Patents by Inventor Thomas G. Cooper

Thomas G. Cooper has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20240115323
    Abstract: A method comprises receiving a surgical instrument into engagement with a grip actuator of a teleoperational activation system. The surgical instrument includes movable jaws, and the surgical instrument is received in a prearranged gripping configuration with the jaws gripping a surgical accessory. The method includes generating a first control signal for manipulating the surgical instrument while maintaining the surgical instrument in the prearranged gripping configuration. The method further includes generating a second control signal for manipulating the surgical instrument to move from the prearranged gripping configuration to a second configuration.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2023
    Publication date: April 11, 2024
    Inventors: Thomas G. Cooper, David Q. Larkin, Paul E. Lilagan
  • Publication number: 20240090972
    Abstract: A medical instrument includes an instrument shaft with exit holes near a distal end of the shaft, a tool coupled to the distal end of the shaft, and a backend. The backend may include a mechanism that manipulates a drive element that extends through the shaft and couples to the tool, a fluid inlet, and a fluid channel assembly providing fluid communication between the fluid inlet and the proximal end of the shaft. Cleaning fluid is directed into the fluid inlet, through the fluid channel assembly, and into the shaft. A chassis or other structural piece of the backend may form part of the fluid channel assembly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 4, 2023
    Publication date: March 21, 2024
    Applicant: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Bram Gilbert Antoon LAMBRECHT, S. Christopher ANDERSON, Thomas G. COOPER
  • Publication number: 20240090958
    Abstract: A surgical system includes a surgical instrument that is sensitive to backlash that would adversely affect the transmission of controlled torque and position to the surgical instrument. The surgical instrument is coupled to motors in a surgical instrument manipulator assembly via a mechanical interface. The combination of the mechanical interface and surgical instrument manipulator assembly have low backlash, e.g., less than 0.7 degrees. The backlash is controlled in the surgical instrument manipulator assembly. From the drive output disk in the surgical instrument manipulator assembly to the driven disk of the surgical instrument, the mechanical interface has zero backlash for torque levels used in surgical procedures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 7, 2023
    Publication date: March 21, 2024
    Applicant: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas G. COOPER, Anthony K. MCGROGAN, Robert E. HOLOP, Todd R. SOLOMON, Eugene F. DUVAL, Kent M. ANDERSON
  • Patent number: 11883109
    Abstract: A method comprises receiving a surgical instrument into engagement with a grip actuator of a teleoperational activation system. The surgical instrument includes movable jaws, and the surgical instrument is received in a prearranged gripping configuration with the jaws gripping a surgical accessory. The method includes generating a first control signal for manipulating the surgical instrument while maintaining the surgical instrument in the prearranged gripping configuration. The method further includes generating a second control signal for manipulating the surgical instrument to move from the prearranged gripping configuration to a second configuration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2020
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2024
    Assignee: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas G. Cooper, David Q. Larkin, Paul E. Lilagan
  • Patent number: 11864851
    Abstract: A medical instrument includes a roll mechanism that rotates an instrument shaft. The roll mechanism may include a first gear coupled to the instrument shaft and meshed with a second gear. One of gears may be a spur gear while the other gear may be a beveloid gear. Further, the spur gear and the beveloid gear may be in a gear train containing a compressible gear, e.g., a gear with an inner center piece, an outer ring, and a flexible interconnecting structure between the inner center piece and the outer ring. With a compressible gear, an interference fit of in the gear train may be within manufacturing variations of the gear train, and the compressible gear may deflect radially away from the interference fit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2021
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2024
    Assignee: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Bram Gilbert Antoon Lambrecht, Thomas G. Cooper
  • Publication number: 20240000532
    Abstract: A drape includes a first drape portion configured to receive a manipulator arm of a surgical system and a pocket coupled to a distal portion of the first drape portion. The pocket is configured to receive a manipulator of the surgical system. The pocket includes a flexible membrane positionable between an output of the manipulator and an input of a surgical instrument mountable to the manipulator. In some embodiments, the flexible membrane is located at a distal end of the pocket. In some embodiments, the flexible membrane is configured to allow an actuating force to be transmitted from the output of the manipulator to the input of the surgical instrument. In some embodiments, the pocket provides a sterile barrier between the manipulator and the surgical instrument. In some embodiments, the drape further includes a rotatable seal configured to couple a proximal opening of the pocket to the first drape portion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 1, 2023
    Publication date: January 4, 2024
    Applicant: INTUITIVE SURGICAL OPERATIONS, INC.
    Inventors: Anthony K. McGrogan, Jeffrey D. Brown, Thomas G. Cooper, Eugene F. Duval, Daniel H. Gomez, Robert E. Holop, Craig R. Ramstad
  • Publication number: 20230380665
    Abstract: A surgical instrument manipulator comprises a manipulator arm and an instrument mounting structure rotatably mounted to the manipulator arm. The instrument mounting structure comprises: an attachment interface configured to removably couple to a surgical instrument; and a passage within the instrument mounting structure. When the surgical instrument is coupled to the attachment interface, the surgical instrument is fixed to the instrument mounting structure. An elongate body of the surgical instrument extends through the passage when the surgical instrument is coupled to the attachment interface. The instrument mounting structure is rotatable relative to the manipulator arm, and when the surgical instrument is coupled to the attachment interface, rotation of the instrument mounting structure with respect to the manipulator arm causes rotation of the surgical instrument.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2023
    Publication date: November 30, 2023
    Inventors: David Q. Larkin, Thomas G. Cooper, Catherine J. Mohr, David J. Rosa
  • Publication number: 20230371788
    Abstract: A patient-side support system includes a base, a platform movably coupled to the base, manipulator assemblies coupled to the platform, instruments, each of the instruments being coupled to a different one of the manipulator assemblies, each of the instruments including a body and a shaft extending from the body, and a guide tube common to the instruments. A first part of the shaft of each individual one of the instruments extends distally from the guide tube to the body. a second part of the shaft of each individual one of the instruments extends through at least a portion of the guide tube. The first part of the shaft of a first instrument of the instruments is articulatable between the body of the first instrument and the guide tube. The guide tube and the instruments are collectively rotatable about a longitudinal axis of the guide tube.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 27, 2023
    Publication date: November 23, 2023
    Inventors: David Q. LARKIN, Thomas G. COOPER, Catherine J. MOHR, David J. ROSA
  • Publication number: 20230355328
    Abstract: An actuation mechanism for a medical instrument includes a pinion and a face gear that move a push-pull element. The pinion has a mounting that permits rotation of the pinion by an external control system such as a robot. The face gear meshes with the pinion. The push-pull element may have a proximal end coupled to the face gear and a distal end coupled to a tool at a distal end of an instrument shaft. A manipulator coupled for manual rotation of the actuation mechanism may include a slip clutch to prevent manual application of excessive force to the actuation mechanism.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2023
    Publication date: November 9, 2023
    Applicant: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Bram Gilbert Antoon LAMBRECHT, Thomas G. COOPER
  • Patent number: 11805975
    Abstract: A medical instrument includes an instrument shaft with exit holes near a distal end of the shaft, a tool coupled to the distal end of the shaft, and a backend. The backend may include a mechanism that manipulates a drive element that extends through the shaft and couples to the tool, a fluid inlet, and a fluid channel assembly providing fluid communication between the fluid inlet and the proximal end of the shaft. Cleaning fluid is directed into the fluid inlet, through the fluid channel assembly, and into the shaft. A chassis or other structural piece of the backend may form part of the fluid channel assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2022
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2023
    Assignee: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Bram Gilbert Antoon Lambrecht, S. Christopher Anderson, Thomas G. Cooper
  • Patent number: 11793587
    Abstract: A surgical system includes a surgical instrument that is sensitive to backlash that would adversely affect the transmission of controlled torque and position to the surgical instrument. The surgical instrument is coupled to motors in a surgical instrument manipulator assembly via a mechanical interface. The combination of the mechanical interface and surgical instrument manipulator assembly have low backlash, e.g., less than 0.7 degrees. The backlash is controlled in the surgical instrument manipulator assembly. From the drive output disk in the surgical instrument manipulator assembly to the driven disk of the surgical instrument, the mechanical interface has zero backlash for torque levels used in surgical procedures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2022
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2023
    Assignee: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas G. Cooper, Anthony K. McGrogan, Robert E. Holop, Todd R. Solomon, Eugene F. Duval, Kent M. Anderson
  • Publication number: 20230329815
    Abstract: Techniques for controlling a system include a first structural means supporting a manipulating means, a second structural means supporting the first structural means, and a processing means. The processing means is configured to determine, relative to the first structural means, a first position of a reference location on the system entering into the first mode, the reference location being associated with a linking means of the manipulating means; and while the system in the first mode: detect a manual movement of the reference location that causes a first displacement of the reference location from the first position in a first direction and a second displacement of the reference location from the first position in a second direction,; and, in response, command the second structural means to move relative to the reference location in the first direction so as to reduce the first component while not changing the second component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 26, 2023
    Publication date: October 19, 2023
    Inventors: Paul G. GRIFFITHS, Paul W. MOHR, Nitish SWARUP, Michael COSTA, David Q. LARKIN, Thomas G. COOPER
  • Publication number: 20230309793
    Abstract: A surgical system comprises a manipulator arm and a surgical instrument. The surgical instrument includes: a transmission mechanism including a plurality of interface members; and an elongate body extending from the transmission mechanism. The surgical system further includes an instrument mounting structure mounted to the manipulator arm. The transmission mechanism of the surgical instrument is removably couplable to the instrument mounting structure. The instrument mounting structure includes a plurality of actuator members and a passage defined within the instrument mounting structure. When the surgical instrument is coupled to the instrument mounting structure: the plurality of interface members mate with the plurality of actuator members; and the elongate body of the surgical instrument extends between at least some of the plurality of actuator members and through the passage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2023
    Publication date: October 5, 2023
    Inventors: David Q. Larkin, Thomas G. Cooper, Catherine J. Mohr, David J. Rosa
  • Publication number: 20230279931
    Abstract: A force transmission transmits forces received by three levers to an input gimbal plate having three support points. The input gimbal play may in turn transmit the force to a wrist assembly coupled to a surgical tool. The three axes of rotation for the three levers are parallel. Two of the levers may have half-cylinder surfaces at an end of the lever to receive a support point of the input gimbal plate. Two of the levers may be supported with one degree of rotational freedom orthogonal to the axis of rotation of the fulcrum. A spring may draw the second and third levers toward one another. Two levers may have stops that bear against the support points. The force transmission may include a parallelogram linkage that includes a rocker link pivotally coupled to the first lever and having a flat surface that supports the first gimbal support point.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 24, 2023
    Publication date: September 7, 2023
    Applicant: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas G. COOPER, S. Christopher ANDERSON
  • Patent number: 11744656
    Abstract: An actuation mechanism for a medical instrument includes a pinion and a face gear that move a push-pull element. The pinion has a mounting that permits rotation of the pinion by an external control system such as a robot. The face gear meshes with the pinion. The push-pull element may have a proximal end coupled to the face gear and a distal end coupled to a tool at a distal end of an instrument shaft. A manipulator coupled for manual rotation of the actuation mechanism may include a slip clutch to prevent manual application of excessive force to the actuation mechanism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2021
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2023
    Assignee: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Bram Gilbert Antoon Lambrecht, Thomas G. Cooper
  • Patent number: 11723733
    Abstract: Techniques for limiting motion of a first structure include a manipulator supported by the first structure, a second structure supporting the first structure, and a processor. The processor is configured to, in response to entering a first mode, determine, relative to the first structure, a first position of a reference location on entry into the first mode, the reference location being associated with a link of the manipulator; and while in the first mode: detect a manual movement of the reference location to a second position relative to the first structure, wherein a difference between the first and second positions comprises a displacement having first and second components in respective different first and second directions; and, in response, command the second structure to move relative to the reference location in the first direction so as to reduce the first component while not changing the second component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2021
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2023
    Assignee: INTUITIVE SURGICAL OPERATIONS, INC.
    Inventors: Paul G. Griffiths, Paul W. Mohr, Nitish Swarup, Michael Costa, David Q. Larkin, Thomas G. Cooper
  • Patent number: 11701165
    Abstract: An apparatus is provided to detect electrical contact between anatomical tissue and a shield conductor: a transformer; an alternating current (AC) reference frequency signal generator to inject a reference frequency signal to a primary winding of the transformer; a reactive impedance coupled in parallel with a secondary winding of the transformer between a first node and a second node; and a phase match detector circuit to detect a phase match between the reference frequency signal and a reflected reference frequency signal that is reflected from the secondary winding to the primary winding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2023
    Assignee: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Duane W. Marion, Thomas G. Cooper, Eric J. Earnst, Jason W. Hemphill, Alan E. Loh
  • Publication number: 20230210614
    Abstract: A surgical system includes a surgical instrument that is sensitive to backlash that would adversely affect the transmission of controlled torque and position to the surgical instrument. The surgical instrument is coupled to motors in a surgical instrument manipulator assembly via a mechanical interface. The combination of the mechanical interface and surgical instrument manipulator assembly have low backlash, e.g., less than 0.7 degrees. The backlash is controlled in the surgical instrument manipulator assembly. From the drive output disk in the surgical instrument manipulator assembly to the driven disk of the surgical instrument, the mechanical interface has zero backlash for torque levels used in surgical procedures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 30, 2022
    Publication date: July 6, 2023
    Applicant: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas G. COOPER, Anthony K. MCGROGAN, Robert E. HOLOP, Todd R. SOLOMON, Eugene F. DUVAL, Kent M. ANDERSON
  • Patent number: 11684439
    Abstract: A drape includes a first drape portion configured to receive a manipulator arm of a surgical system and a pocket coupled to a distal portion of the first drape portion. The pocket is configured to receive a manipulator of the surgical system. The pocket includes a flexible membrane positionable between an output of the manipulator and an input of a surgical instrument mountable to the manipulator. In some embodiments, the flexible membrane is located at a distal end of the pocket. In some embodiments, the flexible membrane is configured to allow an actuating force to be transmitted from the output of the manipulator to the input of the surgical instrument. In some embodiments, the pocket provides a sterile barrier between the manipulator and the surgical instrument. In some embodiments, the drape further includes a rotatable seal configured to couple a proximal opening of the pocket to the first drape portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2023
    Assignee: INTUITIVE SURGICAL OPERATIONS, INC.
    Inventors: Anthony K. McGrogan, Jeffrey D. Brown, Thomas G. Cooper, Eugene F. Duval, Daniel H. Gomez, Robert E. Holop, Craig R. Ramstad
  • Patent number: 11666204
    Abstract: A patient-side support system includes a base, a platform movably coupled to the base, manipulator assemblies coupled to the platform, instruments, each of the instruments being coupled to a different one of the manipulator assemblies, each of the instruments including a body and a shaft extending from the body, and a guide tube common to the instruments. A first part of the shaft of each individual one of the instruments extends distally from the guide tube to the body. a second part of the shaft of each individual one of the instruments extends through at least a portion of the guide tube. The first part of the shaft of a first instrument of the instruments is articulatable between the body of the first instrument and the guide tube. The guide tube and the instruments are collectively rotatable about a longitudinal axis of the guide tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2023
    Assignee: INTUITIVE SURGICAL OPERATIONS, INC.
    Inventors: David Q. Larkin, Thomas G. Cooper, Catherine J. Mohr, David J. Rosa