Patents by Inventor Tzung-I Lee

Tzung-I Lee has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 11075465
    Abstract: Technologies for wireless network devices with surface-link antenna systems mounted on exterior surfaces of buildings are described. One wireless network device includes a housing with a circuit board and a first antenna port. A processor, a first antenna, a first wireless local area network (WLAN) radio, and a second WLAN radio are disposed on the circuit board. The first WLAN radio communicates with a radio of a client device using the first antenna over a first line-of-sight (LOS) or non-LOS wireless link (e.g., 2.4 GHz) inside the building. The second WLAN radio communicates with a radio of a second wireless network device using the second antenna over a second LOS wireless link (e.g., 5 GHz) that is external to the building. The first antenna is located inside the building and the second antenna is located along an exterior surface of the building.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2021
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Tzung-I Lee, Omar Fawazhashim Zakaria, Kwok Shing Lee, Kalyan Teja Posani, Ali Mirkamali, Cheol Su Kim, In Chul Hyun
  • Publication number: 20210176648
    Abstract: Technologies directed to a wireless network with a cascaded star topology with multiple devices at multiples nodes are described. In one wireless network, multiple devices are manufactured as a common device type and deployed at different nodes of the wireless network. The devices are configured to operate as a base station (BS) role, a gateway (GW) role, a relay (RL) role, or a customer station (STA) role. The nodes can be a base station node (BSN), a relay node (RLN), or a customer premises equipment (CPE) node. One node can be a first-tier hub of the cascaded star topology and another node can be a second-tier hub of the cascaded star topology.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 9, 2019
    Publication date: June 10, 2021
    Inventors: Nathan Labadie, Tzung-I Lee, Omar Fawazhashim Zakaria, Subram Narasimhan, Cheol Su Kim
  • Patent number: 10855351
    Abstract: A wireless device includes a radio, a first directional antenna, a second directional antenna, an omnidirectional antenna, and a switch selectively coupled between the radio and the first directional antenna, the second directional antenna, and the omnidirectional antenna. A processor is coupled to the switch and to, for a frame: determine, based on an arbitration table, a destination medium access control address of a client wireless device and identifiers of antennas for transmitting the frame and receiving acknowledgement data; cause the switch to couple the radio to the first directional antenna; transmit the frame to the client wireless device via the first directional antenna, wherein the first client wireless device is located along a first direction with respect to the wireless device; cause the switch to couple the radio to the omnidirectional antenna; and receive an acknowledgment, corresponding to the frame, from the client wireless device via the omnidirectional antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2020
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Kun Ting Tsai, Kiran Kumar Edara, Sarang Wagholikar, Omar Fawazhashim Zakaria, Ashish Kumar Shukla, Tzung-I Lee, Ali Mirkamali
  • Patent number: 10615514
    Abstract: An apparatus includes an elongated housing having a first plurality of sidewalls that form a first isolation chamber on a first side of the elongated housing. A first printed circuit board (PCB) includes a first patch element, wherein the PCB defines a first plane. A first parasitic element disposed in a second plane, wherein the first parasitic element is retained a predetermined distance from the first patch element in the first plane. A second PCB is disposed within the elongated housing. A first radio is disposed on the second PCB, wherein the first radio is coupled to the first patch element, and wherein the first patch element and the first parasitic element, in response to radio frequency (RF) signals from the first radio, radiate electromagnetic energy in a first direction away from the first isolation chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2020
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Tzung-I Lee, Troy Hulick, In Chul Hyun
  • Patent number: 10616904
    Abstract: A device includes first and second directional antennas, an omnidirectional antenna, and a switch selectively coupled between the first directional and omnidirectional antennas. A first radio includes first RF circuitry. A switch selectively couples the first omnidirectional antenna or the first directional antenna to the first radio. A second radio is coupled to the second directional antenna and includes second RF circuitry. An application processor receives, from first RF circuitry, a first radio frequency performance indicator (RFPI) value for signals received over the omnidirectional antenna, a second RFPI value for signals received over the first directional antenna, and, from the second RF circuitry, a third RPI value for signals received over the second directional antenna. The application processor determines a best RFPI value, selects an antenna corresponding to the best RFPI value, and selects a radio corresponding to the selected antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2020
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Ali Mirkamali, Tzung-I Lee, Omar Fawazhashim Zakaria, Kalyan Teja Posani, In Chul Hyun, Cheol Su Kim
  • Patent number: 10560127
    Abstract: Network hardware devices organized in a Wireless mesh network (WMN) in which the network hardware devices cooperate in distribution of content files to client consumption devices in an environment of limited connectivity to broadband Internet infrastructure are described. One mesh network device includes a housing including reflective chambers within with multiple antennas are disposed. A first radio is operable to cause a first antenna to radiate electromagnetic energy in a first frequency range and a first reflector chamber is operable to reflect the electromagnetic energy in a first direction away from the housing. Second, third, and fourth radios are operable to cause the respective antennas within the respective reflective chambers to radiate electromagnetic energy and the respective reflective chamber is to reflect the electromagnetic energy in a respective direction away from the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2020
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Tzung-I Lee, In Chul Hyun, Omar Fawazhashim Zakaria
  • Publication number: 20200021038
    Abstract: Technologies for wireless network devices with surface-link antenna systems mounted on exterior surfaces of buildings are described. One wireless network device includes a housing with a circuit board and a first antenna port. A processor, a first antenna, a first wireless local area network (WLAN) radio, and a second WLAN radio are disposed on the circuit board. The first WLAN radio communicates with a radio of a client device using the first antenna over a first line-of-sight (LOS) or non-LOS wireless link (e.g., 2.4 GHz) inside the building. The second WLAN radio communicates with a radio of a second wireless network device using the second antenna over a second LOS wireless link (e.g., 5 GHz) that is external to the building. The first antenna is located inside the building and the second antenna is located along an exterior surface of the building.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 13, 2018
    Publication date: January 16, 2020
    Inventors: Tzung-I Lee, Omar Fawazhashim Zakaria, Kwok Shing Lee, Kalyan Teja Posani, Ali Mirkamali, Cheol Su Kim, In Chul Hyun
  • Patent number: 10361490
    Abstract: Antenna structures and methods of operating the same of an electronic device are described. One apparatus includes a radio coupled to a RF feed and an RF switch, a first antenna element coupled to the RF feed, and a second antenna element coupled to the RF switch, the RF switch being coupled to a grounding point of a ground plane. The radio controls the RF switch between a first mode and a second mode. The radio causes the first antenna element to radiate electromagnetic energy in a first radiation pattern in the first mode and causes the second antenna element to radiate electromagnetic energy in a second radiation pattern in the second mode. The second radiation pattern is different than the first radiation pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Tzung-I Lee, In Chul Hyun
  • Patent number: 10291698
    Abstract: An electronic device includes a metal housing having a height greater than a width, four sides that form an inner chamber in a center thereof. Four sidewalls extend from a first back wall form a first chamber located at a first of the four sides. Four sidewalls extend from a second back wall form a second chamber located at a second of the four sides. A first antenna is disposed in the first chamber. A second antenna is disposed in the second chamber. A circuit board is disposed within the inner chamber and oriented longitudinally from a bottom of the inner chamber. A first radio is disposed on the circuit board and coupled to the first antenna. A second radio is disposed on the circuit board and coupled to the second antenna, such that the second antenna is electrically isolated from the first antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Troy Hulick, In Chul Hyun, Tzung-I Lee
  • Patent number: 10193236
    Abstract: Network hardware devices organized in a Wireless mesh network (WMN) in which the network hardware devices cooperate in distribution of content files to client consumption devices without Internet connectivity are described. One mesh network device includes a housing with a first sector defined by a first recessed region between a first reflective wall, a second reflective wall, and a third reflective wall, and a second sector defined by a second recessed region between a fourth reflective wall, a fifth reflective wall, and a sixth reflective wall. A first antenna, such as a phased array dipole antenna, is disposed inside the first recessed region. A first radio, which is coupled to the first antenna, causes the first antenna to radiate electromagnetic energy in a first frequency range and the first, the second, and the third reflective walls collectively reflect the electromagnetic energy, radiated by the first antenna, in a first direction away from the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Tzung-I Lee, Cheol Su Kim, In Chul Hyun
  • Publication number: 20190020714
    Abstract: An apparatus includes an elongated housing having a first plurality of sidewalls that form a first isolation chamber on a first side of the elongated housing. A first printed circuit board (PCB) includes a first patch element, wherein the PCB defines a first plane. A first parasitic element disposed in a second plane, wherein the first parasitic element is retained a predetermined distance from the first patch element in the first plane. A second PCB is disposed within the elongated housing. A first radio is disposed on the second PCB, wherein the first radio is coupled to the first patch element, and wherein the first patch element and the first parasitic element, in response to radio frequency (RF) signals from the first radio, radiate electromagnetic energy in a first direction away from the first isolation chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 14, 2017
    Publication date: January 17, 2019
    Inventors: Tzung-I Lee, Troy Hulick, In Chul Hyun
  • Publication number: 20190020713
    Abstract: An electronic device includes a metal housing having a height greater than a width, four sides that form an inner chamber in a center thereof. Four sidewalls extend from a first back wall form a first chamber located at a first of the four sides. Four sidewalls extend from a second back wall form a second chamber located at a second of the four sides. A first antenna is disposed in the first chamber. A second antenna is disposed in the second chamber. A circuit board is disposed within the inner chamber and oriented longitudinally from a bottom of the inner chamber. A first radio is disposed on the circuit board and coupled to the first antenna. A second radio is disposed on the circuit board and coupled to the second antenna, such that the second antenna is electrically isolated from the first antenna.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 14, 2017
    Publication date: January 17, 2019
    Inventors: Troy Hulick, In Chul Hyun, Tzung-I Lee
  • Patent number: 10075198
    Abstract: Radio frequency (RF) front-end circuitry and methods of operating the same are described. One apparatus includes multiple antennas and a RF front-end circuitry. The RF front-end circuitry includes a first diplexer, a second diplexer, a third diplexer, a fourth diplexer, and a switch. A first transceiver is coupled to a first antenna via the first diplexer and the second diplexer. The third receiver is coupled to the first antenna via the first diplexer. The second transceiver is selectively coupled to a second antenna via the third diplexer, the switch, and the fourth diplexer when the switch is set to the first mode in response to the control signal from a processing component. The first transceiver is selectively coupled to the second antenna via the switch and the third diplexer when the switch is set to the first mode in response to the control signal from the processing component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Tzung-I Lee, Varadarajan Gopalakrishnan, Cheol Su Kim, In Chul Hyun
  • Patent number: 9991914
    Abstract: Technology for a bi-directional radio frequency front-end (RFFE) architecture with high selectivity performance is described. One RFFE has a first mixer that receives a LO signal from the LO circuit and a transmit (TX) signal, having a first frequency, from a transmitter and produces a down-converted TX signal for channel bandwidth filtering, the TX signal having a second frequency that is lower than the first frequency. A programmable filter circuit, in response to a selection signal, filters the down-converted TX signal according to a selected channel bandwidth. The second mixer receives the LO signal from the LO circuit and a channel-filtered TX signal from the programmable filter circuit and produces an up-converted TX signal having the first frequency. The power amplifier amplifies the up-converted TX signal to produce an output TX signal to cause an antenna to radiate electromagnetic energy in the selected channel bandwidth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Tzung-I Lee, Omar Fawazhashim Zakaria, Cheol Su Kim, Varadarajan Gopalakrishnan, In Chul Hyun
  • Patent number: 9887708
    Abstract: Network hardware devices organized in a Wireless mesh network (WMN) in which the network hardware devices cooperate in distribution of content files to client consumption devices in an environment of limited connectivity to broadband Internet infrastructure are described. One mesh network device includes a micro controller, RF radios, and antenna switching circuitry. The antenna switching circuitry, in response to the control signals from a micro controller, selectively couples individual ones of a first set of antennas to individual channels of the set of RF radios to communicate content data with client consumption devices and selectively couples individual ones of a second set of antennas to other individual channels of the set of RF radios to communicate content data with other mesh network devices in a WMN.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: In Chul Hyun, Andrew David Price, Tzung-I Lee, Kwok Lee, Cheol Su Kim, Omar Fawazhashim Zakaria, Varadarajan Gopalakrishnan
  • Patent number: 9871300
    Abstract: Devices or apparatuses for adjusting a radiation angle of an antenna are described. An electronic device may include a strip, a first leaky-wave antenna (LWA) cell, and a second LWA cell. The first LWA cell can include a tunable component. The first LWA cell can also include a first conductive patch coupled to: a radio frequency (RF) feed on a first edge of the first conductive patch; a ground plane through a first via on a second edge of the first conductive patch; and a tunable component at a first corner between a third edge and a fourth edge of the first conductive patch. The second LWA cell can include a second conductive patch coupled to the ground plane through a second via on a second edge of the second conductive patch and coupled to the tunable component at a first corner between a first edge and a third edge of the second conductive patch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Tzung-I Lee, In Chul Hyun, Jin Kim
  • Patent number: 9786994
    Abstract: Antenna structures and methods of operating the same of an electronic device are described. One apparatus includes a first radio frequency (RF) feed, a second RF feed and an antenna structure. The antenna structure includes a ground plane, a first antenna element coupled to the first RF feed, a second antenna element coupled to the second RF feed and coupled to the ground plane at a first grounding point located at a distal end of the second antenna element. The first antenna element operates as a first directly-fed element and the second antenna element operates as a first parasitic ground element when RF signals in a first frequency range are applied to the first RF feed. The second antenna element operates as a second directly-fed element when RF signals in a second frequency range are applied to the second RF feed, the second frequency range being higher than the first frequency range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2017
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Tzung-I Lee, Cheol Su Kim, In Chul Hyun
  • Publication number: 20170223102
    Abstract: Network hardware devices organized in a Wireless mesh network (WMN) in which the network hardware devices cooperate in distribution of content files to client consumption devices in an environment of limited connectivity to broadband Internet infrastructure are described. One mesh network device includes a housing including reflective chambers within with multiple antennas are disposed. A first radio is operable to cause a first antenna to radiate electromagnetic energy in a first frequency range and a first reflector chamber is operable to reflect the electromagnetic energy in a first direction away from the housing. Second, third, and fourth radios are operable to cause the respective antennas within the respective reflective chambers to radiate electromagnetic energy and the respective reflective chamber is to reflect the electromagnetic energy in a respective direction away from the housing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 13, 2016
    Publication date: August 3, 2017
    Inventors: Tzung-I Lee, In Chul Hyun, Omar Fawazhashim Zakaria
  • Publication number: 20170222666
    Abstract: Network hardware devices organized in a Wireless mesh network (WMN) in which the network hardware devices cooperate in distribution of content files to client consumption devices in an environment of limited connectivity to broadband Internet infrastructure are described. One mesh network device includes a micro controller, RF radios, and antenna switching circuitry. The antenna switching circuitry, in response to the control signals from a micro controller, selectively couples individual ones of a first set of antennas to individual channels of the set of RF radios to communicate content data with client consumption devices and selectively couples individual ones of a second set of antennas to other individual channels of the set of RF radios to communicate content data with other mesh network devices in a WMN.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 13, 2016
    Publication date: August 3, 2017
    Inventors: In Chul Hyun, Andrew David Price, Tzung-I Lee, Kwok Lee, Cheol Su Kim, Omar Fawazhashim Zakaria, Varadarajan Gopalakrishnan
  • Patent number: 9711858
    Abstract: Antenna structures and methods of operating the same of a dual-feed antenna of an electronic device are described. A dual-feed antenna includes a first antenna element coupled to a controllable circuit that is coupled a first radio frequency (RF) feed, and a second antenna element coupled to a second RF feed. The controllable circuit is configured to electrically connect the first antenna element to the first RF feed in a first antenna configuration and to electrically connect the first antenna element to ground in a second antenna configuration. During the second antenna configuration, the second antenna element is driven by the second RF feed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Tzung-I Lee, In Chul Hyun, Cheol Su Kim