the pocket. In some embodiments, the flexible membrane is configured to allow an actuating force to be transmitted from the output of the manipulator to the input of the surgical instrument. In some embodiments, the pocket provides a sterile barrier between the manipulator and the surgical instrument. In some embodiments, the drape further includes a rotatable seal configured to couple a proximal opening of the pocket to the first drape portion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 9, 2019
    Publication date: January 2, 2020
    Inventors: Anthony K. McGrogan, Jeffrey D. Brown, Thomas G. Cooper, Eugene F. Duval, Daniel H. Gomez, Robert E. Holop, Craig R. Ramstad
  • Patent number: 10456166
    Abstract: An entry guide tube and cannula assembly, a surgical system including the assembly, and a method of surgical instrument insertion are provided. In one embodiment, the assembly includes a cannula having a proximal portion that operably couples to an accessory clamp of a manipulator arm, and a distal tubular member coupled to the proximal portion, the tubular member having an opening for passage of at least one instrument shaft. The assembly also includes an entry guide tube rotatably coupled to the proximal portion of the cannula, the entry guide tube including a plurality of channels for passage of a plurality of instrument shafts, wherein the entry guide tube is rotatably driven relative to the proximal portion of the cannula by rotation of at least one instrument shaft about a longitudinal axis of the entry guide tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2019
    Assignee: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas G. Cooper, Jeffrey D. Brown, Nicola Diolaiti, Eugene F. Duval, Daniel H. Gomez, Robert E. Holop, Paul E. Lilagan, Anthony K. McGrogan, Craig R. Ramstad
  • Publication number: 20190309838
    Abstract: A drive unit assembly. The drive unit includes a motor drivingly connected to a motor output shaft which in turn is drivingly connected to a sun gear of a gear assembly. The gear assembly further includes a gear assembly housing, one or more planetary gears and a pinion gear. At least a portion of the one or more planetary gears are drivingly connected to the sun gear, the gear assembly housing and a plurality of gear teeth circumferentially extending from an inner surface of a drive unit housing. The pinion gear has a first side and a second side, where the second side of the pinion gear is integrally connected to a first end portion of the gear assembly housing. Drivingly connected to the pinion gear is a differential ring gear of a differential assembly having a first side gear, a second side gear and one or more bevel gears.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 30, 2017
    Publication date: October 10, 2019
    Inventors: KENNETH E. COOPER, THOMAS L. NAHRWOLD
  • Publication number: 20190274766
    Abstract: A surgical system (200) includes a surgical instrument (260) that is sensitive to backlash that would adversely affect the transmission of controlled torque and position to the surgical instrument. The surgical instrument (260) is coupled to motors in a surgical instrument manipulator assembly (240) via a mechanical interface. The combination of the mechanical interface and surgical instrument manipulator assembly (240) have low backlash, e.g., less than 0.7 degrees. The backlash is controlled in the surgical instrument manipulator assembly (240). From the drive output disk (545) in the surgical instrument manipulator assembly to the driven disk (964) of the surgical instrument, the mechanical interface has zero backlash for torque levels used in surgical procedures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 30, 2019
    Publication date: September 12, 2019
    Applicant: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert E. HOLOP, Thomas G. COOPER
  • Publication number: 20190231455
    Abstract: A surgical system (200) includes a surgical instrument (260) that is sensitive to backlash that would adversely affect the transmission of controlled torque and position to the surgical instrument. The surgical instrument (260) is coupled to motors in a surgical instrument manipulator assembly (240) via a mechanical interface. The combination of the mechanical interface and surgical instrument manipulator assembly (240) have low backlash, e.g., less than 0.7 degrees. The backlash is controlled in the surgical instrument manipulator assembly (240). From the drive output disk (545) in the surgical instrument manipulator assembly to the driven disk (964) of the surgical instrument, the mechanical interface has zero backlash for torque levels used in surgical procedures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 8, 2019
    Publication date: August 1, 2019
    Applicant: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas G. COOPER, Anthony K. McGrogan, Robert E. HOLOP
  • Publication number: 20190183863
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compounds suitable for treating, ameliorating and/or preventing neuromuscular disorders, including the reversal of drug-induced neuromuscular blockade. The compounds as defined herein preferably inhibit the CIC-1 ion channel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2018
    Publication date: June 20, 2019
    Applicant: NMD PHARMA A/S
    Inventors: Lars J.S. Knutsen, Nicholas M. Kelly, Thomas Holm Pedersen, Martin E. Cooper, Andrew W. Brown