Patents by Inventor Thomas G. Cooper

Thomas G. Cooper has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20220296322
    Abstract: A surgical system comprises a base, an arm assembly operably coupled to the base, and an instrument manipulator assembly coupled to a distal link of the arm assembly. The instrument manipulator assembly comprises an instrument manipulator interface to removably couple with a medical instrument and transfer actuation forces to the medical instrument. The instrument manipulator interface comprises a mounting surface and a plurality of actuator outputs to operably engage with respectively corresponding inputs of the medical instrument. The actuator outputs extend from the mounting surface along directions substantially parallel to a shaft of the medical instrument in a mounted state of the medical instrument to the instrument manipulator interface. In the mounted state of the medical instrument, the instrument manipulator interface and medical instrument are rotatable together about a roll axis of rotation relative to the distal link of the arm assembly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 10, 2022
    Publication date: September 22, 2022
    Applicant: INTUITIVE SURGICAL OPERATIONS, INC.
    Inventors: Daniel H. GOMEZ, Jeffrey D. BROWN, Thomas G. COOPER, Eugene F. DUVAL, Robert E. HOLOP, Anthony K. McGROGAN, Craig R. RAMSTAD, Theodore W. ROGERS, Todd R. SOLOMON
  • Publication number: 20220227994
    Abstract: In various embodiments, the present invention provides polymeric compositions that combine polylactic acid (PLA) (or heteropolymers of lactic acid) with additives (organic or inorganic), such as elastomeric additives and/or co-polymer additives. Such polymeric blends may exhibit improved mechanical properties and/or degradation rates compared to PLA homo-polymer (or a lactic acid heteropolymer).
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2020
    Publication date: July 21, 2022
    Inventors: Christopher G. Cooper, Nathan J. Tyburczy, Marshall Medoff, Thomas Craig Masterman, David A. Jablonski
  • Publication number: 20220218429
    Abstract: A surgical instrument assembly may comprise a guide tube including a distal end and a first instrument extending within the guide tube and configured to exit the guide tube proximal of the distal end. The surgical instrument may also include an imaging instrument extending within the guide tube and configured to exit the guide tube proximal of the distal end.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 4, 2022
    Publication date: July 14, 2022
    Inventors: THOMAS G. COOPER, Eugene F. Duval, David J. Rosa, Matthew R. Williams
  • Patent number: 11376086
    Abstract: A drape includes a first drape portion configured to receive a manipulator arm of a surgical system and a pocket coupled to a distal portion of the first drape portion. The pocket is configured to receive a manipulator of the surgical system. The pocket includes a flexible membrane positionable between an output of the manipulator and an input of a surgical instrument mountable to the manipulator. In some embodiments, the flexible membrane is located at a distal end of the pocket. In some embodiments, the flexible membrane is configured to allow an actuating force to be transmitted from the output of the manipulator to the input of the surgical instrument. In some embodiments, the pocket provides a sterile barrier between the manipulator and the surgical instrument. In some embodiments, the drape further includes a rotatable seal configured to couple a proximal opening of the pocket to the first drape portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2022
    Assignee: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Anthony K. McGrogan, Jeffrey D. Brown, Thomas G. Cooper, Eugene F. Duval, Daniel H. Gomez, Robert E. Holop, Craig R. Ramstad
  • Publication number: 20220204663
    Abstract: Bio-based ethanol, such as ethanol produced from lignocellulosic materials, for example, is processed to produce bio-based ethylene, which can then be processed further to produce other bio-based materials including bio-based polymers and copolymers, including bio-based polyethylene, bio-based ?-olefins, bio-based 1,2-diols, as well as other compounds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2020
    Publication date: June 30, 2022
    Inventors: Mohanreddy Kasireddy, Balaraju Miryala, Marshall Medoff, Thomas Craig Masterman, Christopher G. Cooper
  • Publication number: 20220183711
    Abstract: A surgical end effector includes a clevis and two jaws rotatably coupled to the clevis. A rocking pin in the form of a solid of revolution is pivotally supported by the clevis. The rocking pin may be pivotally supported by the clevis at the midpoint between the first and second ends. The opposite ends of the rocking pin engage the jaws to constrain the jaws to have opposite motions around the axes of rotation of the jaws. The clevis may be coupled to an elongate shaft to provide an endoscopic instrument. The first and second jaws may be electrically isolated from one another for electrocautery and the rocking pin may be formed from a non-conductive material or electrically isolated from the first and second jaws by electrically non-conductive liners. The jaws may be opened and closed by pushing and pulling on wires coupled to the jaws.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2021
    Publication date: June 16, 2022
    Applicant: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventor: Thomas G. COOPER
  • Publication number: 20220183780
    Abstract: A method of operating a manipulator arm comprising a manipulator interface configured to removably couple with and transmit actuation force to a medical instrument includes mounting a cannula to a cannula mount coupled to the manipulator arm; mounting a medical instrument to the manipulator interface; inserting a shaft of the medical instrument through an entry guide mounted to the cannula; rotating the manipulator interface and the medical instrument relative to the cannula mount; and rotating the entry guide relative to the cannula mount about a longitudinal axis of the cannula.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 1, 2022
    Publication date: June 16, 2022
    Applicant: INTUITIVE SURGICAL OPERATIONS, INC.
    Inventors: Thomas G. COOPER, Jeffrey D. BROWN, Nicola DIOLAITI, Eugene F. DUVAL, Daniel H. GOMEZ, Robert E. HOLOP, Paul E. LILAGAN, Anthony K. MCGROGAN, Craig R. RAMSTAD
  • Publication number: 20220175476
    Abstract: A robotic surgery system includes an orienting platform, a first manipulator, a second manipulator supported by the orienting platform, and a first set-up linkage by which the first manipulator is coupled to and supported by the orienting platform. The first manipulator includes a first instrument holder configured to support a first surgical instrument. The first manipulator is operable to insert and manipulate the first surgical instrument. The second manipulator includes a second instrument holder configured to support a second surgical instrument. The second manipulator is operable to insert and manipulate the second surgical instrument. The first set-up linkage is operable to selectively reposition the first manipulator relative to the orienting platform.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 23, 2022
    Publication date: June 9, 2022
    Inventors: Bruce Michael Schena, Roman L. Devengenzo, Scott Luke, David Martin, Thomas G. Cooper, Thomas Brown
  • Publication number: 20220151715
    Abstract: A robotic surgery system includes a mounting base, a column base fixedly coupled with the mounting base, a translatable column member slideably coupled to the column base, an orienting platform coupled with the translatable column member, outer set-up linkages, and outer surgical instrument manipulators. Each of the outer set-up linkages is rotationally coupled to and supported by the orienting platform. Each of the outer set-up linkages includes an extension link, a coupling link, and a first joint that couples the respective coupling link to the respective extension link. Each of the outer surgical instrument manipulators is operable to selectively articulate a respective surgical instrument mounted to the outer surgical instrument manipulator and to insert the surgical instrument along an insertion axis through a remote center of manipulation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 2, 2022
    Publication date: May 19, 2022
    Inventors: Bruce Michael Schena, Roman L. Devengenzo, Scott Luke, David Martin, Thomas G. Cooper, Thomas Brown
  • Publication number: 20220128133
    Abstract: A force transmission transmits forces received by three levers to an input gimbal plate having three support points. The input gimbal play may in turn transmit the force to a wrist assembly coupled to a surgical tool. The three axes of rotation for the three levers are parallel. Two of the levers may have half-cylinder surfaces at an end of the lever to receive a support point of the input gimbal plate. Two of the levers may be supported with one degree of rotational freedom orthogonal to the axis of rotation of the fulcrum. A spring may draw the second and third levers toward one another. Two levers may have stops that bear against the support points. The force transmission may include a parallelogram linkage that includes a rocker link pivotally coupled to the first lever and having a flat surface that supports the first gimbal support point.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 5, 2022
    Publication date: April 28, 2022
    Applicant: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas G. COOPER, S. Christopher ANDERSON
  • Patent number: 11304766
    Abstract: A surgical apparatus comprises an instrument shaft having a proximal end and a distal end, an end effector coupled to the distal end of the shaft, and a sheath disposed on an external surface of the instrument shaft. The sheath has a first section made of ePTFE and a second section made of a second material, wherein the second section provides a friction seal with the shaft, and wherein the ePTFE is gas-permeable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2022
    Assignee: INTUITIVE SURGICAL OPERATIONS, INC.
    Inventors: William J. Park, S. Christopher Anderson, Thomas G. Cooper, Matthew R. Williams
  • Patent number: 11304769
    Abstract: A surgical instrument is inserted through a guide tube. The surgical instrument exits at an intermediate position of the guide tube and is oriented to be substantially parallel to the guide tube's longitudinal axis as it exits. A stereoscopic image capture component is on the guide tube between the intermediate position and the guide tube's distal end. The image capture component's field of view is generally perpendicular to the guide tube's longitudinal axis. The guide tube is jointed to allow the image capture component to be moved. The surgical instruments and the guide tube are telemanipulatively controlled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2022
    Assignee: INTUITIVE SURGICAL OPERATIONS, INC.
    Inventors: Thomas G. Cooper, David J. Rosa, Matthew R. Williams, Eugene F. Duval
  • Patent number: 11278364
    Abstract: An entry guide tube and cannula assembly, a surgical system including the assembly, and a method of surgical instrument insertion are provided. In one embodiment, the assembly includes a cannula having a proximal portion that operably couples to an accessory clamp of a manipulator arm, and a distal tubular member coupled to the proximal portion, the tubular member having an opening for passage of at least one instrument shaft. The assembly also includes an entry guide tube rotatably coupled to the proximal portion of the cannula, the entry guide tube including a plurality of channels for passage of a plurality of instrument shafts, wherein the entry guide tube is rotatably driven relative to the proximal portion of the cannula by rotation of at least one instrument shaft about a longitudinal axis of the entry guide tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2022
    Assignee: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas G. Cooper, Jeffrey D. Brown, Nicola Diolaiti, Eugene F. Duval, Daniel H. Gomez, Robert E. Holop, Paul E. Lilagan, Anthony K. McGrogan, Craig R. Ramstad
  • Publication number: 20220054208
    Abstract: An articulatable member includes a distal end, a proximal end, an actuation member, and a constraint member. The actuation member extends from the proximal end to the distal end. The actuation member transmits force to bend the articulatable member from a neutral position. The constraint member extends from the proximal end to the distal end. The constraint member may have opposite ends that are fixed to the distal end and the proximal end. In one embodiment, the constraint member follows a helical path along at least a portion of the articulatable member from the proximal end to the distal end. In another embodiment, the actuation member follows a helical path along at least a portion of the articulatable member.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 30, 2021
    Publication date: February 24, 2022
    Applicant: INTUITIVE SURGICAL OPERATIONS, INC.
    Inventors: Thomas G. COOPER, Matthew R. WILLIAMS, William John PARK
  • Patent number: 11248686
    Abstract: A force transmission transmits forces received by three levers to an input gimbal plate having three support points. The input gimbal play may in turn transmit the force to a wrist assembly coupled to a surgical tool. The three axes of rotation for the three levers are parallel. Two of the levers may have half-cylinder surfaces at an end of the lever to receive a support point of the input gimbal plate. Two of the levers may be supported with one degree of rotational freedom orthogonal to the axis of rotation of the fulcrum. A spring may draw the second and third levers toward one another. Two levers may have stops that bear against the support points. The force transmission may include a parallelogram linkage that includes a rocker link pivotally coupled to the first lever and having a flat surface that supports the first gimbal support point.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2020
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2022
    Assignee: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas G. Cooper, S. Christopher Anderson
  • Patent number: 11241246
    Abstract: A surgical end effector includes a clevis and two jaws rotatably coupled to the clevis. A rocking pin in the form of a solid of revolution is pivotally supported by the clevis. The rocking pin may be pivotally supported by the clevis at the midpoint between the first and second ends. The opposite ends of the rocking pin engage the jaws to constrain the jaws to have opposite motions around the axes of rotation of the jaws. The clevis may be coupled to an elongate shaft to provide an endoscopic instrument. The first and second jaws may be electrically isolated from one another for electrocautery and the rocking pin may be formed from a non-conductive material or electrically isolated from the first and second jaws by electrically non-conductive liners. The jaws may be opened and closed by pushing and pulling on wires coupled to the jaws.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2022
    Assignee: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventor: Thomas G. Cooper
  • Publication number: 20220015850
    Abstract: Medical, surgical, and/or robotic devices and systems often including offset remote center parallelogram manipulator linkage assemblies which constrains a position of a surgical instrument during minimally invasive robotic surgery are disclosed. The improved remote center manipulator linkage assembly advantageously enhances the range of instrument motion while at the same time reduces the overall complexity, size, and physical weight of the robotic surgical system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 1, 2021
    Publication date: January 20, 2022
    Inventors: Thomas G. Cooper, Todd R. Solomon
  • Publication number: 20210361369
    Abstract: A surgical instrument assembly comprises a guide tube and first and second instruments extended within the guide tube. The first instrument comprises a first elongated shaft coupled to a first end effector. The second instrument comprises a second elongated shaft coupled to a second end effector. The surgical instrument assembly may also comprise an imaging assembly extended distally of the guide tube. The imaging assembly comprises a distal imaging component and an elongated imaging shaft. The distal imaging component is coupled to a distal end of the elongated imaging shaft by a pivot joint. The imaging assembly has a first configuration with the elongated imaging shaft aligned with the distal imaging component when inserted through the guide tube and a second configuration with the distal imaging component pivoted out of alignment with the elongated imaging shaft when the distal imaging component is extended from the guide tube.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 23, 2021
    Publication date: November 25, 2021
    Inventors: Thomas G. Cooper, Eugene F. Duval, David J. Rosa, Matthew R. Williams
  • Publication number: 20210353377
    Abstract: A surgical instrument assembly comprises a guide tube and a first instrument. The first instrument includes a first elongated shaft and a first proximal arm link coupled by a first shoulder joint, the first proximal arm link and a first distal arm link coupled by a first elbow joint, and the first distal arm link and a first end effector coupled by a first wrist joint. The surgical instrument assembly also comprises a second instrument that includes a second elongated shaft and a second proximal arm link coupled by a second shoulder joint, the second proximal arm link and a second distal arm link coupled by a second elbow joint, and the second distal arm link and a second end effector coupled by a second wrist joint. The surgical instrument assembly also includes an imaging assembly. The first and second end effectors are within the imaging assembly's field of view.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 23, 2021
    Publication date: November 18, 2021
    Inventors: Thomas G. Cooper, Eugene F. Duval, David J. Rosa, Matthew R. Williams
  • Publication number: 20210346108
    Abstract: A surgical assembly may comprise an actuator system including a plurality of wedge-shaped actuator assemblies arranged radially around a longitudinal axis. The surgical assembly may also comprise a first instrument assembly including a first elongate instrument shaft and a first wedge-shaped transmission mechanism coupled at a proximal end of the first elongate instrument shaft. The first wedge-shaped transmission mechanism is configured to engage a first wedge-shaped actuator assembly of the plurality of wedge-shaped actuator assemblies. The first wedge-shaped actuator assembly is movable linearly, relative to the other of the plurality of wedge-shaped actuator assemblies of the plurality of wedge-shaped actuator assemblies, along a path parallel to the longitudinal axis to linearly translate the first instrument assembly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 23, 2021
    Publication date: November 11, 2021
    Inventors: Thomas G. Cooper, Eugene F. Duval, David J. Rosa, Matthew R. Williams