Patents by Inventor Trevor Coward

Trevor Coward has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20160332382
    Abstract: Firstly, a custom designed 3D printer with x-y-z gantry robot with an accuracy of 0.1 ?m was adapted with a custom designed printing head (51b). Secondly, a two component silicone elastomer suitable for RP was developed that incorporates the desired characteristics and properties similar to those commercially available for the provision of facial and body prostheses. The silicone elastomer is composed of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) chains, filler, catalyst and crosslinker. By varying the amount of these components the mechanical properties of the silicone elastomer can be altered, for example, tensile strength, tear strength, hardness and wettability. To achieve these desired properties consideration must also be given to the set time and viscosity of the silicone elastomer and additionally the speed at which the material is printed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 13, 2015
    Publication date: November 17, 2016
    Inventors: Trevor Coward, Swati Jindal, Mark Waters, James Smay
  • Patent number: 8351038
    Abstract: A first method for matching skin colors comprises measuring a spectral reflectance curve of an area of skin and determining a blend of pigments to match the skin's color by combining spectral reflectance curves measured for pigments to produce a calculated spectral reflectance curve corresponding to that of the skin. The pigment blend is then used, for example, to pigment a medical prosthesis, so that it matches precisely its wearer's skin. This method avoids the problem of metamerism in which colors that match under a first illumination no longer match under a second illumination. A second method uses a database of pigment blends generated by the first method. The color of an area of skin is measured and a pigment blend is selected from the database that provides a closest match. Apparatus for carrying out such color matching is also provided, together with palettes of suitable pigments for skin color matching.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Inventors: Charles Conrad Carroll, Trevor Coward
  • Publication number: 20090213379
    Abstract: A first method for matching skin colors comprises measuring a spectral reflectance curve of an area of skin and determining a blend of pigments to match the skin's color by combining spectral reflectance curves measured for pigments to produce a calculated spectral reflectance curve corresponding to that of the skin. The pigment blend is then used, for example, to pigment a medical prosthesis, so that it matches precisely its wearer's skin. This method avoids the problem of metamerism in which colors that match under a first illumination no longer match under a second illumination. A second method uses a database of pigment blends generated by the first method. The color of an area of skin is measured and a pigment blend is selected from the database that provides a closest match. Apparatus for carrying out such color matching is also provided, together with palettes of suitable pigments for skin color matching.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 2, 2006
    Publication date: August 27, 2009
    Inventors: Charles Conrad Carroll, Trevor Coward